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Darwin Correspondence Project

John Hanning Speke


Explorer of Africa. Army officer in India, 1844–54. Explored Equatorial East Africa, 1855–63, and discovered Lake Victoria Nyanza, one of the sources of the Nile. Published Journal of the discovery of the Nile in 1863. Awarded founders’ medal of the Royal Geographical Society, 1863.




DNB: Dictionary of national biography. Edited by Leslie Stephen and Sidney Lee. 63 vols. and 2 supplements (6 vols.). London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1912. Dictionary of national biography 1912–90. Edited by H. W. C. Davis et al. 9 vols. London: Oxford University Press. 1927–96.