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Darwin Correspondence Project

Peter Lund Simmonds


Danish-born journalist and publisher. Originally named Peter Lund, he assumed the surname Simmonds on his adoption by a British naval lieutenant of that name. Midshipman on board the brig Cygnet, 1826. Sugar planter in Jamaica, 1831–4. Secretary to the founder of the Royal Agricultural Society from 1841. Founder of Simmonds’s Colonial Magazine and Foreign Miscellany; editor, 1844–9. Newspaper and advertising agent in London, 1849–59. Owner and editor of the Technologist, 1860–6; of the Journal of Applied Science, 1870–81. Wrote for a wide variety of journals, and published several books on commercial agriculture.


R. Desmond 1994, Men and women of the time 1895, Modern English biography


Post Office London directory 1849–59, Simmonds’s Colonial Magazine and Foreign Miscellany 1–16 (1844–9).


Desmond, Ray. 1994. Dictionary of British and Irish botanists and horticulturists including plant collectors, flower painters and garden designers. New edition, revised with the assistance of Christine Ellwood. London: Taylor & Francis and the Natural History Museum. Bristol, Pa.: Taylor & Francis.

Men and women of the time: The men of the time in 1852 or sketches of living notables. 2d edition, 1853. 3d edition, 1856. 4th edition, 1857. New edition, 1865. 7th edition, 1868. 8th edition, 1872. 9th edition, 1875. 10th edition, 1879. 11th edition, 1884. 12th edition, 1887. 13th edition, 1891. 14th edition, 1895. Men and women of the time: a dictionary. 15th edition. By Victor G. Plarr. 1899. London: David Bogue [and others]. 1852–99.

Modern English biography: Modern English biography, containing many thousand concise memoirs of persons who have died since the year 1850. By Frederick Boase. 3 vols. and supplement (3 vols.). Truro, Cornwall: the author. 1892–1921.

NUC: The national union catalog. Pre-1956 imprints. 685 vols. and supplement (69 vols.). London and Chicago: Mansell. 1968–81.

Post Office London directory: Post-Office annual directory. … A list of the principal merchants, traders of eminence, &c. in the cities of London and Westminster, the borough of Southwark, and parts adjacent … general and special information relating to the Post Office. Post Office London directory. London: His Majesty’s Postmaster-General [and others]. 1802–1967.