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Darwin Correspondence Project

James Orton


American natural historian, explorer, and educator. Graduated from Andover Theological Seminary, 1858. Ordained in the Presbyterian ministry, 1860. Instructor in natural history, University of Rochester, New York, 1866. Leader, Andes and Amazon expedition, 1867–9, 1873, 1876. Professor of natural history, Vassar College, 1869–77. Wrote a textbook on comparative zoology and published on women’s education.



Elliott 1979.


ANB: American national biography. Edited by John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes. 24 vols. and supplement. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1999–2002.

Elliott, Clark A. 1979. Biographical dictionary of American science. The seventeenth through nineteenth centuries. Westport, Conneticut: Greenwood Press.