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Darwin Correspondence Project

Francis Beaufort


Naval officer and hydrographer. Retired as rear-admiral in 1846. Hydrographer to the navy, 1829–55. Originator of the Beaufort scale for wind force. Knighted, 1848. FRS 1814.



Record of the Royal Society of London.


ODNB: Oxford dictionary of national biography: from the earliest times to the year 2000. (Revised edition.) Edited by H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. 60 vols. and index. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2004.

Record of the Royal Society of London: The record of the Royal Society of London for the promotion of natural knowledge. 4th edition. London: Royal Society. 1940.