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Darwin Correspondence Project

John Hutton Balfour


Scottish physician and botanist. Professor of botany, Glasgow University, 1841–5. Professor of botany, University of Edinburgh, and regius keeper of the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 1845–79. Founding member of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh, 1836. Founder of the Edinburgh Botanical Club, 1838. Co-editor of the Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal. FRS 1856.





DSB: Dictionary of scientific biography. Edited by Charles Coulston Gillispie and Frederic L. Holmes. 18 vols. including index and supplements. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons. 1970–90.

ODNB: Oxford dictionary of national biography: from the earliest times to the year 2000. (Revised edition.) Edited by H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. 60 vols. and index. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2004.