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Darwin Correspondence Project

Joseph Fouché


French statesman. Tutor at a number of Catholic colleges before the French Revolution. Leading member of the Jacobin club in Nantes. Deputy to the National Convention for the Lower Loire, 1792. As a commissioner of the republic, led the suppression of the counter-revolution in Brittany, la Vandée, Lyons, and Nièvre. Ambassador to the Cisalpine republic, 1798; to the Hague, 1799. Minister of police, 1799–1802, 1804–10, and 1815. Duke of Otranto, 1808. Governor of Rome, 1810. President of the provisional government after the final defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte.




EB: The Encyclopædia Britannica. A dictionary of arts, sciences, literature and general information. 11th edition. 29 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1910–11.