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Darwin Correspondence Project

John Crawfurd


Scottish-born physician, diplomat, and orientalist. Joined the East India Company medical service in 1803. Held several civil and political posts in Java, India, Siam (Thailand), Cochin China (southern Vietnam), Singapore, and Burma. Returned to England in 1827; promoted the study of Indo-China and campaigned on behalf of the Calcutta and Singapore trading communities against the East India Company. Published papers on ethnological and other subjects in various journals. President of the Ethnological Society of London, 1861–8. FRS 1818.



Record of the Royal Society of London.


ODNB: Oxford dictionary of national biography: from the earliest times to the year 2000. (Revised edition.) Edited by H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. 60 vols. and index. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2004.

Record of the Royal Society of London: The record of the Royal Society of London for the promotion of natural knowledge. 4th edition. London: Royal Society. 1940.