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Darwin Correspondence Project

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   14 May 1874

Down, | Beckenham, Kent.

May 14. 1874

My dear Dr Sanderson

I am very much obliged about the gluten, & what you are going to do is just what I shd have asked, viz. to see whether any indigestible residue is left, for this always happens with gluten on Drosera.1 Now that I have written out my notes, by far the greatest anomaly which I find is that fibrin is never wholly dissolved. Watts says that it is not a homogeneous substance & I much want you to put a bit of fibrin with an excess of pepsin & propionic or butyric acids (I think the former wd be best as nearest to the acid of drosera) & see whether, at the ordinary temp. of the air, the whole of the fibrin is dissolved, or whether a residue is left.2 This experiment is of the greatest importance to me, as it will tend to shew whether the failure of Drosera to digest the whole of the fibrin is due to the acid or nature of the ferment. It is possible that the fibrin which I have used (preserved in glycerine) may be bad; wd you therefore be so kind as to put an atom of that herewith sent into pepsin & hydrochloric A., & see if it is all dissolved like true fibrin. If mine proves bad, will you send me an atom of good fibrin. I know well that I am giving you great trouble; but as my notes are now written out, I have come to the end of my requests. So I will go on; if you wd try minute cubes of albumen with pepsin & propionic or butyric acids at ordinary temp., the whole ought to be dissolved if the ferment of drosera has the same power as pepsin; & this experiment is manifestly very important for me.

When you tried the globulin prepared by Dr M., which I sent you, can you remember whether the splinters remained sharp, as happens with Drosera?3 I now find that particles of this globulin, left in cold water for 3 days, yields something soluble which acts energetically on Drosera, though the sharpest angles are not rounded by the secretion or by water; & I dare say it was this soluble matter which was dissolved in your experiments with globulin in pepsin & H. A.4

Can you send me a bit of fibro-cartilege from any animal, to try on Drosera? I am so ignorant I might blunder, & I have tried cartilage.

Lastly can you spare me a grain or two, or if liquid a few drops, of propionic, butyric, valerianic, or oleic Acids? I find immersion in olive oil has a potent effect on Drosera, & I suspect the fatty acids.

Heaven forgive me for making so many requests & believe me | yours very sincerely | Ch. Darwin

Footnotes

Burdon Sanderson had performed experiments to test the relative digestibility of fibrin and gluten (see letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 May [1874]).
CD refers to Henry Watts’s Dictionary of chemistry (Watts 1872–4, 2: 973). CD’s annotated copy of Watts’s Dictionary (see Marginalia 1: 195–6) consists of the first three volumes of the second edition (Watts 1872–4), volumes four and five of an 1871 reprint of the first edition (Watts 1863–8), and a supplement to the first edition dated 1872 (Darwin Library–Down). See also Insectivorous plants, pp. 117–20.
Samuel William Moore prepared globulin for CD from the lens of the eye (see Correspondence vol. 21, letter from S. W. Moore, 7 October 1873, this volume, letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 30 March [1874], and Insectivorous plants, p. 120).

Bibliography

Correspondence: The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et al. 26 vols to date. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1985–.

Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875.

Marginalia: Charles Darwin’s marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di Gregorio with the assistance of Nicholas W. Gill. Vol. 1. New York and London: Garland Publishing. 1990.

Watts, Henry. 1863–8. A dictionary of chemistry and the allied branches of other sciences. 5 vols. London: Longman, Green, & Co.

Watts, Henry. 1872–4. A dictionary of chemistry and the allied branches of other sciences. 2d edition. 5 vols. London: Longman, Green, & Co.

Summary

Discusses digestion by insectivorous plants, asks JSBS to try same experiments using pepsin as the digestive agent to see how the results compare with CD’s observations on digestive power of Drosera.

Please cite as

Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 9459,” accessed on 19 November 2019, https://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/letter/DCP-LETT-9459.xml

Also published in The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, vol. 22

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