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Darwin Correspondence Project

From E. T. Gardner   13 August 1873

Charles Darwin F.R.S.

Honored Sir:

I send you the ‘New York Tribune’ in which Professor Whitney, a guest on my brother’s staff, during the Yale recess, has told some things relating to Mountain work,—possibly of interest to you—1 Mr. Whitney is the most prominent philologist, and occupies a Chair at Yale College, New Haven—

Professor Haydyn is senior Chief with a staff of nine scientific assistants; my brother James T. Gardner is Junior Chief with his own staff of nine scientific assistants;—almost all departments of Natural History are represented;—the whole is made effective by the addition of many lay assistants with complete equipage— work, this season, is confined to Colorado, and aims to accurately report whatever is of scientific value in the region occupied;—being organized by Special Act of Congress, under the “Secretary of the Interior” Washington, to develope the National Territories.— Formerly my brother was the associate,—second in rank—of Clarence King, ‘Exploration of 40th. Parallel’, limited status War Office—2

It is a great liberty to address a gentleman of your distinguished position in this informal manner;—but I trust you will pardon me—

Your works have had the largest circulation in this Country, that could be expected, in view of the ignorance of the people touching science—

Could I expect an answer from your distinguished hand, if only a line, acknowledging the receipt of the enclosed ‘Tribune’, it would give me great pleasure;— my address is at my law offices “E. T. Gardner 7 Warren St. Rooms 18 & 19. New York U.S.A”—

Very Respectfully | Your Obedient Servant | E. T. Gardner

13th. August 1873

7 Warren St | Rooms 18 & 19 | New York U.S.A


The enclosure has not been found in the Darwin Archive–CUL, but the article, ‘Prof. Hayden’s Expedition’, appeared in the New York Tribune, 30 July 1873, p. 2. William Dwight Whitney was identified as the author of the piece on page 4 of the same issue. Whitney spent July and August in Colorado exploring the central Rockies as guest of the Hayden Survey (Bartlett 1962, p. 109).
Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden was the director of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, known as the Hayden Survey. James Terry Gardner joined Hayden’s staff as chief topographer in 1873 (Bartlett 1962, pp. 77–8). Clarence Rivers King was geologist in charge of the United States Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel, known as the Fortieth Parallel Survey, which began in 1867 with Gardner as topographer (Bartlett 1962, pp. 147, 155). The Fortieth Parallel Survey was supervised by the Engineer Department of the US Army (for more on the survey and the legislation surrounding its creation, see Bartlett 1962, pp. 142–6). The United States secretary of the interior was Columbus Delano.


Bartlett, Richard A. 1962. Great surveys of the American West. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.


Sends CD an excerpt from N. Y. Tribune [missing] about an account by W. D. Whitney, of Yale, of scientific work in Colorado.

Letter details

Letter no.
E. T Gardner
Charles Robert Darwin
Sent from
New York
Source of text
DAR 165: 7
Physical description

Please cite as

Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 9009,” accessed on 17 February 2020,

Also published in The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, vol. 21