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Darwin Correspondence Project

From H. P. Lee   17 January 18731

[Mr H. P. Lee (letter Jan. 17, 1873) describes a lateral shake of the index finger or of the whole hand as a common sign of negation in Japan.]

[Mr H. P. Lee (letter Jan. 17, 1873) has observed that the intelligent Chinese brought up from boyhood as servants of Europeans blush readily and profusely, e.g. on being bantered by their masters on their personal appearance.]


The date is given in the printed source for this letter, the second edition of Expression, which was edited by Francis Darwin and published after CD’s death.


Expression: The expression of the emotions in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872.


Describes shaken index finger in Japan and blushing among Chinese servants.

Letter details

Letter no.
Henry Pincke Lee
Charles Robert Darwin
Source of text
Expression 2d ed., pp. 291 n. 40, 335 n. 13
Physical description

Please cite as

Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 8739F,” accessed on 7 February 2023,

Also published in The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, vol. 21