skip to content

Darwin Correspondence Project

To J. D. Hooker   19 March [1845]

Down near Bromley | Kent

March 19th.

My dear Hooker.

I presume that you are either returned home, or will soon return.— I have not sent back Wilkes,1 & your Pacific MS. as I did not like doing so till I could hear that it should arrive safely, so as to be able to make enquiries should it not arrive. When I hear from you I will send it by the first weekly opportunity: I have had the other volumes from the London Library, so need not trouble you. I seldom read a book with so little observation on anything except savage mankind, & as I do not much care about this, I find the work very tedious. I am reading Forbes Alps, which I find a wonderful contrast in style and spirit.2

I shall be very much obliged for a loan of d’Urville,3 whenever you can spare it, in the Autumn or summer.—& even more so, for the pamplet, you refer to, on, variation.—4 I am particularly anxious to collect all such stray facts as the hereditary simple-leaved strawberry. I thought Hinds Regions of Vegetation, which I presume you refer to, pompous & very poor.5

Your last letter interested me exceedingly; how high you appear to have been in favour with Humboldt; I wish you had had time to have gone to Berlin & seen the great men there: have you seen Ehrenberg’s statement of infusoria in certain pumice!6 How capitally it upsets the metallic-nucleus-oxidation theory,7 not to mention all other theories, or notions.—it is so extraordinary, that it is almost mesmeric, though I beg Ehrenberg’s pardon for comparing him in the remotest degree with the mildest mesmerist.

How I am to get my paper back from Ehrenberg now, I do not see.— I was very glad to hear Humboldts views on migrations & double creations: it is very presumptuous but I feel sure, that though one cannot prove extensive migration, the leading considerations, proper to the subject, are omitted, & I will venture to say, even by Humboldt.— I shd like sometime to put the case, like a lawyer, for your consideration, in the point of view, under which, I think it ought to be viewed: the conclusion, which I come to, is, that we cannot pretend, with our present knowledge, to put any limit to the possible & even probable migration of plants. If you can show that many of the Fuegian plants, common to Europe, are found in intermediate points, it will be grand argument in favour of the actuality of migration; but not finding them, will not in my eyes much diminish the probability of their having thus migrated.— My pen always runs away, when writing to you; & a most unsteady, vilely bad pace it goes.— What would I not give to write simple English, without having to rewrite & rewrite every sentence.

Ever yours | C. Darwin

When will you set off for the north?

I presume you are aware that Henslow has described a Galapagos Cactus.8

Would you tell me, what would be my best book in French or English on the morphology of plants; especially any book giving details on vegetable monsters & curious races of plants.


Wilkes 1845.
J. D. Forbes 1843. CD had finished reading this work by 25 March 1845 (DAR 119; Vorzimmer 1977, p. 133).
Hinds 1843. There is a separately printed version in the Darwin Library–CUL. But Hooker was probably referring to Hinds 1845, see letter from J. D. Hooker, [late February 1845], n. 10.
Ehrenberg 1844c. Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg claimed that pumice, tuff, and some other volcanic rocks were organic in origin and were formed by beds of peat, turf, or mud surrounding volcanoes being sucked into the craters and ejected during the next eruption. Infusoria contained in the original deposits fused into a variety of shapes and substances, all listed by Ehrenberg. Ehrenberg’s investigations in this field were further reported in Ehrenberg 1845b.
The theory that the earth contained a solid metallic core and that internal heat came from chemical processes, such as oxidation. Under this view, volcanoes were thought to be the result of intense chemical activity which would exclude the possibility of finding organic material in erupted rocks (Brush 1979).
Henslow 1837.


Brush, Stephen G. 1979. Nineteenth-century debates about the inside of the earth: solid, liquid or gas? Annals of Science 36: 225–54.

Dumont d’Urville, Jules Sébastien César. [1841–54]. Voyage au pôle sud et dans L’Océanie sur les corvettes L’Astrolabe et La Zélée, 1837–40. 23 vols. Paris.

Forbes, James David. 1843. Travels through the Alps of Savoy and other parts of the Pennine chain with observations on the phenomena of glaciers. Edinburgh. [Vols. 3,9]

Gérard, Frédéric. 1844. De l’espèce dans les corps organisés. Extract from d’Orbigny, Alcide Charles Victor Dessalines, ed., Dictionnaire universel d’histoire naturelle. 16 vols. Paris. 1841–9.

Hinds, Richard Brinsley. 1843. The regions of vegetation; being an analysis of the distribution of vegetable forms over the surface of the globe in connexion with climate and physical agents. Appendix to vol. 2 of Belcher, Edward, Narrative of a voyage round the world, performed in HMS Sulphur, 1836–42. 2 vols. London.

Hinds, Richard Brinsley. 1845. Memoirs on geographic botany. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 15: 11–30, 89–104.

Vorzimmer, Peter J. 1977. The Darwin reading notebooks (1838-1860). Journal of the History of Biology 10: 107–53.


Would like to borrow the pamphlet on variation [Frédéric Gérard, "De l’espèce dans les corps organisés" (1844), extract from Dictionnaire universel d’histoire naturelle, ed. C. D. d’Orbigny].

Glad to hear Humboldt’s views on migration. CD believes we cannot "put any limit to the possible and even probable migration of plants".

Wants good book on plant morphology.

Letter details

Letter no.
Charles Robert Darwin
Joseph Dalton Hooker
Sent from
Source of text
DAR 114: 28
Physical description
ALS 6pp

Please cite as

Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 842,” accessed on 10 December 2022,

Also published in The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, vol. 3