skip to content

Darwin Correspondence Project

From Francis Darwin   [before 30 June 1872]1

New University Club, | St. James’s Street. S.W.

Dear Father

I managed to catch Garrod this morning at the Gardens—2 He doesn’t seem inclined to give a definite opinion even though quoted with all possible caution   All he says is that it does not necessarily follow that the heart shall be doing more work when it is beating quickly— He thinks that something can be made out by taking a sphygmograph of a person in a state of fright, & he promises to do it as soon as he can—3 I send a photo of Joe, the pouting one is a failure I find, as the lips are all blurred, will you ask Bessy to put it in my book when people have looked at it4

Yrs affec | F Darwin


The date is established by the relationship between this letter and the letter from A. H. Garrod to Francis Darwin, 30 June [1872].
Alfred Henry Garrod was prosector to the the Zoological Society of London; the society’s gardens were in Regent’s Park (ODNB).
Garrod had recently published a theory of the regulation of the frequency of the pulse (Garrod 1872), and as a student at Cambridge had made improvements to the sphygmograph, an instrument used to record pulse beats (ODNB). See also letter from A. H. Garrod to Francis Darwin, 30 June [1872] and n. 6.
CD had been asking for information on pouting in children for Expression (see Correspondence vol. 19, letter to W. E. Darwin, 11 February [1871]; Expression, pp. 234–5). Question 14 in CD’s Queries about expression was, ‘Do children when sulky pout and greatly protrude their lips?’ (see Correspondence vol. 19, Appendix VII). Joe was possibly Josiah Clement Wedgwood, born on 16 March 1872 (ODNB); the photograph has not been found. Francis also refers to his sister Elizabeth Darwin.


Correspondence: The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et al. 29 vols to date. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1985–.

Expression: The expression of the emotions in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872.

Garrod, Alfred Henry. 1872. On the law which regulates the frequency of the pulse. London: H. K. Lewis.

ODNB: Oxford dictionary of national biography: from the earliest times to the year 2000. (Revised edition.) Edited by H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. 60 vols. and index. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2004.


A. H. Garrod on relationship of heart-beat to amount of work done by heart.

Letter details

Letter no.
Francis Darwin
Charles Robert Darwin
Sent from
New University Club
Source of text
DAR 162: 53
Physical description
ALS 3pp

Please cite as

Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 8365,” accessed on 29 May 2023,

Also published in The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, vol. 20