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Darwin Correspondence Project

To A. D. Kindermann   [27 March 1871]1


I am writing an Essay on the Ex. of the emotions in man & the lower animals.—2 Miss Ludwig3 procured for me several of your photographs of young children, which are quite excellent. I write now to know whether you will grant me the favour to allow me to have 2 or 3 copied & engraved on wood for the sake of illustrating my book.— I should of course have printed beneath each, “copied from a photograph by M. A. Kindermann of Hamburgh.”4

I sent a message through Miss L that I shd be very glad if you could make for me a photograph of an infant, only a month or two old, whilst screaming with the eyes firmly closed, adjusting the focus for the eyes, so as to show the wrinkles round them, & permit me to have it engraved—

Hoping that you will grant me these favours, & be so kind as to send an early answer, I remain, Sir

Your obed servt | Ch. Darwin


The date is established by a note in an unknown hand on the letter, ‘March 27/71 Kindermann’.
Miss Ludwig could be either Camilla Ludwig or her sister, Louisa Ludwig, both former governesses with the Darwin family.
In Expression, plate 1, facing p. 148, CD gives two photographs of crying babies, credited on p. 148 n. 1 to Kindermann. Photographs with Kindermann’s studio stamp on the back are in DAR 53.1: C55–60; C116–20; C122–3; C127.


Expression: The expression of the emotions in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872.


Wants permission to have some of AK’s photographs copied for Expression.

Letter details

Letter no.
Charles Robert Darwin
Adolph Diedrich Kindermann
Sent from
Source of text
DAR 96: 98
Physical description
ADraftS 2pp

Please cite as

Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 7629,” accessed on 15 April 2024,

Also published in The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, vol. 19