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Darwin Correspondence Project

To J. D. Hooker   11 March [1844]

Down— Bromley Kent

March 11

My dear Hooker

I am truly pleased in every way at your grant; I hope & have no doubt, that it will give you more satisfaction than mine did me,1 in as much as you will make a far worthier use of it— Pray never apologise for asking any question, which I can answer; it is a pleasure to me.— With all Sir William’s experience, you will have a good start in publication-affairs— I fear I cannot help you much.— I enclose (which keep as long as you like, but sometime return to me) 1st. a paper (which read first) containing a scheme of my & Andrew Smith’s system of publication2 2d rough copies of the account, sent in of 1s class expences for each number to the Treasury, (which I accompanied by a letter vouching for their accuracy) 3d a statement of sale & all expences of the Work, when it has more than half completed.— If you could get a sight of the Zoology of Beagle in the numbers, you could then see the cost of each Part.—3 The Drawing is included in the engraving.— Colouring is the heaviest of the second-class expences. If the work had sold well (I think now between 150 & 200 copies are sold) money wd have been realised for further publication.— I am publishing my geology on the credit of the stock in hand.— If you want any other information, I could give you a note to Smith & Elder & I am sure they wd give you all information— I have found Smith & Elder a most pleasant, fair, attentive, & obliging firm to have any business with.— You will manage wonderfully well if you produce 500 Plates & any letter press for the grant. Let me caution you, that you will find expences increase beyond any estimate; always bear this in mind.

I sent on Saturday my volumcito to you by Deliverance Company; it is purely geological.—4

If you have any further doubts about Malden Isd. you had better consult Krusentern’s Mem: on the Pacific,5 which probably you know—it is in Geograph. Soc.— How capital & satisfactory your conclusions made unknown to yourself about the Flora of this island.

In the Flora of the Pacific, I shd think, judging from shells, that the great open space of water between the Low or Dangerous Archipelago & the American coast, was the dividing line; it is wonderfully so with the sea-shells.—6

The supposed Asiatic character of the Flora of Oceania, I had thought was connected with the heavy gales, or almost hurricanes, coming from that quarter & being opposed to the trade-winds; not that I suppose the actual species have been transported; but the possibility of communication seems to produce affinity in the organic beings of two regions. If you will look at the map in my Coral-volume, you will see that probably much more land existed within geologically recent times than now exists.—

To return, I know that an artist can almost immediately learn to draw on Lithographic stones.— I believe Hullmandell is a good Lithog. printer; but I found him rather troublesome.7

I forgot to tell you before that Dr. Boott has (I believe) all the Carex’s which I collected, & I think one remarkable one from the Galapagos:8 he no doubt wd inform you or lend the specimens, if he still has them.— I do not suppose I paid much attention to collecting the grasses at the Galapagos.— I think I told you there are no large Ferns or Palms or Palmettos. With respect to the different isld having different species, the main point appears to me, whether any two or three islands have close representative species of the same genus; the simple fact of one isld having a species & another isld not having it is far less wonderful. How curious is the distribution in this latter sense of the terrestrial Amblyrhynchus.— The tree Compositæ were, I think, all, certainly most, from the summits of the Islds: do not, pray, forget my question of the summits in these cases, having the most peculiar Flora.—

I suppose you will consider Juan Fernandez: Has not Bertero, in his list in Silliman’s Journal,9 published a list of plants of this isld? I think M. Gay has also written on this isld.—10 I presume you have Endlicher’s Flora of Norfolk Isd;11 otherwise I cd lend it you for any time.—

I must have some more thinking over your curious remarks on distribution of large genera; you have put the case rather differently from that which I had intended; but I will sometime trouble you with another letter. Excuse this untidy letter; as I am not well.

Yours ever | C. Darwin


The Treasury grant of £1000 for Zoology was not sufficient to cover the total cost of producing its 166 plates and 632 pages of letterpress, see Correspondence vol. 2, letter to A. Y. Spearman, 9 October 1843, n. 1.
Andrew Smith published A. Smith 1838–49 with the aid of a Treasury grant. For CD’s arrangements with Smith, Elder and Company and the Treasury concerning the publication of Zoology, see Correspondence vol. 2.
The individual numbers cost 6, 8, or 10s., with the exception of number fifteen, which cost 15s. The total cost of all the unbound parts amounted to £8 15s. The bound work, in five volumes, was priced at £9 2s. (Freeman 1977, pp. 27–30).
Volcanic islands, the second of CD’s three volumes on the geology of the Beagle voyage, was published in March 1844 (The Publishers’ circular).
CD discussed the conchology of this area in his essay of 1844 (Foundations, p. 179) and Journal of researches 2d ed., p. 391.
Charles Joseph Hullmandel. For CD’s difficulties with Hullmandel see Correspondence vol. 2, letter to Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins, [c. 1 October 1843].
Francis Boott included descriptions of two Beagle carices in Boott 1851. Carex does not occur in the Galápagos; however Hooker enumerated five species of the related Cyperus (J. D. Hooker 1845d, pp. 177–8).
Bertero 1830. CD was thinking of Bertero 1831–3, which does not list Juan Fernandez plants.
Endlicher 1833. CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–Down.


Bertero, Carlo Giuseppe. 1830. Notice sur l’histoire naturelle de l’île Juan Fernandez. Annales des Sciences Naturelles 21: 344–51.

Bertero, Carlo Giuseppe. 1831–3. List of the plants of Chile; translated from the ‘Mercurio Chileno,’ by W. S. W. Ruschenberger. American Journal of Science and Arts 19 (1831): 63–70, 299–311; 20 (1831): 248–60; 23 (1833): 78–96, 250–71.

Boott, Francis. 1851. Caricis species novæ, vel minus cognitæ. [Read 3 and 17 June 1845, 17 February 1846.] Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 20: 115–47.

Correspondence: The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et al. 29 vols to date. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1985–.

Endlicher, Stephan Ladislaus. 1833. Prodromus florae Norfolkicae sive catalogus stirpium quae in insula Norfolk annis 1804 et 1805 a Ferdinando Bauer collectae et depictae nunc in Museo Caesareo Palatino rerum naturalium Vindobonae servantur. Vienna.

Foundations: The foundations of the Origin of Species. Two essays written in 1842 and 1844 by Charles Darwin. Edited by Francis Darwin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1909. [Reprint edition. New York: Kraus Reprint Co. 1969. Also reprinted in De Beer ed. 1958.]

Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of Charles Darwin: an annotated bibliographical handlist. 2d edition. Folkestone, Kent: William Dawson & Sons. Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, Shoe String Press.

Gay, Claude. 1833. Aperçu sur les recherches d’histoire naturelle faites dans l’Amérique du Sud, et principalement dans le Chili, pendant les années 1830 et 1831. Annales des Sciences Naturelles 28: 369–93.

Journal of researches 2d ed.: Journal of researches into the natural history and geology of the countries visited during the voyage of HMS Beagle round the world, under the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN. 2d edition, corrected, with additions. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845.

Krusenstern, Adam Johann von. 1824–7. Recueil de mémoires hydrographiques: pour servir d’analyse et d’explication à l’Atlas de l’Océan Pacifique. 2 vols. St Petersburg: Impr. du Département de l'instruction publique.

Volcanic islands: Geological observations on the volcanic islands, visited during the voyage of HMS Beagle, together with some brief notices on the geology of Australia and the Cape of Good Hope. Being the second part of the geology of the voyage of the Beagle, under the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN, during the years 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1844.

Zoology: The zoology of the voyage of HMS Beagle, under the command of Captain FitzRoy RN, during the years 1832 to 1836. Edited and superintended by Charles Darwin. 5 pts. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1838–43.


Advice to JDH on problems of printing and publishing.

Remarks on differences of species between islets of Galapagos group.

Letter details

Letter no.
Charles Robert Darwin
Joseph Dalton Hooker
Sent from
Source of text
DAR 114: 8
Physical description
ALS 4pp

Please cite as

Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 740,” accessed on 4 June 2023,

Also published in The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, vol. 3