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Darwin Correspondence Project

From J. D. Hooker   [28 September 1861]1

Royal Gardens Kew

Australian Plants naturalized on the Nilghieries2 & turning out the native trees

x Eucalyptus amygdalinus, Lab. x ——– pulverulentus Sims

——– sp? Acacia pulchella, x ——– dealbata Link x ——– melanoxilon

(the common firewood of hillstation)3

——– longifolia Willd. ——– marginata Br. x ——– verticillata Willd. var ruscifolia (makes hedges commonly) x ——– stricta, Willd. ——– decipiens, Br.

Albizzia lophantha

x Those marked thus seed most abundantly & are propagated thus— the others may or may not do so— it is believed that all do— more enquiries to be made

J. Hooker

CD annotations

1.13 ‘Albizzia lophantha’] ‘They are spreading over miles of Hills’ added ink
Margin: ‘20’4 blue crayon, circled blue crayon
Bottom of page: ‘Sept 28—1861’ ink


The date is provided by CD’s annotation.
The Nilgiri Hills are located in south-western India, due east of Kozhikode (Calicut). Hooker was particularly familiar with the botany of India, having spent two years there, 1848–50.
Probably a reference to the British hill-station and sanatorium at Darjeeling, which Hooker visited (see Correspondence vol. 4, letter from J. D. Hooker, 3 February 1849).
The annotation refers to CD’s portfolio of notes on the geographical distribution of plants.


Correspondence: The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et al. 29 vols to date. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1985–.


List of Australian plants that have become naturalised in the Nilgiris [India] and are turning out the native trees.

Letter details

Letter no.
Joseph Dalton Hooker
Charles Robert Darwin
Sent from
Source of text
DAR 205.4: 98
Physical description
AmemS 1p †

Please cite as

Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 3269,” accessed on 22 July 2024,

Also published in The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, vol. 9