Pleased at success of JDH's address. Has read several press reports.
Spectator pitches into JDH about theology ["Dr Hooker on the evidences", 22 Aug 1868, pp. 986–7].
Feels JDH has "immensely advanced the belief in evolution of species".
Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E.
Sunday Aug 23
(Read this when at Kew.)
My dear old Friend.—
I have received your note. I can hardly say how pleased I
have been at the success of your address & of the whole
Meeting— I have seen the Times, Telegraph, Spectator &
Athenæum; & have heard of other favourable newspapers &
have ordered a bundle. There is a chorus of praise. The
Times reported miserably, ie as far as errata were
concerned, but I was very glad at the Leader, for I thought
the way you brought in the megalithic monuments most happy.
I particularly admired Tyndalls little speech; but you
mistake that I was brought in: nor indeed sh
How about Photographs? Can you spare time for a line to
our dear M
Tennyson talked of you in a most friendly way, & took all your snubbing most amiably.—
I must not write any more, though I am in tremendous spirits at your brilliant success.—
Yours ever Affect | C. Darwin
- f1 6327.f1Hooker's presidential address at the meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science was reported or discussed in The Times, 20 August 1868, p. 6, 21 August 1868, p. 4, and 22 August 1868, pp. 4--5; the Daily Telegraph, 20 August 1868, p. 2, and 21 August 1868, p. 6; the Spectator, 22 August 1868, pp. 986--7; and the Athenæum, 22 August 1868, pp. 242--8.
- f2 6327.f2See letter from J. D. Hooker, [20 August 1868] and n. 5. An editorial article in The Times, 22 August 1868, pp. 4--5, drew attention to Hooker's reference in his address to the International Congress for Prehistoric Archaeology, which was meeting in Norwich at the same time as the British Association, and his discussion of megalithic monuments.
- f3 6327.f3See letter from J. D. Hooker, [20 August 1868]. According to The Times, 21 August 1868, p. 4, John Tyndall, seconding Thomas Henry Huxley's vote of thanks, said that Ralph Waldo Emerson,
in speaking of the works of Shakespeare dwelt upon the sublime self-renunciation shown in those works, and said that Shakespeare, notwithstanding all his greatness and his grandeur, never showed a trace of littleness in thrusting himself forward. And so it was with this address; filled as it was with the genius of the man who had uttered it, he had made himself simply the lens which conveyed the light upon his hearers.
- f4 6327.f4The author of the article in the Spectator (see n. 1, above), while deprecating the bitterness of the dispute between religion and science that he saw reflected in Hooker's address, argued that enquiries into the non-physical domain should be given equal standing with the physical sciences. For CD's comments on the Spectator's review of The reign of law, by George Douglas Campbell, the duke of Argyll, see Correspondence vol. 15, letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 February  and n. 5.
- f5 6327.f5Hooker's address was printed in full in the Athenæum, 22 August 1868, pp. 243--8. Hooker had visited CD at Freshwater on the Isle of Wight before the Norwich meeting (see letter to Asa Gray, 15 August ).
- f6 6327.f6In his address (J. D. Hooker 1868, p. lxx), Hooker referred to the Athenæum's view, as he saw it, that CD's theory was a thing of the past, and that Variation contained nothing more in support of the theory than a more detailed reiteration of his `guesses' about pigeons (see Athenæum, 15 February 1868, p. 243 ([Robertson] 1868a)). In a report of his address (Athenæum, 22 August 1868, p. 242), the editor wrote, `although we had the disadvantage of being regarded as, to some extent, an adversary of his views, we have nothing to allege against his way of putting his case'.
- f7 6327.f7CD thought that Richard Owen had written the review of Variation in the Athenæum ([Robertson] 1868a; see letter to John Lubbock, 15 February  and n. 10).
- f8 6327.f8Hooker discussed astronomers' objections to CD's theory, which had been raised in Henry Charles Fleeming Jenkin's anonymous article in the North British Review ([Jenkin] 1867), in his address (J. D. Hooker 1868, pp. lxxi--lxxii).
- f9 6327.f9In his address (J. D. Hooker 1868, p. lxxi), Hooker spoke of how Charles Lyell had devoted `whole chapters' of the first edition of his Principles of geology (Lyell 1830--3) to establishing the doctrine of special creations, and yet abandoned it in his tenth edition (Lyell 1867--8). Hooker commented:
Well may he be proud of a superstructure, raised on the foundations of an insecure doctrine, when he finds that he can underpin it and substitute a new foundation; and after all is finished, survey his edifice, not only more secure, but more harmonious in its proportions than it was before …Hooker also mentioned that CD had dedicated his Journal of researches to Lyell.
- f10 6327.f10Hooker referred to Alfred Russel Wallace as the `champion of Natural Selection, Mr. Darwin's true knight', and praised his modesty in setting aside his claim to have been an independent originator of the theory (J. D. Hooker 1868, p. lxxi).
- f11 6327.f11The Darwins, including Erasmus Alvey Darwin, had stayed at a house owned by Julia Margaret Cameron at Freshwater on the Isle of Wight from 17 July to 20 August 1868 (Emma Darwin's diary (DAR 242)). Cameron's husband was Charles Hay Cameron. For copies of photographs taken by Cameron of CD, Hooker, Horace Darwin, and Erasmus, see plates facing pp. 630 and 631.
- f12 6327.f12According to Emma Darwin's diary (DAR 242), the Darwins met Alfred Tennyson at Julia Margaret Cameron's house on 10 August 1868, while Hooker was visiting them.