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To J. D. Hooker   11 May [1856]

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Summary

CD is unsure about JDH’s recommendation that he publish a separate "Preliminary Essay". It is unphilosophical to publish without full details.

CD will work for Huxley’s admission to Athenaeum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 May [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 162
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1874

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1874

From H. H. Howorth   [27 January 1874]

Summary

Sends paper ["Strictures on Darwinism, pt 2", J. Anthropol. Inst. 3 (1874): 208–28].

Refers to articles in the Art Journal on changes in English countenance since the Tudor period.

Author:  Henry Hoyle Howorth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [27 Jan 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 279
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9210

Matches: 17 hits

  • … Art-Journal (Simcox  1874). …
  • … From H.  H.  Howorth   [27 January 1874] …
  • … DAR 166: 279 Henry Hoyle Howorth Manchester [27 Jan 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … on Darwinism, pt 2", J. Anthropol. Inst. 3 (1874): 208–28]. Refers to articles in the Art …
  • … and the letter from H.  H.  Howorth, 3 January [1874] and the reference to the political …
  • … the dissolution of parliament on 26 January 1874 was 27 January. CD’s letter has not been …
  • … the letter from H.  H.  Howorth, 3 January [1874] . Howorth had sent CD a copy of a report …
  • … from ‘Winter in Madeira’ ([Crawfurd] 1874, p.  419), is given accurately, except for minor …
  • … on the transformation of the British face appeared in the January 1874 issue of the …
  • … letter from H.  H.  Howorth, 3 January [1874] and n.  2). Official reports, bound in blue …
  • … that ran from 31 January to 17 February 1874 after William Ewart Gladstone announced the …
  • … dissolution of Parliament on 24 January ( The Times , 24 January 1874, p.  8). …
  • … Parliament was dissolved on 26 January 1874 ( The Times , …
  • … 26 January 1874, p.  9). Beginning in 1869, Howorth published a twelve-part paper on the …
  • … letter from H.  H.  Howorth, 3 January [1874] and n.  2. CD referred to Howorth in Descent …
  • … in a paper read in 1872 and published in 1874 (Howorth 1872b). See letter from H.   …
  • … H.  Howorth, 3 January [1874] and n.  4. Howorth refers to John Edward Morgan and Morgan  …

To Asa Gray   30 June [1874]

Summary

Thanks for Sarracenia, which is as wonderful as any orchid.

Asks AG to observe Pinguicula.

Has read AG’s semi-theological review [Nation 18 (1874): 348–51] with interest

and has obtained the book [C. Hodge, What is Darwinism? (1874)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  30 June [1874]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (109)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9520

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   30 June [1874] …
  • … Herbarium, Harvard University (109) Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 June [1874] Asa Gray …
  • … s semi-theological review [ Nation 18 (1874): 348–51] with interest and has obtained the …
  • … book [C. Hodge, What is Darwinism? (1874)]. …
  • … leaf, thus stimulating more digestive fluid. See letters to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] and …
  • … 5 June [1874]. CD refers to Gray’s profile of him published in Nature (A.  Gray 1874c). …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letters from Asa Gray, 16 June 1874 and …
  • … 19 June 1874 (see n.  2, below). …
  • … Letters from Asa Gray, 16 June 1874 and …
  • … 19 June 1874. See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 19 June 1874  and nn.  2 and 4. The editor …
  • … of Nature was Joseph Norman Lockyer. See letter from Asa Gray, 16 June 1874 . See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] and n.  5. Drosera is the sundew and Dionaea the Venus …
  • … sent CD a copy of his review of Charles Hodge’s What is Darwinism? (Hodge 1874; [A.  Gray] …
  • … 1874d; see letter from Asa Gray, 16 June 1874 ). Hodge had equated CD’s theories with …
  • … a position that Gray rejected. CD’s copy of Hodge 1874 is in the Darwin Library–Down. …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 25 June 1874. In Insectivorous plants , pp.  378–9, CD concluded that …

To Auguste Forel   28 September [1874]

Summary

Thanks AHF for his book on ants of Switzerland;

recommends reading Thomas Belt’s Naturalist in Nicaragua [1874].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Date:  28 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  Medizinhistorisches Institut, Universität Zürich
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9661

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To Auguste Forel   28 September [1874] …
  • … Universität Zürich Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Sept [1874] Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel …
  • … on ants of Switzerland; recommends reading Thomas Belt’s Naturalist in Nicaragua [1874]. …
  • … Belt’s “The Naturalist in Nicaragua” (1874): it contains much most curious matter about …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from Auguste Forel, 23 September 1874 . …
  • … Forel 1874 (see letter from …
  • … Auguste Forel, 23 September 1874  and n.  2). …
  • … see letter from Auguste Forel, 23 September 1874  and n.  5) CD had been particularly …
  • … Belt’s description of the feeding habits of leaf-carrying ants in Belt 1874 (see letter to …
  • … Fritz Müller, 1 January 1874 , and letter from …
  • … Fritz Müller, 20 April [1874] ). See …
  • … letter from Auguste Forel, 23 September 1874 . …

To Ernst Haeckel   26 December 1874

Summary

Comments on review of EH’s Anthropogenie [1874].

Mentions recent work of Huxley and other scientists.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  26 Dec 1874
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A–Abt. 1: 1–52/32)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9781

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To Ernst Haeckel   26 December 1874
  • … 1: 1–52/32) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Dec 1874 Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel …
  • … Comments on review of EH’s Anthropogenie [1874]. Mentions recent work of Huxley and other …
  • … See letter from Ernst Haeckel, 20 December 1874 . Haeckel had complained of the reception …
  • … history of humans; Haeckel 1874a). See letter from Ernst Haeckel, 20 December 1874 . The …
  • … review was in Nature , 5 November 1874, pp.   …
  • … 4–5, 12 November 1874, pp.  22–4. There is a copy of …
  • … in the Darwin Library–Down. See letter from Ernst Haeckel, 20 December 1874  and n.  10. …
  • … before the Linnean Society on 3 December 1874; it was not published until the May 1875  …
  • … it was summarised in Nature , 10 December 1874, pp.  101–2. In the paper, Huxley wrote, ‘ …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Dec 26 1874 My dear Haeckel According to our English fashion, I …
  • … CD refers to Friedrich von Hellwald and Hellwald 1874; see letter from …
  • … Ernst Haeckel, 20 December 1874  and n.  9. …
  • … See letter from Arnold Dodel, 13 December 1874 , and letter to …
  • … Arnold Dodel, 23 December 1874 . See letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 8 December 1874 . For Thomas Henry Huxley’s own letter to Haeckel on the …

To G. H. Darwin   [8 August 1874]

Summary

Approves of GHD’s letter [to Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 587–9] and his present plan, which removes all CD’s objections. Will make his own letter to Murray less imperious. "It will be a dreadful evil to me, if … we come to a quarrel."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [8 Aug 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9596

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [8 August 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 31 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett [8 Aug 1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). CD and his wife, Emma, were staying with …
  • … Approves of GHD’s letter [to Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 587–9] and his present plan, which …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 . …
  • … In 1874, the Saturday after 6 August was 8 August. See letter …
  • … from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 . George had enclosed a letter to be forwarded to …
  • … made against him in an anonymous article ([Mivart] 1874; George’s defence appeared …
  • … in the Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 587–9). CD probably refers to a letter sent to him via …
  • … from G.  H.  Darwin, [6 or 7 August 1874] . George had suggested that CD avoid risking a …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [6 or 7 August 1874] . For CD’s original letter, with George’s …
  • … enclosure to the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 ; for the letter as sent, see …
  • … the letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 . CD probably refers to the proof-sheets of …

To W. D. Whitney   5 August 1874

Summary

Praises WDW’s essay on language [North Am. Rev. 119 (1874): 61–88] which argues against Max Müller’s views and is a good defence against an attack made in Quarterly Review on CD’s short discussion of language.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Dwight Whitney
Date:  5 Aug 1874
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (W. D. Whitney Family Papers (MS 555) Box 21, folder 556 1874 Aug 1–12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9583

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To W.  D.  Whitney   5 August 1874
  • … W. D. Whitney Family Papers (MS 555) Box 21, folder 556 1874 Aug 1–12) Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin Bassett Down letterhead 5 Aug 1874 William Dwight Whitney …
  • … in the study of language ([Mivart] 1874, p.  45). The editor of the Contemporary Review …
  • … James Thomas Knowles; see letter to J.  T.  Knowles, 31 July 1874 , and letter from J.   …
  • … T.  Knowles, 4 August 1874 . …
  • … s essay on language [ North Am. Rev. 119 (1874): 61–88] which argues against Max Müller’s …
  • … of language’ (Max Müller 1873, Whitney 1874) in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …
  • … Descent 2d ed.  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). CD cited Whitney in Descent 2d ed. , pp.  86 n.  53, 88  …
  • … Beckenham, Kent. [Bassett, Southampton. ] Aug 5 1874 Dear Sir I am particularly obliged to …
  • … possible to think without language (Whitney 1874, p.  77). St George Jackson Mivart, in an …

To C. L. Denison   19 January [1874]

Summary

Finds from the Colonial Office that a census [of the Pitcairn Islands?] is expected soon, from which he will get the information he desires. [See 9241 and 9246.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Caroline Lucy Denison
Date:  19 Jan [1874]
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer), catalogue 77 (1994)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9249F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … census figures ought to have arrived (see letter from William Dealtry, 16 January  1874 ). …
  • … To C.  L.  Denison   19 January [1874] …
  • … catalogue 77 (1994) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Jan [1874] Caroline Lucy Denison …
  • … this letter and the letter to C.  L.  Denison, 14 January 1874 . See letter from C.   …
  • … L.  Denison, 17 January [1874] . CD had been advised by Thomas Henry Farrer (see letter …
  • … to T.  H.  Farrer, 18 January [1874] and n.  2). William Dealtry, a clerk at the …

To Asa Gray   3 June [1874]

Summary

CD is deeply pleased by AG’s article on him in Nature [10 (1874): 79–81].

Is preparing book on "Drosera and Co." for the printers. Reports observations on digestion in Drosera and Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  3 June [1874]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (103)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9480

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   3 June [1874] …
  • … Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (103) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 June [1874] Asa Gray …
  • … by AG’s article on him in Nature [10 (1874): 79–81]. Is preparing book on " Drosera and …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 . Gray …
  • … had enclosed a letter of 4 May 1874 from Ogden Nicholas Rood with …
  • … his own letter of 12 May 1874; no letter from Gray dated 4 May has been found. In a …
  • … see also annotations to letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 . For Rood’s sketch, see …
  • … to the letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 . CD had discussed vestigial pointed ears in …
  • … finished revisions to the second edition of Descent by early April 1874 ( letter to John …
  • … Murray, 4 April 1874 ). Ohr-spitze : ear-tip. Jane Loring Gray bought a backgammon board …
  • … also letter to J.  N.  Lockyer, 13 May [1874] and n.  2). For CD’s relationship with Brown …
  • … in two parts as ‘Do plants eat insects? ’ in the Gardeners’ Chronicle , 2 May 1874 and …
  • … 9 May 1874 ([A.  Gray] 1874b); Gray was identified as the author by his initials …
  • … only in the second part. See letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874  and nn.  2 and 3. …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874  and n.  4. CD was particularly interested in the …
  • … in various species of Pinguicula (butterwort) in June and July 1874 are in DAR 59.1; …
  • … those for 1 June 1874 are in DAR 59.1: 35. Gray had enclosed a copy of a spoof article ‘ …
  • … The man-eating tree of Madagascar’ from a New York newspaper, World , 28 April 1874, p.   …
  • … 7, with his letter of 12 May 1874; the copy has not been found. The pretext of the …

To J. D. Hooker   25 March [1874]

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Summary

Thanks for information about Hedychium. Hopes wings of Sphinx will be found covered with pollen for that will be a fine bit of prophecy from the structure of a flower to special and new means of fertilisation.

Has been at Descent so hard he has done nothing, not even H. Spencer’s answer.

Has not yet read Croll ["Ocean currents", London Edinburgh & Dublin Philos. Mag. 47 (1874): 94–122, 168–90].

Has heard nothing about Carter and Eozoon. Eozoon, he infers, is done for.

Has read Belt [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]: best of all natural history travel books.

Has written to Fritz Müller about leaf-carrying ants.

Hopes to resume work on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 317–19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9372

Matches: 20 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   25 March [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 317–19 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Mar [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … read Belt [ The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]: best of all natural history travel books. …
  • … London Edinburgh & Dublin Philos. Mag. 47 (1874): 94–122, 168–90]. Has heard nothing about …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874  and n.  1. Sphinx or hawk-moths are essential for fertilising …
  • … Coral reefs 2d ed. (see letter to Smith, Elder & Co, 8 January 1874, and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 27 [March 1874] ). Hooker’s youngest children were suffering from whooping …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874  and nn.  3, 5, and 6). George Howard Darwin’s …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874  and n.  14. George Howard Darwin was commenting …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874  and nn.  12 and 13. CD had accepted that …
  • … see O’Brien 1970). CD refers to Thomas Belt’s The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874). See …
  • … letter to Fritz Müller, 1 January 1874 , in which CD made this request and informed Müller …
  • … that he was sending him a copy of Belt 1874. Belt …
  • … discussed leaf-carrying ants in Belt 1874, pp.  80–1. CD finished working on Descent 2d …
  • … April (see letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 8 April 1874  and n.  1), and by 12 April he was again …
  • … see letter to Edward Frankland, 12 April 1874 ). CD had begun studying the effects of …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874  and n.  16). In Insectivorous plants , p.   …
  • … letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 21 March 1874  and n.  2. Hooker and William Turner …
  • … 4). CD had spent the first three months of 1874  working on Descent 2d ed. (‘Journal’ ( …

To Nature   7 and 11 May [1874]

Summary

Thanks Nature correspondents for their observations on destruction of primroses [Nature 9 (1874): 509; 10 (1874): 6–7]. Reports an error in his observations: ovules, as well as nectar, are taken by the birds. As the habit of cutting off primrose flowers is widespread, CD concludes it is instinctive in bullfinches.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  7 and 11 May [1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 14 May 1874, pp. 24–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9444

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To Nature    7 and 11 May [1874] …
  • … Nature , 14 May 1874, pp.  24–5 …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 and 11 May [1874] Nature …
  • … correspondents for their observations on destruction of primroses [ Nature 9 (1874): 509; …
  • … 10 (1874): 6–7]. Reports an error in his observations: ovules, as well as nectar, are …
  • … now in the London borough of Barnet. See letters from Edward Frankland, 26 April 1874 and …
  • … 30 April 1874. See letter from T.   …
  • … M.  Story-Maskelyne, 4 May 1874 . Douglas Spalding’s observations were in Spalding 1872a. …
  • … this quotation has been found, but see the letter from Edward Frankland, 26 April 1874 ). …
  • … Nature , 7 May 1874, pp.  6–7. …
  • … this letter in Nature . See letter to Nature , 18 April [1874]. A number of replies were …
  • … published in succeeding issues of the journal (see Nature , 30 April 1874, p.   …
  • … 509, and 7 May 1874, pp.  6–7). …
  • … this mistake in his letter of 26 April 1874. CD refers to Cecil James Monro (see letter …
  • … from C.  J.  Monro, 26 April 1874 ). High or Chipping Barnet was a town in Hertfordshire, …

From John Tyndall   28 December 1874

Summary

JT had not known Lady Lubbock was ill. Will try to persuade her [to change physicians]. Agrees Andrew Clark is best.

Hooker has survived his crisis [death of his wife].

St G. J. Mivart’s act is a natural outflow of his character.

Author:  John Tyndall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 106: C17–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9787

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From John Tyndall   28 December 1874
  • … DAR 106: C17–18 John Tyndall Royal Institution 28 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … by George Howard Darwin (G.  H.  Darwin 1873a, [Mivart] 1874, p.  70). See letters to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December 1874, 22  …
  • … December 1874, 24  …
  • … December [1874], and …
  • … 27 December [1874], and letter and enclosure from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 23 December 1874. …
  • … Royal Institution of Great Britain 28. th Dec.  1874. | 11 P.M. My dear Darwin I have just …
  • … See letter to John Tyndall, 27 December 1874 ; CD was concerned about Ellen Frances …
  • … Spottiswoode. The Thursday preceding 28 December 1874 was 24 December. Joseph Dalton …
  • … Harriet Hooker, had died on 13 November 1874 (Allan 1967, p.  225). CD, Hooker, and Thomas …

To W. E. Darwin   23 [February 1872 – October 1874]

Summary

Asks for investment advice.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  23 Feb 1872 or 23 Mar 1872 or 23 Apr 1872 or 23 May 1872 or 23 June 1872 or 23 July 1872 or 23 Aug 1872 or 23 Sept 1872 or 23 Oct 1872 or 23 Nov 1872 or 23 Dec 1872 or 23 Jan 1873 or 23 Feb 1873 or 23 Mar 1873 or 23 Apr 1873 or 23 May 1873 or 23 June 1873 or 23 July 1873 or 23 Aug 1873 or 23 Sept 1873 or 23 Oct 1873 or 23 Nov 1873 or 23 Dec 1873 or 23 Jan 1874 or 23 Feb 1874 or 23 Mar 1874 or 23 Apr 1874 or 23 May 1874 or 23 June 1874 or 23 July 1874 or 23 Aug 1874 or 23 Sept 1874 or 23 Oct 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 132
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13800

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   23 [February 1872 – October 1874] …
  • … 23 July 1873 23 Aug 1873 23 Sept 1873 23 Oct 1873 23 Nov 1873 23 Dec 1873 23 Jan 1874 23 …
  • … Feb 1874 23 …
  • … Mar 1874 23 …
  • … Apr 1874 23 …
  • … May 1874 23 …
  • … June 1874 23 …
  • … July 1874 23 …
  • … Aug 1874 23 …
  • … Sept 1874 23 …
  • … Oct 1874 William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … notepaper from January 1872 until 17 November 1874. It is unlikely to have been written in …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   9 June 1874

Summary

Did not know cabbage contained so much nitrogen.

Pinguicula more excited by seeds than Drosera. Asks for information about Pinguicula.

Asks name of weed.

Asks to borrow Utricularia plant.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  9 June 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9486

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   9 June 1874
  • … Darwin 1873–81: 10) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 June 1874 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … Letter from W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 5 June 1874. For CD’s conclusions, see Insectivorous …
  • … also letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 4 June 1874  and n.  4. Pinguicula is butterwort; …
  • … from W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 26 June 1874 . CD’s interest in Utricularia was inspired by a …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. June 9 1874 My dear Professor Dyer I was much obliged for your …
  • … John Ralfs (see letter from W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 25 June 1874 ; see also letters from …
  • … John Ralfs, 8 July 1874 and …
  • … 9 July 1874). Thiselton-Dyer also suggested David Moore (see letter to W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 28 [June 1874] ); in his letter to …
  • … Moore of 28 June 1874, CD requested help only with Utricularia (bladderwort), but Moore …
  • … Pinguicula ( letter from David Moore, 9 July 1874 ). Others who made observations on CD’s …
  • … Amy Ruck (see letter from T.  L.  Marshall, 16 July [1874] , letter from Francis and …
  • … Amy Darwin, 8 August [1874] , letter from L.   …
  • … C.  Harrison, [22 August 1874] , and letter from W.   …
  • … C.  Marshall, 5 September [1874] ). See also letter …
  • … to ? , 8 June 1874 , and letter to W.   …
  • … D.  Fox, 18 June 1874 . Among the seeds CD used in experiments on Pinguicula were those of …

To F. J. Cohn   12 October 1874

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Summary

CD responds [to 9667] with description of his own effort to study Aldrovanda and his observations on the structure of Dionaea.

His admiration for FJC’s earlier studies of the Venus’s fly-trap.

He urges FJC to proceed promptly with publication of his memoir on Aldrovanda [Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 1, Heft 3 (1875): 71–92].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ferdinand Julius Cohn
Date:  12 Oct 1874
Classmark:  DAR 185: 107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9677A

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To F.  J.  Cohn   12 October 1874
  • … DAR 185: 107 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Oct 1874 Ferdinand Julius Cohn …
  • … letter from J.  D.   Hooker, 29 September 1874 . CD’s annotated copy of F. J. Cohn 1875 is …
  • … See letter from F.  J.  Cohn, 4 October 1874 . The sketches have not been found. See …
  • … letter from F.  J.  Cohn, 4 October 1874 . Joseph Dalton Hooker’s daughter Harriet Anne …
  • … the waterwheel plant) to CD; see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 September 1874 . …
  • … Hooker visited Down on 26 September 1874 ( letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 September 1874 ). See letter from F.   …
  • … pp.  256 and 364. See letter from F.  J.  Cohn, 4 October 1874 . For J.  D.  Hooker’s …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Oct 12 th 1874 My dear Sir I thank you for your very kind …
  • … J.  Cohn, 4 October 1874 , and F. J. Cohn 1875, of which CD had received a copy in advance …
  • … See letter from F.  J.  Cohn, 4 October 1874  and n.  5. Compositae (now Asteraceae) are …

From Asa Gray   16 June 1874

Summary

AG’s article in Nature was "just and moderate".

Sends his review of C. Hodge’s What is Darwinism? (1874) [Nation 18 (1874): 348–51].

It is uphill work making a theist out of CD.

Gives further observations on Sarracenia variolaris.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 165: 185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9492

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   16 June 1874
  • … DAR 165: 185 Asa Gray Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. 16 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was "just and moderate". Sends his review of C. Hodge’s What is Darwinism? (1874) [ Nation …
  • … 18 (1874): 348–51]. It is uphill work making a theist out of CD. Gives further …
  • … See the letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] , written after CD received an advance copy of …
  • … Lockyer. See letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] and nn.  4 and 9. Gray had enclosed copies …
  • … been identified. In his review of Hodge 1874, Gray rejected Charles Hodge’s identification …
  • … Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. June 16, 1874. My Dear Darwin The gratification I feel in …
  • … Academy of Arts and Sciences, 28 January 1874, for CD’s election as a foreign honorary …
  • … honorary members were elected in January 1874; the membership included 194 fellows, 85  …
  • … members ( Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 9 (1874): 302, 310). …
  • … of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard. See also letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874  and n.  4. For …
  • … Gray’s interest in backgammon, see the letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] and n.   12. …

To Auguste Forel   15 October 1874

Summary

Writes about AHF’s book on Swiss ants.

Recounts his own observations on ants carrying cocoons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Date:  15 Oct 1874
Classmark:  Medizinhistorisches Institut, Universität Zürich
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9680

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To Auguste Forel   15 October 1874
  • … Universität Zürich Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Oct 1874 Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel …
  • … recommended Thomas Belt’s book The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874) in his letter to …
  • … Forel of 28 September [1874]. He had sent a …
  • … copy of the book to Fritz Müller in January 1874 (see letter to …
  • … Fritz Müller, 1 January 1874 ). See …
  • … also letter from Fritz Müller, 20 April [1874] . …
  • … Down, Beckenham, Kent. Oct 15 th 1874 My dear Sir I have now read the whole of your …
  • … CD refers to Les fourmis de la Suisse (Ants of Switzerland; Forel 1874); see letter from …
  • … Auguste Forel, 23 September 1874 . CD’ …
  • … s heavily annotated copy of Forel 1874 is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …
  • … females and much smaller in males (Forel 1874, p.  123). CD scored the section in his copy …
  • … slaves from their colony calmed them (Forel 1874, p.  304). See n.  6, below. In the first …
  • … see letter to Fritz Müller, 1 January 1874  and n.  3. In the third part (F.  Müller 1873– …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, [ c. January 1874] and n.  7. Forel observed that the species …
  • … by the workers of T.  caespitum (Forel 1874, pp.  343–4). Formica rufa is the red wood …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   26 June 1874

Summary

Thanks for letter and seeds.

Asks that Hooker return references about plants eating insects.

Discusses Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  26 June 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 14–15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9515

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   26 June 1874
  • … 1873–81: 14–15) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 June 1874 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … Letter from W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 25 June 1874. See letter to W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874 . See also letter from W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 25 June 1874  and n.  7; Thiselton-Dyer’s reply to this point was …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. June 26 1874 My dear Mr Dyer Your letter will be of much use to …
  • … from W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 26 June 1874 ). For CD’s interest in the use of Pinguicula ( …
  • … letter from Thomas Aitken, [ c . 25 June 1874]. Carl von Linné described its use for this …
  • … out by CD and Francis Darwin from 1 June 1874 in DAR 59.1: 35; see also Insectivorous …
  • … letter from W.  T.   Thiselton-Dyer, 25 June 1874 . CD refers to Joseph Dalton Hooker. See …
  • … letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874 . See letter to W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 4 April 1874  and n.  7. CD’s future daughter-in-law, Amy Ruck, had …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 23 June 1874  and n.  3); her letter has not been found. ‘Bog …

To J. D. Hooker   1 October [1874]

thumbnail

Summary

Thanks JDH for extract on Hedychium pollination; it shows CD’s prior interpretation was incorrect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Oct [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 421–422
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9665

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   1 October [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 421–422 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Oct [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see letter to J.   D.  Hooker, 25 March [1874] and n.  3). Gammie also described insect …
  • … gardnerianum (Kahili ginger or the Kahila garland-lily) in his letter of 16 February 1874. …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 September 1874 . Utricularia neglecta (now Utricularia …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 September 1874 . For the specimens from the …
  • … New Forest, see the letter to David Moore, 12 July 1874 ; for Penzance, see the letter …
  • … from John Ralfs, 9 July 1874 , and the letter to …
  • … John Ralfs, 13 July [1874] . Hooker’s daughter Harriet Anne Hooker sent CD some Aldrovanda …
  • … plant); see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 September 1874  and n. 4. CD refers to the …
  • … letter from J.  A.  Gammie, 28 August 1874 , in which James Alexander Gammie suggested …

From E. A. Darwin   17 [March 1874]

Summary

Reports the balloting [for Henry Parker at the Athenaeum?] went off just right.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 [Mar 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9365

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   17 [March 1874] …
  • … DAR 105: B92 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 17 [Mar 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … by the date of Henry Parker’s election to the Athenaeum Club in March 1874. See …
  • … letter to George Bentham, 9 March [1874] and n.  3. CD and …
  • … Henry Parker was elected a member of the Athenaeum Club on 16 March 1874 (see letter to …
  • … George Bentham, 9 March [1874] and n.  3; Waugh [1888]); candidates were excluded if there …
  • … was also elected to the Athenaeum Club in 1874 (Waugh 1888). William Charles Green was …
  • … to vote for his nephew (see letter to George Bentham, 9 March [1874] ; letter to Edward …
  • … Frankland, 9 March [1874] ; letter to a member of …
  • … the Athenaeum Club, 9 March [1874] ; letter to Alfred …
  • … Newton, 9 March [1874] ; letter to John …
  • … Tyndall, 9 March [1874] ; letter to Thomas …
  • … Woolner, 9 March 1874 ; and letter from …
  • … John Phillips, 14 March 1874 ). Several members of the Courtenay family belonged to the …
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Publishers artists and illustrators in Commentary
2 Items

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … proved very slow ( Letter 9071 ). At the end of 1874, Darwin offered Murray a new book,  …