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From J. D. Hooker   [17–23 December 1857]

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Summary

Sending more Candolle volumes for survey of species with well-marked varieties.

Has begun his introduction [to Flora Tasmaniae]; will not make generalisations.

J. D. Dana’s pamphlet too metaphysical for JDH.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [17–23 Dec 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 194
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2188

Matches: 10 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … What do you say to them Ever yours | J D Hooker crossed pencil 3.3 Europ. ] crossed pencil …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [17–23 December 1857] …
  • … CUL. For CD’s opinion of Dana 1857 , see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 25 December [1857] . …
  • … the relationship to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 25 December [1857] , in which CD reported …
  • … books on 16 December (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 9 December [1857] ). Hooker’s mention …
  • … written. Candolle and Candolle 1824–73 . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 9 December [1857] . …
  • Hooker refers to CD’s calculations on the order Labiatae (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [ …
  • … 6 December 1857] ). Bentham 1858 . J.  D. Hooker 1860. …
  • … essay of the Flora Tasmaniæ (J.  D. Hooker 1855[–60]) was published separately. The ‘two …

To J. D. Hooker   [3 May 1857]

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Summary

JDH’s last letter demolishes woolly alpine plant theory.

Correlation of apetalous flowers and cold climate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [3 May 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 196
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2088

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   [3 May 1857] …
  • … J.  D. Hooker 1862. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, [29 April 1857] , n.   …
  • … by Hooker, tabulating alpine plants according to their ‘woolliness’ (see letter to J.  D. …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, [2 May 1857] , n.  2. …

From J. D. Hooker   [2 December 1857]

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Summary

News of Mrs Henslow’s death.

Studying Impatiens, which bears on CD’s problems. Though genus is endemic to India, with over 100 species, CD will be glad to know they do not run into one another.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 Dec 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 178–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2178

Matches: 7 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … too! With best regards | Ever yours | J D Hooker Lindley was received at R.S.  with great …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [2 December 1857] …
  • … The Wednesday before letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 December [1857] . Harriet Henslow had died …
  • … on 20 November 1857 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 21 November [1857] ). Harriet Henslow …
  • … and the sister of Leonard Jenyns. In J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1859, p.  106, Hooker wrote …
  • … excessively prone to vary. ’ See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 20 October [1857] . The crossing …

To J. D. Hooker   [June 1857]

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Summary

Request for Floras of Pacific Islands and Greenland.

Individual variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [June 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 222b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2198

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker    [June 1857] …
  • … another list of questions for Hooker. In the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 20 October [1857] , …
  • … transcribed following the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 20 October [1857] . The final question …
  • … in any species is apt to be highly variable ( letter to J.  D. Hooker, 16 [May 1857] ). …
  • … See also letters to J.  D. Hooker, 3 June [1857] and 5 June [1857], in which CD expressed …
  • … discussed by CD in the letters to J.  D. Hooker, 16 [May 1857] and 3 June [1857]. The …
  • … of a neighbouring Pacific island in 1857 (J.  D. Hooker 1857), would presumably have known …

To J. D. Hooker   1 August [1857]

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Summary

Important issue at stake with new flora calculations: evidence that species are only strongly marked varieties. Planning large-scale survey.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Aug [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 206, 207
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2130

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   1 August [1857] …
  • … 1854 . Koch 1843–4 . Ledebour 1842–53 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 22 August [1857] ). …
  • … Miquel 1837 . A.  Gray 1856a. J.  D. Hooker 1853–5  and J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1857–8. …
  • Hooker, 27 [June 1854] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [29 June 1854] . The proper dosage …
  • … 1839  and Boreau 1840 . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 14 July [1857] . By ‘hair splitters’ …
  • Hooker, was born on 10 August 1857. For CD’s earlier remarks concerning the administration of chloroform during childbirth, see Correspondence vol.  4, letters to W.  D. Fox, [17 January 1850] and [May 1850], and Correspondence vol.  5, letter to J.  D. …

From J. D. Hooker   [11 April 1857]

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Summary

JDH cites W. H. Harvey’s observations on Fucus and David Don’s on Juncus as examples of variations that are independent of climate. There are many such cases. Gives his working scheme for categorising variation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [11 Apr 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 198–201
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2074

Matches: 7 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … widely different conditions. Ever Yrs | J D Hooker crossed pencil crossed pencil CD note : …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [11 April 1857] …
  • Hooker, 8 April [1857] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 8 April [1857] . This note is in DAR …
  • … Henrietta Darwin’s visit to Hastings (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 8 April [1857] & n.   …
  • … to CD’s letters to Hooker, 8 April [1857] and 12 April [1857]. See letter to J.  D. …
  • … are on the subject of variation’. See also the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 12 April [1857] . …

To J. D. Hooker   6 September [1857]

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Summary

Some negative results in variety tabulation survey.

Galls on wild carrot.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 209
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2137

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   6 September [1857] …
  • … the event, Hooker did not make the calculations himself (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11  …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 September [1857] . See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 1 August [ …

To J. D. Hooker   [after 20 January 1857]

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CD finds Alphonse de Candolle very useful, though JDH has low opinion.

CD argues for accidental introductions explaining some odd distributions, e.g., New Zealand vs Australian plants.

CD’s method.

Diverging affinities in isolated genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [after 20 Jan 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 190
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2033

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   [after 20 January 1857] …
  • … been discussed by CD and Hooker in 1856 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 9 October [1856] ). …
  • … the relationship to the letters to J.  D. Hooker, 17 January [1857], and 20 January[1857]. …
  • … See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 17 January [1857] and 20 January [1857]. CD refers to a …
  • … to J.  D. Hooker, 7 March [1855] and 5 June [1855], and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6–9  …
  • … raisonnée ( A.  de Candolle 1855 ) in his review of the work ([J.  D. Hooker] 1856). The …
  • … 3, above), Gray had conceded that J.  D. Hooker was correct ‘in saying that he [Candolle] …
  • … Gray, 1 January [1857] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 March [1857] , for an explanation …
  • … the areas, an idea he had put forth in J.  D. Hooker 1844–7  and 1853–5. See the earlier …

To J. D. Hooker   14 July [1857]

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Asks to borrow several Floras. Must redo calculations as John Lubbock has shown him an important error.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 July [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 204
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2124

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   14 July [1857] …
  • … 1847] ). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 July [1857] . Boreau 1840 . Fürnrohr 1839 . …
  • … Lubbock, 14 [July 1857] ). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 1 July [1857] . The letter has not …
  • … been located. For CD’s query, see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 July [1857] . …
  • … of pelorism to Hooker in 1847 ( Correspondence vol.  4, letter to J.  D. Hooker, [12 June …

To J. D. Hooker   4 December [1857]

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Inquiries on effect of dry heat on temperate plants for glacial chapter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 216
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2180

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   4 December [1857] …
  • … of John Stevens and Harriet Henslow. Letter from J.  D. Hooker, [2 December 1857]. …
  • … selection , p.  413). See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 December 1857] . The final results …
  • … selection , pp.  153–4. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 December 1857] , and letter to …
  • … 8 December [1857]. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [2 December 1857] . Frances Harriet …

To J. D. Hooker   20 January [1857]

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Summary

CD will advise Daniell not to apply for Royal Society grant.

CD’s experiment: fish fed seeds, which germinated when voided.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 189
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2042

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   20 January [1857] …
  • … the relationship to the letters to J.  D. Hooker, 17 January [1857], and to T.  H. Huxley, …
  • … William Freeman Daniell. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 17 January [1857] . See letter to …
  • … vol.  5, letters to W.  D. Fox, 7 May [1855], and to J.  D. Hooker, 15 [May 1855]. …

From J. D. Hooker   [6 December 1857]

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Finds CD’s results [of his survey of well-marked varieties from A. P. and Alphonse de Candolle’s Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis (1824–73)] "very curious and suggestive". Thinks the Labiatae will present an obstacle to him as it is a very large and distinct order with well-defined species and genera. Would like to see him tackle more volumes of Candolle’s Prodromus, as his case can only be established by evidence from mundane plants. CD should beware of generalising from local species variability. A comparison of C. C. Babington’s and G. Bentham’s [British] Floras [Babington Manual of British botany (1843, 4th ed., 1856); Bentham Handbook of British flora (1858)] would be invaluable. Suggests CD write to Ferdinand Müller and Charles Moore in Australia. Moisture favouring extension of species is important for CD’s view.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 Dec 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 195–6, DAR 47: 192
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2181

Matches: 8 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [6 December 1857] …
  • … references are to J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1855 and to J.  D. Hooker 1853–5 . Babington …
  • … the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 December [1857] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 December [ …
  • … questioning Hooker about the leaf arrangement in Linum (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 20  …
  • … asked Hooker to investigate this point (see CD note attached to letter to J.  D. Hooker, …
  • … s ‘rule’ did not hold. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 9 December [1857] , for CD’s response …
  • … is also that of my excellent friend Dr. J.  D. Hooker (Flora Indica, Introductory Essay, & …

To J. D. Hooker   25 December [1857]

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Species with marked varieties.

Dana’s pamphlet also too metaphysical for CD.

Natural selection chapter on hybridism completed.

Doubts JDH will resist theory in his introduction to Flora Tasmaniae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 218
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2194

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   25 December [1857] …
  • … 16 December [1857] . J.  D. Hooker 1860. See letter from J.   D. Hooker, [17–23 December …
  • … 1810 . Dana 1857 (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [17–23 December 1857] ). In ‘Thoughts on …
  • … vol.  6, Appendix II). See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [17–23 December 1857] . CD did not …

To J. D. Hooker   20 October [1857]

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Returns some of the systematics books borrowed from JDH. Will now take on A. P. and Alphonse de Candolle [Prodromus].

Arrangements for a visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 212, 222c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2156

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   20 October [1857] …
  • … will enquire’. Hooker answered the query in the letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 December …
  • … botanical works lent to him by Hooker (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 30 September [1857] ). …
  • … 1857 (Emma Darwin’s diary). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 30 September [1857] . Letter to …

To J. D. Hooker   14 [November 1857]

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Rule that species vary most in larger genera seems universal.

Response to Gardeners’ Chronicle note on "Bees and kidney beans" [Collected papers 1: 275–7].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 [Nov 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 215
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2170

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   14 [November 1857] …
  • … 4 , and Watson 1847–59  from Hooker (see letters to J.  D. Hooker, 30 September [1857], …
  • … 23 October 1857]). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, [23 October 1857] . Candolle and Candolle …
  • … 1849  and Wiegmann 1828 . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 June [1857] . John Lindley, whom …
  • … and Hanley [1848–]1853. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 20 October [1857] . Letter from Henry …

To J. D. Hooker   9 December [1857]

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Survey of species with well-marked varieties: JDH’s Labiatae case a "great blow", but result is very generally consistent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 217
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2182

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   9 December [1857] …
  • … to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 December [1857] , and the letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6  …
  • … 1 December [1857] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 December 1857] . See letter to …

From J. D. Hooker   [27] June 1857

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Embryology of plants of low systematic order. Comparative development begins only with first post-cotyledonary leaves.

Curt letter to JDH from George Henslow.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [27] June 1857
Classmark:  DAR 100: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2114

Matches: 3 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [27] June 1857 …
  • … was 27 June in 1857. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 25 June [1857] . George Henslow, the …

To J. D. Hooker   8 April [1857]

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Independence of variation from climate shown by several plant genera; CD asks for confirmation.

Progressing with book [Natural selection].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Apr [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 191
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2073

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   8 April [1857] …
  • … see n.  5, below). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, [21 March 1857] . Harvey 1849, Don 1841 , …
  • … Natural selection , p.  284. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [11 April 1857] . In Natural …

To J. D. Hooker   [21 March 1857]

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Ranges of species in large vs small genera: Asa Gray’s compilation fits CD’s expectation.

CD studies seedling mortality in his weed garden.

JDH’s work on Indian flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [21 Mar 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 192a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2067

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   [21 March 1857] …
  • … analysing several of the natural orders of Indian plants (J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1858). …
  • … 1899). Drège 1843 . See letter from J.  D. Hooker, 7 May 1856 . A.  de Candolle 1855 . See …
  • … only one volume of which had appeared (J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1855). On 3 March 1857, …

To J. D. Hooker   16 [May 1857]

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Asks JDH’s opinion, and botanical evidence, on important law: parts that are highly developed in comparison to other allied species are very variable.

Interest in hairiness of alpine plants revived by reading A. Moquin-Tandon [Éléments de tératologie végétale (1841)]; correlation with dryness. CD seeks interpretation independent of direct environmental effect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 [May 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 197
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2092

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   16 [May 1857] …
  • … s earlier query (see Correspondence vol.  5, letter to J.  D. Hooker, [April 1852] , n.   …
  • … 10). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 3 June [1857] . Moquin-Tandon 1841 , pp.  65–7. See also …
Document type
letter (68)
Date
1857
01 (7)
02 (3)
03 (3)
04 (5)
05 (4)
06 (10)
07 (7)
08 (4)
09 (6)
10 (5)
11 (4)
12 (10)
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