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From J. D. Hooker   [6 November 1854]

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Summary

Fossil leaves from Disko Island.

JDH to begin working out the botanical geography of the polar sea.

Has not forgotten CD’s request on aberrant species.

Has taken a house on Richmond Hill.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 Nov 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 385
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1600

Matches: 8 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … coming to Linn Soc. Ever dr Darwin Y r | J D Hooker Kew Monday crossed pencil ‘Bentham …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [6 November 1854] …
  • … for whom CD was seeking a place at Kew (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 November [1854] ). …
  • … The Monday following the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 November [1854] . Disko Island, off …
  • … climate in the Tertiary period. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [3 November 1854] , n.  4. …
  • … J.  D. Hooker 1857 and 1862. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [3 November 1854] , n.  7. …
  • … visitors at Down House (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 November [1854] , n.  5). Joachim …

From J. D. Hooker   [29 June 1854]

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JDH on "highness" of Coniferae: they are genuine Dicotyledons, not a link to cryptogams; that is a geologists’ fallacy. Thus they are highest plants in Carboniferous.

Does not agree with CD’s "elastic" species theory. Long correspondence with Lyell on this.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [29 June 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 383
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1576

Matches: 6 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … I return to Kew on Saturday. Ever Yrs | J D Hooker. P.S.  have you any rich friends who …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [29 June 1854] …
  • … 6 May 1854 , n.  4. J.  D. Hooker 1855 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 7 July [1854] ). …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, [24 June 1854] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 27 [June 1854] . …
  • … The Thursday after letter to J.  D. Hooker, 27 [June 1854] . The use of chloroform as a …

From J. D. Hooker   [3 November 1854]

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JDH’s contempt for R. I. Murchison.

There is a Cyperus species and a Pteris species endemic to hot volcanoes of Ischia. Why are there no other migrators?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3 Nov 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 214–15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1629

Matches: 9 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … days since our marriage. Ever yours | J D Hooker 1.1 from him … into. 1.7] crossed pencil …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [3 November 1854] …
  • … with some paragraphs from the letter from J.  D. Hooker, [8 July 1855] (see L.  Huxley ed. …
  • Hooker 1857 and discussed their distribution in J.   D. Hooker 1862. Louis Claude …
  • … Waterhouse, 11 November 1854 , n.  2. J.  D. Hooker 1854b. Hooker had been elected to the …
  • … Correspondence vol.  3, letter from J.  D. Hooker, 14 November 1844 , n.  2). CD had been …
  • … on the same topic (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] ). A note in DAR …
  • Hooker published a description of the Arctic plants collected by Lyall and others in J.  D. …

From J. D. Hooker   [15 November 1854]

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George Bentham’s list of aberrant plant genera. JDH appended the number of species in each genus according to E. G. Steudel’s catalogue [Nomenclator botanicus (1840–1)] and according to JDH and Bentham.

JDH speculates on effect of splitting Australia longitudinally on distribution; it becomes an argument for new creations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 Nov 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 386
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1607

Matches: 10 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [15 November 1854] …
  • … or we have new creations Ever yrs | J D Hooker. diag Steudel Self 1 Ceratophyllum — 8 — 2 …
  • Hooker, 8 [February 1847]; letter from J.  D. …
  • Hooker, [ c . 4 March 1847]; letters to J.  D. Hooker, [14 March 1847], 7 April [1847], [ …
  • … his essay of 1844 which Hooker read in 1847 (see Correspondence vol.  4, letter to J.  D. …
  • … at CD’s request (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [3 November 1854] , n.  7). Steudel 1840– …
  • … is something in it. — See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 December [1854] , for CD’s rephrasing …
  • … receiving this letter and letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 December [1854] , CD also made the …
  • … case of blending Families. —[ pencil ] J.  D. Hooker 1855–60 . Hooker refers to …

To J. D. Hooker   11 [December 1854]

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Debates aberrant species, e.g., Ornithorhynchus and Echidna, with JDH. CD argues they are result of extinction having removed intermediate links to allied forms.

Studying effects of disuse in wings of tame and wild ducks.

Tabulations showing that number of species in a genus is not correlated with number of genera in an order.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 [Dec 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 148
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1612

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   11 [December 1854] …
  • Hooker and Thomson 1855 (see letter from J.  D Hooker, 5 December [1854], n.  4). CD made …
  • … The Monday following the letter from J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] . J.  D. …
  • … CD is repeating a point made in letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 November [1854] . The genus …
  • … December [1854] , Hooker proposed giving CD a copy of J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1855. A …
  • … Hooker thinks Canadensis & vulgaris distinct’. In the letter from J.  D. Hooker, 5  …
  • … annotated by CD. See letters from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] and 5 December [1854]. …
  • … memorandum attached to the letter from J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] . CD was speaking …
  • … For Bentham’s list, see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [after 11 December 1854] . Athenæum , …
  • … Agricultural Gazette , see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 December [1854] , n.  5. CD later …

From J. D. Hooker   [26 February 1854]

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Is relieved his book [Himalayan journals] has been well received and glad he has successfully completed it.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Feb 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 86–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1557

Matches: 7 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [26 February 1854] …
  • … Diemen’s Land (Tasmania). Hooker’s Flora Tasmaniæ ( J.  D. Hooker 1855–60 ) was published …
  • … The dedication in Hooker’s Himalayan journals (J.  D. Hooker 1854a, 1: v) reads: ‘To …
  • … of convicts ceased in 1853. John Murray was the publisher of J.  D. Hooker 1854a. …
  • … yet. With united regards | Yours | J.  D Hooker scored pencil scored pencil 6.1 Murray … “ …
  • … are Dedicated, by his affectionate friend, J.  D. Hooker. Kew, Jan. 12th, 1854. ’ CD’s …

To J. D. Hooker   1 March [1854]

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Thanks JDH for dedication of Himalayan journals. CD praises the work and suggests stylistic revisions.

Lyell’s remarks on lava beds in letter from Madeira are not original – they refer exclusively to Élie de Beaumont’s data.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1556

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   1 March [1854] …
  • … had been taken to see a Thug prisoner. Hooker described the activities of Thugs in J.  D. …
  • J.  D. Hooker 1854a. John Milton, Lycidas , lines 70–3: Fame is the spur that the clear …
  • … were prepared from his own drawings (J.  D. Hooker 1854a, 1: xvii). Hooker had ascended …
  • … 1854, pp.  237–9. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [26 February 1854] . Roderick Impey …
  • … 1854] , n.  2, and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [26 February 1854] , n.  5). Bartholomew …
  • … snowstorm, graphically described in J.  D. Hooker 1854a, 1: 350–7. ‘In these bridges, the …
  • … sense of insecurity is very great. ’ (J.  D. Hooker 1854a, 1: 199). Hooker described the …
  • … of deposits in the Yangma valley in J.  D. Hooker 1854a, 1: 231–5. He believed these, and …
  • Hooker 1854a, 1: 65–70. See letter from J.  D. …
  • Hooker, [26 February 1854] . A favourable review of J.  D. Hooker 1854a was published in …

From J. D. Hooker   5 December [1854]

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Bentham’s list of aberrant genera: CD’s worry that he eliminated large genera a priori is half right. He eliminated those large, anomalous genera that virtually constitute natural orders. JDH criticises CD’s tabulations of aberrants.

Difficulty of distinguishing affinity and analogy in plants.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 388–90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1611

Matches: 7 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   5 December [1854] …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] , enclosing Bentham’s list, and letter to J.  D. Hooker, …
  • Hooker, 15 November [1854] . See letter from J.  D. …
  • Hooker, [15 November 1854] . J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1855, introductory essay, pp.  109, …
  • … 200; and pp.  43–7. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 [December 1854] . The memorandum is …
  • Hooker is making a literal reference to the vegetable kingdom or to CD’s work on John Lindley’s Vegetable kingdom ( Lindley 1846 ), as mentioned in letter to J.  D. …

From J. D. Hooker   [after 11 December 1854]

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List of most anomalous Leguminosae [from George Bentham].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 11 Dec 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 391
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1546

Matches: 4 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [after 11 December 1854] …
  • … response to CD’s request ( letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 [December 1854] ). The numbers in …
  • … by very few species. See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 15 November [1854] and 11 [December …

From J. D. Hooker   [c. 25 March 1854]

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JDH summarises letter from Humboldt.

JDH answers CD’s questions on glacial action in Himalayas.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. 25 Mar 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 382
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1559

Matches: 8 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [ c . 25 March 1854] …
  • … with those of the Siwalik Hills in J.  D. Hooker 1854a, 1: 403 n. Robert Brown. Bibra …
  • … Journal of researches 2d ed. , p.  322. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 March [1854] . …
  • … by CD’s reference in the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 26 March [1854] , to having received …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  3, letter from J.  D. Hooker, [late February 1845] . Humboldt’s …
  • … of 1850 and co-author of Flora Indica (J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1855). See Thomson 1852 , …
  • … Correspondence vol.  4, letter from J.  D. Hooker, 3 February 1849, n.  12. Henry Holland’ …

From J. D. Hooker   [24 June 1854]

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Birth of JDH’s second child.

Asks CD’s view of "highness" and "lowness" in animals. Gives his own for plants; extent of deviation from type, e.g., floral parts deviating from leaf.

Reading B. C. Brodie’s Psychological inquiries [1854].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 June 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 202–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1572

Matches: 4 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … next morning no cabs! Ever Yrs | J D Hooker crossed ink crossed ink CD memorandum : In …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [24 June 1854] …
  • … views on this subject, see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 27 [June 1854] . CD had been in London …

To J. D. Hooker   [November–December 1854]

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[Recto:] CD defines "aberrant genus".

[Verso:] JDH’s list of families, [presumably] with aberrant genera, and [presumably] the number of species in each genus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [Nov–Dec 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 222a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1596

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J. D. Hooker   [November–December 1854] …

To J. D. Hooker   4 December [1854]

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Is Bentham’s list of aberrant genera biased by exclusion of genera with many species?

JDH’s belief that Aquilegia varieties are one species is consistent with their great interfertility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 159
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1610

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   4 December [1854] …
  • … a list of eighty ‘anomalous genera’ (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] ). …
  • … See CD’s memorandum attached to letter from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] , n.   …
  • … 4. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] . Gardeners’ Chronicle and …

To J. D. Hooker   10 March [1854]

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More praise for Himalayan journals.

How remote was glacial action in Himalayas?

Implies Himalayas were birthplace of many plants.

Final volume of Cirripedia to be printed in two or three months.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1558

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   10 March [1854] …
  • … eroded into tabular and rounded forms (J.  D. Hooker 1854a, 2: 323–4). CD had visited the …
  • J.  D. Hooker 1854a, which CD recorded having finished on 7 March 1854 ( Correspondence …
  • … in the foothills of the Himalayas (J.  D. Hooker 1854a, 2: 202–41, and L.  Huxley ed. …
  • … from Asia, India, Europe, and North America (J.  D. Hooker 1854a, 2: 18–19, 37–40). …
  • … In CD’s copy of J.  D. Hooker 1854a these passages are marked. CD’s reference is to the …
  • … known as Mount Ararat by the Lepchas (J.  D. Hooker 1854a, 2: 3). CD recorded that he …

To J. D. Hooker   2 December [1854]

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JDH’s "grand speech" on receiving the Royal Medal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1609

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   2 December [1854] …
  • Hooker’s acceptance of the Royal Medal on 30 November (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5  …
  • … Society, 1851–4. His speech describing J.  D. Hooker’s achievements made no mention of the …

To J. D. Hooker   5 November [1854]

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Congratulates JDH on receipt of Royal Medal.

CD gathering facts on aberrant genera of insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Nov [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 152
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1597

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   5 November [1854] …
  • … pedunculated Cirripedia (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [4 November 1853] ). See letter …
  • … on 7 November 1854 (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, 3 November [1854]). According to Emma …

To J. D. Hooker   15 November [1854]

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Calculating small number of species in aberrant genera of insects and plants.

Joachim Barrande’s "Colonies", Élie de Beaumont’s "lines of Elevation", Forbes’s "Polarity" make CD despair, as these theories lead to conclusions opposite to CD’s from the same classes of facts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Nov [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1601

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   15 November [1854] …
  • … 9. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 November 1854] , n.  10. …
  • … a geometrical pattern. Edward Forbes. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 7 July [1854] , n.   …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  3, letter to J.  D. Hooker, 31 March [1844] , for CD’s discussion …

To J. D. Hooker   26 March [1854]

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CD welcomes the prospect of the Philosophical Club of the Royal Society as means for seeing old acquaintances and making new ones. Will try to go up to London regularly.

Admits that the warning from JDH and Asa Gray (that more harm than good will come from combat over the species issue) makes him feel "deuced uncomfortable".

Reflects upon the complexity of Agassiz; how singular that a man of his eminence and immense knowledge "should write such wonderful stuff & bosh".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1562

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   26 March [1854] …
  • … commented on Hooker’s introductory essay to Flora Novæ-Zelandiæ ( J.  D. Hooker 1853–5 ), …
  • … 1919 , pp.  39, 57). See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [ c . 25 March 1854], n.  3. Henry …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  4, letter to J.  D. Hooker, [18 April 1847] . He had reviewed the …
  • … gymnosperms generally, see letters from J.  D. Hooker, [29 June 1854] and 25 August 1854. …
  • … The introduction to Flora Indica (J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1855). John Stevens Henslow, …

To J. D. Hooker   [9 or 16 February 1854]

Summary

Has received JDH’s book [Himalayan journals (1854)]. Is very gratified by the dedication to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [9 or 16] Feb 1854
Classmark:  Oliver N. Hooker (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1552F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [9 or 16 February 1854] …
  • … Dedicated, by his affectionate friend, J.  D. Hooker. Kew, Jan.  12th, 1854’ (Hooker 1854, …

From J. D. Hooker   25 August 1854

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JDH and F. W. Binney identify Calamites specimens as pith casts. They are cryptogams related to, but higher than, Lycopodiaceae and contradict progression.

Insects found in coal.

Lyell says Stonesfield slate marsupials are actually placentals.

JDH reading Alexander Braun on individuality ["Das Individuum der Pflanze in seinem Verhältniss zur Species", Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin (Phys. Kl.) (1853): 19–122].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Aug 1854
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 384
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1581

Matches: 7 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   25 August 1854 …
  • Hooker, [29 June 1854] , and letter to J.  D. Hooker, 7 July [1854] , concerning the …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  3, letter from J.  D. Hooker, [late February 1845] and n.  5. The …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  4, letter to J.  D. Hooker, [1 May 1847] . Binney and Hooker were …
  • … reimburse the expenses of compiling J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1855 (L.  Huxley ed. 1918, …
  • … perhaps of many other genera’ (Binney and Hooker 1855, p.  151). See letter from J.  D. …
Document type
letter (34)
Date
1854
02 (5)
03 (4)
04 (1)
05 (1)
06 (3)
07 (1)
08 (2)
09 (2)
11 (10)
12 (5)
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