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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To J. D. Hooker   10 May 1848

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Summary

Confident of species theory as result of applying it to cirripede sexual systems.

CD’s opinion of E. Blyth. JDH should meet Blyth, inquire about domesticated varieties, study insular flora, solve coal-plant problem.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 May 1848
Classmark:  DAR 114: 112
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1174

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   10 May 1848 …
  • … 1849 was written by William Jackson Hooker, J.  D. Hooker’s father. See letter to Richard …
  • Hooker’s Himalayan journals were eventually published in two volumes (J.  D. Hooker 1854). …
  • … Letter from J.  D. Hooker, 20 February – 16 [March] 1848. …
  • … tropical islands (J.  D. Hooker 1851b). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, [1 May 1847] , and …
  • … 1981 . CD’s guess is in his letter to J.  D. Hooker, [31 October 1847] . Hooker eventually …
  • … the British Association meeting of 1866 (J.  D. Hooker 1867). He had ‘long intended to pay …
  • … Correspondence vol.  3, letter from J.  D. Hooker, 9 March 1844 ), but no work on Pacific …
  • … true females in Ibla , and in letter to J.  D. Hooker, 6 October [1848] , he mentioned a ‘ …

From J. D. Hooker   13 October 1848

Summary

Hugh Falconer’s misbehaviour.

Waiting out rains at Brian Hodgson’s.

Will make botanical transverse section of Himalayas from plains to snow.

Arrangements to pass Sikkim Rajah’s territory.

No evidence of glacial or diluvial action in sub-Himalayan mountains. No evidence of detrital coal formation.

Hodgson’s replies to CD on introduced species and hybrids.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Oct 1848
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: India letters 1847–51: 112–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1203

Matches: 11 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   13 October 1848 …
  • … in which Hooker recounts a similar story, and CD’s sceptical reply, letter to J.  D. …
  • … observations during Hooker’s absence from Darjeeling (J.  D. Hooker 1854, 2: 402–4). …
  • … Society of Bengal . See Correspondence vol.  3, letter from J.  D. Hooker, 30 December …
  • … The expedition is described in J.  D. Hooker 1854, 1: 177–270. While Hooker was travelling …
  • … to Darjeeling through his territory (J.  D. Hooker 1854, 1: 198). Major C.  Thoresby ( …
  • … kingdoms of Sikkim, Nepal, and Bhutan (J.  D. Hooker 1854, 1: 115–18). The British did …
  • … Darjeeling, contributed analyses of the soils of Sikkim to J.  D. Hooker 1854, 2: 383–4. …
  • … snow (‘P.S. ’ in the letter text) in J.  D. Hooker 1854, 2: 394–400. The Gangetic valley …
  • … at the foothills of the Himalayas (J.  D. Hooker 1854, 1: 101–2). Hugon 1837 , one of …

From J. D. Hooker   24 July [1848]

Summary

Brian Hodgson reading CD’s Journal of researches with delight.

Forwarding breeding pamphlets.

JDH recommends P. S. Pallas on degeneration.

CD’s facts on sex in barnacles startling.

Hugh Falconer’s health.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 July [1848]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: India letters 1847–51: 94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1193

Matches: 4 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   24 July [1848] …
  • … Letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 May 1848. Brian Houghton Hodgson, who became a close life-long …
  • … annotated. Pallas 1780 . See letter from J.  D. Hooker, 13 October 1848 , n.  3. ‘ To wash …

To J. D. Hooker   6 October [1848]

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Summary

CD makes progress with barnacles. Describes "supplemental" males in detail. In working out metamorphosis, their crustacean homologies followed automatically.

CD opposes appending first describer’s name to specific name.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Oct [1848]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 112a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1202

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   6 October [1848] …
  • … Letter from J.  D. Hooker, 24 July [1848]. Hooker’s letters to William Jackson Hooker and …
  • … 1847 , 2: 245). Hooker had written the account (see second letter from J.  D. Hooker, 3  …
  • … in a letter dated 2 August 1848 that J.  D. Hooker had found three new species of magnolia …
  • Hooker about his discovery of males complemental to hermaphroditic cirripedes in letter to J.  D. …

From J. D. Hooker   20 February – 16 [March] 1848

Summary

Though correspondence has never ebbed so low, CD is constantly in his thoughts.

Observations on cheetahs used as domesticated hunting animals.

Finds geographical barriers sometimes separate species, but also finds species that remain separate where there are no barriers to migration.

Colour "individuates" isolated animal species.

Plains and alpine animal distribution show altitude not strictly analogous to latitude.

Impact of timber cutting on climate has led to extinction of crocodiles.

Will discuss coal formation in letter to Edward Forbes.

CD often asked whether isolated mountains in southern latitudes had closely allied representatives of Arctic and north temperate plants; JDH has found a representative barberry.

Making for Darjeeling via Calcutta.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Feb – 16 [Mar] 1848
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: India letters 1847–51: 52–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1158

Matches: 10 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   20 February – 16 [March] 1848 …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  3, letter to J.  D. Hooker, [11–12 July 1845] , for CD’s first …
  • … Treasury grant for Hooker’s expedition to India, see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 or 13  …
  • … coal deposits were reputed to exist (J.  D. Hooker 1854, 1: 2). Hooker had previously …
  • … Correspondence vol.  3, letter to J.  D. Hooker, [10–11 November 1844] , for CD’s comments …
  • … Probably Berberis asiatica , described in J.  D. Hooker 1854, 1: 24 n. , and in Hooker and …
  • … Correspondence vol.  2, letter from J.  D. Hooker, [12 December 1843 – 11 January 1844]). …
  • … Mongolia, also known as the dziggetai (J.  D. Hooker 1854, 2: 172 n. ). Only one specimen …
  • … Benares, where he arrived on 16 March (J.  D. Hooker 1854, 1: 634). CD’s letter has not …

To Maria Hooker   [17 December 1848]

Summary

Returns letters [from her son, J. D. Hooker, in India].

Asks that B. H. Hodgson’s zoological pamphlets be sent to him at Athenaeum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maria Hooker
Date:  [17 Dec 1848]
Classmark:  McGill University Library, Department of Rare Books
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1209

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Returns letters [from her son, J. D. Hooker, in India]. Asks that B. H. Hodgson’s …
  • … by the reference to the letter from J.  D. Hooker, 13 October 1848 , and the date of a …
  • … 13 December, where he was taken ill. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, 13 October 1848 . …

To John Stevens Henslow   [1 April 1848]

Summary

Thanks JSH for his address [Address delivered in the Ipswich Museum on 9th March 1848]. Questions a sentence which implies that only the practical use of a scientific discovery makes it worth while. The instinct for truth justifies science without any practical results. Cites his work on cirripedes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  [1 Apr 1848]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1167

Matches: 2 hits

  • … CD’s children as little ‘d’s (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 May 1848  and Correspondence …
  • … June 1847. The Henslow family, J.  D. Hooker, and CD had gone on several outings …

To William Crawford Williamson   31 January [1848]

Summary

Thanks WCW for his article ["Microscopical objects found in mud of Levant", Mem. Lit. & Philos. Soc. Manchester 2d ser. 8 (1848):1–128]. Comments on it; offers to send Ascension Island specimens. Urges WCW to re-examine coal-beds for Infusoria to determine whether intervening beds were deposited by sea-, brackish, or fresh water.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Crawford Williamson
Date:  31 Jan [1848]
Classmark:  Kobunso (Mr Sorimachi, bookseller, Tokyo)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1149

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Ehrenberg would examine coal for Infusoria (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, [12 May 1847] ). …

To Richard Owen   [26 March 1848]

Summary

Describes his new microscope and its advantages for dissecting. Suggests RO might discuss topic [in his contribution to J. F. W. Herschel, ed., Manual of scientific enquiry (1849)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  [26 Mar 1848]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1166

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Dalton Hooker’s microscope was made by Charles Chevalier of Paris ( letter to J.  D. …

To Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz   22 October 1848

Summary

Thanks LA and sends thanks to A. A. Gould for specimens. Describes principal findings of his research on cirripedes. Is obliged for information Joseph Leidy gave about cirripede eyes. Describes anatomical features and chief aspects of growth. Describes discovery of parasitic males and a species parasitic upon other cirripedes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Louis Rodolphe (Louis) Agassiz
Date:  22 Oct 1848
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (MS Am 1419: 274)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1205

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The genus Scalpellum (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 May 1848 , n.  12). Proteolepas …
  • … of the order Apoda. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 6 October [1848] , n.  12. See letter to …

To Richard Owen   [2 April 1848]

Summary

Apologises for length of notes of advice for microscopic work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  [2 Apr 1848]
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard (MS Hyde 77: 2. 82. 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1167F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … see Correspondence vol. 4, letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 May 1848 and n. 10). Owen may have …
  • … see Correspondence vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [26 October 1846] ). Robert Brown was a …

To Charles Lyell   [16 June 1848]

Summary

Comments on Ann Susan Horner’s escape in a dangerous incident at sea.

Compares addresses by William Buckland and CL, delivered at recent meeting of the Geological Society.

Discusses the views on Glen Roy in Chambers’ Ancient sea-margins [1848].

Speculates that Chambers wrote Vestiges [of creation (1844)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [16 June 1848]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.73)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1186

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Chambers was the author, see letter to J.  D. Hooker, [18 April 1847] . Lyell and others …
  • … Correspondence vol.  3, letters to J.  D. Hooker, [7 January 1845], and to W.  D. Fox, [ …

To J. S. Henslow   2 July [1848]

Summary

Criticises lecturing system in education and emphasis on classics. Has forgotten all his classical knowledge.

Asks JSH’s help in naming cirripedes, on which he is working. Believes he has made "some very curious points".

Expects a sixth child [Francis] in August.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  2 July [1848]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A18–A20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1189

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of other Crustacea. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 6 October 1848, n.12, and Correspondence …

To Francis Boott    20 August 1848

Summary

CD will write to A. A. Gould for aid. Thanks for sympathy and assistance about chloroform.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Boott
Date:  20 Aug 1848
Classmark:  James Cummins, Bookseller (website viewed 7 February 2012)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1195

Matches: 1 hit

  • … See Correspondence vol. 4, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 May 1848 , where CD mentioned that …

From Edmund Saul Dixon    [September–October 1848]

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Summary

He can distinguish varieties of guinea-fowl as soon as birds are hatched.

Behaviour of Malay hens.

Author:  Edmund Saul (Eugene Sebastian Delamer) Dixon
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Sept–Oct 1848]
Classmark:  DAR 205.5 (Letters)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1621

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Correspondence vol.  4, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 October [1848] ) to having ‘struck up …
Document type
letter (15)
Date
1848
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