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From Francis Darwin   [1875?]

Summary

Had two mornings working on Drosera but it was sluggish. Frog preparations are pretty good.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1875?]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9791F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [1875? ] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 28 Francis Darwin Down [1875? ] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … and Physiology (F.  Darwin 1875a). In 1875, CD and Emma were away from Down from 31 March …

From W. D. Fox   [1875–80]

Summary

Sends date of his mother’s death – 7 Apr 1859.

Was completely mystified by conjuring performance of [John Nevil] Maskelyne.

Author:  William Darwin Fox
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1875–80]
Classmark:  DAR 210.29?? DAR 210.14: 36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13810

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From W.  D.  Fox   [1875–80] …
  • … 210.29?? DAR 210.14: 36 William Darwin Fox Notting Hill [1875–80] Charles Robert Darwin …

To F. J. Cohn   1 January 1875

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Summary

Asks whether he might copy two of FJC’s drawings of Aldrovanda. He would like to have a proof of the plate for two woodcuts to be used in his forthcoming book [Insectivorous plants].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ferdinand Julius Cohn
Date:  1 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 185: 97
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9795A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To F.  J.  Cohn   1 January 1875
  • … DAR 185: 97 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Jan 1875 Ferdinand Julius Cohn …
  • … Press. 1985–. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To Linnean Society   1 January [1875]

Summary

Asks permission to republish his climbing plants paper [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 9 (1867): 1–118] in a corrected form [Climbing plants].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Linnean Society
Date:  1 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 97: C12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10004

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Linnean Society   1 January [1875] …
  • … plants 2d ed. as a separate volume (see letter from John Murray, 9 April [1875] ). …
  • … DAR 97: C12 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Jan [1875] Linnean Society …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Climbing plants : On the movements and …
  • … Climbing plants ). Climbing plants 2d ed.  was published in November 1875 ( letter from R. …
  • … F. Cooke, 25 October 1875 ). CD originally planned to publish the material on climbing …
  • … 9 (1867): 1–118. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To Daniel Oliver   1 January [1875]

Summary

Returning the plants DO had sent him from Kew

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  1 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  Newcastle University Library, Special Collections (Spence Watson/Weiss Papers SW/6/5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9795F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Daniel Oliver   1 January [1875] …
  • … Spence Watson/Weiss Papers SW/6/5) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Jan [1875] Daniel Oliver …

From Daniel Oliver   2 January 1875

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Summary

The generic name Genlisea must be preserved for Utriculariaceae with five-part calyces.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9796

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Daniel Oliver   2 January 1875
  • … DAR 58.1: 115 Daniel Oliver Kew 2 Jan 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … n.  and 446 and n. For CD’s reply, see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1875] . …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Warming, Eugenius. 1874. Bidrag til Kundskaben …
  • … Royal Gardens Kew 2 Jan.  1875. My dear M r Darwin The generic name Genlisea must of …

From J. D. Hooker   3 January [1875]

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Summary

Disapproves of Huxley’s article [review of Ernst Haeckel’s Anthropogenie] in Academy [7 (1875): 16–18].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9797

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   3 January [1875] …
  • … DAR 104: 1 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 3 Jan [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Huxley’s article [review of Ernst Haeckel’s Anthropogenie ] in Academy [7 (1875): 16–18]. …
  • … December 1874, pp.  175–8, and 7 January 1875, pp.  196–9, under the heading ‘The present …
  • … Haeckel 1874) in the Academy , 2 January 1875, pp.  16 and 17: Possessed by a blind …

To J. D. Hooker   3 January [1875]

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Summary

Has not heard from Mivart; CD is convinced he is a hypocrite.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 363–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9798

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   3 January [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 363–4 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Jan [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … and the letter from Daniel Oliver, 2 January 1875 . CD and Hooker had been debating what …
  • … December 1874, pp.  175–8, and 7 January 1875, pp.  196–9, under the heading ‘The present …
  • … See letter from Daniel Oliver, 2 January 1875 . CD refers to Eugenius Warming; there is an …

To H. E. Litchfield   4 January [1875]

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Summary

Describes his views on vivisection. Cannot sign petition of F. P. Cobbe, with its attack on Rudolf Virchow.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  4 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9799

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To H.  E.  Litchfield   4 January [1875] …
  • … 36 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Jan [1875] Henrietta Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … 1904 , pp. 633–5. The memorial was presented on 25 January 1875 ( Cobbe 1904 , p. 635). …
  • … See also The Times , 26 January 1875, p. 7. Francis Maitland Balfour and George Howard …

To F. B. Goodacre   5 January 1875

Summary

CD would be pleased to have FBG’s essay dedicated to him but fears that he will be unable to give any assistance towards FBG’s ‘excellent scheme’.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Burges Goodacre
Date:  5 Jan 1875
Classmark:  Dr John Goodacre (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9801

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To F.  B.  Goodacre   5 January 1875
  • … private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Jan 1875 Francis Burges Goodacre …
  • … Press. 1985–. Goodacre, Francis Burges. 1875. A few remarks on hemerozoology; or the study …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Jan 5. 1875 Dear Sir I am much obliged for yr kind …
  • … dedicated his essay Hemerozoology ( Goodacre 1875 ) to CD.  There is a lightly annotated …
  • … letter to F.  B.  Goodacre, 20 February 1875 . In his essay, Goodacre included a plan for …

From J. D. Hooker   5 January 1875

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Summary

Huxley strongly dissuades JDH from writing to Mivart because of his Presidency of Royal Society. JDH will hold his letter until he hears what Bentham says.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 2–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9800

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   5 January 1875
  • … DAR 104: 2–3 Joseph Dalton Hooker Athenaeum Club 5 Jan 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …

To Friedrich Max Müller   5 January 1875

Summary

Has read FMM’s article in Contemporary Review [25 (1875): 305–26].

Never suspected FMM was responsible for the Quarterly Review article ["Primitive man", Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 40–77]; knows it was written by Mivart.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Max Müller
Date:  5 Jan 1875
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer) catalogue 89 (October 2002)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9802

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Friedrich Max Müller   5 January 1875
  • … catalogue 89 (October 2002) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Jan 1875 Friedrich Max Müller …
  • … s article in Contemporary Review [25 (1875): 305–26]. Never suspected FMM was responsible …
  • … Press. 1985–. Max Müller, Friedrich. 1875. My reply to Mr. Darwin. Contemporary Review …
  • … Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Jan.  5 th 1875 My dear Sir I have just read the few first …
  • … Max Müller had written a paper titled ‘My reply to Mr.  Darwin’ ( Max Müller 1875 ) for …
  • … the January 1875 issue of the Contemporary Review , in answer to George Howard Darwin’s …

From Joseph Fayrer   6 January 1875

Summary

Encloses results of experiments on influence of snake poison on ciliary action and vegetable protoplasm.

Author:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 58.2: 71, 73–82, DAR 164: 112
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9806

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Joseph Fayrer   6 January 1875
  • … Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet London, Granville Place, 16 6 Jan 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Fayrer, Joseph. 1875. The royal tiger of Bengal, his life and death. London: …
  • … J. & A. Churchill. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … came in two parts) and Brunton and Fayrer 1875  were published in the Proceedings of the …
  • … were later published in Brunton and Fayrer 1875 , pp. 272–7. Vallisneria (tape grass) is a …
  • … p.  208, CD cited Brunton and Fayrer 1875 , concluding that cobra poison acted far more …
  • … New Year had been followed by a rapid thaw ( The Times , 5 January 1875, p.  11). Brunton …
  • … 16 Granville Place, 6 Jany 1875 Dear M r . Darwin I have the pleasure of enclosing the …

To J. D. Hooker   6 January [1875]

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Summary

Is not inclined to restrain himself from expressing his opinion of Mivart. Huxley’s article in Academy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 365–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9805

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   6 January [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 365–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Jan [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Press. 1985–. Draper, John William. 1875. History of the conflict between religion and …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1875] and n. 4). CD had been working on specimens …
  • … letter from Daniel Oliver, 2 January 1875 ). CD’s notes on G.  ornata , G.  filiformis , …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1875] . It is possible that …
  • … not received Hooker’s letter of 5 January 1875 when he wrote this letter. Hooker may have …
  • … Draper’s History of the conflict between religion and science ( Draper 1875 ; Athenaeum , …
  • … 2 January 1875, pp.  21–2). Draper had given a paper offering a Darwinian view of the …
  • … 3 July [1860] . In his letter of 3 January [1875], Hooker had written to CD that he was …
  • … John Lubbock’s book was on British wild flowers (Lubbock 1875). In his review of Ernst …
  • … Haeckel 1874) in the Academy , 2 January 1875, pp.  16–17, Thomas Henry Huxley had …
  • … also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1875] . Hooker had offered to try to acquire …

To T. H. Huxley   6 January 1875

Summary

Thanks THH for his article in the Academy and his defence of CD and G. H. Darwin against Mivart. Still thinks he should write plainly to Mivart.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  6 Jan 1875
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 313)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9804

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   6 January 1875
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 313) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Jan 1875 Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … Haeckel 1874) in the Academy , 2 January 1875, pp.  16–17, Thomas Henry Huxley had …

To Daniel Oliver   6 January [1875]

Summary

CD’s observations [for Insectivorous plants] seem to indicate that the same species of Genlisea may bear two kinds of bladders, so he asks for rhizomes and leaves of three species to test this possibility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  6 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9803

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Daniel Oliver   6 January [1875] …
  • … Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Jan [1875] Daniel Oliver …
  • … Press. 1985–. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From Francis Darwin to Daniel Oliver   [after 6 January 1875]

Summary

Asks DO to return enclosed post-card with locality of Genlisea aurea specimen that DO had sent.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [after 6 Jan 1875]
Classmark:  Newcastle University Library, Special Collections (Spence Watson/Weiss Papers SW/6/8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9803F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin to Daniel Oliver   [after 6 January 1875] …
  • … Spence Watson/Weiss Papers SW/6/8) Francis Darwin Down [after 6 Jan 1875] Daniel Oliver …

From J. D. Hooker   7 January 1875

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Summary

Tyndall, T. A. Hirst and Spencer dissuade him from writing to Mivart, but he will let him feel his disapproval.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 4–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9807

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   7 January 1875
  • … DAR 104: 4–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 7 Jan 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1875] and n.  4). CD had given instructions on …

From Friedrich Max Müller   7 January 1875

Summary

FMM discusses his reply to George Darwin’s article [see 9711].

Intends within a year to place his whole argument before CD when, he hopes, his difficulties connected with the origin of language will be carefully considered by CD.

Author:  Friedrich Max Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 285
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9808

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Friedrich Max Müller   7 January 1875
  • … DAR 171: 285 Friedrich Max Müller Taplow 7 Jan 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to Friedrich Max Müller, 5 January 1875 . The article in the Quarterly Review was [ …
  • … Max Müller had written a paper titled ‘My reply to Mr.  Darwin’ ( Max Müller 1875 ) for …
  • … the January 1875 issue of the Contemporary Review , in answer to George’s paper defending …
  • … Elibank, | Taplow. 7 Jan.  1875 My dear Sir, It was very kind of you to write to me. I had …
  • … Müller himself. In his letter of 5 January 1875, CD had revealed that the author of the …
  • … Press. 1985–. Max Müller, Friedrich. 1875. My reply to Mr. Darwin. Contemporary Review …

To J. D. Hooker   8 January [1875]

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Summary

JDH would be rash not to follow advice of his friends. [CD’s] wife and George oppose his writing to Mivart.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 367–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9809

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Cohn 1875a) is in DAR 58.2: 35–43. See letter to F.   J.  Cohn, 1 January 1875 . …
  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   8 January [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 367–8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Jan [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1875 . John Tyndall, Thomas Archer Hirst, and …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1875 ). Thomas Henry Huxley had written to Mivart, …
  • … Edinburgh (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1875] and n.  4). Daniel Oliver’ …
  • … see the letter to Oliver of 6 January [1875]. Genlisea (the corkscrew plant), Aldrovanda ( …
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

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  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

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  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

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  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

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  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

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  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

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  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

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  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

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  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

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  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

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  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

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  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

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  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …

Insectivorous Plants published

Summary

Darwin's book, Insectivorous plants, demonstrating that some plant species not only attract animal prey but can digest it, is published. Darwin predicted poor sales but following initial publication on 2 July, two further printings were needed in…

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  • … Darwin's book , Insectivorous plants , demonstrating that some plant species not only attract …
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