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From T. M. Reade   21 November 1874

Summary

Sends his paper ["Tidal action as a geological cause", Proc. Liverpool Geol. Soc. 2 (1874): 50–72].

Has not yet studied CD’s list of South American molluscs.

Author:  Thomas Mellard Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 176: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9370

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From T.  M.  Reade   21 November 1874
  • … DAR 176: 28 Thomas Mellard Reade Blundellsands 21 Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … cause", Proc. Liverpool Geol. Soc. 2 (1874): 50–72]. Has not yet studied CD’s list of …
  • … annotated copy of Reade’s paper (T.  M.  Reade 1874) is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection– …
  • … CUL. See letter to T.  M.  Reade, 9 May 1874  and nn.  2 and 3. Reade was employed as an …
  • … House, | Blundellsands. Nov r . 21 st . 1874 My dear Sir— I send you a copy of my paper …

From T. M. Coan   22 June 1874

Summary

Passes on his father’s answer to CD’s query about Hawaiian infanticide.

Author:  Titus Munson Coan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 161: 183
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9506

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From T.  M.  Coan   22 June 1874
  • … DAR 161: 183 Titus Munson Coan New York 22 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to the letter from T.  M.  Coan, 14 February 1874 . Hewicker has not been identified. …
  • … infanticide, see the letter to T.  N.  Staley, 13 January [1874], and the letter from J.   …
  • … F.  McLennan, 3 February 1874 . See also enclosure to letter from T.   …
  • … M.  Coan, 14 February 1874 . In Descent 2d ed. , pp.  588–91, CD expanded the brief …
  • … West 27 th St. | New York City, N.Y. , 22 June 1874. Mr.  Charles Darwin, Dear Sir: I have …
  • … the Rev. Titus Coan, dated Hilo, 23 d May 1874, in answer to your question about Hawaiian …
  • … see letter from T.  M.  Coan, 14 February 1874 ). For an account of the mission, see Coan  …

From Hermann Müller   15 February 1874

Summary

Feels CD’s and Fritz Müller’s judgments on his "Anwendung" essay [see 8313] are of highest value. Mentions some of FM’s comments.

Looks forward to second English edition of Descent.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 303
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9293

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   15 February 1874
  • … 303 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 15 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was published in Nature , 19 February 1874. Müller refers to his paper ‘Anwendung der …
  • … The second edition of Descent was published in 1874; the German translation of the first …
  • … Lippstadt Feb.  15 1874. My dear Sir Many thanks for your very kind letter I received two …
  • … Müller 1864, Dallas trans.  1869) on 12 February 1874; the letter has not been found, but …
  • … the letter to Fritz Müller, 13 February 1874 . See also Correspondence vol.  21, letter to …
  • … 25 September 1873 . See letter from Fritz Müller, [ c. January 1874], and letter to …
  • … Nature , 11 February 1874. Fritz’s …

To G. H. Darwin   10 June 1874

Summary

Comments on GHD’s paper ["Marriages between first cousins in England and their effects", Fortn. Rev. n.s. 18 (1875): 22–41]. Hopes it will be published and read at the Statistical Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  10 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9487

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   10 June 1874
  • … DAR 210.1: 23 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 June 1874 George Howard Darwin …
  • … George’s notes have not been found (see letters to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 May [1874] and [ …
  • … 29 May 1874]). …
  • … and letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 20 April 1874  and n.  2). The draft seen by CD has not …
  • … of ill health in his letter of 30 May 1874. George was an examiner in mathematics and …
  • … took place between 8 and 13 June 1874 (Trinity College Archive, Head Lecturer’s Book 1801– …
  • … see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 30 May 1874  and n.  1). Douglas Alexander Spalding had …

To Albert Wigand   17 March 1874

Summary

Thanks AJWW for his frank and generous criticism. [See 9352.] Having viewed all natural objects under the light of natural selection for more than thirty years, CD thinks it unlikely that any arguments short of demonstration can convince him of error.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Wilhelm Albert (Albert) Wigand
Date:  17 Mar 1874
Classmark:  Autograph Collector (journal) June 1999
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9365A

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Albert Wigand   17 March 1874
  • … June 1999 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Mar 1874 Julius Wilhelm Albert (Albert) Wigand …
  • … und Cuviers (‘Darwinism and the natural researches of Newton and Cuvier’; Wigand 1874–7). …
  • … See letter from Albert Wigand, 11 March 1874 . See …
  • … letter from Albert Wigand, 11 March 1874  and n.  3. …
  • … All three volumes of Wigand 1874–7 are in the Darwin Library–Down. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. March 17 th 1874 Dear Sir I thank you for your extremely kind …

To J. V. Carus   23 May [1874]

Summary

Descent [2d English ed.] will not be published until November. Will send JVC first sheet of revised proofs soon.

Pleased to hear of success of JVC’s lectures.

Summer plans have changed. Does not yet know when he will take a month’s holiday.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  23 May [1874]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 120–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9464

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   23 May [1874] …
  • … Surrey and at Southampton from 25 July to 24 August 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl. 120–1 Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 May [1874] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J.  V.  Carus, 22 May 1874 . The second edition of …
  • … published by John Murray on 13 November 1874. The printer was William Clowes & Sons. On …
  • … in the second edition of Descent . See letter from J.  V.  Carus, 22 May 1874  and n.  2. …
  • … from CD to Carus is that of 19 March [1874]; however, there may have been a later letter …
  • … is now missing (see letter from J.  V.  Carus, 5 April 1874 ). CD stayed at Abinger in …

From William Waring   13 April 1874

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Summary

On proportion of sexes in litters of greyhounds.

Author:  William Waring
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 90: 44–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9407

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From William Waring   13 April 1874
  • … DAR 90: 44–5 William Waring unstated 13 Apr 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from William Waring, 9 January 1874 , and letter to …
  • … William Waring, 12 January [1874] . None of the existing letters from Waring to CD mention …
  • … males and females born (see letter to William Waring, 12 January [1874] , and letter from …
  • … George Cupples, 3 February 1874 ). …
  • … Woodlands, | Chelsfield. April 13 th . 1874 My dear Sir, Since I last wrote to you I have …

To Joseph Fayrer   [1–3 July 1874]

Summary

Cobra poison is a stimulant to protoplasm. Poison acts very differently on cilia and protoplasm of Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Date:  [1–3 July 1874]
Classmark:  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 23 (1874–5): 274
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9527F

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Joseph Fayrer   [1–3 July 1874] …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 23 (1874–5): 274 Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin [1–3 July 1874] Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet …
  • … see letter from Joseph Fayrer, 30 June 1874 ). CD’s experiment was performed on Drosera …
  • … between this letter, the letter from Joseph Fayrer, 30 June 1874 , and the letter to …
  • … Joseph Fayrer, 4 July [1874] . This letter was published in Brunton …
  • … to Joseph Fayrer, [before 25 June 1874] ). Square brackets in the original: presumably the …
  • … muscle tissues of a frog in his letter of 30 June 1874. In Fayrer’s experiment, the ciliae …

To T. H. Huxley   22 December [1874]

Summary

Thanks THH and Hooker for defending George Darwin against Mivart’s libel.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  22 Dec [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 145: 273
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9769

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   22 December [1874] …
  • … DAR 145: 273 Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Dec [1874] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … See enclosure to letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 . …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 . Pro bono publico : for the public good (Latin). Huxley and …
  • … Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor ([Mivart] 1874, p.  70). CD refers to ‘Difficulties of …

To John Price   27 [July 1874]

Summary

Discusses Utricularia sent by JP.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Price
Date:  27 [July 1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (445)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9565

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To John Price   27 [July 1874] …
  • … Philosophical Society (445) Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall 27 [July 1874] John Price …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 ). Entomostraca was formerly the name used to …
  • … Erasmus Darwin from Thursday 30 July to 24 August 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … 5, below). CD stayed at Abinger from 25 to 30 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Darwin Fox had written to Price in June 1874, asking him to look for Utricularia and send …
  • … see letter from W.  D.  Fox, 22 June [1874] ). CD identified the specimen as Utricularia …
  • … his letter to Francis Darwin, [ c. 27 July 1874]. CD and Francis were studying Utricularia …

To Smith, Elder & Co.   27 March [1874]

Summary

Heavily correcting sheets for Coral reefs, 2d ed. [1874]. Offers to pay extra printer’s charges.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  27 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (Ms.23181, ff.16-20 (S. E. & Co. work slip, ff.16-17, letter ff.18-19, address envelope f.20))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9374

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Smith, Elder & Co.    27 March [1874] …
  • … correcting sheets for Coral reefs , 2d ed. [1874]. Offers to pay extra printer’s charges. …
  • … 19, address envelope f.20)) Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Mar [1874] Smith, Elder & Co …
  • … late May (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 30 May 1874 ), and its publication was announced …
  • … in Publishers’ circular , 1 July 1874, p.  420. CD’s daughter, Henrietta Emma Litchfield, …
  • … the proofs of Coral reefs 2d ed. (see letters to H.  E.  Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] and …
  • … 27 [March 1874]). The Geological Society of London. …

From John Price   10 September 1874

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Summary

Observations on flotation of Utricularia vulgaris.

Author:  John Price
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9631

Matches: 5 hits

  • … more specimens of Utricularia minor (lesser bladderwort) in his letter of 28 July [1874]. …
  • … From John Price   10 September 1874
  • … DAR 58.1: 90 John Price Chester 10 Sept 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Watergate S t . | Chester Sept 10. 1874 My dau r . remembers with me that U.  vulgaris did …
  • … see letter from John Price, [ c. 27 July 1874]). In Insectivorous plants , pp.  397–8 and …

From G. H. Darwin   6 [August] 1874

Summary

Sends a draft of his letter to the editor of the Quarterly Review [137 (1874): 587–9], answering Mivart’s charges. Encloses draft of CD’s letter to John Murray, urging publication of GHD’s defence, with George’s amendments.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 [Aug] 1874
Classmark:  DAR 97: C56–8; DAR 210.2: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9590

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   6 [August] 1874
  • … 39 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 6 [Aug] 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … editor of the Quarterly Review [137 (1874): 587–9], answering Mivart’s charges. Encloses …
  • … this letter that was sent to John Murray, see the letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 . …
  • … this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874 . George probably wrote …
  • … 6.9.74 in error. In 1874, 6 August was a Thursday (6 September was a Sunday). See letter …
  • … to G.  H.  Darwin, [5 or 6 August 1874] . George was responding to …
  • … an attack on him in the Quarterly Review ([Mivart] 1874, p.  70). His …
  • … Emma Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 15 September 1874 (DAR 239.23: 1.22)). They were the family …
  • … published version appeared in the October 1874 issue of the Quarterly Review (137: 587–9), …
  • … in the form of a letter dated 7 August 1874. In his anonymous attack, St George Jackson …
  • … See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874 . See enclosure: George’s amendments have …

To John Price   28 July [1874]

Summary

Thanks JP for note.

Sends instructions for mailing Utricularia plants to Down in his absence.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Price
Date:  28 July [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (B/D25.342)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9570

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Price   28 July [1874] …
  • … Society (B/D25.342) Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall 28 July [1874] John Price …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to John Price, 27 [July 1874] . See …
  • … letter from John Price, [27 July 1874] , and letter to …
  • … John Price, 27 [July 1874] . Utricularia minor is lesser bladderwort. …
  • … from home from 25 July until 24 August 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD’s gardener …
  • … Utricularia vulgaris (common bladderwort; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 ). …

From W. H. M. Christie   12 October 1874

Summary

Announces arrival of the Merope [Leonard Darwin’s ship] at Canterbury, New Zealand.

Author:  William Henry Mahoney Christie
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Oct 1874
Classmark:  DAR 161: 147
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9677

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From W.  H.  M.  Christie   12 October 1874
  • … Henry Mahoney Christie Royal Observatory, Greenwich 12 Oct 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Observatory, Greenwich, | London, S.E. 1874 Oct.  12 Sir, The Astronomer Royal requests me …
  • … Christchurch, Canterbury province, New Zealand, on 27 September 1874 (Airy ed. 1881, p. …
  • … letter from Leonard Darwin to Emma Darwin, [after 26 June – 28 September 1874] ). CD’s son …
  • … joined the expedition in Plymouth in June 1874 (see letter from Emma Darwin to J.   …
  • … B.  Innes, 24 June [1874] ). The astronomer royal was George Biddell Airy; for more on the …

From John Murray   12 August 1874

Summary

Acknowledges CD’s complaint against a paper [by St George Mivart] in the last Quarterly Review [see 9568]. Agrees to print George Darwin’s answer [see 9596].

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Aug 1874
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 41914 p. 203)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9599A

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From John Murray   12 August 1874
  • … John Murray Archive) (Ms. 41914 p. 203) John Murray 12 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 . CD had complained of remarks made about …
  • … Howard Darwin in an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review ([Mivart] 1874). George’s …
  • … was printed in the Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 587–8 (the October issue). The editor was …
  • … 50 Albemarle Street August.  12. (1874 My dear Sir, I regret to hear of your complaint …

To J. D. Hooker   22 December 1874

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Summary

Expresses his gratitude to JDH and Huxley in the Mivart affair. Thinks he should write directly to Mivart, if Mivart does not retract.

Would be glad to have another Drosophyllum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 354–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9770

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   22 December 1874
  • … DAR 95: 354–5 Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Dec 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Jackson Mivart in the Quarterly Review ([Mivart] 1874, p.  70). See, for example, letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December 1874 . See letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 22 December [1874] ; see also letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 . Huxley had sent a message to Mivart via William Walter …
  • … see enclosure to letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 ). See also letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 22 December [1874] and n.  3. John Murray was the publisher of the Quarterly …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 . CD discussed the tentacles and sessile …

To Nature   6 April [1874]

Summary

Comments on J. T. Moggridge’s article on the fertilisation of Fumaria capreolata [Nature 9 (1874): 423].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  6 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 16 April 1874, p. 460
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9393

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Nature    6 April [1874] …
  • … Nature , 16 April 1874, p.   …
  • … 460 Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Apr [1874] Nature …
  • … T. Moggridge’s article on the fertilisation of Fumaria capreolata [ Nature 9 (1874): 423]. …
  • … capreolata appeared in Nature , 2 April 1874, p.  423. Moggridge’s letter was communicated …

From J. D. Hooker   24 March 1874

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Summary

"Half an answer" to CD’s query on visit of Sphinx to Hedychium gardnerianum.

Business affairs and family ill health keep him busy.

G. J. Allman will succeed Bentham as President of Linnean Society. Busk has refused.

Huxley is well.

JDH has indoctrinated Sir Stafford Northcote with his merits.

Lyell frail.

Old J. E. Gray goes on publishing.

"Is not [Thomas] Belt splendid!"

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 195–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9371

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   24 March 1874
  • … DAR 103: 195–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 24 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … note for his reply to Hooker; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 March [1874] and n.  5. …
  • … the letter from J.  A.  Gammie, 16 February 1874 . He had probably written to Gammie of …
  • … lily, Hedychium gardnerianum . Later in 1874, Gammie sent information direct to CD on the …
  • … letter from J.  A.  Gammie, 28 August 1874 ). Hooker, in addition to his duties at Kew, …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 March 1874  and n.  2), probably participating in the …
  • … see letter to George Bentham, 9 March [1874] and n.  3), and dealing with the distribution …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3  March 1874  and n.  2); there was therefore no-one to …
  • … year at the anniversary meeting on 25 May 1874 ( Proceedings of the Linnean Society of …
  • … s The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874). James Croll had just published a continuation …
  • … 8. Henry John Carter had stated in Carter 1874, p.  193, that it was ‘wild conjecture’ to …
  • … structure of the organism (see Carpenter 1874). The Eozoon canadense had first been …

To Joseph Fayrer   4 July [1874]

Summary

Suggests experiment involving cobra poison on white corpuscles. Thanks for offer of Crotalus poison.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Date:  4 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 104
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9533

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Joseph Fayrer   4 July [1874] …
  • … DAR 144: 104 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 July [1874] Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet …
  • … his response to the letter to T.  L.  Brunton, 25 May [1874] , which has not been found. …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Joseph Fayrer, 6 July 1874 . …
  • … In his letter of 30 June 1874, Fayrer had described an experiment in which he added a …
  • … of the tentacles. See letter to Joseph Fayrer, [1–3  July 1874] , and letter from …
  • … Joseph Fayrer, 30 June 1874 . Crotalus is the genus of rattlesnakes. See …
  • … letter to T.  L.  Brunton, 25 May [1874] and n.  5. …
  • … his response to CD’s letter of 11 May 1874, Thomas Lauder Brunton had evidently mentioned …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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