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From J. V. Carus   7 July 1874

Summary

Thanks for proofs [of Descent, 2d English ed.].

Publisher would like better photographs for Expression [2d German ed.].

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 161: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9536

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   7 July 1874
  • … DAR 161: 96 Julius Victor Carus Edinburgh 7 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … pp.  108–10. In the summers of 1873 and 1874, Carus gave a course of lectures on natural …
  • … before 8 May 1873] , and this volume, letter from J.  V.  Carus, 19 January 1874 ). …
  • … see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 17 June [1874] ). After visiting Frans Cornelis Donders in …
  • … really better’ (letter from Emma Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 7 July 1874; DAR 239.23: 1.19). …
  • … George arrived back at Down on 11 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Carus was …
  • … George Street, | Edinburgh, 7 th . July | 1874 My dear Sir, I was very sorry to learn from …
  • … foreign editions, including Carus trans.  1874, had been supplied by John Murray from the …

From G. H. Darwin   [6 or 7 August 1874]

Summary

Urges CD not to break with Murray even if he does not force the editor [of Q. Rev.] to insert GHD’s letter [in response to Mivart’s attack]. Murray may have a rule not to meddle with editor.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 or 7] Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9592

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [6 or 7 August 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.2: 40 George Howard Darwin unstated 6 Aug 1874 7 …
  • … Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 ). Murray was the publisher of the Quarterly Review ; the …
  • … this letter, the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 , and the letter to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [8 August 1874] . F: father, i.e. CD.  George refers to the letter CD was …
  • … to his article on marriage (see G.  H.  Darwin 1873a, [Mivart] 1874, and letter from G.   …

To G. H. Darwin   [24 October 1874]

Summary

Writes about instructions to compositor and return of proofs [of Descent]. Requests return of 2d volume of Descent, to which he may want to refer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [24 Oct 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9696

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [24 October 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 35 Charles Robert Darwin Down [24 Oct 1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … first edition of Descent ; see the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 October [1874] and n.   …
  • … 2. In November 1874, George published a review of William …
  • … Whitney’s ‘Darwinism and language’ (Whitney 1874) titled ‘Professor Whitney on the origin …
  • … see Radick 2008, p.  47). See letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 October [1874] and n.  3. …
  • … this letter, the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 October [1874] , and the letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 24 October 1874 . …
  • … In 1874, 24 October was a Saturday. Apus appears in Descent 2d ed. , p.  255. Apus was …

To J. N. Lockyer   13 May [1874]

Summary

Encloses notes concerning his life and list of publications.

Returns the letters about primroses: they contain little that is new. Dr Bree’s is the best.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Norman Lockyer
Date:  13 May [1874]
Classmark:  University of Exeter Library Special Collections (EUL MS 110)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9458A

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  N.  Lockyer   13 May [1874] …
  • … Collections (EUL MS 110) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 May [1874] Joseph Norman Lockyer …
  • … off the flowers of primroses. The replies were printed in Nature , 30 April 1874, p.   …
  • … 509, and 7 May 1874, pp.  6–7. Charles Robert Bree’s letter was not printed. Lockyer was …
  • … and the letter to Nature , 18 April [1874] (see n.  3, below). The enclosure has not been …
  • … of him in the ‘Scientific worthies’ series in Nature , 4 June 1874 (A.  Gray 1874c). …
  • … See also letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] . …
  • … See letter to Nature , 18 April [1874]. CD asked correspondents whether they had observed …

To J. D. Hooker   8 September [1874]

thumbnail

Summary

Lady Dorothy Nevill has no Dionaea.

CD anxious to talk with JDH about Utricularia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 334–335
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9629

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   8 September [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 334–335 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Sept [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter to D.  F.  Nevill, 7 September 1874  and n.  2. For CD’s difficulties in growing …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton Dyer, 28 [June 1874]. Acacia farnesiana is a synonym of Vachellia …
  • … farnesiana. See letter from D.  F.  Nevill, 3 September 1874. …
  • … the letter from D.  F.  Nevill, 3 September 1874. Hooker had tried to obtain specimens of …
  • … tropical plants (see letter from D.  F.  Nevill, 2 September [1874], and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [after 4 September 1874] ). CD had received two …
  • … Dionaea muscipula from Kew on 31 August 1874 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Outwards book , …

From D. F. Nevill   16 [September 1874]

Summary

CD should remove packing moss, and he will find bladders in foot-stalks of Utricularia DN sent.

Experimenting on insectivorous plants.

Implores CD to visit.

Thanks for photograph.

Author:  Dorothy Fanny Nevill
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 [Sept 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 172: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9642

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From D.  F.  Nevill   16 [September 1874] …
  • … 172: 21 Dorothy Fanny Nevill Dangstein, Petersfield 16 [Sept 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … on the digestive powers of Nepenthes (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 August 1874 ). …
  • … letter to D.  F.  Nevill, 12 September [1874] . CD enclosed a photograph in his letter to …
  • … D.  F.  Nevill, 12 September [1874] ; Nevill had requested a carte de …
  • … visite in her letter of [11 September 1874]. Nevill had sent CD a specimen of the …
  • … letter from D.  F.  Nevill, [11 September 1874] ). CD asked Nevill to have her gardener …
  • … letter to D.  F. Nevill, 12 September [1874] ). Utricularia montana is a synonym of U.   …
  • … letter to D.  F. Nevill, 11 September [1874] ). Drosera capensis (the Cape sundew) is …

To G. H. Darwin   5 November [1874]

Summary

Mainly family news.

Eager to read GHD’s political economy MS "though Heaven knows whether I shall understand it".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  5 Nov [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9712

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   5 November [1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 37 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Nov [1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [4 November 1874] and n.  2). CD refers to the …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [4 November 1874] ; the card from George has not been found. …
  • … letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 19 October [1874] ). After discussion with CD, George decided to …
  • … the invitation (see letters from Emma Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 15 November [1874] and …
  • … 25 November [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.24 and 25)). The account was probably in the card sent …
  • … Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 25 November [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.25)). Emma recorded in her …
  • … and confined her to bed on 3, 4, and 5 November 1874 (DAR 242). Emma recorded in her …
  • … DAR 242) that ‘Jossi & Harrison’ arrived on Saturday 7 November 1874, and in a letter …
  • … to Leonard Darwin, 15 November [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.24), she mentioned that Lucy Caroline …

From J. T. Knowles   4 August 1874

Summary

Regrets he is unable to republish Whitney’s article in the Contemporary Review. Would much appreciate an article from CD on the subject and suggests that CD might quote from Whitney to any extent he likes.

Author:  James Thomas Knowles
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 169: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9582

Matches: 6 hits

  • … T.  Knowles, 31 July 1874 ). …
  • … From J.  T.  Knowles   4 August 1874
  • … DAR 169: 41 James Thomas Knowles Clapham Common 4 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter to J.  T.  Knowles, 31 July 1874 ). St George Jackson Mivart, in an anonymous …
  • … distinctions in the study of language ([Mivart] 1874, p.  45; see letter to J.   …
  • … The Hollies | Clapham Common | S.W Augt 4 th . 1874 Dear Sir/ I so very much regret being …

From D. Appleton & Co   [c. 19] November 1874

Summary

Accepts CD’s suggestion of new edition of Descent, and asks that Murray supply the stereotype plates and woodcuts for $50 [dollars or pounds!?], as soon as possible; supply of copies of Descent is exhausted.

Will publish CD’s proposed book [Insectivorous plants (1875)] on same terms as other works.

Author:  D. Appleton & Co
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. 19] Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 159: 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9709

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From D.  Appleton & Co   [ c. 19] November 1874
  • … DAR 159: 93 D. Appleton & Co New York [ c . 19] Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to D.  Appleton & Co. , 5 November 1874 . Little Britain is a street in the City of …
  • … had an agency at no.  16. See letter to D. Appleton & Co. , 5 November 1874  and n.  3. …
  • … this letter, the letter to D.  Appleton & Co. , 5 November 1874 , and the letter to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 2 December [1874] . The writer must have put ‘Nov 5’ in error. …
  • … See letter to D.  Appleton & Co. , 5 November 1874 . John Murray was CD’s publisher. The …
  • … Appleton & Co. | 549 & 551 Broadway, N.Y. Nov 5 1874 Dear Sir Your favor of the 5 th .  in …

To J. D. Hooker   16 July 1874

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Summary

The Acacia must be Belt’s "Bulls’ horns".

The complexity of Utricularia has driven Frank and CD almost mad. Suspects it is necrophagous, i.e., it cannot digest, but absorbs decaying animal matter.

Foster is certainly in error. Every insect that Drosera catches causes aggregation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 326–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9550

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   16 July 1874
  • … DAR 95: 326–7 Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 July 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … s diary (DAR 242), CD had a bad attack of diarrhoea and sickness on Monday 13 July 1874. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 July 1874  and n.  2. Hooker had sent CD an Acacia …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 20 April [1874] and n.  6. Cecropia (the embauba or trumpet …
  • … tropics. Belt’s book was The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874). See letter from J.   …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. July 16 1874 My dear Hooker Surely the acacia must be the …
  • … D.   Hooker, 15 July 1874  and n.  1. CD and Francis Darwin had recently begun to study …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 July 1874 ). CD discussed aggregation in the protoplasm …

From W. S. Dallas   27 February 1874

Summary

Asks CD to allow his name to be put on a committee to establish a Scientific Societies Club for the fellows of the six societies that will have rooms in Burlington House.

Author:  William Sweetland Dallas
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 162: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9319

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From W.  S.  Dallas   27 February 1874
  • … DAR 162: 29 William Sweetland Dallas Geological Society 27 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … references have been found to the club after 1874. No reply to this letter has been found. …
  • … to plans to form a Scientific Societies’ Club in Nature , 12 February 1874, p.   …
  • … 292, Popular Science Review 13 (1874): 77, and John …
  • … Bull , 4 April 1874, p.  217. Burlington House was occupied …
  • … Chemical Society, who were joined in 1874 by the Geological Society (Horace B. Woodward …
  • … Society, Somerset House. | W.C. 27 February 1874 My dear Sir I have no doubt that you have …

Cohn, Ferdinand Julius. 1874. Über die Function der Blasen von Aldrovanda und Utricularia. [Read 22 September 1874.] Tageblatt der 47. Versammlung Deutscher Naturforscher und Aerzte in Breslau, 18. - 24. September 1874., pp. 190–1.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Cohn, Ferdinand Julius. 1874. Über die Function der Blasen von …
  • … und Utricularia. [Read 22 September 1874. ] Tageblatt der 47. Versammlung Deutscher …
  • … und Aerzte in Breslau, 18. - 24. September 1874. , pp. 190–1. WBB4 Q300.b.73.33. 22 …

To W. E. Darwin   24 [July 1874]

Summary

Arrangements for the visit to Southampton.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  24 [July 1874]
Classmark:  Michael Silverman (dealer): Catalogue 25 (2006)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9560F

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   24 [July 1874] …
  • … dealer): Catalogue 25 (2006) Charles Robert Darwin 24 [July 1874] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … Darwin married Amy Ruck on 23 July  1874. Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR …
  • … 242) records the wedding, and her headache on 24 July 1874. …
  • … Euphemia Farrer at Abinger, Surrey, from 25 to 29 July 1874. They visited William …
  • … from Thursday 30 July until 24 August 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). James may have …
  • … held the position but it is not certain which of them was employed in 1874. Francis …

To Henry Sidgwick   19 December 1874

Summary

Thanks for his Methods of ethics [1874].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Sidgwick
Date:  19 Dec 1874
Classmark:  Joseph R. Sakmyster, ADS Autographs (dealer) (no date)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9765F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Henry Sidgwick   19 December 1874
  • … Thanks for his Methods of ethics [1874]. …
  • … ADS Autographs (dealer) (no date) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Dec 1874 Henry Sidgwick …
  • … is a copy of Sidgwick’s Methods of ethics (Sidgwick 1874) in the Darwin Library–Down. …

To H. E. Litchfield   27 [March 1874]

Summary

Thanks her for her excellent criticisms and corrections [for 2d ed. of Coral reefs?].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  27 [Mar 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 153: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9325

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To H.  E.  Litchfield   27 [March 1874] …
  • … DAR 153: 85 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 [Mar 1874] Henrietta Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma …
  • … to the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [March 1874] . Henrietta was helping to correct the …
  • … 2d ed. (see also letter to H.  E.  Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). Ellen Harriet Tollet …
  • … stayed at Down from 24 to 28 March 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See letter to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [March 1874] and n.   2. The original copyist was unable to read CD’s …
  • … Darwin’s theory of conscience’ (Abbot 1874), which was published in the Index (see letter …
  • … from F.  E.  Abbot, 3 March 1874 ). CD’s annotated copy is in DAR 139.12.3. …
  • … Buckley Litchfield stayed at Down from 2 to 9 April 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   28 [June 1874]

Summary

Must stop work on "bloom" and leaf movements if he is ever to get anything published on Drosera, etc.

Sends thanks for seeds. Encloses memorandum in case WTT-D wishes to communicate information to Royal Horticultural Society. Has not time to prepare article.

Discusses condition of plants borrowed from Kew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  28 [June 1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 19–22)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9571

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   28 [June 1874] …
  • … Robert Darwin Abinger Hall Down letterhead 28 [June 1874] William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … between this letter and the letters from W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 25 June 1874 and …
  • … 26 June 1874. …
  • … In his letters of 25 June 1874 and …
  • … 26 June 1874, Thiselton-Dyer had responded to queries from CD, who was researching the …
  • … letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874 ) was evidently passed on to John Smith, the …
  • … Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. See letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874  and n.   …
  • … 3, and letter to David Moore, 28 June 1874 . Thiselton-Dyer was one of the editors of the …
  • … read to the scientific committee of the society on 1 July 1874, and notices published in …
  • … both the Garden , 4 July 1874, p.   …
  • … 2, and the Gardeners’ Chronicle , 4 July 1874, p.  15. See letter from …
  • … W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 26 June 1874 . Thomas Henry Huxley. CD had been observing the …

To T. H. Huxley   24 December [1874]

Summary

THH’s letter to Mivart is "tremendous". CD’s feelings and intentions about the matter.

If THH has made out homology of the skull, it is grandest discovery in years.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  24 Dec [1874]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science and Technology Archives (Huxley 5: 311)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9776

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   24 December [1874] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 311) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Dec [1874] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 December [1874] . For CD and Mivart’s correspondence about Mivart 1871a, …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 . Huxley’s paper on the skull of Amphioxus ( …
  • … was read at the Royal Society of London on 17 December 1874. See also letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 8 December 1874  and n.  4. …
  • … and the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 23 December 1874 . See enclosure to letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 23 December 1874 . Huxley had censured St George Jackson Mivart for failing to …
  • … 1874b, p.  70). See Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 588–9, and Appendix V. See letter to J.   …

To T. M. Reade   9 May 1874

Summary

Interested in TMR’s investigation of drift. Narrative 1: 545–6 contains catalogue of shells collected. Much struck by marine productions of Tierra del Fuego.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Mellard Reade
Date:  9 May 1874
Classmark:  University of Liverpool Library (TMR1.D.7.1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9450

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To T.  M.  Reade   9 May 1874
  • … M.  Reade, 7  May 1874  and n.  2. …
  • … Liverpool Library (TMR1.D.7.1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 May 1874 Thomas Mellard Reade …
  • … See letter from T.  M.  Reade, 7 May 1874 . See Narrative 1: 545–56. CD described the …
  • … 12, and Journal of researches 2d ed. , p.  243. T. M. Reade 1874–82; see letter from T.   …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. May 9 1874 My dear Sir I much wish that I could give any aid in …

From D. F. Nevill   [11 September 1874]

Summary

Has sent the Utricularia with the bladders that CD described.

In Variation CD does not mention a rare breed of Siamese cat, which she owns.

Asks for another photograph.

Author:  Dorothy Fanny Nevill
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [11 Sept 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 172: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9633

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From D.  F.  Nevill   [11 September 1874] …
  • … 172: 19 Dorothy Fanny Nevill Dangstein, Petersfield [11 Sept 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Nevill, [ c. 14 March 1862]. See letter from D. F. Nevill, 8 [September 1874] and n. 2. …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to D.  F.  Nevill, 11 September [1874] . …
  • … In 1874, 11 September was a Friday. Nevill refers to Utricularia montana , an epiphytic …
  • … bladderwort; see letters to D.  F.  Nevill, 7 September 1874 and …
  • … 11 September [1874] and n.  2. Utricularia montana is a synonym of U.  alpina. CD …

From John Tyndall   5 August 1874

Summary

Asks CD to look over those parts of the proofs of his Belfast address [Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): lxvi–xcvii] that mention CD.

Author:  John Tyndall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 106: C16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9587

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From John Tyndall   5 August 1874
  • … DAR 106: C16 John Tyndall Belalp 5 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of the proofs of his Belfast address [ Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): lxvi–xcvii] that mention CD. …
  • … to you yours ever | John Tyndall 5 th Aug 1874 | Bel Alp I hope to be in London on M y or …
  • … for the Advancement of Science, which was held in Belfast from 19 to 26 August 1874 ( …
  • … Tyndall 1874). Tyndall discussed CD’s theory of natural selection on pages lxxxiii– …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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