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To John Fiske   8 December [1874]

Summary

Praises JF’s book [Cosmic philosophy (1874)].

Has long wished to understand H. Spencer but is not convinced by him and some others. CD cannot trust deduction from a starting principle, as his mind is so fixed by the inductive method.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Fiske
Date:  8 Dec [1874]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (FK 1110–1112)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9749

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To John Fiske   8 December [1874] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 Down letterhead 8 Dec [1874] John Fiske …
  • … ibid. , p.  431). Descent 2d ed.  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). …
  • … Praises JF’s book [ Cosmic philosophy (1874)]. Has long wished to understand H. Spencer …
  • … this letter and the letter to John Fiske, 3 November 1874. Fiske had sent CD a copy of …
  • … of cosmic philosophy based on the doctrine of evolution (Fiske 1874; see letter to …
  • … John Fiske, 3 November 1874). In his book, Fiske aimed to show that there was no conflict …
  • … cosmic with anthropomorphic theism (Fiske 1874, 1: xi, 162–87, 2: 381–431; for causation, …
  • … see 1: 146–61). Fiske wrote (Fiske 1874, 1: 184): Cosmism … assigns to religion the same …
  • … See ‘The beginnings of life’, Fiske 1874, 1: 418–37. Fiske wrote, ‘the mere consolidation …

To J. V. Carus   21 January 1874

Summary

Is glad to hear of new German edition of Descent, but owing to his extensive revisions, corrected sheets will not be ready for about three months.

Is working on a new edition of Coral reefs, which he thinks would sell in Germany.

Would like to hear "out of curiosity & vanity" how many copies of his books have been sold in Germany.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  21 Jan 1874
Classmark:  Staatsbibilothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 114–15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9252

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   21 January 1874
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl. 114–15 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Jan 1874 Julius Victor Carus …
  • … teaching in Edinburgh (see letter from J.  V.  Carus, 19 January 1874 ). Carus sent the …
  • … sales figures with his letter of 15 March 1874. …
  • … See letter from J.  V.  Carus, 19 January 1874  and n.  1. CD was preparing a new edition …
  • … edition of Descent to the printers in March 1874 and received the first proofs in May (see …
  • … letters to J.  V.  Carus, 8 March [1874], and …
  • … 23 May [1874]). CD was preparing a new edition of Coral reefs , published by …
  • … see letter to Smith, Elder & Co, 8 January 1874). Carus translated Coral reefs in 1876 ( …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Jan 21 1874 My dear Sir I am very glad to hear of a new ed.  of …

To G. H. Darwin   [21 April 1874]

Summary

GHD’s corrections seem very good. Murray hopes there will be few corrections in Descent. CD assured him no changes have been made merely for improving style.

Wants very much to hear about "the terrible cousin affair".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [21 Apr 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9423

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [21 April 1874] …
  • … 210.1: 20 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [21 Apr 1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … CD refers to Motley 1873 (see letter to John Murray, 12 April 1874  and n.  3). See letter …
  • … from G.  H.  Darwin, 20 April 1874 . George had been compiling statistics on cousin …
  • … marriage (see letters from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 April 1874 and …
  • … 20 April 1874). …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 20 April 1874 . …
  • … In 1874, the first Tuesday following 20 April was 21 April. CD was staying at 2 Bryanston …
  • … would visit CD in London in his letter of 20 April 1874. John Murray was CD’s publisher. …

From G. H. Darwin   5 December 1874

Summary

Has finished the "cousin paper" and will offer it to W. Farr for the Statistical Society.

Describes other work in progress.

Has CD heard of A. M. Mayer’s curious work on audition of insects [Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 8 (1874): 89–103?]

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 45
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9743

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   5 December 1874
  • … 210.2: 45 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 5 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … refers to Erasmus Alvey Darwin. See n.  2, above, and Mayer 1874–5, pp.  377–8. …
  • … M. Mayer’s curious work on audition of insects [ Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 8 (1874): 89–103? ] …
  • … the Statistical Society of London 37 (1874)), and Ebenezer Norman, the Down schoolmaster, …
  • … Researches in acoustics. —No. V’ (Mayer 1874–5), and on p.  385 announced his intention of …
  • … spent some time in the Lake District in September 1874 (letter from Emma Darwin to H.   …
  • … E.  Litchfield, 16 September [1874] (DAR 219.9: 117)). Harriet Ann Jevons. Henry and …
  • … were in London from 3 to 12 December 1874 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). George also …
  • … of the series appeared in the November 1874 issue of Philosophical Magazine ; the other …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874 ), and had it copied by Norman in early …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [8 November 1874] . He refers to the Contemporary Review . No …

To G. H. Darwin   [5 or 6 August 1874]

Summary

Has no objection to sending GHD’s letter as it is. The only accusation it seems necessary to rebut is about licentiousness. Regrets this is not made more prominent.

Gives some suggestions for GHD’s reply to Mivart’s attack.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [5 or 6] Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 28, 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9588

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [5 or 6 August 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 28, 30 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 5 Aug 1874 6 …
  • … Aug 1874 George Howard Darwin …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letters from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874 and …
  • … 6 [August] 1874. George had drafted a letter responding to an attack on him by St George …
  • … Review (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). The draft has not been found. See …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874  and n.  3. Mivart had written, ‘There is no …
  • … at Southampton. See letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 1 August [1874] and n.  4. See letter …
  • … from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874  and n.  4. John Murray was the publisher of the …
  • … to which this writer belongs’ ([Mivart] 1874, p.  70). In his essay on marriage in the …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   4 June 1874

Summary

Discusses effects of water on movement of insectivorous plants.

Has just found that Pinguicula can digest albumen.

Asa Gray writes that Sarracenia secretes trail of fluid to attract insects [see 9455].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  4 June 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 8–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9481

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   4 June 1874
  • … Darwin 1873–81: 8–9) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 June 1874 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … See letter from W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 31 May 1874 . See letter to W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 4 April 1874 . See also letter to W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 28 [June 1874] , and n.  7. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 March [1874] and n.  12. CD’s notes on …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. June 4 1874 My dear Professor Dyer I am greatly obliged to you …
  • … in various species of Pinguicula (butterwort) in June and July 1874 are in DAR 59.1 33– …
  • … 119; his notes for 1 June 1874 are in DAR 59.1: 35. See also Insectivorous plants , pp.   …
  • … with cabbage seeds carried out between 5 June and 25 July 1874 are in DAR 59.1: 47 and 93. …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874  and n.  4. …

To F. C. Donders   15 July 1874

Summary

Discusses effect of atropine solution on eye,

and effect of phosphate of ammonia solution on gland of Drosera.

Would like to see work by T. W. Engelmann and possibly one by Dr De Ruyter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders
Date:  15 July 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (B/D25.329)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9547

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Hanover (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242); letter to J.  V.  Carus, 9 July [1874] ). …
  • … To F.  C.  Donders   15 July 1874
  • … B/D25.329) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 July 1874 Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) …
  • … letter from F.  C.  Donders, 12 July 1874 . Donders had offered to send Theodor Wilhelm …
  • … see letter from F.  C.  Donders, 12 July 1874  and n.  10). CD refers to a dissertation …
  • … see letter from F.  C.  Donders, 12 July 1874  and n.  6). In Insectivorous plants , p.   …
  • … that mentioned in the letter from F.  C.  Donders, 12 July 1874 . George Howard Darwin had …
  • … in Utrecht, but returned home on 11 July 1874, cutting short his journey after reaching …

From J. D. Hooker   20 January 1874

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Summary

An awful row at the Linnean Society. William Carruthers and Co. packed a meeting to throw out a decision of the Council. He was beaten by one vote (more than two-thirds majority needed).

Spent two hours with Lyell talking about Thomas Belt’s book [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]: "the tropical old Glaciers beat the seance I do think".

Lyell agrees that the glacial epoch is the great geological crux of the day. Lowering of the ocean level must also be investigated.

Curious about A. C. Ramsay’s paper coming at Royal Society on 29th ["On the comparative value of certain geological ages", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 22 (1874): 145–8].

Huxley’s new book [? Critiques and addresses (1873)].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 187–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9250

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 January 1874
  • … DAR 103: 187–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 20 Jan 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … geological ages", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 22 (1874): 145–8]. Huxley’s new book [? Critiques …
  • … s book [ The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]: "the tropical old Glaciers beat the seance I …
  • … CD was in London from 10 to 17 January 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). At a …
  • … Linnean Society of London held on 15 January 1874, alterations to the bylaws agreed to by …
  • … at Eashing park, Godalming, Surrey ( Post Office directory of the six home counties 1874). …
  • … In his letter of 18 January [1874], CD had described the séance held at Erasmus Alvey …
  • … Athenaeum Club. Parker became a member in 1874 (Waugh [1888]). Charles Lyell was a member, …
  • … lowering of the sea level during the glacial period (Belt 1874, pp.  260–74). See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 January [1874] and n.  2. Hooker refers to CD’s book Coral …
  • … his paper ‘On the comparative value of certain geological ages’ (Ramsay 1874) at the Royal …
  • … Society on 29 January 1874. Thomas Henry Huxley’s most recent book was Critiques and …

Bourcier, Jules (d. 1874)

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Jules Bourcier d. 1874 French ornithologist. Ibis …
  • … 3d ser. 14 (1874): 186. 14 …

From Asa Gray   19 June 1874

Summary

Writes of his article in Nature. Corrects some errors that have appeared in the published version.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 165: 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9501

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   19 June 1874
  • … DAR 165: 186 Asa Gray Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. 19 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … not been found. See letter to Asa Gray, 5 June [1874] . Gray had made the same point about …
  • … Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. June 19 1874. My Dear Darwin Your 2 nd letter reached me …
  • … See letters to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] and …
  • … 5 June [1874]; CD had seen both an advance copy and then the published …
  • … version of an article about him by Gray in Nature , 4 June 1874 (A.  Gray 1874c). …
  • … published a correction in Nature , 2 July 1874, p.  161: I supposed that I had written “ …
  • … See also letter to Asa Gray, 30 June [1874] ). Gray referred to Robert Brown, Christian …
  • … Nature (see letter to Asa Gray, 30 June [1874] ), and a version was published in the form …
  • … of a letter to the editor ( Nature , 2 July 1874, p.  161; see n.  2, above); the …

To J. D. Hooker   20 August 1874

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Summary

It is splendid how Nepenthes is behaving. Drosera and Dionaea are insignificant by comparison.

Takes rather a malicious pleasure in JDH’s failure with Cephalotus as a match to his with Utricularia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 332–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9604

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   20 August 1874
  • … DAR 95: 332–3 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 20 Aug 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … 1875b). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 August 1874 . CD refers to Grace Ellen Hooker. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 August 1874 . Hooker had reported on the ‘prodigious’ …
  • … Kent. [Bassett, Southampton. ] Aug.  20 1874 My dear Hooker I was very glad to get yr …
  • … pp.  395–453. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 . CD stayed with Thomas …
  • … at Abinger, Surrey, from 25 to 30 July 1874, and with his son William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … in Southampton from 30 July to 24 August 1874 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). John Tyndall …
  • … for the Advancement of Science (Tyndall 1874). John Lubbock gave an evening lecture on …
  • … It was reported in The Times , 24 August 1874, pp.  6–7; Lubbock published a small book on …

From W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   25 June 1874

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Summary

Reports on his examination of the dried specimens of Pinguicula at Kew to answer CD’s query whether all species secrete.

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 64–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9513

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   25 June 1874
  • … See letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June  1874 . Exalbuminous : having no albumen. …
  • … DAR 58.1: 64–6 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer Kew 25 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874; see also letter to W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 23 June 1874 . See letter to W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874 . Pinguicula filifolia , described by Charles Wright, is …
  • … See letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874 , for CD’s request for names of possible …
  • … 10 Gloucester Road, Kew June 25. 1874 Dear M r Darwin Several days ago I began answering …

To G. J. Romanes   16 July 1874

Summary

Thanks GJR for his letter, regrets pressure of other work prevents his giving GJR’s remarks the attention they deserve. GJR makes clearer how an organ that has started to decrease will go on decreasing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  16 July 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (444)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9549

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   16 July 1874
  • … Philosophical Society (444) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 July 1874 George John Romanes …
  • … See letter from G.  J.  Romanes, 10 July 1874 . CD refers …
  • … to Romanes’s letters to Nature , 9 April 1874, pp.   …
  • … 440–1, and 2 July 1874, p.  164 (Romanes 1874b and 1874c). See …
  • … letter from G.  J.  Romanes, 10 July 1874  and n.  13. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. July 16 1874 Dear Sir I am much obliged for the copy of your long …

From Asa Gray   11 December 1874

Summary

Cannot help with Pinguicula or Utricularia. Mrs Mary Treat is studying Utricularia.

Forwards his short piece on duration of varieties [New York Tribune 8 Dec 1874; Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 9 (1875): 109–14].

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 165: 187
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9753

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   11 December 1874
  • … DAR 165: 187 Asa Gray Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. 11 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of varieties [ New York Tribune 8 Dec 1874; Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 9 (1875): 109–14]. …
  • … Dalton Hooker’s wife, died on 13 November 1874 (Allan 1967, p.  225). There is a lightly …
  • … Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. Dec.  11 1874. My Dear Darwin, I must be owing you an …
  • … CD’s last letters to Gray were those of 25 June 1874 and …
  • … 30 June [1874]; CD asked Gray about Pinguicula (butterwort) in both letters. No letter has …
  • … See letter from Mary Treat, 2 December 1874 . CD published his work on Drosera (sundew) …

To J. T. Moggridge   10 March 1874

Summary

Criticises paper by Ziegler [see 9339].

Acid experiments on seeds have failed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Traherne Moggridge
Date:  10 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 146: 381
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9349

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  T.  Moggridge   10 March 1874
  • … DAR 146: 381 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Mar 1874 John Traherne Moggridge …
  • … invalid for several years; he died on 24 November 1874 at the age of …
  • … 32 ( Gardeners’ Chronicle , 5 December 1874, p.  723). See letter from …
  • … J.  T.  Moggridge, 7 March 1874 . …
  • … See letter from J.  T.  Moggridge, 7 March 1874  and enclosure. The reference is to Martin …
  • … for one minute. See letter from J.  T.  Moggridge, 7 March 1874 . Moggridge had been an …
  • … Down Beckenham March 10 th . 1874 My dear M r . Moggridge It is uncommonly kind of you to …

To Albert Günther   [c. 2 March 1874]

Summary

Encloses a circular [9384?] to explain the predicament he is in. Asks whether AG can get anyone at the British Museum, other than Owen, to join J. E. Gray in signing.

Believes the account of the Mallotus in American Naturalist [5 (1871): 119] is trustworthy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Date:  [c. 2 Mar 1874]
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School, Taylor Library (39)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9383

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To Albert Günther   [ c. 2 March 1874] …
  • … 39) Charles Robert Darwin Down c. 2 Mar 1874 Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) …
  • … Albert Günther, 26 February 1874 . See …
  • … letter from Albert Günther, 26 February 1874  and n.  5. In Descent 1: 308–9, CD described …
  • … to the Royal Society of London, 2 March [1874] , and by the date of the meeting at which …
  • … meeting of the Royal Society on 5 March 1874, at which the candidates for election were …
  • … letter to the Royal Society of London, 2 March [1874] and nn.  2 and 3, and letter to H.   …
  • … B.  Tristram, 3 March [1874] and n.  1). Richard Owen and John Edward Gray worked at the …
  • … 372). See letter from Albert Günther, 26 February 1874 . See the discussion of Mallotus …
  • … the capelin) in the letter to Albert Günther, 25 February 1874 , and the letter from …

To Fritz Müller   13 February 1874

Summary

Has sent FM’s letter on termites to Nature ["Habits of various insects", Nature 10 (1874): 102–3].

Would be interested in observations on the stingless bees of Brazil.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  13 Feb 1874
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 37)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9288

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   13 February 1874
  • … 10 no 37) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Feb 1874 Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … Habits of various insects", Nature 10 (1874): 102–3]. Would be interested in observations …
  • … letter from Hermann Müller, 15 February 1874 . See also Correspondence vol.  21, letter to …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, [ c. January 1874]. CD refers to the first three parts of F.   …
  • … 5. See letter to Nature , 11 February [1874]. Müller’s name appears on CD’s presentation …
  • … had sent Müller a copy of Thomas Belt’s Naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874; see letter to …
  • … Fritz Müller, 1 January 1874 ). CD had sent Hermann Müller the money from the profits of …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 13 1874. My dear Sir Your letter rec d yesterday has …

To T. H. Farrer   10 April 1874

Summary

Delighted to hear about Coronilla. Urges publication ["Fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers– Coronilla", Nature 10 (1874): 169–70].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  10 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/22)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9400

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Farrer   10 April 1874
  • … Fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers– Coronilla ", Nature 10 (1874): 169–70]. …
  • … LS Ms 299/22) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Apr 1874 Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Ap.  10 1874 My dear Farrer I am delighted to hear about …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Farrer, [before 10 April 1874] and n.  2. Farrer published …
  • … vetch) with two diagrams in Nature (Farrer 1874). In Orchids , p.  15, CD had described …
  • … CD refers to Francis Darwin. See letter from T.  H.  Farrer, [before 10 April 1874] . …

From Ernst Haeckel   20 December 1874

Summary

Discusses his Anthropogenie [1874]. Remarks on the tables.

Has CD received Friedrich von Hellwald’s Culturgeschichte [1875]?

Plans research trip to the Mediterranean.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 166: 63
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9767

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Ernst Haeckel    20 December 1874
  • … DAR 166: 63 Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel Jena 20 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Discusses his Anthropogenie [1874]. Remarks on the tables. Has CD received Friedrich von …
  • … 74 Hochverehrter theurer Freund! Da das Jahr 1874 seinem Ende entgegen geht, erlauben Sie …
  • … by E.  Schweizerbart’sche Verlagshandlung, Stuttgart, from 1874 onwards. Haeckel’ …
  • … in Jenaer Literaturzeitung , 26 December 1874, pp.  820–1. There is a copy of Haeckel’s …
  • … 1873 and n.  7. CD’s annotations are notes for his letter to Haeckel of 26 December 1874. …
  • … Most esteemed dear friend! As the year of 1874 is coming to a close, allow me to send you …
  • … in the Darwin Library–Down. Wilhelm Engelmann. Saturday Review , 17 October 1874, pp.   …
  • … 514–15, and Nature , 5 November 1874, pp.   …
  • … 4–5, 12 November 1874, pp.  22–4. The review in Nature was by the physician Philip Henry …
  • … development to the present; Hellwald 1874) in CD’s libraries at CUL or Down. Haeckel did, …

From T. H. Huxley   16 April 1874

Summary

His note on the brain should be in small type.

Glad CD agrees with him on hand, foot, and skull question.

Has heard from Dohrn.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 166: 333
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9413

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   16 April 1874
  • … 166: 333 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Marlborough Place 16 Apr 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 14 April 1874  and n.  2), and quotes William George Ward’ …
  • … Stuart Mill’s irreligion was ‘due to grave personal sin on his part’ (Ward 1874, p.  9). …
  • … See letter from Anton Dohrn, 6 April 1874 . …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 14 April 1874  and n.  1. CD’s letter to Huxley has not …
  • … the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 14 April 1874 and n.  2. There is no discussion of the …
  • … 4 Marlborough Place | NW April 16 1874 My dear Darwin— Put my contribution into the …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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