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To Charles Lyell   23 September 1874

Summary

Discusses paper on volcanoes by J. W. Judd.

Comments on volcanoes of the S. American Cordillera.

Mentions paper by T. F. Jamieson ["Glacial period in N. Britain", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 30 (1874): 317–18].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  23 Sept 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (450)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9654

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   23 September 1874
  • … Society (450) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Sept 1874 Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … the remains of Palaeozoic volcanoes in the Scottish Highlands (Judd 1874, p.  276). …
  • … T. F. Jamieson ["Glacial period in N. Britain", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 30 (1874): 317–18]. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Sep 23 1874 My dear Lyell I suppose that you have returned or …
  • … in Scotland ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1 September 1874 ). Lyell had mentioned John …
  • … Wesley Judd’s paper on volcanoes in the Hebrides (Judd 1874) in his letter …
  • … of 1 September 1874. CD had reported that it was difficult to trace the origin of …
  • … porphyritic structures in the Hebrides mountains (Judd 1874, pp.  261, 269, 278–81). …
  • … CD’s Volcanic islands was referred to in Judd 1874, p.  257. CD …
  • … glacial period in north Britain’ (Jamieson 1874). CD had corresponded with Thomas Francis …

To D. Appleton & Co.   5 November 1874

Summary

Has just had printed a new edition of Descent [1874] and is anxious that this improved version be circulated in America.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  D. Appleton & Co
Date:  5 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 97: C63–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9713

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To D.  Appleton & Co.    5 November 1874
  • … DAR 97: C63–4 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Nov 1874 D. Appleton & Co …
  • … just had printed a new edition of Descent [1874] and is anxious that this improved version …
  • … proof-sheets of Descent 2d ed. (see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 30 October 1874  and n.  1). …
  • … The second edition was published in one volume in November 1874 (see letter from R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 12 November 1874  and n.  4). John Murray was the publisher of …
  • … see letter to John Murray, 4 April 1874  and n.   4). D.  Appleton & Co.  published the …
  • … a carnivorous plant’ in Hardwicke’s Science Gossip (1874): 230–3 and 235, and in America, …
  • … the notice in Scientific American , 4 April 1874, in which, under the heading ‘Carnivorous …
  • … November 5 1874 Messrs Appleton | New York | Messrs Appleton | New York Dear Sir I have …

From Asa Gray   12 May 1874

Summary

Encloses letter and sketch from O. N. Rood on pointed ears.

Reports observations on Sarracenia variolaris. A correspondent finds that the fluid in the pitchers is anaesthetic and that a sweet trail runs down the plant, nearly to the ground, to lure up ants.

Encloses two articles on insectivorous plants [Nation 18 (1874): 216–17, 232–4].

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 165: 184
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9455

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   12 May 1874
  • … DAR 165: 184 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 12 May 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … notes for CD’s letter to Gray of 3 June [1874]. The subject of the ‘wolf story’ has not …
  • … up ants. Encloses two articles on insectivorous plants [ Nation 18 (1874): 216–17, 232–4]. …
  • … Ogden Nicholas Rood. Gray’s articles appeared in the Nation , 2 April 1874, pp.   …
  • … 216–17, and 9 April 1874, pp.  232–4 ([A. Gray] 1874a). …
  • … as ‘Do plants eat insects? ’ in two parts in the Gardeners’ Chronicle , 2 May 1874 and …
  • … 9 May 1874 ([A. Gray] 1874b). Alfred William Bennett reported similar findings to those of …
  • … Cambridge, Mass, May 12, 1874 Dear Darwin Here is a note & sketch, from Prof. Rood of New …
  • … see letter to Asa Gray, 3  June [1874] and n.  9). CD’s copy has not been found. Gray …
  • … 12–14, and pp.  30–2. See also Mellichamp 1874. He also refers to Jeffries Wyman. Gray …
  • … Crinoida Dajeeana . The man-eating tree of Madagascar’ ( World , 28 April 1874, p.  7; …
  • … Asa Gray Columbia College May 4 th . 1874 Dear Professor; When Darwin’s book on the “ …

From Auguste Forel   12 November 1874

Summary

Thanks for the present of the book [Thomas Belt, The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)].

Author:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9718

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Auguste Forel    12 November 1874
  • … DAR 164: 155 Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel Munich 12 Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Thanks for the present of the book [Thomas Belt, The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]. …
  • … jaws of the defending ants without harming the ants themselves. See Belt 1874, pp.  20–22. …
  • … Forel had sent CD a copy of his book on ants (Forel 1874); see letter from …
  • … Auguste Forel, 23 September 1874 . …
  • … Münich 12 XI 1874 Monsieur, Je vous remercie beaucoup du beau cadeau que vous m’avez fait …
  • … Münich 12 XI 1874 Sir, I am most grateful to you for the fine present you have made me, …
  • … a copy of Thomas Belt’s book The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874) to Forel (see letter …
  • … to Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874  and n.  9). The head nurse of the Oberbayerischern …
  • … morning from eight to nine, using Belt 1874 as the basis for the lessons. ‘By the time we …

To W. C. Marshall   8 June [1874]

Summary

Asks what proportion of leaves of Pinguicula have insects adhering to them. Also, whether seeds of any plants ever adhere to the leaves, and in what situations does P. vulgaris grow.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Cecil (Bill) Marshall
Date:  8 June [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 97: C61–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9485F

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To W.  C.  Marshall   8 June [1874] …
  • … DAR 97: C61–2 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 June [1874] William Cecil (Bill) Marshall …
  • … T.  Thiselton- Dyer, 9 June 1874  and n.  3). The other known versions of the letter …
  • … s response to that query, see his letter of 30 August [1874] (see also letter from W.   …
  • … C.  Marshall, 5 September [1874] ). …
  • … this draft and the letter to ? , 8 June 1874 (see n.  2, below); William Cecil Marshall is …
  • … between this draft and the letters from W.  C.  Marshall, 30 August [1874] and …
  • … 5 September [1874]. This draft text was used as the basis for …
  • … letters sent to several correspondents ( letter to ? , 8 June 1874 , and letter to John …
  • … Ralfs, [after 25 June 1874] ; see also letter to W.   …

From W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   26 June 1874

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Summary

Identifies seeds adhering to leaves of Pinguicula [see Insectivorous plants, p. 369].

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 67–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9516

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   26 June 1874
  • … DAR 58.1: 67–8 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer Kew 26 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton Dyer, 24 [June 1874]. Tigellum: the embryonic axis or primitive stem, …
  • … of Juncus bulbosus (the bulbous rush). See letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 4 June 1874 . …
  • … 10 Gloucester Road, Kew June 26. 1874 Dear M r Darwin I wrote you this morning a very …
  • … letter from Thiselton-Dyer dated 26 June 1874 has been found; it was presumably written in …
  • … reply to the letter to Thiselton-Dyer, 24 [June 1874]. With his …
  • … letter to Thiselton-Dyer of 23 June 1874, CD had enclosed some small leaves and seeds that …
  • … in the missing section in Thiselton-Dyer’s letter of 25 June 1874, or in the missing ‘ …
  • … hurried note’ of 26 June 1874 (see n.  1, above). See also letter …

To J. D. Hooker   23 July [1874]

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Summary

JDH should do as he likes with insectivorous plant materials.

He has always thought telling JDH what he has been doing was as good as publishing.

Cephalotus seems as horrid a puzzle as Utricularia.

Nepenthes will turn out a great job if the pitchers of different species act differently. JDH’s paper on Nepenthes [Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 102–16] is too long for CD’s book. Well deserves a place in Philosophical Transactions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 328–31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9560

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   23 July [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 328–31 Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 July [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 . Hooker had not observed digestion in the Australian pitcher- …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 ). CD’s initial observations on Utricularia …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 ). CD refers to descriptions sent to him by …
  • … JDH’s paper on Nepenthes [ Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 102–16] is too long for CD’s book. Well …
  • … from home from 25 July until 24 August 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Hooker reported …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 ). Drosera rotundifolia is the common or …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874  and n.  6. Hooker did not publish his …
  • … but seeds as well (see letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 23 June 1874 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 ). Hooker had offered to send a plant of Drosera whittakerii (now …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874  and n.  9). …

From Auguste Forel   31 October 1874

Summary

Thanks for CD’s favourable opinion of his book [Les fourmis de la Suisse (1874)]. Habits of ants; observations on their carrying empty eggs.

Author:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Oct 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 154
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9704

Matches: 17 hits

  • … From Auguste Forel    31 October 1874
  • … DAR 164: 154 Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel Munich 31 Oct 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of his book [ Les fourmis de la Suisse (1874)]. Habits of ants; observations on their …
  • … the antennae. See letter to Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874  and n.  6. Forel worked as an …
  • … see letter from Auguste Forel, 23 September 1874 . Forel probably enclosed his two-part …
  • … copy is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  Forel had sent Forel 1874 with his letter …
  • … of 15 October 1874. …
  • … in its original French, see p. QQQQ. See letter to Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874 . Forel …
  • … refers to Thomas Belt and Belt 1874; see letter to …
  • … Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874  and n.  9. Meiner: Frederik Vilhelm August Meinert. His …
  • … München 31 X 1874 Monsieur, Je vous avoue que je ne m’attendais pas à voir mon travail …
  • … Munich 31 X 1874 Sir, I confess that I was not expecting to see my work judged so …
  • … See letter to Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874  and n.  8. Formica rufa and F.  pratensis …
  • … reproductive female) ant; see also letter to Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874  and n.  6. …
  • … The reference is to Forel 1874. Formica sanguinea is the slavemaker ant. Forel concluded …
  • … and unpredictably, they have intelligence and unique characters (Forel 1874, p.  283). …
  • … In Forel 1874, pp.  371–3, Forel gave several examples of naturally occurring mixed- …

To D. F. Nevill   12 September [1874]

Summary

CD has never before seen the Utricularia DN has sent. Hooker had told him about it. Asks that her gardener observe young Utricularia: CD is interested in internal structure of little balls on bladders.

Sends photograph.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Dorothy Fanny Nevill
Date:  12 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9634

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To D.  F.  Nevill   12 September [1874] …
  • … M. Stecher collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Sept [1874] Dorothy Fanny Nevill …
  • … epiphytic species of Utricularia in his letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 28 [July 1874]. …
  • … Hooker visited Down on 26 September 1874 ( letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 September 1874 ). CD’s gardener was Henry Lettington. Nevill’s head …
  • … a carte de visite of CD in her letter of [11 September 1874]. See letter from D.   …
  • … F.  Nevill, [11 September 1874] and n.  3. …
  • … this letter and the letter to D.  F.  Nevill, 11 September [1874] . See letters to D.   …
  • … F.  Nevill, 7 September 1874 and n.   …
  • … 2, and 11 September [1874]. No letter from Joseph Dalton Hooker discussing the epiphytic …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   21 June [1874]

Summary

Thanks for fibrin. Drosera and Pinguicula dissolve it thoroughly.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  21 June [1874]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9504

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   21 June [1874] …
  • … 1731-1-2) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 June [1874] John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet …
  • … letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 19 June 1874 . This letter was published without the …
  • … from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 19 June 1874 . CD described his experiments on Drosera ( …
  • … glands of Drosera . See Burdon Sanderson 1874, pp.  106 and 107. CD had asked for ‘a bit …
  • … 22, letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 14 May 1874 , and Insectivorous plants , pp. 104–5). …
  • … Francis Darwin returned to Down on 20 June 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … bone entirely in his letter of 26 May [1874] ( Correspondence vol. 22). Burdon Sanderson …
  • … gluten and fibrin in his letter of 12 May [1874] ( Correspondence vol. 22); he later noted …
  • … three different acids (see ibid. , letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 26 May [1874] ). …
  • … The second part of Burdon Sanderson 1874 was published in …
  • … Nature , 18 June 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letter to J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 12 June 1874  and n.  1). Burdon Sanderson concluded that the …
  • … except that the period of latent stimulation was longer (Burdon Sanderson 1874, p.  128). …
  • … See Burdon Sanderson 1874, pp.  127–8. In Insectivorous plants , pp.  43–4, CD noted that …

To J. D. Hooker   4 July 1874

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Summary

It would be interesting to prove that some plants feed on decayed animal matter whilst others like Drosera can digest fresh animal matter. Suggests the method for observing this.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 324–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9532

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   4 July 1874
  • … DAR 95: 324–5 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 July 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … bladderwort; see letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 26 June 1874 ). He probably refers to …
  • … William Darwin Fox (see letter to John Ralfs, 8 July 1874 and n. 2). …
  • … Mg: morning. Hooker visited CD on 11 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July 1874 . Hooker had asked for hints for observation …
  • … the tropical pitcher-plant) in his letter of 3 July 1874. Drosera is the genus of sundews. …
  • … In his letter of 3 July 1874, Hooker mentioned he had observed a sugary secretion produced …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874 . CD had asked several correspondents for …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. July 4 1874 My dear Hooker I do not know that I have any …

To Anton Dohrn   16 April and 9 August 1874

Summary

Has written to J. Murray to have account of the Zoological Station inserted in the Murray guidebook.

The circular about the Station has been printed; some have already signed.

Received R. Kossman’s paper on Anelasma ["Untersuchungen über die durch Parasitismus hervorgerufenen Umbildungen in der Familie der Pedunculata", Verh. Phys.-med. Ges. Würz. N. F. 5 (1874): 129–57]. The case is the most interesting ever recorded of gradation, i.e., from an animal with a stomach to one with roots like a plant.

Delighted he will examine the complemental males of Scalpellum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  [16 Apr or 9 Aug] 1874
Classmark:  Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München (Ana 525, Ba 702)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9414

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To Anton Dohrn   16 April and 9 August 1874
  • … Staatsbibliothek München (Ana 525, Ba 702) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Apr 1874 9 …
  • … Aug 1874 Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn …
  • … Verh. Phys. -med. Ges. Würz. N. F. 5 (1874): 129–57]. The case is the most interesting …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Ap.  16. 1874 See Postscript dated Aug 9 th My dear D r Dohrn I …
  • … See letter from Anton Dohrn, 6 April 1874 . CD refers to John Murray and to Edwin Ray …
  • … at Naples. See letter from Anton Dohrn, 6 April 1874  and nn.  14 and 15. Charles Lyell, …
  • … Sclater. See letter to John Lubbock, 8 April [1874] . Francis Maitland Balfour had sent a …
  • … Naples (see letter from Anton Dohrn, 6 April 1874 ). CD attended the soirée at the Royal …
  • … letter to Michael Foster, 23 April [1874] ). Robby August Kossmann discussed Anelasma …
  • … is a parasitic goose barnacle. See letter from Anton Dohrn, 6 April 1874  and n.  7. …

To G. H. Darwin   19 October [1874]

Summary

Advice to GHD on whether to accept invitation to lecture at the Royal Institution.

Murray has sent the Quarterly Review issue. CD has told Murray that he is convinced Mivart is the author and what he thinks of him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  19 Oct [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9687

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   19 October [1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 33 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Oct [1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … letter from G.  H.   Darwin, 18 October 1874  and n.  14). Francis Maitland Balfour; see …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874  and n.  17. George was helping CD with the …
  • … proof-sheets of Descent 2d ed. ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 18 April 1874 ). …
  • … It was published in November 1874 ( letter from R. …
  • … F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). On John Murray’s November sale dinners, see Murray 1908–9, …
  • … between this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874 . Letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874. George had been invited by William Spottiswoode to give a …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874  and nn.  1, 2, and 4). Jeu d’esprit (French): …
  • … giving the Royal Institution lecture (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874 ). …
  • … CD refers to the October 1874 issue of the Quarterly review (137: 587–9), which contained …
  • … see letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874  and n.  1). The last sentence stated: ‘But …

To J. D. Hooker   2 July 1874

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Summary

Thinks Frank and he have worked out Pinguicula well and they long to attack Utricularia. Tried several plants with sticky glandular hairs; some few absorb ammonia, but the greater number do not. If JDH sends plant or seed of Lychnis CD will examine it to see whether it catches many flies. Asa Gray has written him much about Sarracenia, with a specimen showing the splendid dodge by which ground insects are enticed up and then drowned. Describes how it may be investigated, to see whether it absorbs decayed matter from flies, or ammonia thus generated.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 322–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9529

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   2 July 1874
  • … DAR 95: 322–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 July 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874  and nn.  1 and 2. CD and Francis Darwin …
  • … a genus of carnivorous plants of the family Lentibulariaceae, in June 1874 (see letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] ). CD had also been trying to acquire specimens of Utricularia ( …
  • … see letter to W.  D.  Fox, 18 June 1874 ). In 1866, CD had asked Hooker for a plant of …
  • … 4, and 16 June 1874). A summary of …
  • … findings was published in Nature , 1 October 1874, p. 442. In Insectivorous plants , p.   …
  • … pitcher-plant, Nepenthes (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874  and n.  3). …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874  and n.  5. Lychnis viscosa is a synonym of …
  • … plant) was described by Joseph Hinson Mellichamp (Mellichamp 1874; see letters from …
  • … Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 and n.   …

From Joseph Fayrer   6 July 1874

Summary

Will do experiments CD suggests.

Is sending his book on the poisonous snakes of India [The Thanatophidia of India (1872)].

Author:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 110
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9534

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Joseph Fayrer   6 July 1874
  • … Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet London, Granville Place, 16 6 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to Joseph Fayrer, 4 July [1874] . See …
  • … letter to Joseph Fayrer, 4 July [1874] and nn.  5 and 6. Fayrer refers to Thomas Lauder …
  • … of Fayrer’s book, Thanatophidia of India (Fayrer 1872), was published in February 1874 ( …
  • … Fayrer 1874; see Publishers’ …
  • … circular , 2 March 1874, p.  138). CD was …
  • … for the wedding of Francis Darwin and Amy Ruck on 23 July 1874; his next visit to London …
  • … was from 3 to 12 December 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Fayrer wrote that the object …
  • … 16 Granville Place 6 July 1874 My dear Sir I will take the earliest opportunity of trying …

To J. D. Hooker   27 December [1874]

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Summary

Has not heard from Mivart. He is not so good a Christian as JDH and cannot forgive a man for malicious lying merely because he says he is sorry. Does not think Mivart will apologise. Still thinks the simple, most manly thing, is to write to Mivart directly and tell him what he thinks of him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 Dec [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 360–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9785

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   27 December [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 360–2 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Dec [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … s letter to Huxley was dated 20 December 1874 (see Appendix V). Law: indulgence, mercy ( …
  • … s wife, Frances Harriet Hooker, died on 13 November 1874 (Allan 1967, p.  225). Mivart had …
  • … been misrepresented ( Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 588–9). Richard Buckley Litchfield was …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [26 December 1874] ). Hooker, Thomas Henry Huxley, and CD had …
  • … Darwin’s article on marriage ([Mivart] 1874, p.  70; G.  H.  Darwin 1873a). Huxley had …
  • … CD (see enclosure to letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 , and letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). Huxley had …
  • … sent a message to Mivart on 18 December 1874 (see enclosure to letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 ); on …
  • … 23 December 1874, Huxley wrote to CD that he had received a letter from Mivart, and …

To G. H. Darwin   [20? August 1874]

Summary

Likes GHD’s article ["Professor Whitney on the origin of language", Contemp. Rev. (1874): 894]. "You have defended me nobly."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [20? Aug 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9711

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [20? August 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 38 Charles Robert Darwin Down [20? Aug 1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … on the origin of language", Contemp. Rev. (1874): 894]. "You have defended me nobly." …
  • … or proof-sheets. See also letter to J.  T.  Knowles, 31 July 1874 , and letter from J.   …
  • … T.  Knowles, 4 August 1874 . On the issues under discussion, see Radick 2008, pp.  19–49. …
  • … Emma Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 23 August [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.21). In this letter, Emma …
  • … H.  Darwin 1874c (see n.  2, below). In 1874 the Thursday before 23 August was 20 August. …
  • … Whitney’s ‘Darwinism and language’ (Whitney 1874), and defended CD’ s views on language …

To ?   8 June 1874

Summary

Asks about insects and seeds on leaves of Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  8 June 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (435)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9230

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To ?    8 June 1874
  • … what kind of other plants grow round it. ? Ch. Darwin Down Beckenham Kent Jun 8 th . 1874
  • … American Philosophical Society (435) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 June 1874 Unidentified …
  • … letter to John Ralfs, [after 25 June 1874] ; CD marked the alterations for the letter to …
  • … draft letter to W.  C.  Marshall, 8 June [1874] . For possible recipients see the letter …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874  and n.  3. The amanuensis, possibly Horace Darwin, …
  • … letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874 ). Emma Darwin’s version, now in DAR 59.1: …

To Charles Lyell   [13 January 1874]

Summary

The coral-reef book has been invaluable [J. D. Dana, Corals and coral islands (1872); used by CD in Coral reefs, 2d ed. (1874)].

Thanks for Saturday Review.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [13 Jan 1874]
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9240

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   [13 January 1874] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 [13 Jan 1874] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … islands (1872); used by CD in Coral reefs , 2d ed. (1874)]. Thanks for Saturday Review . …
  • … a letter to Joseph Dalton Hooker of 8 January 1874, he had asked to use a copy of the book …
  • … between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 January 1874 , and by CD’s stay in …
  • … London from 10 to 17 January 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … During CD’s visit, Tuesday fell on 13 January 1874. According to Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … fell down the stairs on Monday 12 January 1874. Saturday Review was published weekly; it …

From Eugène Desmarest   27 February 1874

Summary

CD has been elected an Honorary Member of the Society.

Author:  Eugène Desmarest; Secretary, Soc. Entomol. France
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 162: 172
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9320

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Eugène Desmarest    27 February 1874
  • … Eugène Desmarest Secretary, Soc. Entomol. France Paris 27 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was published in Annales de la Société entomologique de France 5th ser.  4 (1874): XLVI.   …
  • … See letter to Eugène Desmarest, 4 March 1874 . …
  • … de la Société auxquelles vous avez droit à partir de 1874. M r . Charles Darwin …
  • … sa séance de mercredi dernier (25 fevrier 1874) vous a-t-elle élu membre honoraire ; elle …
  • … at last Wednesday’s meeting (25 February 1874), it elected you an honorary member . In …
  • … s publications in Paris, to which you are entitled from 1874 onwards. M r . Charles Darwin …
  • … communication à notre prochain séance (11 Mars 1874). La Société n’ose espérer que vous …
  • … can present it at our next meeting (11 March 1874). The Society hardly dares hope that you …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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