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To R. F. Cooke   17 June [1874]

Summary

Hopes a printing of 2000 copies [of Descent, 2d ed.] will be safe. Regrets price must be 12s. He is sure it is much improved.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  17 June [1874]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 340–1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9496

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To R.  F.  Cooke   17 June [1874] …
  • … ff. 340–1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 June [1874] Robert Francis Cooke John Murray …
  • … Descent 2d ed. , date-stamped 24 September 1874 by Clowes, is in DAR 213: 3. George Howard …
  • … second edition of Descent ; he left for the continent on 18 June 1874 ( letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 30 May 1874 ; Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Orchids . Henrietta Emma …
  • … between this letter and the letter from R.  F.  Cooke, 16 June 1874 . See letter from R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 16 June 1874 . For CD’s concerns over the production of a cheap edition of …
  • … Descent 2d ed. , see the letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 10 April [1874] , and the letter to …
  • … John Murray, 12 April 1874 . William Clowes & Sons were the printers used by CD’s …

From T. H. Huxley   8 December 1874

Summary

K. G. Semper’s article ["On the relationship of the Vertebrata and Annelida", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 15 (1875): 94–5] is ill-natured. Misinterprets facts already discovered by F. M. Balfour.

Has been working on Amphioxus. Puts his theory of vertebrate skulls on firm footing at last.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 234–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9748

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   8 December 1874
  • … 234–5 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Marlborough Place, 4 8 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 4 Marlborough Place | NW Dec.  8 th 1874 My dear Darwin Best thanks for Semper    It is an …
  • … between vertebrates and annelids (Semper 1874), a copy of which is in the Darwin Pamphlet …
  • … for the Advancement of Science in September 1874 and published in the Quarterly …
  • … which retained holoblastic ova (Balfour 1874, p.  337). Ernst Haeckel had maintained that …
  • … Journal of Microscopical Science (Balfour 1874). Both Semper and Balfour described …
  • … the segmented tubules of the kidney in the shark embryo (Balfour 1874, p.   …
  • … 358, Semper 1874). Huxley …
  • … had met CD on Sunday 6 December 1874 (see letter to H.   …
  • … A.  Huxley, 5 December 1874). Huxley’s first publication on the vertebrate skull was T.   …

To John Tyndall   12 August [1874]

Summary

Returns proofs [of JT’s Belfast address, Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): lxvi–xcvii]. Gratified by what it says about his work and is anxious to read the whole address; it is a grand subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  12 Aug [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 21 (EH 88205959)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9599

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Tyndall   12 August [1874] …
  • … DAR 261.8: 21 (EH 88205959) Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 12 Aug [1874] John Tyndall …
  • … of JT’s Belfast address, Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): lxvi–xcvii]. Gratified by what it says about …
  • … and the letter from John Tyndall, 5 August 1874 . Tyndall had asked CD to read the proof- …
  • … CD’s theory of natural selection (see letter from John Tyndall, 5 August 1874 , and …
  • … Tyndall 1874, pp.  lxxxiii–lxxxvii). …

To G. H. Darwin   [6 December 1874]

Summary

Returns historical sketch [of GHD’s "cousin paper"?] with comments. "For Heavens sake put a sentence in some conspicuous place that your results seem to indicate that consanguineous marriage, as far as insanity is concerned, cannot be injurious in any very high degree."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [6 Dec 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9746

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [6 December 1874] …
  • … 210.1: 42 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [6 Dec 1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 December 1874 . …
  • … In 1874, the Sunday after 5 December was 6 December. See letter …
  • … from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 December 1874 . CD had presumably read the last part of George’s …
  • … letter to H.  A.  Huxley, [5 December 1874] . St George Jackson Mivart had attacked an …
  • … by John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor in the Quarterly Review ([Mivart] 1874, p.  70). …
  • … s response, discussed at length with CD in letters in August 1874, appeared in the October …
  • … issue of Quarterly Review (137 (1874): 587–8), followed by a rejoinder, presumably by …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 December 1874 . Erasmus Alvey Darwin. CD refers to Thomas …

From J. D. Hooker   [26 December 1874]

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Summary

Has gone over Huxley’s letter, thinks it a model. All must now await developments. If Mivart does not apologise, JDH will write to him.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Dec 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 241–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9780

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [26 December 1874] …
  • … DAR 103: 241–2 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [26 Dec 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 December [1874] . …
  • … In 1874, the Saturday after 24 December was 26 December. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 December [1874] . CD had sent Hooker the letter and enclosure from …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley, 23 December 1874. Hooker and Thomas Henry Huxley were discussing with CD …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 December [1874] ). Asa and Jane Loring Gray were in Europe …
  • … George Howard Darwin’s article on marriage ([Mivart] 1874, p.  70; G.  H.  Darwin 1873a). …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 23 December 1874 . Robert Cary Barnard (Major Barnard) was …
  • … was aged 12. Frances died on 13 November 1874 (Allan 1967, p.  225). Hooker also refers to …

To F. E. Abbot   30 March 1874

Summary

FEA has expressed CD’s views on the moral sense with remarkable clearness and correctness; his eulogy is magnificent ["Darwin’s theory of conscience and its relation to scientific ethics", Index 12 Mar 1874]. Cannot give a judgment on the essay because he has had "no practice in following abstract and abstruse reasoning".

CD does not see how morality can be "objective and universal". No one would call the maternal bond in lower animals a "moral obligation". When a social animal "becomes in some slight incipient degree" a moral creature "capable of approving or disapproving of its own conduct" do not such obligations remain of a so-called instinctive nature rather than becoming at once moral obligations?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Ellingwood Abbot
Date:  30 Mar 1874
Classmark:  Harvard University Archives (Papers of F. E. Abbot, 1841–1904, Named Correspondence, 1857–1903. Box 44. HUG 1101)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9377

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To F.  E.  Abbot   30 March 1874
  • … 1903. Box 44. HUG 1101) Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Mar 1874 Francis Ellingwood Abbot …
  • … of the ultimate Nature of Things’ that made society possible. See Abbot 1874, p.  123. …
  • … CD scored these passages in his annotated copy of Abbot 1874 (DAR 139.12.3). …
  • … Abbot had hoped that CD would review Abbot 1874 in the form of a letter that could be …
  • … published in the Index (see letter from F.  E.  Abbot, 3 March 1874 ). …
  • … to scientific ethics", Index 12 Mar 1874]. Cannot give a judgment on the essay because he …
  • … Down Beckenham Kent Mar 30 1874 My dear Sir I have rec d your kind letter of the 3 rd & …
  • … See letter from F.  E.  Abbot, 3 March 1874 ; the copies of the Index contained Abbot’s …
  • … relation to scientific ethics’ (Abbot 1874). Abbot, in addition to the generally laudatory …
  • … England’s greatest living thinker’ (Abbot 1874, p.  123). Abbot argued that CD’s theory …

From J. S. Burdon Sanderson   12 October 1874

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Summary

Suggests an explanation for difference in excitability of Drosera leaves to meat and albumen on the one hand and, on the other, fibrin, areolar tissue, gelatin, and fibrous basis of bone.

Author:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Oct 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 101–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9676

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   12 October 1874
  • … Burdon Sanderson, baronet London, Queen Anne St, 49 12 Oct 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 9 October 1874. See letter to J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 9 October 1874  and n.  1. See letter to …
  • … J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 9 October 1874 . See letter to J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 9 October 1874 . …

[Crawfurd, John Oswald Frederick.] 1874. Winter in Madeira. New Quarterly Magazine (1874): 406–23.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Crawfurd, John Oswald Frederick. ] 1874. Winter in Madeira. …
  • … New Quarterly Magazine (1874): 406–23. Electronic resource (British periodicals) 22 …

Farrer, Thomas Henry. 1874. Fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers—Coronilla. Nature, 2 July 1874, pp. 169–70.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Farrer, Thomas Henry. 1874. Fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers— …
  • … Coronilla. Nature , 2 July 1874, pp. 169–70. electronic resource 21,22,25,27 …

Mayer, Alfred Marshall. 1874–5. Researches in acoustics.—No. V. Philosophical Magazine 4th ser. 48 (1874): 266–274, 371–85, 445–52; (1875) 513–25.

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Mayer, Alfred Marshall. 1874–5. Researches in acoustics. —No. …
  • … V. Philosophical Magazine 4th ser. 48 (1874): 266–274, 371–85, 445–52; (1875) 513–25. …
  • … Online: from October, November, December 1874 and January 1875, though the online version …
  • … puts the last (special? ) issue in January 1874 rather than January 1875. His series of …

Zacharias, Otto. 1874. Zur Kritik des Darwinismus. Das Ausland, 13 July 1874, pp. 541–8.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Zacharias, Otto. 1874. Zur Kritik des Darwinismus. …
  • … Das Ausland , 13 July 1874, pp. 541–8. DAR Pamphlet R265 23 …

To J. D. Hooker   27 [March 1874]

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Summary

Etty [Henrietta Litchfield] is helping with Coral reefs [2d ed.]; will JDH lend her his copy?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 [Mar 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 320
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9373

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   27 [March 1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 320 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 [Mar 1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … s copy of Coral reefs in January (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 January 1874 and …
  • … 18 January [1874]). …
  • … letter to H.  E.  Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] . CD’s daughter Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … letter to H.  E.  Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). There were three maps in Coral reefs ; CD …

To Fritz Müller   1 January 1874

Summary

Thanks for two pamphlets.

Sends Thomas Belt’s [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)], "the best Nat. Hist. book of travels ever published".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  1 Jan 1874
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 36)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9223

Matches: 6 hits

  • … and hypothesised that the ants ate not the leaves, but the fungus (Belt  1874, pp.  80–1). …
  • … To Fritz Müller   1 January 1874
  • … MS 10 no 36) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Jan 1874 Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … Belt’s [ The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)], "the best Nat. Hist. book of travels ever …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Jan 1. 1874 My dear Sir No doubt I owe to your kindness two …
  • … s The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874) was published in December 1873 ( Publishers’ …

From Hubert Airy   13 March 1874

Summary

Has rewritten paper on leaf arrangement after criticism by Royal Society referees. Has found new factor influencing leaf arrangement, i.e., spontaneous variability in the number of vertical leaf-ranks.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 159: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9357

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   13 March 1874
  • … DAR 159: 29 Hubert Airy Keswick 13 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Keswick. | Cumberland. 13 th . March.  1874. My dear Sir I have re-written my paper on …
  • … volume, letter from Hubert Airy, 8 January 1874 . Airy’s earlier paper had been rejected …
  • … was read at a meeting of the society in April 1874, but only an abstract of the paper was …
  • … in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (H. Airy 1874). The summary of Airy’ …
  • … s argument (H. Airy 1874, p.   …
  • … 307) was reprinted in Nature , 14 May 1874, pp.  36–7. …
  • … See H. Airy 1874, pp.  304–5. …
  • … See H. Airy 1874, pp.  305–7. Starfish typically have five rays or arms, but some always …

To John Lubbock   26 September [1874]

Summary

JL’s two articles in Nature ["Common wild flowers", 10 (1874): 402–6, 422–6].

Cautions against C. K. Sprengel’s notion of bees’ being deceived by nectarless nectary.

Colour of calyces.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  26 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 261.7: 10 (EH 88205935)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9659

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To John Lubbock   26 September [1874] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Sept [1874] John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury …
  • … in Nature ["Common wild flowers", 10 (1874): 402–6, 422–6]. Cautions against C. K. …
  • … which does not really exist’ (Lubbock 1874, p.  404). In Orchids , CD expressed doubt that …
  • … vulgaris is the common milkwort. In Lubbock 1874, p.  402, Lubbock noted that the calyx, …
  • … The year is established by the reference to Lubbock 1874. CD refers to Lubbock’s two- …
  • … part article ‘Common wild flowers considered in relation to insects’ (Lubbock 1874). See …
  • … to John Lubbock, [before 17 September 1874] and n.  2. Christian Konrad Sprengel had …

To A. W. Bennett   27 September [1874]

Summary

Returns copy of Botanische Zeitung.

Responds to comments on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred William Bennett
Date:  27 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9660

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To A.  W.  Bennett   27 September [1874] …
  • … DAR 143: 85 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Sept [1874] Alfred William Bennett …
  • … in Gardener’ s Chronicle , 26 November 1874, p.  402. Andrew Murray argued that Drosera …
  • … lack an ‘apparatus for digestion’ ( Gardeners’ Chronicle , 19 September 1874, pp.  354–5). …
  • … from A.  W.  Bennett, 21 September 1874 . Bennett had sent CD two issues of Botanische …
  • … Zeitung . See letter from A.  W.  Bennett, 21 September 1874  and n.  1. …
  • … the sundew) in his letter of 21 September 1874; this letter was written on two sheets that …

To J. D. Hooker   30 November [1874]

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Summary

Has forwarded JDH’s memorial to T. H. Farrer to take up with Sir Stafford Northcote and to ask him to consider the case of Kew personally. Has told Farrer that JDH was thinking of resigning if Government would not give him an assistant secretary.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 Nov [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 347–348
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9738

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   30 November [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 347–348 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Nov [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … 1875 (see enclosure to letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 25 November 1874 ). See letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, 29 November [1874] . …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 28 November 1874 . See letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, 29 November [1874] . CD had asked Hooker to outline his workload as part of …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November [1874] ). Stafford Northcote was chancellor of the …

To Theodor Eimer   12 December 1874

Summary

Thanks for work on Lacerta muralis coerulea [Zoologische Studien auf Capri 2 (1874)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gustav Heinrich Theodor (Theodor) Eimer
Date:  12 Dec 1874
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9755

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Theodor Eimer   12 December 1874
  • … Thanks for work on Lacerta muralis coerulea [ Zoologische Studien auf Capri 2 (1874)]. …
  • … with the letter to C. -F.  Reinwald, [12 December 1874] , of which only a draft is extant. …
  • … collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Dec 1874 Gustav Heinrich Theodor (Theodor) Eimer …
  • … Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Dec 12 th 1874 Dear Sir I am greatly obliged to you for the …

To David Moore   12 July 1874

Summary

Thanks for Drosophyllum. No longer needs Utricularia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  David (David Moir) Moore
Date:  12 July 1874
Classmark:  National Botanic Gardens of Ireland Library, Glasnevin (DSS/DM/1/1/16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9544

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To David Moore   12 July 1874
  • … Glasnevin (DSS/DM/1/1/16) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July 1874 David (David Moir) Moore …
  • … July 12 1874 My dear Sir Drosophyllum has just arrived in perfect condition, & I thank you …
  • … See letter from David Moore, 9 July 1874 . CD probably received the Utricularia ( …
  • … searching for the plant (see letter to John Ralfs, 8 July 1874  and n.  2). John Ralfs …
  • … see letter from John Ralfs, 9 July 1874 ). Moore had mentioned that it was easier to grow …
  • … it did not die out like the latter (see letter from David Moore, 9 July 1874  and n.  4). …

To C. H. Merriam   1 June 1874

Summary

Thanks CHM for a report about birds of the United States [see 9461].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Clinton Hart Merriam
Date:  1 June 1874
Classmark:  Waverly Auctions, 9 March 1983
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9479A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To C.  H.  Merriam   1 June 1874
  • … Waverly Auctions, 9 March 1983 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 June 1874 Clinton Hart Merriam …
  • … 1 June 1874 [Thanking him for a report about birds of the United States. ] …
  • … See letter from C.  H.  Merriam, 19 May 1874 . Merriam had sent CD the 1872 Report of the …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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