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To C. G. Semper   21 January [1874]

Summary

Asks for information about the title and date of Semper’s essay disputing CD’s theory of coral reefs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Carl Gottfried Semper
Date:  21 Jan [1874]
Classmark:  Christie’s (dealers) (8 June 2005)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9252G

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To C.  G.  Semper   21 January [1874] …
  • … s (dealers) (8 June 2005) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Jan [1874] Carl Gottfried Semper …
  • … letter from C.  G.  Semper, 25 January 1874 . In a report on a trip to the Pelew islands ( …
  • … See letter to Smith, Elder & Co, 8 January 1874. The original letter is complete and is …

From [T. H. Maxwell] to G. H. Darwin   [22 January 1874]

Summary

Gives title, Stability of the motion of Saturn’s rings, Macmillan, 1859.

M. Hern[?], of thermodynamics fame, has recently published a memoir.

Author:  unknown
Addressee:  unknown
Date:  [22 Jan 1874]
Classmark:  APSQQQQ
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9252F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … APSQQQQ Cambridge [22 Jan 1874] …
  • … From [T.  H.  Maxwell] to G.  H.  Darwin   [22 January 1874] …

To V. O. Kovalevsky   24 January [1874]

Summary

Has ordered James Clerk Maxwell’s book [On the stability of the motion of Saturn’s rings (1859)] as a present for Sofya Kovalevsky.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Vladimir Onufrievich (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Kovalevsky
Date:  24 Jan [1874]
Classmark:  Institut Mittag-Leffler
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9253

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To V.  O.  Kovalevsky   24 January [1874] …
  • … Leffler Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Jan [1874] Vladimir Onufrievich (Владимир Онуфриевич …
  • … this letter and the letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 20 January 1874 . See letter from V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 20 January 1874  and nn.  11 and 12. CD refers to James Clerk Maxwell and …
  • … Darwin. It was postmarked 23 January 1874. Hirn was best known for work on the mechanical …
  • … a city in the Alsace region, now a part of France, but in 1874 part of the German Empire. …

From I. L. Roberti   24 January 1874

Summary

Has grown haricots in England following CD’s suggestion in the Origin that this had never been done.

Wishes to see CD.

Author:  Isaac Louis Roberti
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 176: 183, 183/1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9254

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From I.  L.  Roberti   24 January 1874
  • … DAR 176: 183, 183/1 Isaac Louis Roberti New Cross 24 Jan 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … High Road. New Cross | London. January 24. 1874 Much esteemed & respected Sir, As an …

From C. G. Semper   25 January 1874

Summary

Discusses coral reefs

and encloses a copy of his "Reisebericht" [Z. Wiss. Zool. 13 (1863): 538–70], as requested by CD.

Author:  Carl Gottfried Semper
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 177: 135
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9255

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From C.  G.  Semper    25 January 1874
  • … DAR 177: 135 Carl Gottfried Semper Würzburg 25 Jan 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to C. G. Semper, 21 January [1874] . CD’s annotated copy of Semper’s article ( …
  • … See letter to C. G. Semper, 21 January [1874] and n. 2. In Coral reefs 2d ed. , pp. 223–4, …

From H. H. Howorth   [27 January 1874]

Summary

Sends paper ["Strictures on Darwinism, pt 2", J. Anthropol. Inst. 3 (1874): 208–28].

Refers to articles in the Art Journal on changes in English countenance since the Tudor period.

Author:  Henry Hoyle Howorth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [27 Jan 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 279
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9210

Matches: 17 hits

  • … Art-Journal (Simcox  1874). …
  • … From H.  H.  Howorth   [27 January 1874] …
  • … DAR 166: 279 Henry Hoyle Howorth Manchester [27 Jan 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … on Darwinism, pt 2", J. Anthropol. Inst. 3 (1874): 208–28]. Refers to articles in the Art …
  • … and the letter from H.  H.  Howorth, 3 January [1874] and the reference to the political …
  • … the dissolution of parliament on 26 January 1874 was 27 January. CD’s letter has not been …
  • … the letter from H.  H.  Howorth, 3 January [1874] . Howorth had sent CD a copy of a report …
  • … from ‘Winter in Madeira’ ([Crawfurd] 1874, p.  419), is given accurately, except for minor …
  • … on the transformation of the British face appeared in the January 1874 issue of the …
  • … letter from H.  H.  Howorth, 3 January [1874] and n.  2). Official reports, bound in blue …
  • … that ran from 31 January to 17 February 1874 after William Ewart Gladstone announced the …
  • … dissolution of Parliament on 24 January ( The Times , 24 January 1874, p.  8). …
  • … Parliament was dissolved on 26 January 1874 ( The Times , …
  • … 26 January 1874, p.  9). Beginning in 1869, Howorth published a twelve-part paper on the …
  • … letter from H.  H.  Howorth, 3 January [1874] and n.  2. CD referred to Howorth in Descent …
  • … in a paper read in 1872 and published in 1874 (Howorth 1872b). See letter from H.   …
  • … H.  Howorth, 3 January [1874] and n.  4. Howorth refers to John Edward Morgan and Morgan  …

From T. H. Huxley   27 January 1874

Summary

Reports to CD on a spiritualist séance attended by himself (incognito) and G. H. Darwin.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 154: 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9256

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   27 January 1874
  • … DAR 154: 128 Thomas Henry Huxley unstated 27 Jan 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … When CD was in London earlier in January 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)), a séance had …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 January [1874] . Charles E.  Williams was the medium. In …
  • … Jany 27, 1874 Report of Séance We met in a small room at the top of the house with a …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   27 January 1874

Summary

On obtaining Clerk Maxwell’s memoir on Saturn for his wife, Sofya.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Kovalevsky
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 169: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9257

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   27 January 1874
  • … Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Kovalevsky Berlin 27 Jan 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 24 January [1874] and n.  4). Sofia Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya …
  • … of the rings of Saturn (see letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 20 January 1874  and n.  11). …
  • … See letter to V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 24 January [1874] . Kovalevsky had been unable to find a …
  • … letter to V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 24 January [1874] and n.  2). Hervé-Auguste-Étienne-Albans …
  • … Berlin | 27A.  Potsdamerstrasse. 27 January 1874. Dear Sir! I have been absend for a …

From American Academy of Arts and Sciences   28 January 1874

Summary

CD elected Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. [See 9305.]

Author:  American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 230: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9257A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From American Academy of Arts and Sciences   28 January 1874
  • … DAR 230: 37 American Academy of Arts and Sciences Boston 28 Jan 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Boston, Massachusetts, January 28th.  1874 To | Charles Darwin M.A. Dear Sir, We have the …

From G. H. Darwin to Henry Rayner   28 January 1874

Summary

Gives his and CD’s thanks for information on consanguinity among parents of asylum inmates.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Rayner
Date:  28 Jan 1874
Classmark:  Bernard Quaritch (dealers) 2003
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9257F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin to Henry Rayner   28 January 1874
  • … Bernard Quaritch (dealers) 2003 George Howard Darwin 28 Jan 1874 Henry Rayner …
  • … to superintendent of a lunatic asylum, 20 January 1874 , or a similar one; this letter was …
  • … letter to James Crichton-Browne, 5 January 1874 ). His letter has not been found in the …

From John Downing   29 January 1874

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Summary

On proportion of sexes in births of cattle; variations in families. Encloses a letter from J. G. Grove on proportions of sexes in animals.

The limitation of inbreeding.

Author:  John Downing
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 90: 79–84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9259

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From John Downing   29 January 1874
  • … DAR 90: 79–84 John Downing Ashfield House 29 Jan 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Ashfield, | Fermoy. Jan yr . 29 th . 1874 My dear Sir/ I regret to say that I have not …

To T. H. Huxley   29 January [1874]

Summary

Discusses THH’s account of the séance. CD convinced all are fraudulent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  29 Jan [1874]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 377)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9258

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   29 January [1874] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 377) Charles Robert Darwin Down 29 Jan [1874] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Ukase : a decree or edict, having the force …
  • … this letter and the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 27 January 1874 . See letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 27 January 1874 . William Crookes investigated several mediums in the 1870s …
  • … letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). An observer at a séance held at the home of …
  • … Erasmus Alvey Darwin in mid-January 1874, but did not remain for most of the proceedings ( …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Hensleigh Wedgwood had hosted the séance …

From G. H. Darwin   31 January 1874

Summary

Has finished the index [for Descent, 2d ed.].

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9260

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   31 January 1874
  • … 32 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 31 Jan 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …

From D. Appleton & Co.   1 February 1874

Summary

Statement of U. S. sales of Origin, Expression, and Descent.

Author:  D. Appleton & Co
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 159: A92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9261

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From D.  Appleton & Co.    1 February 1874
  • … DAR 159: A92 D. Appleton & Co unstated 1 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Feby 1/ 603 " Printed 1000 Ed over 16 1619 1874 Feby 1. On hand Vol 1 & 2 728 Sold 891 …

From K. S. Sievert   1 February 1874

Summary

Thanks CD for copy of Examiner.

Fear of communism is making CD’s theory popular among possessing classes.

Describes reception of Lyell’s Antiquity of man among German country people.

Author:  Karl Siegwart Sievert
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 177: 161
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9262

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From K.  S.  Sievert    1 February 1874
  • … 177: 161 Karl Siegwart Sievert Pechylswerder a.d. Havel 1 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Pechÿl’swerder a.  d. Havel 1. Febr.  1874. Herrn Darwin Hochgeehrte Herr! The Examiner ( …
  • … auf Pechÿl’swerder a.  d. Havel 1. Febr.  1874. To Mister Darwin Most venerated Sir! Have …
  • … 1873a) in the Examiner , 24 January 1874, pp.  88–9 (G.  H.  Darwin 1874a). Sievert 1873a …
  • … 1873b) in the Darwin Library–Down, and an 1874 reprint in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection– …

From George Cupples   3 February 1874

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Summary

Responds to CD’s queries about breeders’ practices in destroying and saving males or females in litters of deerhounds.

Author:  George Cupples
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 90: 85–90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9263

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From George Cupples   3 February 1874
  • … DAR 90: 85–90 George Cupples unstated 3 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … George Cupples, 14 November 1870 ). Duncan McNeill died on 31 January 1874 ( Pall Mall …
  • … Gazette , 2 February 1874, p.  6). …
  • … See also letters to William Waring, 6 January 1874 and …
  • … 12 January [1874]. CD cited Cupples for this information in Descent 2d ed. , p.  258 n.   …
  • … s death yesterday. Deerhounds Feb y . 3 d . 1874 Query 1 “If one bitch produced 4 females …

From J. F. McLennan   3 February 1874

Summary

Discusses the evolution of marriage systems; considers the scheme of development CD proposes: 1. Polygyny and monogamy; 2. Polyandry; 3. Promiscuity; 4. Polygyny and monogamy in recurrence. Explains what he understands by promiscuity. JFM believes that polygyny, monogamy, and polyandry must have occurred in "every district from the first, and grown up together into systems sanctioned by usage first and then law". Considers polygyny necessarily the privilege of the few and, as a system, believes it had less to do than any other with the history of marriage. He sees polyandry as an advance from promiscuity and the stage at which contractual obligations between men and their wives begin.

Author:  John Ferguson McLennan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Feb 1874
Classmark:  McLennan 1896, pp. 50–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9264

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  F.  McLennan   3 February 1874
  • … McLennan 1896, pp. 50–5 John Ferguson McLennan unstated 3 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 3rd February 1874. Your scheme of the development of marriage systems is (1) Polygyny and …

From C.-F. Reinwald   4 February 1874

Summary

Sends £40 for copyright to Édmond Barbier’s revision of Moulinié’s Descent translation.

Journal of researches translation is in press.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 176: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9265

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From C. -F.  Reinwald   4 February 1874
  • … DAR 176: 102 Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald Paris 4 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … researches 2d ed. The French translation of Expression was Pozzi and Benôit trans.  1874. …
  • … Paris. | 15 Rue des Saints Pères Febr 4 th 1874. Dear Sir We duely received your kind …
  • … to Reinwald’s letter to him of 17 January 1874. The French second edition of Descent was …
  • … account (Down House MS) on 5 February 1874. Reinwald had been dissatisfied with the late …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   5 February 1874

Summary

Do breeders rear more male than female greyhound puppies?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  5 Feb 1874
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9266

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To W.  B.  Tegetmeier   5 February 1874
  • … Finney Cox Collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Feb 1874 William Bernhard Tegetmeier …
  • … newspaper ( ODNB ). See also letter to William Waring, 6 January 1874 , and letter from …
  • … George Cupples, 3 February 1874  and n.  5. CD was working on the second edition of …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 5 1874 My dear Sir If you yourself (or through any of the …

To H. W. Bates   6 February 1874

Summary

Orders five works on the Sandwich Islands from the Royal Geographical Society Library for his investigation of infanticide and population trends there.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  6 Feb 1874
Classmark:  Royal Geographical Society
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9267

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To H.  W.  Bates   6 February 1874
  • … Royal Geographical Society Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Feb 1874 Henry Walter Bates …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 6 1874 My dear Bates Will you be so kind as to send me, …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …
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