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To John Lubbock, P. L. Sclater, Charles Lyell, W. B. Carpenter, and Michael Foster   [7 April 1874]

Summary

Circular requesting recipients to sign an enclosed [missing] statement [relating to appeal for Naples Zoological Station] if they approve of it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury; Philip Lutley Sclater; Charles Lyell, 1st baronet; William Benjamin Carpenter; Michael Foster
Date:  [7 Apr 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 97: C52–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9384

Matches: 5 hits

  • … P. L. Sclater, Charles Lyell, W. B. Carpenter, and Michael Foster   [7 April 1874] …
  • … C52–3 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [7 Apr 1874] John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron …
  • … between this letter, the letter from Michael Foster, 7 April [1874] , and the letter to …
  • … John Lubbock, 8 April [1874] . John Lubbock. Philip Lutley Sclater was secretary of the …
  • … Naples, has not been found; see, however, the letter from Michael Foster, 7 April [1874] . …

From Emma Darwin to Albert Günther   7 April [1874]

Summary

Invites AG to stay at Down.

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Date:  7 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School, Taylor Library (39)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9397

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Emma Darwin to Albert Günther   7 April [1874] …
  • … 39) Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin Down 7 Apr [1874] Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 [April 1874] . …

To R. F. Cooke   8 April 1874

Summary

Discusses illustrations for 2d edition of Descent.

"My nephew [Henry Parker] got into the Athenaeum with splendid success."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  8 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 143: 290
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9398

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To R.  F.  Cooke   8 April 1874
  • … DAR 143: 290 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Apr 1874 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray …
  • … Down, Beckenham, Kent April 8, 1874 My dear Sir I send by this post the MS and I shall be …
  • … ed. , see the letter to John Murray, 4 April 1874  and n.  4. CD refers to Henry Parker. …
  • … See letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 7 February 1874 and n.  2, and letter from E.   …
  • … A.  Darwin, 17 [March 1874] and n.  2. Butterworth and Heath was a London firm of wood- …

To John Lubbock   8 April [1874]

Summary

Encloses a statement and circular he has been asked to send to JL.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  8 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8283

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To John Lubbock   8 April [1874] …
  • … collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Apr [1874] John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st …
  • … Frances Lubbock. See circular to various scientific men, [7 April 1874], and letter from …
  • … Michael Foster, 7 April [1874] . The statement has not been found; CD evidently sent the …
  • … address. Lubbock’s journal records on 8 April 1874: ‘Took Harriet & the children for a few …

From Henry Cecil   9 April 1874

Summary

Has just read Journal of researches and has been charmed out of his anti-Darwinian prejudice.

Author:  Henry Cecil
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 161: 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9399

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Henry Cecil   9 April 1874
  • … DAR 161: 128 Henry Cecil Bournemouth 9 Apr 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bregner, | Bournemouth, | Hants. April 9 th . 1874. My dear Sir, I have just laid down, …

From T. H. Farrer   [before 10 April 1874]

Summary

Observations on Coronilla.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 10 Apr 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8854

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Farrer   [before 10 April 1874] …
  • … Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer Abinger Hall [before 10 Apr 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and the letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 10 April 1874 . Farrer had been examining the morphology …
  • … refers to Francis Darwin. In Farrer 1874, p.  170, he wrote: ‘In C.  emerus lutescens … …

From Berry Benson   10 April 1874

Summary

Supplies evidence to the contrary of CD’s assertion in Expression that dogs do not eat carrion.

Offers to send mud-wasps.

Author:  Berry Benson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 160: 149
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9401

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Berry Benson   10 April 1874
  • … DAR 160: 149 Berry Benson Augusta, Ga. 10 Apr 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Augusta, Ga. , 10 April 1874. Chas. Darwin Esq. Dear Sir: Knowing that your time must be …

To R. F. Cooke   10 April [1874]

Summary

Is glad to have Descent cheaper and sold more largely, but would be sorry to see it printed like the Origin. "The closeness of the lines is the great fault." Fears book might be very thick. "I hear scores of people complaining of the heavy and thick books which you publish."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  10 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 291
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9402

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To R.  F.  Cooke   10 April [1874] …
  • … DAR 143: 291 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Apr [1874] Robert Francis Cooke John Murray …
  • … the reference to Descent 2d ed. , which was published in November 1874 ( letter from R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Origin 6th ed.  had been published with smaller type and a …

To T. H. Farrer   10 April 1874

Summary

Delighted to hear about Coronilla. Urges publication ["Fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers– Coronilla", Nature 10 (1874): 169–70].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  10 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/22)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9400

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Farrer   10 April 1874
  • … Fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers– Coronilla ", Nature 10 (1874): 169–70]. …
  • … LS Ms 299/22) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Apr 1874 Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Ap.  10 1874 My dear Farrer I am delighted to hear about …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Farrer, [before 10 April 1874] and n.  2. Farrer published …
  • … vetch) with two diagrams in Nature (Farrer 1874). In Orchids , p.  15, CD had described …
  • … CD refers to Francis Darwin. See letter from T.  H.  Farrer, [before 10 April 1874] . …

To Enrico Morselli   10 April 1874

Summary

Thanks EM for essay ["Sopra un rara anomalia dell’osso malare", Annu. Soc. Nat. Modena 7 (1873): 1–50]. CD agrees as far as he understands. Cannot see how new modifications could arise by atavism. "The more I study nature, the more I feel convinced that species generally change by extremely slight modifications."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Enrico Morselli
Date:  10 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Piero Leonardi (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9403

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Enrico Morselli   10 April 1874
  • … Piero Leonardi (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Apr 1874 Enrico Morselli …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Ap 10 1874 Dear Sir I have received the Essay which you have been …

To Edward Frankland   12 April 1874

Summary

Finding that the leaves of Drosera digest all the phosphate of lime out of bones and then remain clasped over the bones for a long time, CD wants to determine whether it is the phosphate of lime or the animal matter in the bones that keeps them clasped. He asks EF to send 2 or 3 grams of pure phosphate of lime for his testing. [See 9411.] Will experiment in the summer using EF’s suggestion that leaves might serve to test weak sewage. Results of Sanderson’s experiments with acids of great use.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  12 Apr 1874
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, The University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9405A

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Edward Frankland   12 April 1874
  • … The University of Manchester Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Apr 1874 Edward Frankland …
  • … see letter to Smith, Elder & Co, 8 January 1874). CD published his work on Drosera , the …
  • … For CD’s experiment with sewage water, see letters to Edward Frankland, 14 May [1874] and …
  • … 20 May [1874]. John Scott Burdon Sanderson had been helping CD to identify the acid in …

To John Murray   12 April 1874

Summary

Discusses 2d edition of Descent. CD is inclined to a cheap edition and asks JM to consider a one-volume edition in double-column format.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  12 Apr 1874
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 348–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9404

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Murray   12 April 1874
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 348–9) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Apr 1874 John Murray …
  • … see the letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 10 April [1874] . CD refers to Charles Lyell’s Student’ …
  • … s elements of geology ; a second edition was published by Murray in April 1874 (C. …
  • … Lyell 1874; Publishers’ …
  • … circular 1874, p.  276). CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–Down. John Lothrop Motley’s …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Ap 12 th 1874 My dear Sir I am much obliged to you for …

From Leonard Rudd   12 April 1874

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Summary

On supernumerary mammae in a male patient.

Author:  Leonard Rudd
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 87: 168–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9405

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Leonard Rudd   12 April 1874
  • … DAR 87: 168–9 Leonard Rudd Guy’s Hospital 12 Apr 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Guy’s Hospital | London S.E. April 12. 1874. Sir I venture to bring to your notice a fact …

To ? 12 April 1874

Summary

Thanks an unknown correspondent for the 4th edition of his 'remarkable work'.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  12 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Enns Entomology Museum, University of Missouri
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9405F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To ? 12 April 1874
  • … Entomology Museum, University of Missouri Charles Robert Darwin 12 Apr 1874 Unidentified …

From William Waring   13 April 1874

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Summary

On proportion of sexes in litters of greyhounds.

Author:  William Waring
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 90: 44–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9407

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From William Waring   13 April 1874
  • … DAR 90: 44–5 William Waring unstated 13 Apr 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from William Waring, 9 January 1874 , and letter to …
  • … William Waring, 12 January [1874] . None of the existing letters from Waring to CD mention …
  • … males and females born (see letter to William Waring, 12 January [1874] , and letter from …
  • … George Cupples, 3 February 1874 ). …
  • … Woodlands, | Chelsfield. April 13 th . 1874 My dear Sir, Since I last wrote to you I have …

To William Waring   13 April 1874

Summary

WW’s information accords with other accounts lately received. CD had formed an erroneous opinion on the subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Waring
Date:  13 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Kent History and Library Centre (CKS-U1906/Z/1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9408

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To William Waring   13 April 1874
  • … and Library Centre (CKS-U1906/Z/1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Apr 1874 William Waring …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Ap.  13. 1874 My dear Sir I am very much obliged to you for your …
  • … letter from William Waring, 13 April 1874  and n.  3. CD received extensive information on …
  • … see letter from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 ). CD added this note to Descent 2d ed. , …

To Williams & Norgate   13 April [1874]

Summary

Asks correspondent to obtain odd numbers of Flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  13 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (440)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9406

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Williams & Norgate   13 April [1874] …
  • … American Philosophical Society (440) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Apr [1874] Williams & …
  • … Norgate ‘1874 | Ch. Darwin Esq | Down | April 16’ …
  • … record a payment of £3 7 s. on 10 April 1874 to Williams & Norgate, a London bookseller …

From T. H. Huxley   14 April 1874

Summary

Sends his screed about the brain [for Descent], which he thinks pounds the enemy into a jelly.

Is in good health.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 198–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9409

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   14 April 1874
  • … DAR 103: 198–9 Thomas Henry Huxley Athenaeum Club 14 Apr 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 28 March [1874] ). Huxley refers to Aeby 1867, Bischoff  …
  • … see letter to Andrew Clark, 10 January [1874] ). Clark was also Huxley’s physician (see …
  • … Athenæum Club | Pall Mall S.W. April 14 1874 My dear Darwin I send you herewith my screed …

From Edward Frankland   15 April 1874

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Summary

Sends some phosphates of lime free of animal matter [see Insectivorous plants, p. 109].

Author:  Edward Frankland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 49–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9411

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Edward Frankland   15 April 1874
  • … 58.1: 49–50 Edward Frankland London, Lancaster Gate, 14 15 Apr 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to Edward Frankland, 12 April 1874  and n.  1. Drosera is the sundew. CD described …
  • … of leaves of Drosera to sewage water (see letter to Edward Frankland, 14 May [1874] ). …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   15 April 1874

Summary

Thanks for the seeds and plants that he requested.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  15 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9410

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   15 April 1874
  • … Darwin 1873–81: 7) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Apr 1874 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … See letter to W.  H.  Thiselton-Dyer, 4 April 1874. See letter to W.   …
  • … H.  Thiselton-Dyer, 4 April 1874 and n.  3. Tamarindus indicus is the tamarind tree. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Ap.  15. 1874 My dear Professor Dyer Many thanks to you & Hooker— …
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Abbot, F. E. (1)
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

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  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

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  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

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  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

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  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

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  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

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  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

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  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

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  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

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  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

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  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

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  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

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  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

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  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

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  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

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  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

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  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

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  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

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  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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