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To G. H. Darwin   2 December [1874]

Summary

Appleton will bring out the new edition of Descent in the U. S., so GHD’s work will now be in three editions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  2 Dec [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9741

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   2 December [1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 41 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Dec [1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … D.  Appleton & Co. , [ c. 19] November 1874). George had helped edit this edition ( letter …
  • … to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 November [1874] ). A German translation was also being prepared ( …
  • … letter from J.  V.  Carus, 27 October 1874 ). …

To J. D. Hooker   2 December [1874]

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Summary

Farrer has taken the case to Northcote. JDH’s letter will show how overworked he is.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 Dec [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 349
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9739

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   2 December [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 349 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Dec [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … in the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November [1874] . The Darwins stayed in London …
  • … Henrietta Emma Litchfield from 3 to 12 December 1874 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … of Farrer ( ODNB ). See letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 29 November [1874] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 November [1874] . Farrer’s note has not been found. Hooker’s ‘own letter’ …

From Mary Treat   2 December 1874

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Summary

Observations on the insects captured by Utricularia.

Author:  Mary Lua Adelia (Mary) Treat
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 109–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9740

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Mary Treat   2 December 1874
  • … 58.1: 109–10 Mary Lua Adelia (Mary) Treat Vineland, N.J. 2 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Vineland, N.  Jersey. Dec.  2, 1874. Dear Mr.  Darwin. I have been studying the bladder- …
  • … see letter to John Ralfs, 13 July [1874] ). Treat published her observations in a letter …

To Thomas Belt   3 December [1874]

Summary

Invites TB to visit. Wants to make his acquaintance.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Belt
Date:  3 Dec [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9742

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Thomas Belt   3 December [1874] …
  • … DAR 143: 80 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 3 Dec [1874] Thomas Belt …
  • … Sir’. CD was in London from 3 to 12 December 1874 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). He had …
  • … CD evidently did not meet Belt in December 1874 since in his letter of 24 February 1875 ( …
  • … s house in Bryanston Street on 3 December in 1874 and probably in 1879 (CD’s ‘Journal’ ( …

From J. D. Hooker   [3 December 1874?]

Summary

Probably a discussiion of J. D. Hooker’s feelings after death of his wife, Frances Harriet, on 13 November 1874: the letter is badly damaged.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3 Dec 1874?]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 263
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9719F

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [3 December 1874? ] …
  • … DAR 166: 263 Joseph Dalton Hooker [3 Dec 1874? ] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … death of his wife, Frances Harriet, on 13 November 1874: the letter is badly damaged. …
  • … D.  Hooker, 2 December [ 1874] ; in fact, he stayed until 12 December, probably due to an …
  • … and the letter to Hooker of 2 December [1874], and from the apparent references to the …
  • … who had died suddenly on 13 November 1874 ( Allan 1967 , p.  225). Hooker seems to be …
  • … Kew; CD had written that he would be in London from 3 to 10 December 1874 ( letter to J.   …

To William Ogle   [4 December 1874 – 22 November 1878]

Summary

Invites WO to lunch.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ogle
Date:  [4 Dec 1874–22 Nov 1878]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.460)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9219

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To William Ogle   [4 December 1874 – 22 November 1878] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [4 Dec 1874–22 Nov 1878] William Ogle …

From G. H. Darwin   5 December 1874

Summary

Has finished the "cousin paper" and will offer it to W. Farr for the Statistical Society.

Describes other work in progress.

Has CD heard of A. M. Mayer’s curious work on audition of insects [Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 8 (1874): 89–103?]

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 45
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9743

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   5 December 1874
  • … 210.2: 45 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 5 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … refers to Erasmus Alvey Darwin. See n.  2, above, and Mayer 1874–5 , pp.  377–8. …
  • … M. Mayer’s curious work on audition of insects [ Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 8 (1874): 89–103? ] …
  • … and New York: Macmillan. Mayer, Alfred Marshall. 1874–5. Researches in acoustics. —No. …
  • … V. Philosophical Magazine 4th ser. 48 (1874): 266–274, 371–85, 445–52; (1875) 513–25. …
  • … the Statistical Society of London 37 (1874)), and Ebenezer Norman, the Down schoolmaster, …
  • … Researches in acoustics. —No. V’ ( Mayer 1874–5 ), and on p.  385 announced his intention …
  • … spent some time in the Lake District in September 1874 (letter from Emma Darwin to H.   …
  • … E.  Litchfield, 16 September [1874] (DAR 219.9: 117)). Harriet Ann Jevons. Henry and …
  • … were in London from 3 to 12 December 1874 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). George also …
  • … of the series appeared in the November 1874 issue of Philosophical Magazine ; the other …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874 ), and had it copied by Norman in early …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [8 November 1874] . He refers to the Contemporary Review . No …

To H. A. Huxley   [5 December 1874]

Summary

Wants to see Huxley tomorrow, but knows he is going down to High Elms to see Colenso.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henrietta Anne Huxley
Date:  [5 Dec 1874]
Classmark:  Janet Huxley (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9743F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To H.  A.  Huxley   [5 December 1874] …
  • … private collection) Charles Robert Darwin London [5 Dec 1874] Henrietta Anne Huxley …
  • … Colenso, bishop of Natal, visited England in 1874 to protest against harsh treatment of …
  • … Cox 1888 , 2: 388–401). CD met T.  H.  Huxley on 6 December 1874; see letter to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [6 December 1874] . No card from Henrietta Anne Huxley has been found. …

To G. H. Darwin   [6 December 1874]

Summary

Returns historical sketch [of GHD’s "cousin paper"?] with comments. "For Heavens sake put a sentence in some conspicuous place that your results seem to indicate that consanguineous marriage, as far as insanity is concerned, cannot be injurious in any very high degree."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [6 Dec 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9746

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [6 December 1874] …
  • … 210.1: 42 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [6 Dec 1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 December 1874 . …
  • … In 1874, the Sunday after 5 December was 6 December. See letter …
  • … from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 December 1874 . CD had presumably read the last part of George’s …
  • … letter to H.  A.  Huxley, [5 December 1874] . St George Jackson Mivart had attacked an …
  • … John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor in the Quarterly Review ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70). …
  • … s response, discussed at length with CD in letters in August 1874, appeared in the October …
  • … issue of Quarterly Review (137 (1874): 587–8), followed by a rejoinder, presumably by …
  • … Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. ODNB : Oxford dictionary of national …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 December 1874 . Erasmus Alvey Darwin. CD refers to Thomas …

From W. G. Walker   6 December 1874

Summary

On voluntary vomiting. Dogs re-swallow vomited food.

Author:  William Gregory Walker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 181: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9745

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From W.  G.  Walker   6 December 1874
  • … 5 William Gregory Walker London, Blenheim Crescent, 66 6 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Crescent, | Kensington Park, 6 Dec r . 1874. Dear Sir, Last year I took the liberty on …

From A. R. Wallace   6 December 1874

Summary

Thanks for new edition of Descent.

His work on geographical distribution; drudgery and the often unsatisfactory nature of the result.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 106: B120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9744

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   6 December 1874
  • … DAR 106: B120 Alfred Russel Wallace Grays 6 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … The Dell, Grays, Essex Dec r . 6th.  1874 Dear Darwin Many thanks for your kindness in …

To G. J. Romanes   [7 December 1874]

Summary

Speaks of visiting GJR at the Brown Institution.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  [7 Dec 1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.453)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9747

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   [7 December 1874] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [7 Dec 1874] George John Romanes …
  • … letter to G.  J.  Romanes, [9 December 1874] ). Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) records ‘ …
  • … had not met. In his letter of 16 December 1874, CD addresses Romanes as ‘Dear M r Romanes’ …
  • … Street, London, from 3 to 12 December 1874 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)); the only Monday …
  • … was 7 December. CD’s correspondence with Romanes began in July 1874 ( letter from G.   …
  • … J.  Romanes, 10 July 1874 ). Romanes studied under John Scott Burdon Sanderson, who was …

To John Fiske   8 December [1874]

Summary

Praises JF’s book [Cosmic philosophy (1874)].

Has long wished to understand H. Spencer but is not convinced by him and some others. CD cannot trust deduction from a starting principle, as his mind is so fixed by the inductive method.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Fiske
Date:  8 Dec [1874]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (FK 1110–1112)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9749

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To John Fiske   8 December [1874] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 Down letterhead 8 Dec [1874] John Fiske …
  • … ibid. , p.  431). Descent 2d ed.  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). …
  • … Praises JF’s book [ Cosmic philosophy (1874)]. Has long wished to understand H. Spencer …
  • … in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Fiske, …
  • … John. 1874. Outlines of cosmic philosophy: based on the doctrine of evolution, with …
  • … this letter and the letter to John Fiske, 3 November 1874. Fiske had sent CD a copy of …
  • … of cosmic philosophy based on the doctrine of evolution ( Fiske 1874 ; see letter to …
  • … John Fiske, 3 November 1874). In his book, Fiske aimed to show that there was no conflict …
  • … with anthropomorphic theism ( Fiske 1874 , 1: xi, 162–87, 2: 381–431; for causation, see …
  • … 1: 146–61). Fiske wrote ( Fiske 1874 , 1: 184): Cosmism … assigns to religion the same …
  • … See ‘The beginnings of life’, Fiske 1874 , 1: 418–37. Fiske wrote, ‘the mere consolidation …

From J. D. Hooker   8 December 1874

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Summary

Delighted with Farrer’s assistance. A. Helps has also spoken to Sir S. Northcote.

JDH is getting on well but has periods of great depression.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 232–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9750

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   8 December 1874
  • … DAR 103: 232–3 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 8 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the meeting of the Royal Society of London on 10 December 1874 ( Proceedings of the Royal …
  • … Society of London 23 (1874–5): 93). …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 December [1874] ). He had asked Thomas Henry Farrer to …
  • … Hooker, Hooker’s wife, died on 13 November 1874 ( Allan 1967 , p.  225). Harriet Anne …

From T. H. Huxley   8 December 1874

Summary

K. G. Semper’s article ["On the relationship of the Vertebrata and Annelida", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 15 (1875): 94–5] is ill-natured. Misinterprets facts already discovered by F. M. Balfour.

Has been working on Amphioxus. Puts his theory of vertebrate skulls on firm footing at last.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 234–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9748

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   8 December 1874
  • … 234–5 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Marlborough Place, 4 8 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Balfour, Francis Maitland. 1874. A preliminary account of the development of …
  • … 4 Marlborough Place | NW Dec.  8 th 1874 My dear Darwin Best thanks for Semper    It is an …
  • … between vertebrates and annelids (Semper 1874), a copy of which is in the Darwin Pamphlet …
  • … for the Advancement of Science in September 1874 and published in the Quarterly …
  • … which retained holoblastic ova ( Balfour 1874 , p.  337). Ernst Haeckel had maintained …
  • … Journal of Microscopical Science ( Balfour 1874 ). Both Semper and Balfour described …
  • … the segmented tubules of the kidney in the shark embryo ( Balfour 1874 , p.   …
  • … 358, Semper 1874). Huxley …
  • … had met CD on Sunday 6 December 1874 (see letter to H.   …
  • … A.  Huxley, 5 December 1874). Huxley’s first publication on the vertebrate skull was T.   …

To [F. C. Noll?]   8 December [1874]

Summary

Thanks for the essay on a curious new cirripede. He will not accept the offer of microscopical preparations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Carl Noll
Date:  8 Dec [1874]
Classmark:  Zentral- und Landesbibliothek Berlin (Historische Sammlungen EH 112)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9750F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To [F. C. Noll? ]   8 December [1874] …
  • … Historische Sammlungen EH 112) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Dec [1874] Friedrich Carl Noll …

To G. J. Romanes   [9 December 1874]

Summary

Invites GJR to visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  [9 Dec 1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.454)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9751

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   [9 December 1874] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [9 Dec 1874] George John Romanes …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to G.  J.  Romanes, [7 December 1874] . CD …
  • … had invited Romanes for Wednesday 9 December 1874 (see letter to G.   …
  • … J.  Romanes, [7 December 1874] ), but Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) records that he was in …

From C.-F. Reinwald   10 December 1874

Summary

Sends French translation of Journal of researches and will send the £20 due to CD when 750 copies have been sold.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 176: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9752

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From C. -F.  Reinwald   10 December 1874
  • … DAR 176: 103 Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald Paris 10 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Paris. Dec.  10 th . 1874 To Charles Darwin E sq . | Down. Beckenham. Kent Dear Sir We had …

From Asa Gray   11 December 1874

Summary

Cannot help with Pinguicula or Utricularia. Mrs Mary Treat is studying Utricularia.

Forwards his short piece on duration of varieties [New York Tribune 8 Dec 1874; Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 9 (1875): 109–14].

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 165: 187
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9753

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   11 December 1874
  • … DAR 165: 187 Asa Gray Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. 11 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of varieties [ New York Tribune 8 Dec 1874; Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 9 (1875): 109–14]. …
  • … Dalton Hooker’s wife, died on 13 November 1874 ( Allan 1967 , p.  225). There is a lightly …
  • … Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. Dec.  11 1874. My Dear Darwin, I must be owing you an …
  • … CD’s last letters to Gray were those of 25 June 1874 and …
  • … 30 June [1874]; CD asked Gray about Pinguicula (butterwort) in both letters. No letter has …
  • … See letter from Mary Treat, 2 December 1874 . CD published his work on Drosera (sundew) …

From F. E. Nipher   11 December 1874

Summary

Cites more examples of inheritance of maternal impressions.

Author:  Francis Eugene Nipher
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 172: 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9754

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From F.  E.  Nipher   11 December 1874
  • … DAR 172: 70 Francis Eugene Nipher St Louis 11 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … St Louis Dec.  11 1874— Mr.  Darwin— Dear Sir: Yours of Nov 25 reached me yesterday. I …
  • … CD’s letter to Nipher of 25 November 1874 has not been found; it was a …
  • … reply to Nipher’s letter of 10 November 1874, which discussed the effect of maternal …
  • … letter from F.  E.  Nipher, 10 November  1874 . The School Laboratory of Physical Science …
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05 (2)
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08 (4)
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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