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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To James Verrell   21 September 1874

Summary

"Nature published last Thursday has not yet arrived."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Verrell
Date:  21 Sept 1874
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer) (August 1979)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9649

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To James Verrell   21 September 1874
  • … John Wilson (dealer) (August 1979) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Sept 1874 James Verrell …
  • … published issue of Nature was 17 September 1874. Verrell was a newsagent in Bromley ( Post …

To Chauncey Wright   21 September 1874 and 29 January 1875

Summary

Head movements and their expressive significance. [P.S. explains letter was returned to CD because of a mistake in the address.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Chauncey Wright
Date:  21 Sept 1874 or 29 Jan 1875
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (B/D25.279)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9650

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Chauncey Wright   21 September 1874 and 29 January 1875 …
  • … Society (B/D25.279) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Sept 1874 29 Jan 1875 Chauncey Wright …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 September [1874] . Wright eventually received CD’s letter …
  • … Letter from Chauncey Wright, 3 September 1874. See …
  • … letter from Chauncey Wright, 3 September 1874  and n.  11. James …
  • … letter from Chauncey Wright, 3 September 1874  and n.  23. Some of Wright’s observations …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Sep 21 1874 My dear Mr Wright I have read your long letter with …

To A. W. Bennett   22 September [1874]

Summary

Thanks for sending papers by Hermann Hoffmann.

Discusses spiral cells in Drosera and Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred William Bennett
Date:  22 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9653

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To A.  W.  Bennett   22 September [1874] …
  • … DAR 143: 84 Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Sept [1874] Alfred William Bennett …
  • … letter from A.  W.  Bennett, 21 September 1874 . Bennett had sent two botanical papers by …
  • … see letter from A.  W.  Bennett, 21 September 1874  and n.  1). Joseph Dalton Hooker was …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 23 September 1874 ). CD refers to papers by Johannes Grönland ( …

From Thomas Meehan   22 September 1874

Summary

Sends CD his photo

and a copy of his address at Hartford ["Change by gradual modification not the universal law", Proc. Am. Assoc. Adv. Sci. (1874) pt 2: 7–12]. Does not believe his observations are unfavourable to natural selection but feels there are other factors involved in the origin of form.

Discusses further his work on colour and sex in plants; the linking of high colour and maleness.

Author:  Thomas Meehan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 110
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9651

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Thomas Meehan   22 September 1874
  • … 110 Thomas Meehan Gardeners’ Monthly , Germantown, Pa. 22 Sept 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the universal law", Proc. Am. Assoc. Adv. Sci. (1874) pt 2: 7–12]. Does not believe his …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science at Hartford, Conn. , on 13 August 1874 ( …
  • … Meehan 1874). CD’s annotated copies of a newspaper reprint of the address and a newspaper …
  • … appeared in Popular Science Monthly , October 1874, pp.  764–5. The passage referred to by …

From D. F. Nevill   22 [September 1874]

Summary

Will send a different Utricularia species when the seedlings are better established.

Author:  Dorothy Fanny Nevill
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 [Sept 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 172: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9652

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From D.  F.  Nevill   22 [September 1874] …
  • … 172: 22 Dorothy Fanny Nevill Dangstein, Petersfield 22 [Sept 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the letter to D.  F.  Nevill, 18 September [1874] . CD had described his observations of …
  • … letter to D.  F.  Nevill, 18 September [1874] ). Utricularia montana is a synonym of U.   …

From Auguste Forel   23 September 1874

Summary

Sends a copy of his book on Swiss ants [Les fourmis de la Suisse (1874)]. Notes points and passages that he thinks will interest CD.

Author:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 153
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9656

Matches: 7 hits

  • … to an ancestral state without workers by means of parasitism. (Forel 1874, p.  443. ) …
  • … From Auguste Forel    23 September 1874
  • … DAR 164: 153 Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel Munich 23 Sept 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … on Swiss ants [ Les fourmis de la Suisse (1874)]. Notes points and passages that he thinks …
  • … on the ants of Switzerland (Forel 1874) is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …
  • … 237–40). See Forel 1874, pp.  371–3. Forel refers to the species Formica exsecta , F.   …
  • … fusca . In the back of his copy of Forel 1874, CD noted all the pages indicated by Forel …

From J. D. Hooker   23 September 1874

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Summary

CD’s Utricularia findings – bladders, subterranean roots, and insects decomposing in them – a grand discovery.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 224–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9655

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   23 September 1874
  • … DAR 103: 224–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 23 Sept 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to bring an additional specimen in his letters to Hooker of 18 September [1874] and [ …
  • … 20 September 1874]). Utricula montana is a synonym of U.  alpina. CD referred to Daniel …

To Charles Lyell   23 September 1874

Summary

Discusses paper on volcanoes by J. W. Judd.

Comments on volcanoes of the S. American Cordillera.

Mentions paper by T. F. Jamieson ["Glacial period in N. Britain", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 30 (1874): 317–18].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  23 Sept 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (450)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9654

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   23 September 1874
  • … Society (450) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Sept 1874 Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … the remains of Palaeozoic volcanoes in the Scottish Highlands (Judd 1874, p.  276). …
  • … T. F. Jamieson ["Glacial period in N. Britain", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 30 (1874): 317–18]. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Sep 23 1874 My dear Lyell I suppose that you have returned or …
  • … in Scotland ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1 September 1874 ). Lyell had mentioned John …
  • … Wesley Judd’s paper on volcanoes in the Hebrides (Judd 1874) in his letter …
  • … of 1 September 1874. CD had reported that it was difficult to trace the origin of …
  • … porphyritic structures in the Hebrides mountains (Judd 1874, pp.  261, 269, 278–81). …
  • … CD’s Volcanic islands was referred to in Judd 1874, p.  257. CD …
  • … glacial period in north Britain’ (Jamieson 1874). CD had corresponded with Thomas Francis …

To T. L. Brunton   25 September 1874

Summary

Comments on digestive action of pepsin and hydrochloric acid.

Photograph of Rubens’ picture has not arrived.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Date:  25 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 143: 162
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9657

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To T.  L.  Brunton   25 September 1874
  • … DAR 143: 162 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Sept 1874 Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet …
  • … and n.  2, and this volume, letter to T.  L.  Brunton, [29] October [1874] and n.  2. …
  • … been in the missing portion of Brunton’s letter of 4 September 1874. See letter from T.   …
  • … L.  Brunton, 4 September 1874  and n.  3. Brunton’s results supported CD’s own …
  • … p.  124). Brunton’s letter of 4 September 1874 is incomplete and the section referred to …

From Charles Lyell   25 September 1874

Summary

Notes recent confirmation of CD’s views on subsidence in [island of] St Jago.

Describes Carboniferous strata discovered on Island of Mull by J. W. Judd. Contained evidence of Miocene sinking of volcanoes.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept 1874
Classmark:  K. M. Lyell ed. 1881, 2: 457
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9658

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Charles Lyell   25 September 1874
  • … 2: 457 Charles Lyell, 1st baronet London, Harley St, 73 25 Sept 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 73 Harley Street, London: September 25, 1874. My dear Darwin,— There is no subject to …
  • … See letter to Charles Lyell, 23 September 1874 . CD had observed a pronounced dip in the …
  • … Isle of Mull in the Hebrides (see Judd 1874, p.  257). George Julius Poulett Scrope had …
  • … Student’s elements of geology (C.  Lyell 1874, pp.  149–50). The page references in the …

To John Lubbock   26 September [1874]

Summary

JL’s two articles in Nature ["Common wild flowers", 10 (1874): 402–6, 422–6].

Cautions against C. K. Sprengel’s notion of bees’ being deceived by nectarless nectary.

Colour of calyces.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  26 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 261.7: 10 (EH 88205935)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9659

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To John Lubbock   26 September [1874] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Sept [1874] John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury …
  • … in Nature ["Common wild flowers", 10 (1874): 402–6, 422–6]. Cautions against C. K. …
  • … which does not really exist’ (Lubbock 1874, p.  404). In Orchids , CD expressed doubt that …
  • … vulgaris is the common milkwort. In Lubbock 1874, p.  402, Lubbock noted that the calyx, …
  • … The year is established by the reference to Lubbock 1874. CD refers to Lubbock’s two- …
  • … part article ‘Common wild flowers considered in relation to insects’ (Lubbock 1874). See …
  • … to John Lubbock, [before 17 September 1874] and n.  2. Christian Konrad Sprengel had …

To A. W. Bennett   27 September [1874]

Summary

Returns copy of Botanische Zeitung.

Responds to comments on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred William Bennett
Date:  27 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9660

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To A.  W.  Bennett   27 September [1874] …
  • … DAR 143: 85 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Sept [1874] Alfred William Bennett …
  • … in Gardener’ s Chronicle , 26 November 1874, p.  402. Andrew Murray argued that Drosera …
  • … lack an ‘apparatus for digestion’ ( Gardeners’ Chronicle , 19 September 1874, pp.  354–5). …
  • … from A.  W.  Bennett, 21 September 1874 . Bennett had sent CD two issues of Botanische …
  • … Zeitung . See letter from A.  W.  Bennett, 21 September 1874  and n.  1. …
  • … the sundew) in his letter of 21 September 1874; this letter was written on two sheets that …

To Auguste Forel   28 September [1874]

Summary

Thanks AHF for his book on ants of Switzerland;

recommends reading Thomas Belt’s Naturalist in Nicaragua [1874].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Date:  28 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  Medizinhistorisches Institut, Universität Zürich
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9661

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To Auguste Forel   28 September [1874] …
  • … Universität Zürich Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Sept [1874] Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel …
  • … on ants of Switzerland; recommends reading Thomas Belt’s Naturalist in Nicaragua [1874]. …
  • … Belt’s “The Naturalist in Nicaragua” (1874): it contains much most curious matter about …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from Auguste Forel, 23 September 1874 . …
  • … Forel 1874 (see letter from …
  • … Auguste Forel, 23 September 1874  and n.  2). …
  • … see letter from Auguste Forel, 23 September 1874  and n.  5) CD had been particularly …
  • … Belt’s description of the feeding habits of leaf-carrying ants in Belt 1874 (see letter to …
  • … Fritz Müller, 1 January 1874 , and letter from …
  • … Fritz Müller, 20 April [1874] ). See …
  • … letter from Auguste Forel, 23 September 1874 . …

To J. D. Hooker   28 [September 1874]

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Summary

Queries about species of Utricularia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 [Sept 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 339
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9662

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   28 [September 1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 339 Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 [Sept 1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker ‘Sept/74’ …

From J. D. Hooker   29 September 1874

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Summary

Information about various species of Utricularia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 93–94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9663

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   29 September 1874
  • … DAR 58.1: 93–94 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 29 Sept 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … is incomplete. In his letter of 23 September 1874, he had referred to a paper by Daniel …
  • … see letter to D.  F.  Nevill, 7 September 1874  and n.  1). At the time, he was calling it …
  • … letter to D.  F.  Nevill, 3 September 1874 ). The plant was first described by the French …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 28 [September 1874] and n.  1). The Organ mountains (Serra dos …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 September 1874  and n.  3). Harriet Anne Hooker. …

To J. D. Hooker   30 [September 1874]

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Summary

The Aldrovanda has arrived. Has examined the leaves. It is an aquatic Dionaea which has acquired some structures identical to those of Utricularia!

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 [Sept 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 340–341
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9664

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   30 [September 1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 340–341 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 [Sept 1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Oliver 1859, pp 169– 70). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 23 September 1874  and n.  2. …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 September 1874 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 29 September 1874  and n.  3. CD described the waterwheel plant, Aldrovanda …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

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  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

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  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

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  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

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  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

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  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

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  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

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  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

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  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

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  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

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  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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