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To Edward Frankland   22 July 1874

Summary

Asks for the specific gravity of common phosphate of ammonia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  22 July 1874
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, The University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9559A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Edward Frankland   22 July 1874
  • … The University of Manchester Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 July 1874 Edward Frankland …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. July 22 1874 My dear Professor Frankland Can you tell me what is …

From J. D. Hooker   22 July 1874

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Summary

Stupefied by CD’s trouble and kindness. All he wanted for Belfast meeting was assurance that mention of published work on Drosera, etc., in Nature, etc., would not interfere with CD’s book.

Would like his Nepenthes results to go to CD or to Royal Society, but prefers CD take them.

Cephalotus very puzzling.

Peas and cabbage grow twice as fast after two days’ immersion in Nepenthes as when placed in distilled water, but four days’ immersion seems to kill them.

Has a splendid Australian Drosera twice as big as D. rotundifolia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 210–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9558

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   22 July 1874
  • … DAR 103: 210–13 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 22 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … sundew) in Curtis’s Botanical Magazine 30 (1874): tab.  6121. The plant came from the …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 20 July [1874] and n.  2. CD’s letter included a summary of …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 18 July 1874 , and n.  3, below). CD had not published any …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, [before 15 July 1874] ). Nepenthes rafflesiana is Raffles’ pitcher- …

From T. L. Brunton   23 July [1874]

Summary

Encloses a tracing of a portrait of John Bunyan showing the differences of the two sides of the face.

Author:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 339 (fragile)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9561

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From T.  L.  Brunton   23 July [1874] …
  • … Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet London, Somerset St, 23 23 July [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and the letter to T.  L.  Brunton, 4 March 1874 . Brunton had argued that expression could …
  • … He gave further examples in a now damaged section of his letter of 28 February 1874. …

To J. D. Hooker   23 July [1874]

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Summary

JDH should do as he likes with insectivorous plant materials.

He has always thought telling JDH what he has been doing was as good as publishing.

Cephalotus seems as horrid a puzzle as Utricularia.

Nepenthes will turn out a great job if the pitchers of different species act differently. JDH’s paper on Nepenthes [Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 102–16] is too long for CD’s book. Well deserves a place in Philosophical Transactions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 328–31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9560

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   23 July [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 328–31 Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 July [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 . Hooker had not observed digestion in the Australian pitcher- …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 ). CD’s initial observations on Utricularia …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 ). CD refers to descriptions sent to him by …
  • … JDH’s paper on Nepenthes [ Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 102–16] is too long for CD’s book. Well …
  • … from home from 25 July until 24 August 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Hooker reported …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 ). Drosera rotundifolia is the common or …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874  and n.  6. Hooker did not publish his …
  • … but seeds as well (see letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 23 June 1874 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 ). Hooker had offered to send a plant of Drosera whittakerii (now …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874  and n.  9). …

To Francis Darwin   [after 23 July 1874]

Summary

Asks for a specimen of Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [after 23 July 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13796

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   [after 23 July 1874] …
  • … DAR 211: 9 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [after 23 July 1874] Francis Darwin …
  • … immediately following his marriage to Amy Ruck on 23 July 1874 (letter from H.  E.   …
  • … Litchfield to Leonard Darwin, 24 July 1874 (DAR 251: 1604); see also letter …
  • … from Francis and Amy Darwin, 8 August [1874] ). …
  • … see n.  2, below). In June and July 1874, CD carried out a series of experiments on …
  • … Insectivorous plants , pp.  368–94). On 1 July 1874, he placed some solution of phosphate …

To W. E. Darwin   24 [July 1874]

Summary

Arrangements for the visit to Southampton.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  24 [July 1874]
Classmark:  Michael Silverman (dealer): Catalogue 25 (2006)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9560F

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   24 [July 1874] …
  • … dealer): Catalogue 25 (2006) Charles Robert Darwin 24 [July 1874] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … Darwin married Amy Ruck on 23 July  1874. Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR …
  • … 242) records the wedding, and her headache on 24 July 1874. …
  • … Euphemia Farrer at Abinger, Surrey, from 25 to 29 July 1874. They visited William …
  • … from Thursday 30 July until 24 August 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). James may have …
  • … held the position but it is not certain which of them was employed in 1874. Francis …

From E. E. Klein   24 July 1874

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Summary

Gives details of the smallest micrococci distinctly discernible under a microscope.

Author:  Edward Emanuel Klein
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 57: 130v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9564

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From E.  E.  Klein   24 July 1874
  • … DAR 57: 130v Edward Emanuel Klein Brown Institution 24 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … gravity of phosphate of ammonia (see letter to Edward Frankland, 22 July 1874  and n.  1). …
  • … Institution, | Wandsworth Road, S.W. July 24, 1874. Dear Mr.  Darwin, I am afraid I cannot …
  • … see letter to F.  C.  Donders, 7 July 1874 ). CD had observed that a very small amount of …

From G. J. Romanes   24 July 1874

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Summary

Encloses a copy of a letter from H. Spencer giving his opinion on GJR’s views on disuse and a draft of GJR’s reply to Spencer.

Author:  George John Romanes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 52: D3–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9563

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From G.  J.  Romanes   24 July 1874
  • … 7 George John Romanes Dunskaith, Parkhill, Ross-shire 24 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from G.  J.  Romanes, 10 July 1874 ; Romanes had enclosed a copy of a letter he …
  • … see letter from G.  J.  Romanes, 10 July 1874  and n.  5. Spencer substituted the terms …

To Francis Darwin   [c. 27 July 1874]

Summary

Has been examining Utricularia minor. Same essential structure but catches smaller Entomostraca. One bladder had 24, another 20, and another 15 Entomostraca. "What slaughter! We must make out the functions of the beast––".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [c. 27 July 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 271.4: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9565A

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   [ c. 27 July 1874] …
  • … DAR 271.4: 7 Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall [c. 27 July 1874] Francis Darwin …
  • … Leftwich 1973 ). Francis married Amy Ruck on 23 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … and the letter to John Price, 27 [July 1874] . CD and Francis were studying Utricularia …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 ). He had just received the specimen of U.   …
  • … Price (see letter to John Price, 27 [July 1874] ). Entomostraca was formerly the name used …

To G. H. Darwin   [27 July 1874]

Summary

Advises GHD to get an eminent counsel. If counsel’s opinion is that the reviewer [Mivart, in "Primitive man", Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 40–77] has falsified GHD’s statements, GHD should send the opinion to the Quarterly Review and demand publication, and if refused publish elsewhere. Then CD must decide whether to cut John Murray [publisher of Q. Rev.] which will put CD in a nice perplexity [over his rights to the stereotyped editions of past works].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [27 July 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9568

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [27 July 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 25 Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall [27 July 1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … Mivart, in "Primitive man", Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 40–77] has falsified GHD’s statements, GHD …
  • … in an anonymous essay review ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70), in which George’s comments in his …
  • … Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. Origin : On the origin of species by …

To John Price   27 [July 1874]

Summary

Discusses Utricularia sent by JP.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Price
Date:  27 [July 1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.445)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9565

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To John Price   27 [July 1874] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.445) Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall 27 [July 1874] John Price …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 ). Entomostraca was formerly the name used to …
  • … Erasmus Darwin from Thursday 30 July to 24 August 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … 5, below). CD stayed at Abinger from 25 to 30 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Darwin Fox had written to Price in June 1874, asking him to look for Utricularia and send …
  • … see letter from W.  D.  Fox, 22 June [1874] ). CD identified the specimen as Utricularia …
  • … his letter to Francis Darwin, [ c. 27 July 1874]. CD and Francis were studying Utricularia …

From John Price   [27 July 1874]

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Summary

Has some Utricularia minor for CD. Has found the bladders on U. vulgaris are not floats.

Thanks CD for book [Descent, 2d ed.].

Author:  John Price
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [27 July 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9522

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From John Price   [27 July 1874] …
  • … DAR 58.1: 143 John Price unstated [27 July 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to John Price, 28 July [1874] . See …
  • … letter to John Price, 27 [July 1874] . Utricularia minor is lesser bladderwort. Delamere …
  • … to Price in his letter to John Ralfs, 8 July 1874 . CD probably sent Price a copy of the …

From Thomas Belt   28 July 1874

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Summary

Has observed in his garden hive-bees using the holes bored at the base of flowers by humble-bees.

Author:  Thomas Belt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 46.2: C58–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9572

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Thomas Belt   28 July 1874
  • … DAR 46.2: C58–9 Thomas Belt Ealing 28 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the bees that visited the flowers ( Farrer 1874 ). Farrer had described nectar excreted …
  • … John Murray. 1876. Farrer, Thomas Henry. 1874. Fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers— …
  • … Coronilla. Nature , 2 July 1874, pp. 169–70. …
  • … a published account by Belt (in Belt 1874) of a crop of Phaseolus multiflorus rendered …
  • … Cornwall House   Ealing July 28 th 1874 My Dear Sir, I send you the following as it may …

To John Price   28 July [1874]

Summary

Thanks JP for note.

Sends instructions for mailing Utricularia plants to Down in his absence.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Price
Date:  28 July [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9570

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Price   28 July [1874] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall 28 July [1874] John Price …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to John Price, 27 [July 1874] . See …
  • … letter from John Price, [27 July 1874] , and letter to …
  • … John Price, 27 [July 1874] . Utricularia minor is lesser bladderwort. …
  • … from home from 25 July until 24 August 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD’s gardener …
  • … Utricularia vulgaris (common bladderwort; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 ). …

To G. J. Romanes   28 July [1874]

Summary

Comments on Spencer’s terms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  28 July [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.446)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9569

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   28 July [1874] …
  • … Mss.B.D25.446) Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall 28 July [1874] George John Romanes …
  • … this letter and the letter from G.  J.  Romanes, 24 July 1874 . See letter from G.   …
  • … J.  Romanes, 24 July 1874 . See letter from G.   …
  • … J.  Romanes, 10 July 1874  and n.  5. Spencer had substituted the terms direct and …

From G. H. Darwin   29 July 1874

Summary

After taking advice he has decided to write an explicit denial and short account of his essay and send it to the Quarterly Review.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9575

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   29 July 1874
  • … 37 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 29 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … publisher. No letter from George dated 28 July 1874 has been found. Reginald Darwin’s son, …
  • … oppressive laws’ and the encouragement of vice ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70). See also letter …
  • … to G.  H.  Darwin, [27 July 1874] . Henry Jackson. …
  • … were at Abinger, Surrey, from 25 to 30 July 1874; on 30 July, they went to Southampton to …
  • … Appendix II)). CD had been ill on 13 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). George …
  • … Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. Origin : On the origin of species by …
  • … A letter sent by George on 7 August 1874 appeared in …
  • … the October 1874 issue of Quarterly Review (G.  H.  Darwin 1874b). The editor of the …
  • … Origin onwards. The sentence in [Mivart] 1874 , p.  63, reads: It is one of the calamities …
  • … the Pall Mall Gazette , Monday, 27 July 1874, p.  10, argued that the reviewer’s purpose …

From John Murray   29 July [1874]

Summary

Orchids is at last sold out. Settles account.

The Origin [6th ed.] is making good [sales] progress.

Expression is not selling.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.11: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9574

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From John Murray   29 July [1874] …
  • … DAR 210.11: 2 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 29 July [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … banking account (Down House MS) on 31 July 1874. CD recorded the receipt of £180 for sales …
  • … banking account (Down House MS) on 31 July 1874. Expression . Mary Somerville’s On the …

To G. H. Darwin   [30 July 1874]

Summary

Hasty note to express his most decided opinion that letter [to Q. Rev.] should not give a sketch of GHD’s essay – only an explicit denial "& do not allude to me".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [30 July 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9576

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [30 July 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 26 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett [30 July 1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 29 July 1874 . CD arrived at William Erasmus …
  • … Bassett, Southampton, on Thursday 30 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD refers …
  • … in response to remarks made on his work in [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70 (see letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 29 July 1874  and nn.  1 and 3). …

To Thomas Belt   31 July 1874

Summary

Comments on bees.

Praises TB’s The naturalist in Nicaragua.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Belt
Date:  31 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 143: 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9578

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Thomas Belt   31 July 1874
  • … DAR 143: 79 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 31 July 1874 Thomas Belt …
  • … Bassett | Southampton July 31, 1874. My dear Sir Your letter has been forwarded to me …
  • … See letter from Thomas Belt, 28 July 1874 . CD had discussed the boring of holes in the …
  • … book, The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874) to friends, and sent a copy to Fritz Müller …
  • … in Brazil (see letter to Fritz Müller, 1 January 1874 ). …

To J. T. Knowles   31 July 1874

Summary

Asks whether it would be possible for Contemporary Review to republish an article on language from North American Review [119 (1874): 61–88] by William Dwight Whitney which answers F. Max Müller; would pay expense of printing if necessary.

CD has been abused in the Quarterly Review for "amazing ignorance".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Thomas Knowles; editor of Contemporary Review
Date:  31 July 1874
Classmark:  Wellcome Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9577

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  T.  Knowles   31 July 1874
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 31 July 1874 James Thomas Knowles editor of Contemporary …
  • … on language from North American Review [119 (1874): 61–88] by William Dwight Whitney which …
  • … Wilhelm Engelmann. Whitney, William Dwight. 1874. Darwinism and language. [Essay review of …
  • … Bassett Southampton July 31 1874 Dear Sir I fear that you never republish articles which …
  • … article, ‘Darwinism and language’ ( Whitney 1874 ), that focused mainly on Friedrich Max …
  • … CD’s heavily annotated copy of Whitney 1874  is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. The …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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