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From John Ralfs   9 July 1874

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Summary

Sends specimens of Pinguicula and observations made on them. [See Insectivorous plants, pp. 390–1.]

Author:  John Ralfs
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 73–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9540

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From John Ralfs   9 July 1874
  • … DAR 58.1: 73–4 John Ralfs Penzance 9 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … lusitanica is the pale butterwort; see letter to John Ralfs, 8 July 1874 , n.  2. …
  • … See letter to John Ralfs, 8 July 1874 . See …
  • … letter to John Ralfs, 8 July 1874  and n.  5. …
  • … In his letter to Ralfs of 8 July 1874, CD had requested specimens of both Pinguicula …
  • … Penzance July 9 th 1874 My dear Sir, Yesterday I went to the Pingicula Grandiflora bog. I …

From E. E. Klein   10 July 1874

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Summary

Reports results [partly excised] of examination of fibro-cartilage subjected to artificial gastric juice and to Drosera secretion. [See Insectivorous plants, pp. 104–5.]

Author:  Edward Emanuel Klein
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9542

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From E.  E.  Klein   10 July 1874
  • … DAR 58.1: 77–8 Edward Emanuel Klein Brown Institution 10 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Institution, | Wandsworth Road, S.W. July 10. 1874. Dear Mr.  Darwin, I have examined the …
  • … see letter from E.  E.  Klein, 14 May 1874 ). CD cut out a section of the letter here; in …

From G. J. Romanes   10 July 1874

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Summary

Sets out some of his ideas on the effects of disuse on an organ. Disuse as a cause of reduction.

Author:  George John Romanes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 52: D1–2, 10–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9543

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From G.  J.  Romanes   10 July 1874
  • … 14 George John Romanes Dunskaith, Parkhill, Ross-shire 10 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Romanes’s letter appeared in Nature , 2 July 1874, p.  164 (Romanes 1874c). He argued that …
  • … to his earlier letter to Nature , 9 April 1874, pp.  440–1 (Romanes 1874b). See Origin 6th …

From F. C. Donders   12 July 1874

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Summary

On hearing of CD’s work with Drosera, tells of his experiment showing extreme sensitivity of the iris of a dog’s eye to atropine. [See Insectivorous plants, p. 173.]

Author:  Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 79–80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9545

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From F.  C.  Donders   12 July 1874
  • … Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders Marienbad 12 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to F.  C.  Donders, 7 July 1874 . George Howard Darwin had visited Donders …
  • … Emma Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 7 July 1874 (DAR 239.23: 1.19)). Drosera is the sundew. …
  • … Marienbad (Bohemia)— 12 July 1874. My dear Mister Darwin. As your son George, whom I was …

To David Moore   12 July 1874

Summary

Thanks for Drosophyllum. No longer needs Utricularia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  David (David Moir) Moore
Date:  12 July 1874
Classmark:  National Botanic Gardens of Ireland Library, Glasnevin (DSS/DM/1/1/16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9544

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To David Moore   12 July 1874
  • … Glasnevin (DSS/DM/1/1/16) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July 1874 David (David Moir) Moore …
  • … July 12 1874 My dear Sir Drosophyllum has just arrived in perfect condition, & I thank you …
  • … See letter from David Moore, 9 July 1874 . CD probably received the Utricularia ( …
  • … searching for the plant (see letter to John Ralfs, 8 July 1874  and n.  2). John Ralfs …
  • … see letter from John Ralfs, 9 July 1874 ). Moore had mentioned that it was easier to grow …
  • … it did not die out like the latter (see letter from David Moore, 9 July 1874  and n.  4). …

To John Ralfs   13 July [1874]

Summary

Discusses specimens of Utricularia.

Mentions JR’s work on desmids [The British Desmidieae [Desmidiae!?] (1848)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Ralfs
Date:  13 July [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (443)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9546

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To John Ralfs   13 July [1874] …
  • … American Philosophical Society (443) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 July [1874] John Ralfs …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Ralfs, 9 July 1874 . See …
  • … letter from John Ralfs, 9 July 1874 . Ralfs sent a small specimen of Utricularia ( …
  • … of diarrhoea and sickness on 13 July 1874. Desmids (family Desmidiaceae) are freshwater …

To J. D. Hooker   [before 15 July 1874]

Summary

Suggests experiments to try [with Nepenthes]. Asks JDH to test whether cabbage seeds and peas exposed to the ferment germinate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [before 15 July 1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8: 38–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9523

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [before 15 July 1874] …
  • … letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 28 [June 1874] ). All epiphytic species of Utricularia are …
  • … 1873–8: 38–9) Charles Robert Darwin unstated [before 15 July 1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 July 1874 . CD’s recommendations were for Hooker’s …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874  and n.  3). CD wanted to determine whether …

To F. C. Donders   15 July 1874

Summary

Discusses effect of atropine solution on eye,

and effect of phosphate of ammonia solution on gland of Drosera.

Would like to see work by T. W. Engelmann and possibly one by Dr De Ruyter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders
Date:  15 July 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (B/D25.329)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9547

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Hanover (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242); letter to J.  V.  Carus, 9 July [1874] ). …
  • … To F.  C.  Donders   15 July 1874
  • … B/D25.329) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 July 1874 Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) …
  • … letter from F.  C.  Donders, 12 July 1874 . Donders had offered to send Theodor Wilhelm …
  • … see letter from F.  C.  Donders, 12 July 1874  and n.  10). CD refers to a dissertation …
  • … see letter from F.  C.  Donders, 12 July 1874  and n.  6). In Insectivorous plants , p.   …
  • … that mentioned in the letter from F.  C.  Donders, 12 July 1874 . George Howard Darwin had …
  • … in Utrecht, but returned home on 11 July 1874, cutting short his journey after reaching …

From J. D. Hooker   15 July 1874

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Summary

Asks what can be the meaning of appendages to tips of leaflets of enclosed Acacia or Mimosa.

Is at fibrin today.

Michael Foster suggests coagulation of protoplasm may be diseased, not digestive, symptom.

F. M. Balfour is at Kew today.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 206–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9548

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   15 July 1874
  • … DAR 103: 206–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 15 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, [before 15 July 1874] ). Nepenthes is the genus of tropical pitcher- …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [before 15 July 1874] . Francis Maitland Balfour. According to …
  • … Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), CD had a bad attack of diarrhoea and sickness on 13 July 1874. …
  • … bladderwort) was sent to CD on 19 September 1874 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Outwards …
  • … nectar glands, and food bodies in Belt 1874, pp.  218–20. The genus Acacia was formerly in …
  • … viscosa in his letter to Hooker of 2 July 1874. ( Lychnis viscaria is a synonym, but the …

To Donders   [after 15 July 1874]

Summary

Wishes he had known of atropia and hopes he will have time to try it next summer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [after 15 July 1874]
Classmark:  Christie’s S. Kensington, Sale 7th May 1993
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9548F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Donders   [after 15 July 1874] …
  • … Kensington, Sale 7th May 1993 Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 15 July 1874] Unidentified …

To J. D. Hooker   16 July 1874

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Summary

The Acacia must be Belt’s "Bulls’ horns".

The complexity of Utricularia has driven Frank and CD almost mad. Suspects it is necrophagous, i.e., it cannot digest, but absorbs decaying animal matter.

Foster is certainly in error. Every insect that Drosera catches causes aggregation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 326–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9550

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   16 July 1874
  • … DAR 95: 326–7 Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 July 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … s diary (DAR 242), CD had a bad attack of diarrhoea and sickness on Monday 13 July 1874. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 July 1874  and n.  2. Hooker had sent CD an Acacia …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 20 April [1874] and n.  6. Cecropia (the embauba or trumpet …
  • … tropics. Belt’s book was The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874). See letter from J.   …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. July 16 1874 My dear Hooker Surely the acacia must be the …
  • … D.   Hooker, 15 July 1874  and n.  1. CD and Francis Darwin had recently begun to study …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 July 1874 ). CD discussed aggregation in the protoplasm …

From J. D. Hooker   16 July [1874]

Summary

JDH has told Murray that the Quarterly Review article attacking George [Darwin] and CD [137 (1874): 40–77] was "as base as it was baseless".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210. 1. 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9552

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   16 July [1874] …
  • … DAR 210. 1. 2 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 16 July [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … attacking George [Darwin] and CD [137 (1874): 40–77] was "as base as it was baseless". …

From T. L. Marshall   16 July [1874]

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Summary

She and her father have been counting insect remains on Pinguicula hairs.

Author:  Theodosia Louisa Marshall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 123–4, 127
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9551

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From T.  L.  Marshall   16 July [1874] …
  • … 58.1: 123–4, 127 Theodosia Louisa Marshall Keswick 16 July [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 1977; see letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] ). No letters to or from Henry Cowper Marshall …
  • … in the now invalid order Homoptera. In 1874, 16 July was a Thursday. ‘ Thursday . . . now’ …
  • … see letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874 ). George Biddell Airy, the astronomer …
  • … in the expedition to New Zealand (see letter to W.  D.  Fox, 11 May [1874] and n.  12). …

To G. J. Romanes   16 July 1874

Summary

Thanks GJR for his letter, regrets pressure of other work prevents his giving GJR’s remarks the attention they deserve. GJR makes clearer how an organ that has started to decrease will go on decreasing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  16 July 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (444)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9549

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   16 July 1874
  • … Philosophical Society (444) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 July 1874 George John Romanes …
  • … See letter from G.  J.  Romanes, 10 July 1874 . CD refers …
  • … to Romanes’s letters to Nature , 9 April 1874, pp.   …
  • … 440–1, and 2 July 1874, p.  164 (Romanes 1874b and 1874c). See …
  • … letter from G.  J.  Romanes, 10 July 1874  and n.  13. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. July 16 1874 Dear Sir I am much obliged for the copy of your long …

From J. D. Hooker   18 July 1874

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Summary

Two Nepenthes have devoured two pieces of fibrin [sketch shows size] in three days.

Has CD any objection to JDH’s giving an account of CD’s Drosera observations at Belfast [BAAS meeting] in a résumé of pitcher-plant results ["Address to the department of botany and zoology", Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 102–16]?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 208–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9553

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   18 July 1874
  • … DAR 103: 208–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 18 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … results ["Address to the department of botany and zoology", Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 102–16]? …
  • … advice from CD (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [before 15 July 1874] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 15 July 1874 , and n.  4). CD was interested in the digestive ability of the …
  • … performed at the Mozart Festival ( Theatrical Observer and Musical Review , 20 July 1874). …
  • … for the Advancement of Science in August 1874 (J.  D.  Hooker 1874a and 1874b). …
  • … was a concert that took place on 16 July 1874, to raise funds for the Mozart Institution …
  • … Observer and Musical Review , 20 July 1874). Emma Albani sang ‘Dove sono’, an aria from …

From W. E. Darwin [19? July 1874]

Summary

WED encloses a letter from H. M. Wilkinson about Utricularia and sundew.

H. M. Wilkinson has examined bladders of Utricularia; doubts that they absorb or digest insects.

H. M. Wilkinson describes dragonfly trapped by sundew [Drosera].

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [19? July 1874]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 53); DAR 58.1: 135–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9554

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin [19? July 1874] …
  • … DAR 58.1: 135–6 William Erasmus Darwin Southampton [19? July 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … it will be a pleasure to do it. July 18. 1874. I open this again to say that I saw a most …

To J. D. Hooker   20 July [1874]

Summary

"It is grand about Nepenthes."

JDH is welcome to notice in any way any of CD’s published or unpublished results with insectivorous plants. Gives an abstract of his observations on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 July [1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8: 32–37)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9555

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   20 July [1874] …
  • … plants 1873–8: 32–37) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 July [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … from home from 25 July until 24 August 1874; the first five days were spent at the home of …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 18 July 1874 . Hooker wanted to present his experimental …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 18 July 1874  and n.  2). In the summer of 1873, CD had …
  • … are carboxylic acids. See letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 30 March [1874] ). See …
  • … letter from Joseph Fayrer, 17 June 1874 . CD quoted Theodor Nitschke on this point in …

From J. D. Dana   21 July 1874

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Summary

Thanks CD for Coral reefs [2d ed. (1874)].

JDD will correct his misunderstanding of CD on one point in the next edition of his book [Corals and coral islands].

Suggests CD consult Charles Wilkes’s Narrative [1844] for more accurate observations on Pacific islands.

Author:  James Dwight Dana
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 69: A71–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9556

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Dana   21 July 1874
  • … DAR 69: A71–2 James Dwight Dana New Haven, Conn. 21 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Thanks CD for Coral reefs [2d ed. (1874)]. JDD will correct his misunderstanding of CD on …
  • … New Haven, Conn. , July 21. | 1874. Mr Darwin— My dear Sir: I have received the copy of …

From D. A. Spalding   21 July 1874

Summary

Thanks for CD’s son’s observations

and for allowing DAS to visit Down.

Author:  Douglas Alexander Spalding
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 177: 221
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9557

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From D.  A.  Spalding   21 July 1874
  • … DAR 177: 221 Douglas Alexander Spalding Chepstow 21 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … before 13 February 1873]). Spalding visited CD on 27 May 1874 (see letter to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 27 May [1874] ). …
  • … see the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 May [1874] . George Howard Darwin evidently sent some …
  • … and Katharine Louisa Russell), in 1873. In May 1874, Frank became ill with diphtheria, but …
  • … his mother caught the disease and died in June 1874 (Moorehead 1992, p.  14). For more on …

From Joseph Fayrer   22 July 1874

Summary

Is glad CD approves of his book;

has not yet done any more experiments on snake poison.

Author:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9559

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Joseph Fayrer   22 July 1874
  • … Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet London, Granville Place, 16 22 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of Francis Darwin and Amy Ruck on 23 July 1874, but no record of a visit to or from Fayrer …
  • … 16 Granville Place 22 July 1874 Dear Sir Many thanks for the book which has reached me …
  • … see letter from Joseph Fayrer, 6 July 1874  and n.  3). CD evidently commented on the …
  • … venom (see letter to Joseph Fayrer, 4 July [1874] and n.  2). Results of experiments that …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’ Darwin confessed in January1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months. January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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