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From L. C. Harrison to Emma Darwin   [before 1 July 1874]

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Summary

Sends reference on Pinguicula [for CD].

Author:  Lucy Caroline Wedgwood; Lucy Caroline Harrison
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  [before 1 July 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 138
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9525

Matches: 4 hits

  • … digestive ability (see, for example, letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 23 June 1874 ). …
  • … From L.  C.  Harrison to Emma Darwin   [before 1 July 1874] …
  • … Wedgwood/Lucy Caroline Harrison unstated [before 1 July 1874] Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin …
  • … letter from L.  C.  Harrison, [1 July 1874] . Harrison’s father was Josiah Wedgwood III.   …

To Francis Darwin   [July 1874 – September 1876]

Summary

Has had a nice stay with William, who is charming but rather languid and cannot read to himself.

Love to Amy [Darwin] and Mrs Ruck.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [July 1874–Sept 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 271.4: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9523A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   [July 1874 – September 1876] …
  • … DAR 271.4: 1 Charles Robert Darwin [July 1874–Sept 1876] Francis Darwin …

To Joseph Fayrer   [1–3 July 1874]

Summary

Cobra poison is a stimulant to protoplasm. Poison acts very differently on cilia and protoplasm of Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Date:  [1–3 July 1874]
Classmark:  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 23 (1874–5): 274
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9527F

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Joseph Fayrer   [1–3 July 1874] …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 23 (1874–5): 274 Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin [1–3 July 1874] Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet …
  • … see letter from Joseph Fayrer, 30 June 1874 ). CD’s experiment was performed on Drosera …
  • … between this letter, the letter from Joseph Fayrer, 30 June 1874 , and the letter to …
  • … Joseph Fayrer, 4 July [1874] . This letter was published in Brunton …
  • … to Joseph Fayrer, [before 25 June 1874] ). Square brackets in the original: presumably the …
  • … muscle tissues of a frog in his letter of 30 June 1874. In Fayrer’s experiment, the ciliae …

To W. E. Darwin   1 July [1874]

Summary

Asks WED to visit Winchester soon and collect Utricularia for him

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  1 July [1874]
Classmark:  Heritage Auctions (dealers) (11 May 2017)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9525F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To W. E. Darwin   1 July [1874] …
  • … dealers) (11 May 2017) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 July [1874] William Erasmus Darwin …

From J. D. Hooker   1 July 1874

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Summary

Has "given the slip" to Nepenthes, but is setting a plant up in an enclosure for special observation.

Has some splendid Sarracenia and will perform any miracle regarding them CD puts him up to.

Charmed with CD’s account of Pinguicula. Would like to try whether Lychnis has the same use of viscid fluid.

Has written for English Utricularia for CD.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 200–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9526

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   1 July 1874
  • … DAR 103: 200–1 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 1 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … nodes on the stem. In his letter of 26 June 1874, CD had asked Thiselton-Dyer whether they …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 March [1874] and n.  12). Sarracenia (trumpet pitchers) …
  • … letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 28 [June 1874] and n.  4). Lychnis viscosa is a synonym …
  • … William Turner Thiselton-Dyer of 26 June 1874, CD mentioned that Hooker was going to try …
  • … Hooker arrived at Down on Saturday 11 July 1874. In October and November 1873, Hooker had …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   1 July 1874

Summary

Describes leaf movements of Pinguicula and Drosera in capturing prey. Notes effects of ammonium carbonate on leaves.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  1 July 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Carnivorous Plants)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9527

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   1 July 1874
  • … Carnivorous Plants) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 July 1874 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. July 1 1874 My dear M r Dyer Very many thanks for your …
  • … from W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 26 June 1874 ; the letter is incomplete and the section where …
  • … Horticultural Society; see letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 28 [June 1874] and n.  4. CD …
  • … solution of carbonate of ammonia on 22 June 1874 (DAR 59.1: 54). CD noted the paralysing …

From L. C. Harrison   [1 July 1874]

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Summary

Sends further details on Pinguicula reference.

Author:  Lucy Caroline Wedgwood; Lucy Caroline Harrison
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 July 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 138v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9528

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From L.  C.  Harrison   [1 July 1874] …
  • … Lucy Caroline Wedgwood/Lucy Caroline Harrison unstated [1 July 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Harrison to Emma Darwin, [before 1 July 1874] and n.  2. Harrison refers to James Edward …
  • … quoted in her letter of [before 1 July 1874] does not appear in the first edition of the …

To J. D. Hooker   2 July 1874

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Summary

Thinks Frank and he have worked out Pinguicula well and they long to attack Utricularia. Tried several plants with sticky glandular hairs; some few absorb ammonia, but the greater number do not. If JDH sends plant or seed of Lychnis CD will examine it to see whether it catches many flies. Asa Gray has written him much about Sarracenia, with a specimen showing the splendid dodge by which ground insects are enticed up and then drowned. Describes how it may be investigated, to see whether it absorbs decayed matter from flies, or ammonia thus generated.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 322–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9529

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   2 July 1874
  • … DAR 95: 322–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 July 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874  and nn.  1 and 2. CD and Francis Darwin …
  • … a genus of carnivorous plants of the family Lentibulariaceae, in June 1874 (see letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] ). CD had also been trying to acquire specimens of Utricularia ( …
  • … see letter to W.  D.  Fox, 18 June 1874 ). In 1866, CD had asked Hooker for a plant of …
  • … 4, and 16 June 1874). A summary of …
  • … findings was published in Nature , 1 October 1874, p. 442. In Insectivorous plants , p.   …
  • … pitcher-plant, Nepenthes (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874  and n.  3). …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874  and n.  5. Lychnis viscosa is a synonym of …
  • … plant) was described by Joseph Hinson Mellichamp (Mellichamp 1874; see letters from …
  • … Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 and n.   …

From J. D. Hooker   3 July 1874

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Summary

Sends results of his observations on Nepenthes. Would be grateful for any hints for further observations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 202–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9530

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   3 July 1874
  • … DAR 103: 202–3 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 3 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874  and n.  3). In a letter of 31 October 1873 ( …

To T. H. Farrer   4 July [1874]

Summary

Has read THF’s article on Coronilla [see 9400] – "a very curious case"; is troubled by C. emerus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  4 July [1874]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/23)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9531

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Farrer   4 July [1874] …
  • … Ms 299/23) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 July [1874] Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer …
  • … s article, ‘Fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers—Coronilla’ (Farrer 1874), appeared in …
  • … Nature , 2 July 1874. …
  • … In Farrer 1874, p.  169, Farrer had described and illustrated how the claw or base of the …
  • … Dalton Hooker visited CD on Saturday 11 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Flowers …

To Joseph Fayrer   4 July [1874]

Summary

Suggests experiment involving cobra poison on white corpuscles. Thanks for offer of Crotalus poison.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Date:  4 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 104
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9533

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Joseph Fayrer   4 July [1874] …
  • … DAR 144: 104 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 July [1874] Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet …
  • … his response to the letter to T.  L.  Brunton, 25 May [1874] , which has not been found. …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Joseph Fayrer, 6 July 1874 . …
  • … In his letter of 30 June 1874, Fayrer had described an experiment in which he added a …
  • … of the tentacles. See letter to Joseph Fayrer, [1–3  July 1874] , and letter from …
  • … Joseph Fayrer, 30 June 1874 . Crotalus is the genus of rattlesnakes. See …
  • … letter to T.  L.  Brunton, 25 May [1874] and n.  5. …
  • … his response to CD’s letter of 11 May 1874, Thomas Lauder Brunton had evidently mentioned …

To J. D. Hooker   4 July 1874

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Summary

It would be interesting to prove that some plants feed on decayed animal matter whilst others like Drosera can digest fresh animal matter. Suggests the method for observing this.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 324–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9532

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   4 July 1874
  • … DAR 95: 324–5 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 July 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … bladderwort; see letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 26 June 1874 ). He probably refers to …
  • … William Darwin Fox (see letter to John Ralfs, 8 July 1874 and n. 2). …
  • … Mg: morning. Hooker visited CD on 11 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July 1874 . Hooker had asked for hints for observation …
  • … the tropical pitcher-plant) in his letter of 3 July 1874. Drosera is the genus of sundews. …
  • … In his letter of 3 July 1874, Hooker mentioned he had observed a sugary secretion produced …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874 . CD had asked several correspondents for …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. July 4 1874 My dear Hooker I do not know that I have any …

From Joseph Fayrer   6 July 1874

Summary

Will do experiments CD suggests.

Is sending his book on the poisonous snakes of India [The Thanatophidia of India (1872)].

Author:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 110
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9534

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Joseph Fayrer   6 July 1874
  • … Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet London, Granville Place, 16 6 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to Joseph Fayrer, 4 July [1874] . See …
  • … letter to Joseph Fayrer, 4 July [1874] and nn.  5 and 6. Fayrer refers to Thomas Lauder …
  • … of Fayrer’s book, Thanatophidia of India (Fayrer 1872), was published in February 1874 ( …
  • … Fayrer 1874; see Publishers’ …
  • … circular , 2 March 1874, p.  138). CD was …
  • … for the wedding of Francis Darwin and Amy Ruck on 23 July 1874; his next visit to London …
  • … was from 3 to 12 December 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Fayrer wrote that the object …
  • … 16 Granville Place 6 July 1874 My dear Sir I will take the earliest opportunity of trying …

From J. V. Carus   7 July 1874

Summary

Thanks for proofs [of Descent, 2d English ed.].

Publisher would like better photographs for Expression [2d German ed.].

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 161: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9536

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   7 July 1874
  • … DAR 161: 96 Julius Victor Carus Edinburgh 7 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … pp.  108–10. In the summers of 1873 and 1874, Carus gave a course of lectures on natural …
  • … before 8 May 1873] , and this volume, letter from J.  V.  Carus, 19 January 1874 ). …
  • … see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 17 June [1874] ). After visiting Frans Cornelis Donders in …
  • … really better’ (letter from Emma Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 7 July 1874; DAR 239.23: 1.19). …
  • … George arrived back at Down on 11 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Carus was …
  • … George Street, | Edinburgh, 7 th . July | 1874 My dear Sir, I was very sorry to learn from …
  • … foreign editions, including Carus trans.  1874, had been supplied by John Murray from the …

To F. C. Donders   7 July 1874

Summary

Asks about the effect of atropine on the eye. Is interested in parallel case: influence of phosphate of ammonia on glands of Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders
Date:  7 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 143: 417
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9535

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To F.  C.  Donders   7 July 1874
  • … 417 Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 July 1874 Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders …
  • … Emma Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 7 July 1874 (DAR 239.23: 1.19)). Water of crystallisation …

From E. B. Baxter   8 July 1874

Summary

Sends quotation from R. C. Virchow which contravenes CD’s statement in Expression that there is no voluntary control of the iris.

Author:  Evan Buchanan Baxter
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 160: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9538

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From E.  B.  Baxter   8 July 1874
  • … DAR 160: 96 Evan Buchanan Baxter King’s College, London 8 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …

From J. D. Hooker   8 July 1874

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Summary

The appetite of Nepenthes for hard-boiled egg is prodigious.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 204–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9537

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   8 July 1874
  • … DAR 103: 204–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 8 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hooker visited CD on 11 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Orpington was the …
  • … tropical pitcher-plant, Nepenthes (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 July 1874 and n.  1). …

To John Ralfs   8 July 1874

Summary

Thanks for the Pinguicula plants, which have recovered, and asks if he could also send Utricularia, since his other supplies have failed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Ralfs
Date:  8 July 1874
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 76527)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9534F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To John Ralfs   8 July 1874
  • … The Huntington Library (HM 76527) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 July 1874 John Ralfs …
  • … see letter to David Moore, 28 June 1874 ). Joseph Dalton Hooker had described Pinguicula …
  • … a specimen ( letter to W.  D.  Fox, 18 June 1874 ). CD had written to David Moore, the …

To J. V. Carus   9 July [1874]

Summary

Advises JVC on how his publisher might deal with problem of getting satisfactory heliotype copies for 2d [German] edition of Expression.

Regrets that he will again be away in August, when JVC might have come for a visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  9 July [1874]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859 Darwin, Charles, Bl. 116–118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9539

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   9 July [1874] …
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl. 116–118 Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 July [1874] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J.  V.  Carus, 7 July 1874 . See letter from J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 7 July 1874  and n.  3. The Heliotype Company had been late in fulfilling the …
  • … George Howard Darwin returned from abroad on 11 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … from home from 25 July until 24 August 1874 (see ‘Journal’ ( Appendix II)). CD and Carus …

From David Moore   9 July 1874

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Summary

Sends an Utricularia and a Drosophyllum.

Observations on Pinguicula grandiflora. [See Insectivorous plants, p. 390.]

Author:  David (David Moir) Moore
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 75–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9541

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From David Moore   9 July 1874
  • … 75–6 David (David Moir) Moore Botanic Garden, Glasnevin 9 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to David Moore, 28 June 1874 . Utricularia vulgaris is common bladderwort. …
  • … In his letter of 28 June 1874, CD had mentioned his work on Drosophyllum (Portuguese …
  • … Botanic Garden, Glasnevin. 9 th July 1874. My dear Sir A plant of Utricularia vulgaris has …
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06 (1)
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’ Darwin confessed in January1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months. January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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