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From J. S. Burdon Sanderson   12 May [1874]

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Summary

Reports results of experiments comparing digestibility of gluten and fibrin for CD’s work on Drosera.

Author:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 May [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 51–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9456

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   12 May [1874] …
  • … John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet Brown Institution 12 May [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 14 May 1874 . For the results of Burdon Sanderson’s …
  • … letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 30 March [1874] . Edward Emanuel Klein. See letter …
  • … from E.  E.  Klein, 14 May 1874 . These experiments were reported in Insectivorous …

From Asa Gray   12 May 1874

Summary

Encloses letter and sketch from O. N. Rood on pointed ears.

Reports observations on Sarracenia variolaris. A correspondent finds that the fluid in the pitchers is anaesthetic and that a sweet trail runs down the plant, nearly to the ground, to lure up ants.

Encloses two articles on insectivorous plants [Nation 18 (1874): 216–17, 232–4].

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 165: 184
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9455

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   12 May 1874
  • … DAR 165: 184 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 12 May 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … notes for CD’s letter to Gray of 3 June [1874]. The subject of the ‘wolf story’ has not …
  • … up ants. Encloses two articles on insectivorous plants [ Nation 18 (1874): 216–17, 232–4]. …
  • … Ogden Nicholas Rood. Gray’s articles appeared in the Nation , 2 April 1874, pp.   …
  • … 216–17, and 9 April 1874, pp.  232–4 ([A. Gray] 1874a). …
  • … as ‘Do plants eat insects? ’ in two parts in the Gardeners’ Chronicle , 2 May 1874 and …
  • … 9 May 1874 ([A. Gray] 1874b). Alfred William Bennett reported similar findings to those of …
  • … Cambridge, Mass, May 12, 1874 Dear Darwin Here is a note & sketch, from Prof. Rood of New …
  • … see letter to Asa Gray, 3  June [1874] and n.  9). CD’s copy has not been found. Gray …
  • … 12–14, and pp.  30–2. See also Mellichamp 1874. He also refers to Jeffries Wyman. Gray …
  • … Crinoida Dajeeana . The man-eating tree of Madagascar’ ( World , 28 April 1874, p.  7; …
  • … Asa Gray Columbia College May 4 th . 1874 Dear Professor; When Darwin’s book on the “ …

To J. S. B. Sanderson   [after 12 May 1874]

Author:  unknown
Addressee:  unknown
Date:  
Classmark:  Woodward Library, University of British Columbia
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9457

Matches: 1 hit

  • … To J.  S.  B.  Sanderson   [after 12 May 1874] …

To J. N. Lockyer   13 May [1874]

Summary

Encloses notes concerning his life and list of publications.

Returns the letters about primroses: they contain little that is new. Dr Bree’s is the best.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Norman Lockyer
Date:  13 May [1874]
Classmark:  University of Exeter Library Special Collections (EUL MS 110)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9458A

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  N.  Lockyer   13 May [1874] …
  • … Collections (EUL MS 110) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 May [1874] Joseph Norman Lockyer …
  • … off the flowers of primroses. The replies were printed in Nature , 30 April 1874, p.   …
  • … 509, and 7 May 1874, pp.  6–7. Charles Robert Bree’s letter was not printed. Lockyer was …
  • … and the letter to Nature , 18 April [1874] (see n.  3, below). The enclosure has not been …
  • … of him in the ‘Scientific worthies’ series in Nature , 4 June 1874 (A.  Gray 1874c). …
  • … See also letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] . …
  • … See letter to Nature , 18 April [1874]. CD asked correspondents whether they had observed …

From J. F. McLennan   13 May 1874

Summary

Bernard Quaritch interested in reprinting Primitive marriage.

Author:  John Ferguson McLennan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9458

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  F.  McLennan   13 May 1874
  • … 171: 22 John Ferguson McLennan London, Spring Gardens 13 May 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … DAR 242), Henrietta Emma and Richard Buckley Litchfield visited Down on 10 May 1874. …
  • … see letter from J.  F.  McLennan, 5 May 1874  and n.  3). Bernard Quaritch had premises at …
  • … John Murray, on McLennan’s behalf (see letter from J.  F.  McLennan, 8 May 1874  and n.   …
  • … 2, and letter to John Murray, 9 May [1874] ). No new edition of McLennan 1865 was …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   14 May 1874

Summary

Discusses digestion by insectivorous plants, asks JSBS to try same experiments using pepsin as the digestive agent to see how the results compare with CD’s observations on digestive power of Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  14 May 1874
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9459

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   14 May 1874
  • … ARC-1731-1-17) Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 May 1874 John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet …
  • … from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 30 March [1874] , and Insectivorous plants , p.  120). …
  • … Hydrochloric acid. See letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 30 March [1874] . …
  • … from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 12 May [1874] ). CD refers to Henry Watts’s Dictionary of …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. May 14. 1874 My dear D r Sanderson I am very much obliged about …

To Edward Frankland   14 May [1874]

Summary

Requests sewage water (and oleic acid) for experiments to determine sensitivity of leaves [of Drosera].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  14 May [1874]
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, The University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9460A

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Edward Frankland   14 May [1874] …
  • … The University of Manchester Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 May [1874] Edward Frankland …
  • … letter to Nature , 7 and 11 May [1874] (published on …
  • … 14 May 1874). The results of CD’s experiments with oleic, benzoic, and acetic acid are …
  • … Nature (see n.  4, below). See letter to Edward Frankland, 12 April 1874 , and letter from …
  • … Edward Frankland, 15 April 1874 . CD was attempting to determine the sensitivity of the …
  • … removing the nectaries of cowslips (see letters from Edward Frankland, 26 April 1874 and …
  • … 30 April 1874); CD included these observations in his …

From E. E. Klein   14 May 1874

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Summary

Reports on his examination of the effects of Drosera secretion on tooth enamel and dentine, and of artificial gastric juice on fibrous basis of bone.

Author:  Edward Emanuel Klein
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9460

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From E.  E.  Klein   14 May 1874
  • … DAR 58.1: 53 Edward Emanuel Klein Brown Institution 14 May 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Institution, | Wandsworth Road, S.W. May 14. 1874. Dear Mr.  Darwin, I have examined the …
  • … See letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 5 May [1874] , and letter from J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 12 May [1874] . Klein worked under John Scott Burdon Sanderson at …

To Carl du Prel   19 May 1874

Summary

Thanks him for copy of book [Der Kampf um’s Dasein am Himmel (1874)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Carl Ludwig August Friedrich Maximilian Alfred (Carl) Du Prel, baron
Date:  19 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 144: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9462

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Carl du Prel   19 May 1874
  • … DAR 144: 5 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 May 1874 Carl Ludwig August Friedrich Maximilian …
  • … Thanks him for copy of book [ Der Kampf um’s Dasein am Himmel (1874)]. …
  • … Down. | Beckenham Kent. May 19. 1874. My dear Sir I thank you for your extremely kind & …
  • … the mechanics of the world of stars; du Prel 1874), applied the principles of biological …

From C. H. Merriam   19 May 1874

Summary

Sends the 1872 Report of the U. S. Geological Survey of the Territories, for which he was zoologist.

Most American naturalists support CD. His study of ornithology convinced him.

Lepus bairdii has a distribution limited to Yellowstone Lake.

No doubt CD knows of O. C. Marsh’s horse fossils.

Author:  Clinton Hart Merriam
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 159
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9461

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From C.  H.  Merriam   19 May 1874
  • … DAR 171: 159 Clinton Hart Merriam East Hampton, Mass. 19 May 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … American origins of the horse with a series of fossil discoveries (see O. C. Marsh 1874). …
  • … East Hampton, Mass. May 19, 1874. Dr.  Chas. Darwin; Dear Sir; Your note of April 29 …
  • … Letter to C.  H.  Merriam, 29 April 1874. Merriam refers to Hayden 1873. The report states …

To Edward Frankland   20 May [1874]

Summary

Thanks for the sewage water and the oleic acid. The former does not seem to act.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  20 May [1874]
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, The University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9462A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Edward Frankland   20 May [1874] …
  • … The University of Manchester Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 May [1874] Edward Frankland …
  • … letter to Edward Frankland, 14 May [1874] ; CD was attempting to determine the sensitivity …

From J. V. Carus   22 May 1874

Summary

Sends Edinburgh address so he may be sent sheets of Descent [2d English, for 3d German ed.].

Has a large class for his lectures.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 161: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9463

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   22 May 1874
  • … DAR 161: 95 Julius Victor Carus Edinburgh 22 May 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 21 January 1874 ). It was published by E.  Schweizerbart’sche …
  • … University in the summers of 1873 and 1874; he was standing in for Charles Wyville …
  • … 53, George Street | Edinburgh, May 22 d | 1874. My dear Sir, I write only a line to-day to …

From T. L. Brunton   23 May 1874

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Summary

Comments on his examination of slides [of milk casein?] sent by CD.

Surprised by CD’s finding that a drop of one per cent hydrochloric acid stops digestion of albumen by Drosera.

Author:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 120–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10512

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From T.  L.  Brunton   23 May 1874
  • … Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet London, Somerset St, 23 23 May 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … vol. 22, letter to T. L. Brunton, 11 May 1874 . Brunton was a physician at St Bartholomew’ …
  • … vol. 22, letter to T. L. Brunton, 11 May 1874 ). CD had made the experiment to ascertain …
  • … S t . Portman Sq | London W. May 23 d . 1874 My dear Sir I am ashamed to see the date on …

To J. V. Carus   23 May [1874]

Summary

Descent [2d English ed.] will not be published until November. Will send JVC first sheet of revised proofs soon.

Pleased to hear of success of JVC’s lectures.

Summer plans have changed. Does not yet know when he will take a month’s holiday.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  23 May [1874]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 120–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9464

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   23 May [1874] …
  • … Surrey and at Southampton from 25 July to 24 August 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl. 120–1 Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 May [1874] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J.  V.  Carus, 22 May 1874 . The second edition of …
  • … published by John Murray on 13 November 1874. The printer was William Clowes & Sons. On …
  • … in the second edition of Descent . See letter from J.  V.  Carus, 22 May 1874  and n.  2. …
  • … from CD to Carus is that of 19 March [1874]; however, there may have been a later letter …
  • … is now missing (see letter from J.  V.  Carus, 5 April 1874 ). CD stayed at Abinger in …

From G. E. Dobson   23 May 1874

Summary

Sends his paper ["On secondary sexual characters in the Cheiroptera", Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (1873): 241–52]

and some of his observations of the gecko, which appear to contradict CD’s opinion.

Author:  George Edward Dobson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 162: 192
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9465

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From G.  E.  Dobson   23 May 1874
  • … 162: 192 George Edward Dobson R. Victoria Hosp. , Netley 23 May 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Victoria Hospital | Netley 23 rd . May 1874. Dear Sir Had I known your address previously …

To Japetus Steenstrup   23 May [1874 or 1875?]

Summary

"With kind regards, & many thanks for Prof. Steenstrup’s Photograph, which is most highly valued by C. Darwin"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johannes Japetus Smith (Japetus) Steenstrup
Date:  23 May 1874 or 23 May 1875
Classmark:  Det Kongelige Bibliotek, Copenhagen (tipped into a copy of Orchids)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5098

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Japetus Steenstrup   23 May [1874 or 1875? ] …
  • … of Orchids ) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 May 1874 23 May 1875 Johannes Japetus Smith ( …

From G. S. Anderson   24 May 1874

Summary

Sends CD photograph of a "natural curiosity", a bear apparently "painted" with red iron on the face of a soft rock; has also sent copies to a few U. S. scientists.

Author:  George S. Anderson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 159: 58
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9466

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From G.  S.  Anderson   24 May 1874
  • … DAR 159: 58 George S. Anderson Fort Lyon, USA 24 May 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Fort Lyon C.T. | U.S.  America May 24 th . 1874 Mr.  Charles Darwin, F.R.S. &c. Hon. Sir; …

To T. L. Brunton   25 May [1874]

Summary

CD responds to information about residue of milk digested by Drosera. Is obliged for information on strength of acids and albumen and now has little doubt acid had impaired the leaves. Awaits word on pepsin and papaw juice.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Date:  25 May [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9468

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To T.  L.  Brunton   25 May [1874] …
  • … Society Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 May [1874] Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet …
  • … his response to CD’s letter of 11 May 1874, Brunton had evidently mentioned the digestive …
  • … between this letter and the letter to T.  L.  Brunton, 11 May 1874 . Brunton’s …
  • … reply to CD’s letter of 11 May 1874 has not been found. CD’s questions were about the …
  • … See letter to T.  L.  Brunton, 11 May 1874  and n.  1, and Insectivorous plants , p.  114. …

To G. E. Dobson   25 May [1874]

Summary

Thanks for note and paper ["Secondary sexual characters in Cheiroptera", Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (1873): 241–52].

Has corrected error in new edition of Descent [1874].

Sees nothing strange in geckos inhabiting frost-clad land and having no claws.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Edward Dobson
Date:  25 May [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (B/D25.360)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9467

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To G.  E.  Dobson   25 May [1874] …
  • … Society (B/D25.360) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 May [1874] George Edward Dobson …
  • … See letter from G.  E.  Dobson, 23 May 1874  and n.  4. Hyla is a genus of tree frogs. …
  • … error in new edition of Descent [1874]. Sees nothing strange in geckos inhabiting frost- …
  • … See letter from G.  E.  Dobson, 23 May 1874 . Dobson 1873 appeared in Proceedings of the …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   25 May 1874

Summary

Regret at reading of Huxley’s death [a false report].

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Kovalevsky
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 169: 97
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9469

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   25 May 1874
  • … Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Kovalevsky Paris 25 May 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Paris May 25 1874 Dear Sir! I have been some two months occupied by geology in different …
  • … s death appeared in Journal de zoologie 3 (1874): 48. The journal was edited by Paul …
  • … and John Phillips, who died on 24 April 1874 ( ODNB ). After Michael Sars died in 1869, …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

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  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

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  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

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  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

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  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

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  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

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  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

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  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

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  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

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  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

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  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

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  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

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  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

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  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

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  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

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  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

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  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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