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From J. M. Grandclément   [May 1874]

Summary

He was chagrined to read in Descent CD’s statement that smallpox vaccine has saved thousands of lives. He has found no scientific reason to believe in the prophylactic effect of the vaccine. In epidemic of 1870–1, smallpox killed more vaccinated persons than were killed by cholera, against which there is no vaccine, in 1853–4. Cites the difficulties in arriving at a conclusive proof of vaccine’s effectiveness.

Author:  Joseph Marie Grandclément
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [May 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 87
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9436

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  M.  Grandclément    [May 1874] …
  • … DAR 165: 87 Joseph Marie Grandclément Clermont-Ferrand [May 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … from J.  M.  Grandclément, [after 15 June 1874] , which refers to a letter sent in May. …

From W. W. Keen   [May–June? 1874]

Summary

CD’s theory has his qualified support.

He suggests the inheritance of syphilis as an example of sexual selection.

Gives an example of inherited expression in his wife’s and daughter’s frowns.

Author:  William Williams Keen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [May–June? 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9437

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From W.  W.  Keen   [May–June? 1874] …
  • … DAR 169: 2 William Williams Keen Philadelphia [May–June? 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …

From Leonard Darwin   3 May 1874

Summary

Experiments on sensitive plants.

Author:  Leonard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 161: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9438

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Leonard Darwin   3 May 1874
  • … DAR 161: 77 Leonard Darwin unstated 3 May 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …

To Easton and Anderson   4 May [1874]

Summary

CD’s son Horace wishes to continue at Easton and Anderson’s Works. CD trusts they will not bind him to long hours of work as this would be against medical advice.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Easton and Anderson
Date:  4 May [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 97: C55
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9440

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Easton and Anderson   4 May [1874] …
  • … DAR 97: C55 Charles Robert Darwin unstated 4 May [1874] Easton and Anderson …
  • … letter and the letter to W.  D.  Fox, 11 May [1874] . Horace Darwin served a three-year …

To F. S. B. François de Chaumont   4 May 1874

Summary

Returns FDeC’s certificate for the Royal Society signed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Stephen Bennet François de Chaumont
Date:  4 May 1874
Classmark:  Wellcome Library (RAMC/473/5) Trustees of the Army Medical Services Museum
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9439

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To F.  S.  B.  François de Chaumont   4 May 1874
  • … Museum Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 May 1874 Francis Stephen Bennet François de Chaumont …
  • … support (see the letter to F.  S.  B.  François de Chaumont, 30 April 1874  and n.  1). …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. May 4 1874 Dear D r de Chaumont I return the enclosed signed. I …

From T. M. Story-Maskelyne   4 May 1874

Summary

Reply to CD’s letter in Nature ["Flowers of the primrose", Collected papers 2: 183–4]. She has a canary that eats primroses.

Author:  Thereza Mary Story-Maskelyne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 177: 263
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9426

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From T.  M.  Story-Maskelyne   4 May 1874
  • … Mary Story-Maskelyne London, Gloucester Terrace, 112 4 May 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to Nature , 18 April [1874]. The cases appear in …
  • … CD’s letter to Nature , 7 and 11 May [1874], credited to ‘a lady’. …
  • … Terrace, | Hyde Park Gardens. W. May 4. 1874 Dear Sir Your letter in “Nature” vol 9.  p.   …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   5 May [1874]

Summary

Thanks for the acid digestion experiments, which can be printed as they are. CD trying Drosera on dentine and enamel.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  5 May [1874]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9441

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   5 May [1874] …
  • … ARC-1731-1-4) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 May [1874] John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet …
  • … letter and the letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 14 May 1874 . See the letter from J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 30 March [1874] . The experiments appear in Insectivorous plants , …

From J. F. McLennan   5 May 1874

Summary

Would like to see C. S. Wake’s paper ["Marriage among primitive peoples", Anthropologia 1 (1873–5): 197–207].

Will return L. H. Morgan’s work [? Systems of consanguinity (1871)].

Murray suggests Macmillan’s are more likely to reprint JFMcL’s Primitive marriage.

Author:  John Ferguson McLennan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9442

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  F.  McLennan   5 May 1874
  • … Clark was also treating CD (see letter to B.  J.  Sulivan, 6 January [1874] and n.  6). …
  • … DAR 171: 20 John Ferguson McLennan Campden Hill 5 May 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bill, read for the first time on 23 June 1874 ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser. , …
  • … vol.  220 (1874), cols.  343–4). Sixty-one Bedford Gardens was McLennan’s home address ( …

To Nature   7 and 11 May [1874]

Summary

Thanks Nature correspondents for their observations on destruction of primroses [Nature 9 (1874): 509; 10 (1874): 6–7]. Reports an error in his observations: ovules, as well as nectar, are taken by the birds. As the habit of cutting off primrose flowers is widespread, CD concludes it is instinctive in bullfinches.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  7 and 11 May [1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 14 May 1874, pp. 24–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9444

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To Nature    7 and 11 May [1874] …
  • … Nature , 14 May 1874, pp.  24–5 …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 and 11 May [1874] Nature …
  • … correspondents for their observations on destruction of primroses [ Nature 9 (1874): 509; …
  • … 10 (1874): 6–7]. Reports an error in his observations: ovules, as well as nectar, are …
  • … now in the London borough of Barnet. See letters from Edward Frankland, 26 April 1874 and …
  • … 30 April 1874. See letter from T.   …
  • … M.  Story-Maskelyne, 4 May 1874 . Douglas Spalding’s observations were in Spalding 1872a. …
  • … this quotation has been found, but see the letter from Edward Frankland, 26 April 1874 ). …
  • … Nature , 7 May 1874, pp.  6–7. …
  • … this letter in Nature . See letter to Nature , 18 April [1874]. A number of replies were …
  • … published in succeeding issues of the journal (see Nature , 30 April 1874, p.   …
  • … 509, and 7 May 1874, pp.  6–7). …
  • … this mistake in his letter of 26 April 1874. CD refers to Cecil James Monro (see letter …
  • … from C.  J.  Monro, 26 April 1874 ). High or Chipping Barnet was a town in Hertfordshire, …

From T. M. Reade   7 May 1874

Summary

Studying glacial drift in NW. England, he finds evidence of intense glacial activity, but the molluscan fauna does not appear to indicate a low sea temperature. Requests information on Tierra del Fuego molluscs for comparison.

Author:  Thomas Mellard Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 176: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9443

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From T.  M.  Reade   7 May 1874
  • … DAR 176: 27 Thomas Mellard Reade Blundellsands 7 May 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … while on the Beagle voyage (see Fossil Mammalia , pp.  3–11). T.  M.  Reade 1874–82. …
  • … Blundellsands | N r . Liverpool May 7 th 1874 My dear Sir Being engaged in investigating …

From W. D. Fox   8 May [1874]

Summary

Has left Delamere and settled on the Isle of Wight.

Author:  William Darwin Fox
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 May [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 197
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9446

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From W.  D.  Fox   8 May [1874] …
  • … DAR 164: 197 William Darwin Fox Sandown 8 May [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … an illness at Le Trouville, Cannes, on 23 March 1874 ( ODNB ). Lady Natherton has not been …
  • … bank in Southampton ( Banking almanac 1874). Brachemis crepitans , the bombadier beetle, …

From J. F. McLennan   8 May 1874

Summary

Thanks for issue of Anthropologia. Would be pleased if CD would write to Murray on his behalf.

Author:  John Ferguson McLennan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9447

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  F.  McLennan   8 May 1874
  • … DAR 171: 21 John Ferguson McLennan Campden Hill 8 May 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter from J.  F.  McLennan, 5 May 1874  and n.  2). McLennan had approached CD’s …
  • … see letter from J.  F.  McLennan, 5 May 1874  and n.  3). No second edition was published. …

To Béla Weisz   8 May 1874

Summary

Would be interesting to discuss political economy in light of evolution. Recommends Walter Bagehot Physics and politics [1872] and Descent in which source of moral sense is discussed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Béla Weisz
Date:  8 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 148: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9445

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Béla Weisz   8 May 1874
  • … DAR 148: 3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 May 1874 Béla Weisz …
  • … Down, Beckenham May 8 1874 Dear Sir It is a pleasure to me to answer as far as I can any …

From Michael Foster   [before 9 May 1874]

Summary

Encloses a report on state of appeal for Naples Zoological Station.

Author:  Michael Foster
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 9 May 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 167
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9448

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Michael Foster   [before 9 May 1874] …
  • … DAR 164: 167 Michael Foster unstated [before 9 May 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … station at Naples (see Circular to various scientific men, [7 April 1874], and letter to …
  • … Michael Foster, 23 April [1874] ). …
  • … and the letter to Michael Foster, 9 May [1874] . Foster’s letter is written on the blank …
  • … the letter from Michael Foster, 17 June [1874] . In this earlier copy, the printed list of …

To William Crookes   9 May [1874]

Summary

Regrets he cannot comply with request because of his work and poor health.

Delighted to have seen correspondent’s "wonderful experiment" at Royal Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Crookes
Date:  9 May [1874]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9449

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To William Crookes   9 May [1874] …
  • … Robert M. Stecher collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 May [1874] William Crookes …
  • … by the stationery, which is of a sort that CD used between 1872 and 1874, and by the …
  • … fact that only in 1874 had CD made a recent visit to London. Crookes’s request has not …
  • … the Royal Society of London on 22 April 1874, experiments showing attraction and repulsion …
  • … Crookes 1873; soirée programme; see also letter to Michael Foster, 23 April [1874] ). …

To Michael Foster   9 May [1874]

Summary

CD is rather disappointed by the money raised for Dohrn. Had hoped for £700–800.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Michael Foster
Date:  9 May [1874]
Classmark:  Michael Silverman (dealer): (January 2001)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9452

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Michael Foster   9 May [1874] …
  • … Silverman (dealer): (January 2001) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 May [1874] Michael Foster …
  • … to Anton Dohrn, 16 April and 9 August 1874 . CD refers to the printed appeal that was …
  • … station at Naples (see letter from Michael Foster, [before 9 May 1874] and n.  2). …

To John Murray   9 May [1874]

Summary

Recommends that JM consider publishing a new edition of J. F. McLennan’s Primitive marriage [1865]. CD considers it very valuable and not too indelicate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  9 May [1874]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 347–347A)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9451

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   9 May [1874] …
  • … Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 347–347A) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 May [1874] John Murray …
  • … the letter from J.  F.  McLennan, 13 May 1874 . There is a note at the top of this letter …
  • … the letter from J.  F.  McLennan, 5 May 1874 . CD refers to John Ferguson McLennan and his …
  • … in marriage ceremonies (McLennan 1865); see letters from J.  F.  McLennan, 5 May 1874 and …
  • … 8 May 1874. The first edition of McLennan 1865 was published by Adam and Charles Black of …

To T. M. Reade   9 May 1874

Summary

Interested in TMR’s investigation of drift. Narrative 1: 545–6 contains catalogue of shells collected. Much struck by marine productions of Tierra del Fuego.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Mellard Reade
Date:  9 May 1874
Classmark:  University of Liverpool Library (TMR1.D.7.1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9450

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To T.  M.  Reade   9 May 1874
  • … M.  Reade, 7  May 1874  and n.  2. …
  • … Liverpool Library (TMR1.D.7.1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 May 1874 Thomas Mellard Reade …
  • … See letter from T.  M.  Reade, 7 May 1874 . See Narrative 1: 545–56. CD described the …
  • … 12, and Journal of researches 2d ed. , p.  243. T. M. Reade 1874–82; see letter from T.   …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. May 9 1874 My dear Sir I much wish that I could give any aid in …

To T. L. Brunton   11 May 1874

Summary

Encloses, for examination, residue from skim-milk which has been on the glands of Drosera. Asks TLB to confirm his views on action of Drosera secretion on milk. Asks about effects of pepsin and hydrochloric acid in digestive juice.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Date:  11 May 1874
Classmark:  Princeton University Library, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Manuscripts Division (C0140 Box 13 AM20431)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9453

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To T.  L.  Brunton   11 May 1874
  • … Box 13 AM20431) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 May 1874 Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet …
  • … letter from T.  L.  Brunton, 4 September 1874 ; it is incomplete. No previous letter from …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. May 11 1874 My dear Dr Brunton Will you add to your former …

To W. D. Fox   11 May [1874]

Summary

Has just finished new editions of Descent

and Coral reefs.

Is working on a book almost wholly on Drosera; thinks he has made some discoveries.

Will never have strength and life to complete more of the series of books related to Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  11 May [1874]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 153)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9454

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To W.  D.  Fox   11 May [1874] …
  • … Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 153) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 May [1874] William Darwin Fox …
  • … See letter from W.  D.  Fox, 8 May [1874] . Fox had sent CD a copy of Joseph Merrin’s …
  • … 1864; see letter from W.  D.  Fox, 8 May [1874] and n.  3). Merrin 1864, p.  iv, implied …
  • … for the observation of the transit of Venus in 1874 and 1882. Horace served a three-year …
  • … with the engineering firm Easton and Anderson of Erith, Kent, starting in 1874. ( ODNB . ) …
  • … is the bombadier beetle. See letter from W.  D.  Fox, 8 May [1874] and n.  9. See letter …
  • … from W.  D.  Fox, 8 May [1874] and n.  11. CD refers to his father Robert Waring Darwin …
  • … Wedgwood married Matthew James Harrison in 1874 (Freeman 1978). Caroline’s husband was …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’ Darwin confessed in January1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months. January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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