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From Hubert Airy   21 July 1872

Summary

Corrects a factual error in his previous letter [8418].

Sends specimens illustrative of the "nodal" question.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1872
Classmark:  DAR 159: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8422

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Airy, 20 July 1872  and n.  2. In Airy 1874, pp.  304, Airy discussed variability of the …

From Francis Galton   29 July 1872

Summary

May FG have lunch with CD Thursday [1 Aug] and arrange about rabbits?

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 July 1872
Classmark:  DAR 105: A66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8432

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Office directory of the six home counties 1874. This is probably Maria Brandram ( BMD ( …

From H. H. Howorth   30 July 1872

Summary

Sends paper read before Anthropological Institute ["Strictures on Darwinism, pt 1", J. Anthropol. Inst. 2 (1873): 21–40]. CD is his master, though they disagree.

Criticises Wallace’s "contemptuous phrases".

Is studying elevation and subsidence.

Author:  Henry Hoyle Howorth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 July 1872
Classmark:  DAR 166: 277
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8437

Matches: 1 hit

  • … into two articles (Howorth 1873 and 1874) in the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society …

To ?   30 July [1872–4]

Summary

Thanks recipient for information about eye colour of his shepherd dogs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  30 July [1872-4]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8438

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 July 1872 30 July 1873 30 July 1874 Unidentified …
  • … in the centre; CD used this type of notepaper from January 1872 until November 1874. …

From R. F. Cooke   1 August 1872

Summary

Answers CD’s questions on arrangements for forthcoming publication of Expression – including cost of stereotypes, woodcuts, and photo reproductions for foreign translations.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Aug 1872
Classmark:  DAR 171: 411
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8444

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Expression was Pozzi and Benoît trans.  1874; the Italian translation was Canestrini and …

To Oswald Heer   4 August [1872–4]

Summary

Thanks OH for two memoirs on the fossil flora of Bear Island and Spitzbergen [K. Svensk. Vetensk. Akad. Handl. 8 (1869) no. 7; 9 (1870) no. 5].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Oswald Heer
Date:  4 Aug [1872-4]
Classmark:  Zentralbibliothek Zürich (Nachlass Oswald Heer 213.2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8454

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Oswald Heer 213.2) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Aug 1872 4 Aug 1873 4 Aug 1874 Oswald Heer …
  • … notepaper from January 1872 until November 1874. CD’s annotated copy of Heer 1870 (on the …

To ?   9 August [1872–4]

Summary

Will see that the error is corrected in the next reprint.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  9 Aug [1872-4]
Classmark:  Courtesy of the Robert D. Farber University Archives and Special Collections Department, Brandeis University (Autograph Collection (Bremer–Drew), box 3, folder 309)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8460F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 3, folder 309) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Aug 1872 9 Aug 1873 9 Aug 1874 Unidentified …

To Hubert Airy   24 August 1872

Summary

CD’s son Leonard of the Royal Engineers has applied to Sir George Biddell Airy to be an observer on the Venus Expedition. Leonard failed to mention his qualifications, which CD now relates with the request that HA draw them to his father’s attention.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hubert Airy
Date:  24 Aug 1872
Classmark:  CUL: Royal Greenwich Observatory archives 6/273 (section 3–4: 348–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8486A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and was stationed in New Zealand in 1874 ( ODNB ; Chauvin 2004, pp.  40–1). Leonard had …

From C.-F. Reinwald   17 September 1872

Summary

J. J. Moulinié’s mental faculties are much weakened.

Fortunately Descent and Origin are completely translated except the indexes.

A new translator will be needed for Expression.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Sept 1872
Classmark:  DAR 176: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8521

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and René Benoît (Pozzi and Benoît trans.  1874). Reinwald refers to CD’s publisher, John …

To R. F. Cooke   3 October 1872

Summary

Arrangements for foreign editions [of Expression]. Delay by Heliotype Company is provoking.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  3 Oct 1872
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 f. 262)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8540

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Dutch edition (Pozzi and Benoît trans.  1874; Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen trans.  1873). …

From J. V. Carus   7 October 1872

Summary

Has translated half of Expression; is delighted with it. Comments on some points that he questions.

Is at work on concluding part of his handbook of zoology [Handbuch der Zoologie, 2 vols. (1863–75), with A. Gerstaecker].

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Oct 1872
Classmark:  DAR 161: 84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8548

Matches: 1 hit

  • … at Edinburgh in the summers of 1873 and 1874 ( DSB ). The name Spenser, referring to the …

To R. F. Cooke   27 October [1872]

Summary

Discusses distribution of presentation copies of Expression. Sends instructions for mailing his copies. Discusses negotiations with C. Reinwald concerning French edition. Suggests journals to receive review copies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  27 Oct [1872]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 287
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8581

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Expression (Pozzi and Benoît trans.  1874). CD’s letter to Reinwald has not been found. …

To W. W. Baxter?   8 November [1872–4]

Summary

Orders enema.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  8 Nov [1872-4]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.410)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8613

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Nov 1872 8 Nov 1873 8 Nov 1874 William Walmisley Baxter …
  • … notepaper from January 1872 until November 1874. Baxter was CD’s chemist. On CD’s health, …

From S. H. Haliburton   8 November [1872]

Summary

Thanks for CD’s photograph, which recalls the Charles Darwin of olden days.

Author:  Sarah Harriet (Sarah Harriet Williams) (Sarah Harriet Mostyn Owen) Haliburton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Nov [1872]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8612

Matches: 1 hit

  • … According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), Haliburton lunched at Down on 24 April 1874. …

To W. W. Baxter?   10 November [1872–4]

Summary

Would greatly prefer an enema with a shorter nozzle but with a somewhat larger diameter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  10 Nov [1872-4]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13774

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Darwin Down 10 November 1872 10 November 1873 10 November 1874 William Walmisley Baxter …

To John Murray   11 November 1872

Summary

CD is delighted and astonished at sale of Expression,

and pleased with sale of others, except Descent. He fears a new edition of that work may never be required. Would have liked to bring out a thoroughly revised one.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  11 Nov 1872
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 276–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8620

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1871; a second edition was published in 1874. Murray may have given CD exact sale figures …

From Anton Dohrn   13 November 1872

Summary

Is amazed at Expression. Like CD’s former works, it contains the material and principles of a new science.

The Zoological Station is making good progress – now has a fine building. Hopes for a stable income from contributions of various governments.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Nov 1872
Classmark:  DAR 162: 211
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8624

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Station at Naples was published in 1874 and included as an insert to the Zeitschrift für …

To F. J. Furnivall   6 December [1872–3]

Summary

Formally declines the vice-presidency of a proposed society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederick James Furnivall
Date:  6 Dec [1872-3]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (FU 257)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8662

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of notepaper from January 1872 until November 1874. Furnivall founded a series of literary …

To C. J. Maynard   7 December [1872–3]

Summary

CD sends a better photo for CJM.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Johnson Maynard
Date:  7 Dec [1872-3]
Classmark:  Barbara and Robert Pincus (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8664

Matches: 1 hit

  • … notepaper from January 1872 until November 1874. The photograph that CD sent has not been …

From Alexander Agassiz   9 December 1872

Summary

Thanks for Expression.

Has lost a year’s work in the fire that has devastated Boston.

Author:  Alexander Agassiz
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Dec 1872
Classmark:  G. R. Agassiz ed. 1913, pp. 120–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8667

Matches: 1 hit

  • … the Echini was published in parts in 1872 and 1874; it included a separate atlas of plates …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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