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To John Tyndall   12 August [1874]

Summary

Returns proofs [of JT’s Belfast address, Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): lxvi–xcvii]. Gratified by what it says about his work and is anxious to read the whole address; it is a grand subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  12 Aug [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 21 (EH 88205959)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9599

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Tyndall   12 August [1874] …
  • … DAR 261.8: 21 (EH 88205959) Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 12 Aug [1874] John Tyndall …
  • … of JT’s Belfast address, Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): lxvi–xcvii]. Gratified by what it says about …
  • … and the letter from John Tyndall, 5 August 1874 . Tyndall had asked CD to read the proof- …
  • … CD’s theory of natural selection (see letter from John Tyndall, 5 August 1874 , and …
  • … Tyndall 1874, pp.  lxxxiii–lxxxvii). …

From D. T. Gardner   13 August 1874

Summary

The Club is proposing to celebrate Humboldt’s 105th birthday and would welcome a message from CD.

Author:  Daniel T. Gardner
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 97: C75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9600

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From D.  T.  Gardner   13 August 1874
  • … DAR 97: C75 Daniel T. Gardner New York 13 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Balch, [after 15 April 1871] ). See also letter to D.  T.  Gardner, [ c. 27 August 1874]. …

From Horace Darwin   17 August 1874

Summary

The occurrence and prevention of scale in boilers.

Anxious to hear Murray’s reply [to CD’s letter 9598].

Author:  Horace Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  17 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 162: 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9603

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Horace Darwin   17 August 1874
  • … DAR 162: 70 Horace Darwin Erith 17 Aug 1874 Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin …

From J. D. Hooker   17 August 1874

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Summary

Describes his work on Nepenthes.

Cephalotus is a beast.

His address is a history of Dionaea, Sarracenia, and Drosera.

Thiselton-Dyer has helped enormously except with the observations; but his health is so poor that JDH thinks he is "evidently cut out for a Literate not a working botanist".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 214–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9602

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   17 August 1874
  • … DAR 103: 214–18 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 17 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1874 . John Scott Burdon Sanderson (see J.  D.   …
  • … took place in Belfast from 19 to 26 August 1874 (J.  D.  Hooker 1874a); his subject was …
  • … pp.  97, 361). See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1874  and n.  3. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 18 July 1874 . CD had asked Hooker to see whether seeds that had been …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [before 15 July 1874] ). See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, …
  • … See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July 1874 . Cephalotus , the Albany pitcher-plant, is …

To G. H. Darwin   [20? August 1874]

Summary

Likes GHD’s article ["Professor Whitney on the origin of language", Contemp. Rev. (1874): 894]. "You have defended me nobly."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [20? Aug 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9711

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [20? August 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 38 Charles Robert Darwin Down [20? Aug 1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … on the origin of language", Contemp. Rev. (1874): 894]. "You have defended me nobly." …
  • … or proof-sheets. See also letter to J.  T.  Knowles, 31 July 1874 , and letter from J.   …
  • … T.  Knowles, 4 August 1874 . On the issues under discussion, see Radick 2008 , pp.  19–49. …
  • … of Chicago Press. Whitney, William Dwight. 1874. Darwinism and language. [Essay review of …
  • … Emma Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 23 August [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.21). In this letter, Emma …
  • … H.  Darwin 1874c (see n.  2, below). In 1874 the Thursday before 23 August was 20 August. …
  • … s ‘Darwinism and language’ ( Whitney 1874 ), and defended CD’ s views on language against …

To J. D. Hooker   20 August 1874

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Summary

It is splendid how Nepenthes is behaving. Drosera and Dionaea are insignificant by comparison.

Takes rather a malicious pleasure in JDH’s failure with Cephalotus as a match to his with Utricularia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 332–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9604

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   20 August 1874
  • … DAR 95: 332–3 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 20 Aug 1874 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … 1875b). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 August 1874 . CD refers to Grace Ellen Hooker. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 August 1874 . Hooker had reported on the ‘prodigious’ …
  • … Kent. [Bassett, Southampton. ] Aug.  20 1874 My dear Hooker I was very glad to get yr …
  • … pp.  395–453. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 . CD stayed with Thomas …
  • … at Abinger, Surrey, from 25 to 30 July 1874, and with his son William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … in Southampton from 30 July to 24 August 1874 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). John Tyndall …
  • … for the Advancement of Science (Tyndall 1874). John Lubbock gave an evening lecture on …
  • … It was reported in The Times , 24 August 1874, pp.  6–7; Lubbock published a small book on …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   21 August [1874]

Summary

Reports difficulties in experiments on digestion of fibro-cartilage. Asks about JSBS’s experiments with artificial digestive fluids.

JSBS must read Hooker’s address at Belfast [Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 103–16] to see what a magnificent digester Nepenthes is.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  21 Aug [1874]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-25); DAR 147: 415 (copy)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9605

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   21 August [1874] …
  • … 415 (copy) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Aug [1874] John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet …
  • … s address at Belfast [ Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 103–16] to see what a magnificent digester …
  • … reference to CD’s visit to Southampton; in 1874, CD returned from visiting his son William …
  • … of Insectivorous plants since April 1874 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). He presumably …
  • … took place in Belfast from 19 to 26 August 1874 ( J.  D.  Hooker 1874a); his subject was …

From L. C. Harrison   [22 August 1874]

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Summary

Sends specimens of Pinguicula with insects adhering. [See Insectivorous plants, p. 369.]

Author:  Lucy Caroline Wedgwood; Lucy Caroline Harrison
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [22 Aug 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 81–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9606

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From L.  C.  Harrison   [22 August 1874] …
  • … Caroline Wedgwood/Lucy Caroline Harrison Letterkenny [22 Aug 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from L.  C.  Harrison, [1 July 1874] . The date is established by the endorsement. …

To Edward Nicholson   26 August [1874]

Summary

Thanks EN for his book [Indian snakes, 2d ed. (1874)]. CD is pleased that it calls attention to gradation in the character of snake poison.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Nicholson
Date:  26 Aug [1874]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9607

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Edward Nicholson   26 August [1874] …
  • … Robert M. Stecher collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Aug [1874] Edward Nicholson …
  • … EN for his book [ Indian snakes , 2d ed. (1874)]. CD is pleased that it calls attention to …
  • … University Press. 1975. Nicholson, Edward. 1874. Indian snakes. An elementary treatise on …
  • … at Abinger, Surrey, from 25 to 30 July 1874, and with his son William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … in Southampton from 30 July to 24 August 1874 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). There is a …
  • … treatise of ophiology ( Nicholson 1874 ) in the Darwin Library–Down ( Marginalia 1: 641– …
  • … 2). In Nicholson 1874 , p.  10 and n. , Nicholson remarked that there was a ‘clearly …

From A. V. W. Bikkers   27 August 1874

Summary

Reports on a crossbreed between a duck and a fowl, having duck’s beak, partly webbed feet, and fowl’s feathers.

Author:  Alexander V. W Bikkers
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 160: 184
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9608

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From A.  V.  W.  Bikkers   27 August 1874
  • … DAR 160: 184 Alexander V. W Bikkers Lewisham 27 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …

To D. T. Gardner   [c. 27 August 1874]

Summary

States his indebtedness to and admiration for Humboldt and his work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel T. Gardner
Date:  [c. 27 Aug 1874]
Classmark:  New York Times, 15 September 1874
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9601

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To D.  T.  Gardner   [ c. 27 August 1874] …
  • … New York Times , 15 September 1874 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [ c. …
  • … 27 Aug 1874] Daniel T. Gardner …
  • … and the letter from D.  T.  Gardner, 13 August 1874 . Postal time between the eastern …
  • … the United Kingdom was around two weeks in 1874. There is a draft of this letter in DAR …
  • … letter from D.  T.  Gardner, 13 August 1874 . CD later wrote that reading Alexander von …

From J. A. Gammie   28 August 1874

Summary

Sends his observations on the method of fertilisation of Hedychium coronarium by Sphinx and other hawk-moths.

Author:  James Alexander Gammie
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 165: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9609

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  A.  Gammie   28 August 1874
  • … DAR 165: 6 James Alexander Gammie Darjeeling 28 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from J.  A.  Gammie, 16 February 1874 ). CD had speculated that the flowers of H.   …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874  and n.  1). Sphinx or hawk moths are moths …

From J. D. Hooker   [29 August 1874]

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Summary

Lady Dorothy Nevill is CD’s best chance for Dionaea.

Reports on Belfast meeting of BAAS. Lubbock’s lecture went off admirably. Huxley’s was the magnum opus.

Encloses letter from Mrs Barber on protective coloration of animals.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [29 Aug 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 219–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9610

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [29 August 1874] …
  • … DAR 103: 219–20 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [29 Aug 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 1854, 1: 37. CD’s annotation is a note for his letter to Hooker of 30 August [1874]. …
  • … Bibliography Barber, Mary Elizabeth. 1874. Notes on the peculiar habits and changes which …
  • … pupa of Papilio nireus. [Read 2 November 1874. ] Transactions of the Entomological Society …
  • … in Belfast. The meeting finished on 26 August 1874; the following Saturday was 29 August. …
  • … Letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1874. Dionaea muscipula ( Dionaea is a monospecific …
  • … to insects (see The Times , 24 August 1874, pp.  6–7; see also Lubbock 1875b). Thomas …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science (1874), Transactions of the sections, p.  134). …
  • … to match their surroundings ( Barber 1874 ). She questioned whether the colour change was …
  • … it, ‘a sun picture or photograph’ ( Barber 1874 , p.  521). Hooker also refers to William …

From Henryk Stecki   29 August 1874

Summary

Reports observations on a chicken with a human face.

Author:  Henryk Stecki
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 177: 252
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9611

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Henryk Stecki    29 August 1874
  • … DAR 177: 252 Henryk Stecki Zhitomir 29 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Tros’cianica 29 17 Août 1874. Monsieur La bienveillance avec laquelle vous avez bien voulu …
  • … See letter from Henryk Stecki, 18 March 1874 . Madame Skorupska and Canon Wielobycki have …
  • … Tros’cianica 29 17 August 1874. Sir The benevolence with which you were so good as to …

To J. D. Hooker   30 August [1874]

Summary

Thanks JDH for his "quite admirable" address [Rep. BAAS 44 (1874) pt 2: 102–16]. Suggests revisions.

CD thinks he is "now on right track about Utricularia" after wasting several weeks "in fruitless trials and observations".

Mrs Barber’s paper is very curious and ought to be published.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 Aug [1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (JDH/6/3 Insectivorous plants 1873–8: 40)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9613

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   30 August [1874] …
  • … plants 1873–8: 40) Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Aug [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … plant), see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 August 1874  and nn.  6 and 9. Hooker discussed …
  • … his "quite admirable" address [ Rep. BAAS 44 (1874) pt 2: 102–16]. Suggests revisions. CD …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [29 August 1874] . Hooker had sent CD a pre-print of his …
  • … Bibliography Barber, Mary Elizabeth. 1874. Notes on the peculiar habits and changes which …
  • … pupa of Papilio nireus. [Read 2 November 1874. ] Transactions of the Entomological Society …
  • … 1874a, p.  105). In his letter of [29 August 1874], Hooker had offered to send CD the best …
  • … Entomological Society of London by CD and published as Barber 1874 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [29 August 1874] and n.  8. On Cephalotus (the Albany pitcher- …

From W. C. Marshall   30 August [1874]

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Summary

Sends CD a box of Pinguicula leaves.

Author:  William Cecil (Bill) Marshall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Aug [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 125–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9612

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From W.  C.  Marshall   30 August [1874] …
  • … 125–6 William Cecil (Bill) Marshall Derwent Island 30 Aug [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and the letter to W.  C.  Marshall, 8 June [1874] . In Insectivorous plants , p.  369, CD …
  • … leaves to be sent to him in his letter to Marshall of 8 June [1874]. See letter from W.   …
  • … C.  Marshall, 5 September [1874] . …

To W. C. Marshall   [after 30 August 1874]

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Summary

Glad to hear about sticky fluid on leaves. WCM need not bother to count leaves.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Cecil (Bill) Marshall
Date:  [after 30 Aug 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 126v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9614

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To W.  C.  Marshall   [after 30 August 1874] …
  • … 58.1: 126v Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 30 Aug 1874] William Cecil (Bill) Marshall …
  • … letter from W.  C.  Marshall, 30 August [1874] . It is written in pencil on the verso of …
  • … offer of making further observations (see letter from W.  C.  Marshall, 30 August [1874] . …

To Edward Frankland   31 August 1874

Summary

Utricularia catch freshwater Crustaceans, which cannot be digested and rot in the bladders. CD is interested to identify any substance produced in the putrefaction before it is resolved into gases and salts of ammonia. He has reason to believe that the plant absorbs such products.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  31 Aug 1874
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, The University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9614A

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Edward Frankland   31 August 1874
  • … The University of Manchester Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 Aug 1874 Edward Frankland …
  • … given both by Frankland in his letter of 9 October 1874, and in Watts 1863–8 , 4: 553. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Aug 31 1874 My dear Professor Frankland I hope that you will …
  • … the letter to Edward Frankland, 22 July 1874 . CD discussed Utricularia (bladderwort) in …
  • … 453. See letter to Edward Frankland, 22 July 1874 . Frankland had not answered CD’s letter …
  • … see letter from Edward Frankland, 9 October 1874 ). CD’s annotated copy of Henry Watts’s …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …
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