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To C. H. Merriam   1 June 1874

Summary

Thanks CHM for a report about birds of the United States [see 9461].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Clinton Hart Merriam
Date:  1 June 1874
Classmark:  Waverly Auctions, 9 March 1983
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9479A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To C.  H.  Merriam   1 June 1874
  • … Waverly Auctions, 9 March 1983 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 June 1874 Clinton Hart Merriam …
  • … 1 June 1874 [Thanking him for a report about birds of the United States. ] …
  • … See letter from C.  H.  Merriam, 19 May 1874 . Merriam had sent CD the 1872 Report of the …

To Asa Gray   3 June [1874]

Summary

CD is deeply pleased by AG’s article on him in Nature [10 (1874): 79–81].

Is preparing book on "Drosera and Co." for the printers. Reports observations on digestion in Drosera and Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  3 June [1874]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (103)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9480

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   3 June [1874] …
  • … Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (103) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 June [1874] Asa Gray …
  • … by AG’s article on him in Nature [10 (1874): 79–81]. Is preparing book on " Drosera and …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 . Gray …
  • … had enclosed a letter of 4 May 1874 from Ogden Nicholas Rood with …
  • … his own letter of 12 May 1874; no letter from Gray dated 4 May has been found. In a …
  • … see also annotations to letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 . For Rood’s sketch, see …
  • … to the letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 . CD had discussed vestigial pointed ears in …
  • … finished revisions to the second edition of Descent by early April 1874 ( letter to John …
  • … Murray, 4 April 1874 ). Ohr-spitze : ear-tip. Jane Loring Gray bought a backgammon board …
  • … also letter to J.  N.  Lockyer, 13 May [1874] and n.  2). For CD’s relationship with Brown …
  • … in two parts as ‘Do plants eat insects? ’ in the Gardeners’ Chronicle , 2 May 1874 and …
  • … 9 May 1874 ([A.  Gray] 1874b); Gray was identified as the author by his initials …
  • … only in the second part. See letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874  and nn.  2 and 3. …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874  and n.  4. CD was particularly interested in the …
  • … in various species of Pinguicula (butterwort) in June and July 1874 are in DAR 59.1; …
  • … those for 1 June 1874 are in DAR 59.1: 35. Gray had enclosed a copy of a spoof article ‘ …
  • … The man-eating tree of Madagascar’ from a New York newspaper, World , 28 April 1874, p.   …
  • … 7, with his letter of 12 May 1874; the copy has not been found. The pretext of the …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   4 June 1874

Summary

Discusses effects of water on movement of insectivorous plants.

Has just found that Pinguicula can digest albumen.

Asa Gray writes that Sarracenia secretes trail of fluid to attract insects [see 9455].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  4 June 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 8–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9481

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   4 June 1874
  • … Darwin 1873–81: 8–9) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 June 1874 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … See letter from W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 31 May 1874 . See letter to W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 4 April 1874 . See also letter to W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 28 [June 1874] , and n.  7. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 March [1874] and n.  12. CD’s notes on …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. June 4 1874 My dear Professor Dyer I am greatly obliged to you …
  • … in various species of Pinguicula (butterwort) in June and July 1874 are in DAR 59.1 33– …
  • … 119; his notes for 1 June 1874 are in DAR 59.1: 35. See also Insectivorous plants , pp.   …
  • … with cabbage seeds carried out between 5 June and 25 July 1874 are in DAR 59.1: 47 and 93. …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874  and n.  4. …

To I. L. Donnelly   5 June [1874]

Summary

Thanks ID for interesting and curious facts but doubts that he will have time to enter more closely into the subject of the intellect of animals.

Nothing would give CD more "pleasure & interest" than to see ID’s country, "now so great & destined to be so much greater", but he is quite incapable of "so great an exertion as crossing the Atlantic".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ignatius Loyola Donnelly
Date:  5 June [1874]
Classmark:  Minnesota Historical Society (Ignatius Donnelly papers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9482

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To I. L. Donnelly   5 June [1874] …
  • … Donnelly papers) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 June [1874] Ignatius Loyola Donnelly …
  • … of a sort that CD stopped using in November 1874. Donnelly’s letter has not been found. CD …
  • … were completed around the end of March 1874 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). See, for …

To Asa Gray   5 June [1874]

Summary

Profoundly grateful for AG’s article in Nature; he is especially pleased by what AG says about teleology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  5 June [1874]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (104)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9483

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   5 June [1874] …
  • … Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (104) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 June [1874] Asa Gray …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] . See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] and n.  3. The copy of Gray’s article in DAR 140.1: 2  …
  • … p.  81). Letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874]. In the penultimate paragraph of his article on …

From W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   5 June 1874

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Summary

Sends information on nitrogen and albuminoid content of seeds of Brassica.

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 56–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9484

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   5 June 1874
  • … DAR 58.1: 56–7 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer Kew 5 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 4 June 1874. Brassica campestris (rape) is a synonym of …
  • … seeds ( Brassica oleracea ) on 3 June 1874 (DAR 59.1: 39), and had reported that to …
  • … letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 4 June 1874 ), there is no record that he used rapeseed …
  • … 10 Gloucester Road | Kew June 5. 1874 Dear M r Darwin Let me thank you very much indeed …

To W. C. Marshall   8 June [1874]

Summary

Asks what proportion of leaves of Pinguicula have insects adhering to them. Also, whether seeds of any plants ever adhere to the leaves, and in what situations does P. vulgaris grow.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Cecil (Bill) Marshall
Date:  8 June [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 97: C61–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9485F

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To W.  C.  Marshall   8 June [1874] …
  • … DAR 97: C61–2 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 June [1874] William Cecil (Bill) Marshall …
  • … T.  Thiselton- Dyer, 9 June 1874  and n.  3). The other known versions of the letter …
  • … s response to that query, see his letter of 30 August [1874] (see also letter from W.   …
  • … C.  Marshall, 5 September [1874] ). …
  • … this draft and the letter to ? , 8 June 1874 (see n.  2, below); William Cecil Marshall is …
  • … between this draft and the letters from W.  C.  Marshall, 30 August [1874] and …
  • … 5 September [1874]. This draft text was used as the basis for …
  • … letters sent to several correspondents ( letter to ? , 8 June 1874 , and letter to John …
  • … Ralfs, [after 25 June 1874] ; see also letter to W.   …

From Mary Treat   8 June 1874

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Summary

Sends her observations on Dionaea capturing insects. [See Insectivorous plants, pp. 311–12.]

Author:  Mary Lua Adelia (Mary) Treat
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 58–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9485

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Mary Treat   8 June 1874
  • … 58.1: 58–9 Mary Lua Adelia (Mary) Treat Vineland, N.J. 8 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Vineland, New Jersey, June 8, 1874. Dear Mr.  Darwin, Some time ago you asked me some …

To ?   8 June 1874

Summary

Asks about insects and seeds on leaves of Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  8 June 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (435)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9230

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To ?    8 June 1874
  • … what kind of other plants grow round it. ? Ch. Darwin Down Beckenham Kent Jun 8 th . 1874
  • … American Philosophical Society (435) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 June 1874 Unidentified …
  • … letter to John Ralfs, [after 25 June 1874] ; CD marked the alterations for the letter to …
  • … draft letter to W.  C.  Marshall, 8 June [1874] . For possible recipients see the letter …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874  and n.  3. The amanuensis, possibly Horace Darwin, …
  • … letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874 ). Emma Darwin’s version, now in DAR 59.1: …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   9 June 1874

Summary

Did not know cabbage contained so much nitrogen.

Pinguicula more excited by seeds than Drosera. Asks for information about Pinguicula.

Asks name of weed.

Asks to borrow Utricularia plant.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  9 June 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9486

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   9 June 1874
  • … Darwin 1873–81: 10) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 June 1874 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … Letter from W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 5 June 1874. For CD’s conclusions, see Insectivorous …
  • … also letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 4 June 1874  and n.  4. Pinguicula is butterwort; …
  • … from W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 26 June 1874 . CD’s interest in Utricularia was inspired by a …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. June 9 1874 My dear Professor Dyer I was much obliged for your …
  • … John Ralfs (see letter from W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 25 June 1874 ; see also letters from …
  • … John Ralfs, 8 July 1874 and …
  • … 9 July 1874). Thiselton-Dyer also suggested David Moore (see letter to W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 28 [June 1874] ); in his letter to …
  • … Moore of 28 June 1874, CD requested help only with Utricularia (bladderwort), but Moore …
  • … Pinguicula ( letter from David Moore, 9 July 1874 ). Others who made observations on CD’s …
  • … Amy Ruck (see letter from T.  L.  Marshall, 16 July [1874] , letter from Francis and …
  • … Amy Darwin, 8 August [1874] , letter from L.   …
  • … C.  Harrison, [22 August 1874] , and letter from W.   …
  • … C.  Marshall, 5 September [1874] ). See also letter …
  • … to ? , 8 June 1874 , and letter to W.   …
  • … D.  Fox, 18 June 1874 . Among the seeds CD used in experiments on Pinguicula were those of …

To G. H. Darwin   10 June 1874

Summary

Comments on GHD’s paper ["Marriages between first cousins in England and their effects", Fortn. Rev. n.s. 18 (1875): 22–41]. Hopes it will be published and read at the Statistical Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  10 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9487

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   10 June 1874
  • … DAR 210.1: 23 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 June 1874 George Howard Darwin …
  • … George’s notes have not been found (see letters to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 May [1874] and [ …
  • … 29 May 1874]). …
  • … and letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 20 April 1874  and n.  2). The draft seen by CD has not …
  • … of ill health in his letter of 30 May 1874. George was an examiner in mathematics and …
  • … took place between 8 and 13 June 1874 (Trinity College Archive, Head Lecturer’s Book 1801– …
  • … see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 30 May 1874  and n.  1). Douglas Alexander Spalding had …

From J. T. Moggridge   11 June 1874

Summary

Charles Martins has given the first Darwinian lectures on zoology at Montpellier.

Joseph Duval-Jouve is also a Darwinian. The latter has lost his position as Inspector of the Academy because of his liberal views.

Wallace suggests that a trap-door spider with an exposed nest preys on nocturnal insects.

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 225
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9488

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From J.  T.  Moggridge   11 June 1874
  • … DAR 171: 225 John Traherne Moggridge Paddington 11 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in his published account of the spider (Moggridge 1874, p.  190). Moggridge’s supplement …
  • … ants and trapdoor spiders appeared shortly before his death in November 1874 (Moggridge …
  • … 1873 and 1874). …
  • … Eastbourne Terr. | Paddington | W. 11 June 1874 My dear Sir When I was at Montpellier in …
  • … described three types of nest in Moggridge 1873 and a further three in Moggridge 1874. …
  • … The spider is identified in Moggridge 1874, pp.  188–90, as Cyrtauchenius elongatus from …
  • … his inspectorship of the academy at Montpellier by March 1874, although he retained an …
  • … honorary position (Duval-Jouve 1874). For a complete list of Duval-Jouve’s publications, …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   12 June 1874

Summary

JSBS’s article in Nature ["Venus’s fly-trap", 10 (1874): 105–7, 127–8] could not have been better done.

Has found another plant, Pinguicula, which can catch and digest flies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  12 June 1874
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-18)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9489

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   12 June 1874
  • … 1731-1-18) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 June 1874 John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet …
  • … article in Nature ["Venus’s fly-trap", 10 (1874): 105–7, 127–8] could not have been better …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. June 12 1874 My dear D r Sanderson I have just read your article …
  • … appeared in Nature , 11 and 18 June 1874 (Burdon Sanderson 1874a). The article was the …
  • … Institution of Great Britain on 5 June 1874. In the first part Burdon Sanderson described …
  • … recent extant letter from Burdon Sanderson is that of 26 May [1874], which CD answered in …
  • … his letter of 27 May [1874]. CD had recently begun to investigate the digestive ability …
  • … butterwort); see letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] and n.  8. Alexander Crum Brown and …

To J. T. Moggridge   12 June [1874]

Summary

Did not know Duval-Jouve was an evolutionist.

Delighted at JTM’s success with spiders.

On JTM’s experiments with acids on seeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Traherne Moggridge
Date:  12 June [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 382
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9490

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  T.  Moggridge   12 June [1874] …
  • … DAR 146: 382 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 June [1874] John Traherne Moggridge …
  • … letter from J.  T.  Moggridge, 11 June 1874 . For another example of his artistic work, …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  T.  Moggridge, 11 June 1874 . See letter from J.   …
  • … T.  Moggridge, 11 June 1874 , and especially nn.  1, 5 and 6. For a complete list of …
  • … letter from J.  T.  Moggridge, 7 March 1874 , nn.  3 and 6). CD was investigating how the …
  • … matter (see letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] and n.  8), but he also demonstrated that …

From J. M. Grandclément   [after 15 June 1874]

Summary

Thanks CD for his answer to his letter. It has not convinced him – he still sees no reason to believe in the prophylactic effect of the vaccine.

Sends an article he has written answering Émile Blanchard of the Academy. Naturalists in France who occupy official positions are not independent.

Author:  Joseph Marie Grandclément
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 15 June 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 88
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9479

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  M.  Grandclément    [after 15 June 1874] …
  • … 88 Joseph Marie Grandclément Clermont-Ferrand [after 15 June 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … by the date of publication of the first part of Blanchard 1874 (see n.  4, below). See …
  • … letter from J.  M.  Grandclément, [May 1874] ; CD’s reply has not been found. Blanchard …
  • … to humans, in an article in Revue des deux mondes (Blanchard 1874), the first part of …
  • … which appeared on 15 June 1874 with subsequent parts …
  • … on 1 August 1874 and …
  • … 1 October 1874. Grandclément’s response has not been identified. Blanchard had opposed …

From R. F. Cooke   16 June 1874

Summary

In doubt about size of printing of the 2d edition of Descent. Profit on 2000 at 12s would be only £250.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 439
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9493

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   16 June 1874
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 16 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was published by John Murray on 13 November 1874 and was printed by William Clowes & Sons. …
  • … of the edition, see the letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 10 April [1874] , and the letter to …
  • … John Murray, 12 April 1874 . …

From Asa Gray   16 June 1874

Summary

AG’s article in Nature was "just and moderate".

Sends his review of C. Hodge’s What is Darwinism? (1874) [Nation 18 (1874): 348–51].

It is uphill work making a theist out of CD.

Gives further observations on Sarracenia variolaris.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 165: 185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9492

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   16 June 1874
  • … DAR 165: 185 Asa Gray Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. 16 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was "just and moderate". Sends his review of C. Hodge’s What is Darwinism? (1874) [ Nation …
  • … 18 (1874): 348–51]. It is uphill work making a theist out of CD. Gives further …
  • … See the letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] , written after CD received an advance copy of …
  • … Lockyer. See letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] and nn.  4 and 9. Gray had enclosed copies …
  • … been identified. In his review of Hodge 1874, Gray rejected Charles Hodge’s identification …
  • … Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. June 16, 1874. My Dear Darwin The gratification I feel in …
  • … Academy of Arts and Sciences, 28 January 1874, for CD’s election as a foreign honorary …
  • … honorary members were elected in January 1874; the membership included 194 fellows, 85  …
  • … members ( Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 9 (1874): 302, 310). …
  • … of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard. See also letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874  and n.  4. For …
  • … Gray’s interest in backgammon, see the letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] and n.   12. …

From Ferdinand von Mueller   16 June 1874

Summary

Wants information from CD for a revision of the supplement of his work on timber trees and other industrial plants [Proc. Zool. & Acclim. Soc. Victoria 3 (1874): 47–95].

Reports the ruin of his department thanks to two papers by Edward Wilson, McKinnon, and Sparrow.

Author:  Ferdinand Jakob Heinrich (Ferdinand) von Mueller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 283
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9494

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Ferdinand von Mueller   16 June 1874
  • … Heinrich (Ferdinand) von Mueller Melbourne, Victoria 16 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Proc. Zool. & Acclim. Soc. Victoria 3 (1874): 47–95]. Reports the ruin of his department …
  • … voyage (see Porter 1999, pp.  184–5). The first supplement to the lists appeared in 1874 ( …
  • … Mueller 1874), but it did not include Ribes magellanicum . In his Beagle notes on plants …

To J. V. Carus   17 June [1874]

Summary

Asks JVC if he can provide introductions in Leipzig and Dresden for his son George.

Has not yet received any revised sheets of Descent [2d English ed.].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  17 June [1874]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859 Darwin, Charles, Bl. 118–119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9495

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   17 June [1874] …
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl. 118–119 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 June [1874] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … published second edition of Coral reefs ( letter to J.  V.  Carus, 21 January 1874 ). …
  • … between this letter and the letter to J.  V.  Carus, 21 January 1874 (see n.  3, below). …
  • … on 18 June and returned home on 11 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Carus was …
  • … 1875a; see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 23 May [1874] ). Descent 2d ed.  was being printed by …

To R. F. Cooke   17 June [1874]

Summary

Hopes a printing of 2000 copies [of Descent, 2d ed.] will be safe. Regrets price must be 12s. He is sure it is much improved.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  17 June [1874]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 340–1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9496

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To R.  F.  Cooke   17 June [1874] …
  • … ff. 340–1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 June [1874] Robert Francis Cooke John Murray …
  • … Descent 2d ed. , date-stamped 24 September 1874 by Clowes, is in DAR 213: 3. George Howard …
  • … second edition of Descent ; he left for the continent on 18 June 1874 ( letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 30 May 1874 ; Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Orchids . Henrietta Emma …
  • … between this letter and the letter from R.  F.  Cooke, 16 June 1874 . See letter from R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 16 June 1874 . For CD’s concerns over the production of a cheap edition of …
  • … Descent 2d ed. , see the letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 10 April [1874] , and the letter to …
  • … John Murray, 12 April 1874 . William Clowes & Sons were the printers used by CD’s …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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