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From Joseph Fayrer   17 June 1874

Summary

Sends CD some cobra poison for his experiments.

Author:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 108
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9497

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Joseph Fayrer   17 June 1874
  • … Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet London, Granville Place, 16 17 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Place | Portman Square | London W 17 June 1874 Dear Sir My friend D r Lauder Brunton told …
  • … letter from T.  L.  Brunton, 28 February 1874 ). There is no mention of cobra poison …
  • … recent known letter to Brunton of 25 May [1874]. Fayrer had written a book on venomous …

From Michael Foster   17 June [1874]

Summary

Encloses a report on current status of the appeal for Naples Zoological Station.

Shark embryology.

Author:  Michael Foster
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 June [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 166
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9498

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Michael Foster   17 June [1874] …
  • … DAR 164: 166 Michael Foster Gt Shelford 17 June [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and the letter to Anton Dohrn, 7 March 1874 . Thomas Henry Huxley had proposed raising a …
  • … see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 6 March 1874 , n.  3). Dohrn’s letter has not been found, …
  • … the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 6 March 1874 , for more on the financial difficulties of …
  • … year (see letter from Anton Dohrn, 6 April 1874 ). In addition to the research facilities …
  • … one in the higher vertebrates’ (Balfour 1874, pp.  341–2). Francis Darwin. Foster wrote …

From W. E. Darwin   [before 18 June 1874]

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Summary

Sends references on Utricularia and Pinguicula.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 18 June 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 137; Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 154)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9201

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   [before 18 June 1874] …
  • … MS 53 Fox 154) William Erasmus Darwin Bassett [before 18 June 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and the letter to W.  D.  Fox, 18 June 1874 , in which CD enclosed the portion of this …

To W. D. Fox   18 June 1874

Summary

Asks for living plant of Utricularia and information on Pinguicula lusitanica. Gives notes on habitats.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  18 June 1874
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 154)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9499

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To W.  D.  Fox   18 June 1874
  • … Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 154) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 June 1874 William Darwin Fox …
  • … secretions; his notes on experiments from June and July 1874 are in DAR 59.1: 34–53. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. June 18. 1874 My dear Fox I know that you observe all natural …
  • … from W.  E.  Darwin, [before 18 June 1874] , containing a list, copied from Bromfield  …
  • … a version of the letter to ? , 8 June 1874 , which he had been circulating and which …
  • … an unnamed species of Pinguicula since 31 May 1874, placing a variety of substances on the …

From W. W. Keen   18 June 1874

Summary

The lack of a hereditary effect of circumcision among Jews argues against CD’s views.

Author:  William Williams Keen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 169: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9500

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From W.  W.  Keen   18 June 1874
  • … DAR 169: 3 William Williams Keen Philadelphia 18 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … pathological, and surgical uses of chloral’ (Keen 1874), but CD’s copy has not been found. …
  • … the use of chloral as a preservative in Keen 1874, p.  387. Chloral is an organic compound …

From J. S. Burdon Sanderson   19 June 1874

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Summary

Sends cartilage from cat’s ear, the elastic fibres of which will probably resist digestion [by Drosera]. Is preparing fibro-cartilage, which he expects will be digested easily. [See Insectivorous plants, p. 104.]

Author:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 60–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9502

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   19 June 1874
  • … John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet Brown Institution 19 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Klein mentioned in his letter of 14 May 1874 that Burdon Sanderson planned to make …
  • … Institution, | Wandsworth Road, S.W. June 19 th . 1874 Dear M r . Darwin, I enclose a bit …
  • … letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 5 May [1874] . In Insectivorous plants , p.  108, CD …

From Asa Gray   19 June 1874

Summary

Writes of his article in Nature. Corrects some errors that have appeared in the published version.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 165: 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9501

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   19 June 1874
  • … DAR 165: 186 Asa Gray Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. 19 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … not been found. See letter to Asa Gray, 5 June [1874] . Gray had made the same point about …
  • … Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. June 19 1874. My Dear Darwin Your 2 nd letter reached me …
  • … See letters to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] and …
  • … 5 June [1874]; CD had seen both an advance copy and then the published …
  • … version of an article about him by Gray in Nature , 4 June 1874 (A.  Gray 1874c). …
  • … published a correction in Nature , 2 July 1874, p.  161: I supposed that I had written “ …
  • … See also letter to Asa Gray, 30 June [1874] ). Gray referred to Robert Brown, Christian …
  • … Nature (see letter to Asa Gray, 30 June [1874] ), and a version was published in the form …
  • … of a letter to the editor ( Nature , 2 July 1874, p.  161; see n.  2, above); the …

From H. W. Jackson   20 June 1874

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Summary

Cites instances of invariable correlations of colour he has observed in cats, dogs, and sheep. [See Variation, 2d ed., 2: 316.]

Author:  Henry William Jackson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 47: 203–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9503

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From H.  W.  Jackson   20 June 1874
  • … DAR 47: 203–4 Henry William Jackson Lewisham 20 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 15 Limes Terrace | Lewisham, S.E. 20 June 1874 Dear Sir, I beg to call your attention to …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   21 June [1874]

Summary

Thanks for fibrin. Drosera and Pinguicula dissolve it thoroughly.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  21 June [1874]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9504

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   21 June [1874] …
  • … 1731-1-2) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 June [1874] John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet …
  • … letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 19 June 1874 . This letter was published without the …
  • … from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 19 June 1874 . CD described his experiments on Drosera ( …
  • … glands of Drosera . See Burdon Sanderson 1874, pp.  106 and 107. CD had asked for ‘a bit …
  • … 22, letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 14 May 1874 , and Insectivorous plants , pp. 104–5). …
  • … Francis Darwin returned to Down on 20 June 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … bone entirely in his letter of 26 May [1874] ( Correspondence vol. 22). Burdon Sanderson …
  • … gluten and fibrin in his letter of 12 May [1874] ( Correspondence vol. 22); he later noted …
  • … three different acids (see ibid. , letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 26 May [1874] ). …
  • … The second part of Burdon Sanderson 1874 was published in …
  • … Nature , 18 June 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letter to J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 12 June 1874  and n.  1). Burdon Sanderson concluded that the …
  • … except that the period of latent stimulation was longer (Burdon Sanderson 1874, p.  128). …
  • … See Burdon Sanderson 1874, pp.  127–8. In Insectivorous plants , pp.  43–4, CD noted that …

From T. M. Coan   22 June 1874

Summary

Passes on his father’s answer to CD’s query about Hawaiian infanticide.

Author:  Titus Munson Coan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 161: 183
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9506

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From T.  M.  Coan   22 June 1874
  • … DAR 161: 183 Titus Munson Coan New York 22 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to the letter from T.  M.  Coan, 14 February 1874 . Hewicker has not been identified. …
  • … infanticide, see the letter to T.  N.  Staley, 13 January [1874], and the letter from J.   …
  • … F.  McLennan, 3 February 1874 . See also enclosure to letter from T.   …
  • … M.  Coan, 14 February 1874 . In Descent 2d ed. , pp.  588–91, CD expanded the brief …
  • … West 27 th St. | New York City, N.Y. , 22 June 1874. Mr.  Charles Darwin, Dear Sir: I have …
  • … the Rev. Titus Coan, dated Hilo, 23 d May 1874, in answer to your question about Hawaiian …
  • … see letter from T.  M.  Coan, 14 February 1874 ). For an account of the mission, see Coan  …

From W. D. Fox   22 June [1874]

Summary

Will try to get certain insectivorous plants for CD, especially Utricularia. Is glad to hear he has taken up Drosera.

Author:  William Darwin Fox
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 June [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 198, 198/2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9507

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From W.  D.  Fox   22 June [1874] …
  • … DAR 164: 198, 198/2 William Darwin Fox Sandown 22 June [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … between this letter and the letter to W.  D.  Fox, 18 June 1874 . See letter to W.   …
  • … D.  Fox, 18 June 1874 . Fox had resigned the rectorship of Delamere, Cheshire, in 1873 ( …
  • … to William Arnold Bromfield. See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, [before 18 June 1874] . See …
  • … letter to John Price, 27 [July 1874] . For places in the Isle of Wight where Pinguicula …
  • … from W.  E.  Darwin, [before 18 June 1874] . Fox’s brother-in-law, Charles Henry Lardner …

To Mary Treat   22 June 1874

Summary

Will soon publish on insectivorous plants; asks for a particular observation on Dionaea.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Mary Lua Adelia (Mary) Treat
Date:  22 June 1874
Classmark:  Amy Nagashima (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9505

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Mary Treat   22 June 1874
  • … private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 June 1874 Mary Lua Adelia (Mary) Treat …
  • … See letter from Mary Treat, 8 June 1874 . William Marriott Canby of Wilmington, Delaware, …

To ?   22 June [1874–81]

Summary

Sends signed photo of himself.

Has published only one paper in Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society, "Parallel roads of Glen Roy" [Collected papers 1: 87–137]. His conclusions have proved erroneous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  22 June [1874-81]
Classmark:  Wellcome Library (MS.7781/15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10544

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To ?    22 June [1874–81] …
  • … MS.7781/15) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 June 1874 22 June 1875 22 June 1876 22 June 1877 …

From T. C. Copland   23 June 1874

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Summary

Sends a description of Drosera dichotoma and its manner of fly-catching [see Insectivorous plants, p. 282].

Author:  Thomas Cooke Copland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 62–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9509

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From T.  C.  Copland   23 June 1874
  • … 3 Thomas Cooke Copland Office of Public Works, Dublin 23 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   23 June 1874

Summary

Has found Pinguicula excited by bits of leaves; appears to digest leaves and seeds. Plant not only insectivorous but graminivorous. Asks WTT-D to identify seeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  23 June 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 12–13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9508

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   23 June 1874
  • … and 60–1. Francis Darwin. For Thiselton-Dyer’s response, see his letter of 26 June 1874. …
  • … 1873–81: 12–13) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 June 1874 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … Letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874. See Insectivorous plants , p.   …
  • … a note about this experiment dated 16 June 1874, CD concluded that Pinguicula (butterwort) …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. June 23 rd . 1874 My dear M r Dyer I wrote to you abt a week ago, …

From Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes   24 June [1874]

Summary

Kind to send seeds of Aquilegia Brodii. Gives news on her sons. Glad of recent rain to help the hay.

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  John Brodie Innes
Date:  24 June [1874]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6405F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Emma Darwin to J.  B.  Innes   24 June [1874] …
  • … M. Stecher collection) Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin Down 24 June [1874] John Brodie Innes …
  • … Emma Darwin to J.  B.  Innes, 12 October [1874] and n.  7. Emma refers to John William …
  • … plants ; he married Amy Ruck on 23 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)) and they …
  • … Office directory of the six home counties 1874). Leonard Darwin was the photographer on an …
  • … at Chatham to observe the transit of Venus in New Zealand in December 1874 ( ODNB ). …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   24 [June 1874]

Summary

Describes how Pinguicula captures insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  24 [June 1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 16–17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9562

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   24 [June 1874] …
  • … 1873–81: 16–17) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 [June 1874] William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … this letter and the letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 23 June 1874 . According to his …
  • … CD carried out this experiment on 23 June 1874 (DAR 59.1: 89). See also Insectivorous …
  • … letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 23 June 1874  and n.  5. Thiselton-Dyer identified the …
  • … See letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 23 June 1874  and n.  3. Francis Darwin’s notes and …
  • … of the Pinguicula specimens received from Amy Ruck on 23 June 1874 are in DAR 59.1: 60–2. …

To Joseph Fayrer   [before 25 June 1874]

Summary

Sends observations of poison acting on glands of Drosera. Poison acts as a stimulant to protoplasm. Very remarkable that poison acts so differently on the cilia and protoplasm of Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Date:  [before 25 June 1874]
Classmark:  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 23 (1874–5): 273–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9512F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Joseph Fayrer   [before 25 June 1874] …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 23 (1874–5): 273–4 Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin [before 25 June 1874] Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet …
  • … this letter and the letter from Joseph Fayrer, 25 June 1874 . Fayrer had enclosed a small …
  • … of cobra poison with his letter of 17 June 1874 for CD’s experiments on Drosera (sundew). …

From Thomas Aitken   [c. 25 June 1874]

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Summary

Reports that Pinguicula is found in north of Scotland. Gives local names and uses. None of his patients, who are from all parts of Scotland, has heard of the use of Pinguicula to curdle milk.

Author:  Thomas Aitken
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. 25 June 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 150–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9204

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Thomas Aitken   [ c . 25 June 1874] …
  • … 150–2 Thomas Aitken Inverness District Asylum [ c . 25 June 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and Amy Darwin, 8 August [1874] ; see also Insectivorous plants , pp.  384 and 389. Yearn: …
  • … Hutchison visited the Darwins from 25 to 30 June 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … p.  10). See letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 26 June 1874 , and letter from Francis …

From John Ball   25 June [1874]

Summary

Received CD’s note late and so could not comply, but promises to vote in future for anyone CD recommends for Athenaeum.

Will have new evidence on dog’s intelligence sent to CD.

Author:  John Ball
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 June [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9512

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From John Ball   25 June [1874] …
  • … DAR 160: 34 John Ball London, Southwell Gardens, 10 25 June [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Parker, who was proposed for membership of the Athenaeum in March 1874 (see letter to …
  • … George Bentham, 9 March [1874] ). Ball possibly refers to Lewis Henry Morgan, who …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

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  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

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  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

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  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

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  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

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  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

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  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

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  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

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  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

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  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

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  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

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  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

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  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

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  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

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  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

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  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

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  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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