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From E. A. Darwin   17 [March 1874]

Summary

Reports the balloting [for Henry Parker at the Athenaeum?] went off just right.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 [Mar 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9365

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   17 [March 1874] …
  • … DAR 105: B92 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 17 [Mar 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … by the date of Henry Parker’s election to the Athenaeum Club in March 1874. See …
  • … letter to George Bentham, 9 March [1874] and n.  3. CD and …
  • … Henry Parker was elected a member of the Athenaeum Club on 16 March 1874 (see letter to …
  • … George Bentham, 9 March [1874] and n.  3; Waugh [1888]); candidates were excluded if there …
  • … was also elected to the Athenaeum Club in 1874 (Waugh 1888). William Charles Green was …
  • … to vote for his nephew (see letter to George Bentham, 9 March [1874] ; letter to Edward …
  • … Frankland, 9 March [1874] ; letter to a member of …
  • … the Athenaeum Club, 9 March [1874] ; letter to Alfred …
  • … Newton, 9 March [1874] ; letter to John …
  • … Tyndall, 9 March [1874] ; letter to Thomas …
  • … Woolner, 9 March 1874 ; and letter from …
  • … John Phillips, 14 March 1874 ). Several members of the Courtenay family belonged to the …

To Albert Wigand   17 March 1874

Summary

Thanks AJWW for his frank and generous criticism. [See 9352.] Having viewed all natural objects under the light of natural selection for more than thirty years, CD thinks it unlikely that any arguments short of demonstration can convince him of error.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Wilhelm Albert (Albert) Wigand
Date:  17 Mar 1874
Classmark:  Autograph Collector (journal) June 1999
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9365A

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Albert Wigand   17 March 1874
  • … June 1999 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Mar 1874 Julius Wilhelm Albert (Albert) Wigand …
  • … und Cuviers (‘Darwinism and the natural researches of Newton and Cuvier’; Wigand 1874–7). …
  • … See letter from Albert Wigand, 11 March 1874 . See …
  • … letter from Albert Wigand, 11 March 1874  and n.  3. …
  • … All three volumes of Wigand 1874–7 are in the Darwin Library–Down. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. March 17 th 1874 Dear Sir I thank you for your extremely kind …

From Henryk Stecki   18 March 1874

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Summary

Relates the case of a woman from the Caucasus whose hair would frequently stand on end and who later went insane.

Author:  Henryk Stecki
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 53.1: A6–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9366

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Henryk Stecki    18 March 1874
  • … DAR 53.1: A6–7 Henryk Stecki St Petersburg 18 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and obedient servant | Henri Stecki 18 6 March 1874 | Henri Stecki, (Pole), living at S t …
  • … French, see p. QQQQ. Pozzi and Benoît trans.  1874. CD described this case in Expression , …
  • … 295–6; see also Pozzi and Benoît trans.  1874, pp.  320–1. Madame Palmine has not been …
  • … humble serviteur | Henri Stecki 18 6 Mars 1874. | Henri Stecki , (Polonais), demeurant à S …

To J. V. Carus   19 March [1874]

Summary

Would be glad to hear of a collected edition of his works [in Germany], but has no opinion on how it would sell. Has been surprised to learn that in England some think uniform collected works sell best. Tells JVC his publication plans and other details to guide him on extent of a "collected works".

Descent corrections have been laborious and troublesome.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  19 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859 Darwin, Charles, Bl 122–124
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9367

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   19 March [1874] …
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl 122–124 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Mar [1874] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … see letter from J.  V.  Carus, 15 March 1874  and n.  1). According to his ‘Journal’ ( …
  • … did not take a rest until he visited Henrietta Emma Litchfield from 21 to 29 April 1874. …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  V.  Carus, 15 March 1874 . See letter from J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 15 March 1874 . CD had sent the revised text of the first volume of Descent to …
  • … see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 8 March [1874] ); he was evidently still revising the second …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   21 March 1874

Summary

Sends his MS on Dionaea and hopes it may be useful for JSBS’s lecture ["On the mechanism of the leaf of Dionaea muscipula", Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 7 (1874): 332–5].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  21 Mar 1874
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9368

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   21 March 1874
  • … ARC-1731-1-16) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Mar 1874 John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet …
  • … mechanism of the leaf of Dionaea muscipula ", Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 7 (1874): 332–5]. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Mar 21 1874 My dear Dr Sanderson I send registered by this post …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 20 July [1874] ); neither this or the notes on which it was …
  • … Institution of Great Britain on 5 June 1874 (Burdon Sanderson 1874a). CD’s manuscript …

To H. E. Litchfield   21 [March 1874]

Summary

Proof-correcting [of 2d ed. of Coral reefs?].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  21 [Mar 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 153: 84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9324

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To H.  E.  Litchfield   21 [March 1874] …
  • … DAR 153: 84 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 [Mar 1874] Henrietta Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma …
  • … the letter from J.  V.  Carus, 15 March 1874 . Henrietta was reading the proof-sheets of …
  • … see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 8 March [1874] ); CD mentioned that she was helping with this …
  • … his letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [March 1874] . The copyist left blank spaces in the text …
  • … Correspondence vol.  21, Appendix II); it was completed by 4 April 1874 (see letter to …
  • … John Murray, 4 April 1874 ). The sales figures of the German translations of CD’s books, …
  • … see letter from J.  V.  Carus, 15 March 1874 ). Eduard Koch of E.  Schweizerbart’sche …

To John Struthers   21 March 1874

Summary

Comments on JS’s lecture on evolution ["Address on evolution", Aberdeen Daily Free Press 24 Feb 1874].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Struthers
Date:  21 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 147: 506
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9369

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To John Struthers   21 March 1874
  • … DAR 147: 506 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Mar 1874 John Struthers …
  • … JS’s lecture on evolution ["Address on evolution", Aberdeen Daily Free Press 24 Feb 1874]. …
  • … Down. | Beckenham, Kent. March 21. 1874. My dear Sir. Some one has sent me the Aberdeen …
  • … Aberdeen Daily Free Press , 24 February 1874. The clipping sent to CD is now in DAR 226.2: …

From J. S. Burdon Sanderson   23 March [1874]

Summary

Thanks for MS which he intends to read while on a week’s holiday.

Sends thanks for Francis Darwin’s offer of help and says that Francis’s experiments on digestion are complete.

Author:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-2-10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9370A

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   23 March [1874] …
  • … Burdon Sanderson, baronet London, Queen Anne St, 49 23 Mar [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Sanderson. See letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 21 March 1874 . See letter to J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 21 March 1874  and n.  5. Burdon Sanderson refers to Francis Darwin. …
  • … 19 November [1873] ). He did not send his results until his letter of 30 March [1874]. …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 21 March 1874 . CD had lent Burdon Sanderson his manuscript …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 21 March 1874 . Burdon Sanderson was professor of practical …

From J. D. Hooker   24 March 1874

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Summary

"Half an answer" to CD’s query on visit of Sphinx to Hedychium gardnerianum.

Business affairs and family ill health keep him busy.

G. J. Allman will succeed Bentham as President of Linnean Society. Busk has refused.

Huxley is well.

JDH has indoctrinated Sir Stafford Northcote with his merits.

Lyell frail.

Old J. E. Gray goes on publishing.

"Is not [Thomas] Belt splendid!"

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 195–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9371

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   24 March 1874
  • … DAR 103: 195–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 24 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … note for his reply to Hooker; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 March [1874] and n.  5. …
  • … the letter from J.  A.  Gammie, 16 February 1874 . He had probably written to Gammie of …
  • … lily, Hedychium gardnerianum . Later in 1874, Gammie sent information direct to CD on the …
  • … letter from J.  A.  Gammie, 28 August 1874 ). Hooker, in addition to his duties at Kew, …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 March 1874  and n.  2), probably participating in the …
  • … see letter to George Bentham, 9 March [1874] and n.  3), and dealing with the distribution …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3  March 1874  and n.  2); there was therefore no-one to …
  • … year at the anniversary meeting on 25 May 1874 ( Proceedings of the Linnean Society of …
  • … s The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874). James Croll had just published a continuation …
  • … 8. Henry John Carter had stated in Carter 1874, p.  193, that it was ‘wild conjecture’ to …
  • … structure of the organism (see Carpenter 1874). The Eozoon canadense had first been …

To J. D. Hooker   25 March [1874]

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Summary

Thanks for information about Hedychium. Hopes wings of Sphinx will be found covered with pollen for that will be a fine bit of prophecy from the structure of a flower to special and new means of fertilisation.

Has been at Descent so hard he has done nothing, not even H. Spencer’s answer.

Has not yet read Croll ["Ocean currents", London Edinburgh & Dublin Philos. Mag. 47 (1874): 94–122, 168–90].

Has heard nothing about Carter and Eozoon. Eozoon, he infers, is done for.

Has read Belt [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]: best of all natural history travel books.

Has written to Fritz Müller about leaf-carrying ants.

Hopes to resume work on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 317–19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9372

Matches: 20 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   25 March [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 317–19 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Mar [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … read Belt [ The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]: best of all natural history travel books. …
  • … London Edinburgh & Dublin Philos. Mag. 47 (1874): 94–122, 168–90]. Has heard nothing about …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874  and n.  1. Sphinx or hawk-moths are essential for fertilising …
  • … Coral reefs 2d ed. (see letter to Smith, Elder & Co, 8 January 1874, and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 27 [March 1874] ). Hooker’s youngest children were suffering from whooping …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874  and nn.  3, 5, and 6). George Howard Darwin’s …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874  and n.  14. George Howard Darwin was commenting …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874  and nn.  12 and 13. CD had accepted that …
  • … see O’Brien 1970). CD refers to Thomas Belt’s The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874). See …
  • … letter to Fritz Müller, 1 January 1874 , in which CD made this request and informed Müller …
  • … that he was sending him a copy of Belt 1874. Belt …
  • … discussed leaf-carrying ants in Belt 1874, pp.  80–1. CD finished working on Descent 2d …
  • … April (see letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 8 April 1874  and n.  1), and by 12 April he was again …
  • … see letter to Edward Frankland, 12 April 1874 ). CD had begun studying the effects of …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 March 1874  and n.  16). In Insectivorous plants , p.   …
  • … letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 21 March 1874  and n.  2. Hooker and William Turner …
  • … 4). CD had spent the first three months of 1874  working on Descent 2d ed. (‘Journal’ ( …

From Emile Alglave   27 March 1874

Summary

On EA’s persecution by new government for liberal–republican position of his Revues; threat to remove him from Faculté de Droit, unless he renounces relations with Revues or changes their politics.

Has reviewed CD’s Orchids.

Author:  Émile Alglave
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 159: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9375

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Emile Alglave    27 March 1874
  • … DAR 159: 39 Émile Alglave Paris 27 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … de la France et de l’étranger , 28 March 1874, pp.  909–10. Alglave probably received a …
  • … CD probably read in Nature , 12 March 1874, pp.  372–3, that Alglave had been suspended …
  • … 1873; his government fell from power in May 1874. Oscar Bardi de Fourtou was the minister …

To H. E. Litchfield   27 [March 1874]

Summary

Thanks her for her excellent criticisms and corrections [for 2d ed. of Coral reefs?].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  27 [Mar 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 153: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9325

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To H.  E.  Litchfield   27 [March 1874] …
  • … DAR 153: 85 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 [Mar 1874] Henrietta Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma …
  • … to the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [March 1874] . Henrietta was helping to correct the …
  • … 2d ed. (see also letter to H.  E.  Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). Ellen Harriet Tollet …
  • … stayed at Down from 24 to 28 March 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See letter to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [March 1874] and n.   2. The original copyist was unable to read CD’s …
  • … Darwin’s theory of conscience’ (Abbot 1874), which was published in the Index (see letter …
  • … from F.  E.  Abbot, 3 March 1874 ). CD’s annotated copy is in DAR 139.12.3. …
  • … Buckley Litchfield stayed at Down from 2 to 9 April 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …

To J. D. Hooker   27 [March 1874]

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Summary

Etty [Henrietta Litchfield] is helping with Coral reefs [2d ed.]; will JDH lend her his copy?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 [Mar 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 320
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9373

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   27 [March 1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 320 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 [Mar 1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … s copy of Coral reefs in January (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 January 1874 and …
  • … 18 January [1874]). …
  • … letter to H.  E.  Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] . CD’s daughter Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … letter to H.  E.  Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). There were three maps in Coral reefs ; CD …

To Smith, Elder & Co.   27 March [1874]

Summary

Heavily correcting sheets for Coral reefs, 2d ed. [1874]. Offers to pay extra printer’s charges.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  27 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (Ms.23181, ff.16-20 (S. E. & Co. work slip, ff.16-17, letter ff.18-19, address envelope f.20))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9374

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Smith, Elder & Co.    27 March [1874] …
  • … correcting sheets for Coral reefs , 2d ed. [1874]. Offers to pay extra printer’s charges. …
  • … 19, address envelope f.20)) Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Mar [1874] Smith, Elder & Co …
  • … late May (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 30 May 1874 ), and its publication was announced …
  • … in Publishers’ circular , 1 July 1874, p.  420. CD’s daughter, Henrietta Emma Litchfield, …
  • … the proofs of Coral reefs 2d ed. (see letters to H.  E.  Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] and …
  • … 27 [March 1874]). The Geological Society of London. …

To T. H. Huxley   28 March [1874]

Summary

Asks for THH’s description of brain and skull [of man and apes] for 2d ed. of Descent [supplement to ch. 7].

Asks about Dohrn affair and contributions for Naples station. Doubts subscriptions will be successful.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  28 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science and Technology Archives (Huxley 5: 293)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9376

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   28 March [1874] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 293) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Mar [1874] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … fund for the Zoological Station (see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 6 March 1874 ). …
  • … and the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 6 March 1874 . CD was preparing the second edition of …
  • … see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 6 March 1874  and n.  4). Charles Grant. Huxley had …

To F. E. Abbot   30 March 1874

Summary

FEA has expressed CD’s views on the moral sense with remarkable clearness and correctness; his eulogy is magnificent ["Darwin’s theory of conscience and its relation to scientific ethics", Index 12 Mar 1874]. Cannot give a judgment on the essay because he has had "no practice in following abstract and abstruse reasoning".

CD does not see how morality can be "objective and universal". No one would call the maternal bond in lower animals a "moral obligation". When a social animal "becomes in some slight incipient degree" a moral creature "capable of approving or disapproving of its own conduct" do not such obligations remain of a so-called instinctive nature rather than becoming at once moral obligations?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Ellingwood Abbot
Date:  30 Mar 1874
Classmark:  Harvard University Archives (Papers of F. E. Abbot, 1841–1904, Named Correspondence, 1857–1903. Box 44. HUG 1101)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9377

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To F.  E.  Abbot   30 March 1874
  • … 1903. Box 44. HUG 1101) Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Mar 1874 Francis Ellingwood Abbot …
  • … of the ultimate Nature of Things’ that made society possible. See Abbot 1874, p.  123. …
  • … CD scored these passages in his annotated copy of Abbot 1874 (DAR 139.12.3). …
  • … Abbot had hoped that CD would review Abbot 1874 in the form of a letter that could be …
  • … published in the Index (see letter from F.  E.  Abbot, 3 March 1874 ). …
  • … to scientific ethics", Index 12 Mar 1874]. Cannot give a judgment on the essay because he …
  • … Down Beckenham Kent Mar 30 1874 My dear Sir I have rec d your kind letter of the 3 rd & …
  • … See letter from F.  E.  Abbot, 3 March 1874 ; the copies of the Index contained Abbot’s …
  • … relation to scientific ethics’ (Abbot 1874). Abbot, in addition to the generally laudatory …
  • … England’s greatest living thinker’ (Abbot 1874, p.  123). Abbot argued that CD’s theory …

From J. S. Burdon Sanderson   30 March [1874]

Summary

Sends results of experiments on digestion. Encloses two sets of notes: "Experiments on the digestibility of certain preparations sent by Mr Darwin" and "Note for Mr Darwin" [marked by CD for insertion in ch. 6 of Insectivorous plants].

Author:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-2-2); DAR 58.2: 59–64
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9378A

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   30 March [1874] …
  • … Burdon Sanderson, baronet London, Queen Anne St, 49 30 Mar [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 25 April 1874 ), were included in Insectivorous plants , …
  • … letter, the letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 21 March 1874 , and the letter from J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 23 March [1874] . Burdon Sanderson had undertaken a series of …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   31 March [1874]

Summary

Thanks for the careful experiments, particularly on organic acids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  31 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9381

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   31 March [1874] …
  • … 1731-1-5) Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 Mar [1874] John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet …
  • … from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 30 March [1874] ). CD refers to Insectivorous plants . …
  • … and the letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 30 March [1874] . See letter from J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 30 March [1874] and enclosure and n.  6. CD wanted to determine …

From T. H. Huxley   31 March 1874

Summary

His note on brain [in man and apes for 2d ed. of Descent] nearly finished.

Has heard nothing about Dohrn.

THH has been invited to lecture in America.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 166: 332
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9380

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   31 March 1874
  • … 332 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Marlborough Place, 4 31 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 28 March [1874] and n.  3). Michael Foster was attempting to …
  • … see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 6 March 1874  and n.  4). CD had sent Dohrn a donation of …
  • … see letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 28 March [1874] ). Huxley did not undertake his lecture tour …
  • … letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 27 January 1874  and n.  2), after which Wedgwood sent him …
  • … 4 Marlborough Place | NW March 31. 1874 My dear Darwin The brain business is more than …

To John Phillips   31 March [1874]

Summary

Regrets he cannot visit Oxford.

Comments on sketches in letter from JP [9360].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Phillips
Date:  31 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (439)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9379

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To John Phillips   31 March [1874] …
  • … Philosophical Society (439) Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 Mar [1874] John Phillips …
  • … the letter from John Phillips, 14 March 1874 . Phillips had invited CD to see his specimen …
  • … the letter from John Phillips, 14 March 1874 . Phillips was keeper of the Yorkshire Museum …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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