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From Leonard Darwin| 1 March 1874

Summary

Notes on movements of Mimosa pudica.

Author:  Leonard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 209.2: 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9328

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Leonard Darwin| 1 March 1874
  • … DAR 209.2: 158 Leonard Darwin unstated 1 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …

To T. W. Denby   1 March 1874

Summary

Writes concerning the land he wishes to purchase from Sir John Lubbock.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas William Denby
Date:  1 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 97: C43
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9327

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To T.  W.  Denby   1 March 1874
  • … DAR 97: C43 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Mar 1874 Thomas William Denby …
  • … his letter to John Lubbock, 23 February 1874 (see n.  1, above); Denby therefore had all …
  • … of his letter to John Lubbock, 23 February 1874 , concerning his wish to purchase, instead …
  • … the land to CD (see the letter from John Lubbock, 27 February 1874 ). Both Lubbock’s note …
  • … the letter from John Lubbock, 27 February 1874 , were written at the bottom of the sheet …

To Edmund Hartnack   1 March 1874

Summary

Has been waiting several months for a microscope objective and would like it without delay.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edmund Hartnack
Date:  1 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 97: C42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9326

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Edmund Hartnack    1 March 1874
  • … DAR 97: C42 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Mar 1874 Edmund Hartnack …

To Albert Günther   [c. 2 March 1874]

Summary

Encloses a circular [9384?] to explain the predicament he is in. Asks whether AG can get anyone at the British Museum, other than Owen, to join J. E. Gray in signing.

Believes the account of the Mallotus in American Naturalist [5 (1871): 119] is trustworthy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Date:  [c. 2 Mar 1874]
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School, Taylor Library (39)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9383

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To Albert Günther   [ c. 2 March 1874] …
  • … 39) Charles Robert Darwin Down c. 2 Mar 1874 Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) …
  • … Albert Günther, 26 February 1874 . See …
  • … letter from Albert Günther, 26 February 1874  and n.  5. In Descent 1: 308–9, CD described …
  • … to the Royal Society of London, 2 March [1874] , and by the date of the meeting at which …
  • … meeting of the Royal Society on 5 March 1874, at which the candidates for election were …
  • … letter to the Royal Society of London, 2 March [1874] and nn.  2 and 3, and letter to H.   …
  • … B.  Tristram, 3 March [1874] and n.  1). Richard Owen and John Edward Gray worked at the …
  • … 372). See letter from Albert Günther, 26 February 1874 . See the discussion of Mallotus …
  • … the capelin) in the letter to Albert Günther, 25 February 1874 , and the letter from …

To the Royal Society of London   2 March [1874]

Summary

A certificate for admission [of Robert Swinhoe] to Royal Society with many signatures has been lost by the Post Office. Asks for another so he can get the signatures anew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Royal Society of London
Date:  2 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9329

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To the Royal Society of London    2 March [1874] …
  • … M. Stecher collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Mar [1874] Royal Society of London …
  • … The secretaries of the Royal Society of London in 1874 were Thomas Henry Huxley and George …
  • … and the letter from Robert Swinhoe, 9 February 1874 , and by the form of the printed …
  • … address, which CD used only until November 1874. Swinhoe was put forward for election …
  • … Royal Society twice; he was unsuccessful in 1874, but was elected in 1876 ( Record of the …
  • … letter from Robert Swinhoe, 9 February 1874 ); this involved CD’s obtaining six signatures …
  • … also letter to H.  B.  Tristram, 3 March [1874] ). The certificates had to be suspended in …
  • … s, were read out at a meeting on 5 March 1874 ( Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …

From F. E. Abbot   3 March 1874

Summary

Asks CD to read and comment, for publication, on his forthcoming essay in Index on the evolution of conscience and morals through action and reaction between man and the moral environment.

Author:  Francis Ellingwood Abbot
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 159: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9332

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From F.  E.  Abbot   3 March 1874
  • … DAR 159: 5 Francis Ellingwood Abbot Index , Boston, Mass. 3 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of the Index containing Abbot’s lecture (Abbot 1874) is in DAR 139.12.3. CD dealt with the …
  • … to Abbot (see letter to F.  E.  Abbot, 30 March 1874 ). CD was possibly listing journals ( …
  • … Tylor, Herbert Spencer) to whom to send the extra copies of Abbot’s lecture (Abbot 1874). …

From J. D. Hooker   3 March 1874

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Summary

The row at the Linnean Society and other troubles.

The Agricultural Society has sent Anton De Bary £100 to investigate the potato disease – an insult to M. J. Berkeley, who had worked on it for 30 years.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 189–92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9331

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   3 March 1874
  • … DAR 103: 189–92 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 3 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 March [1874] ). …
  • … CD had been elected in January 1874 (see letter from American Academy …
  • … of Arts and Sciences, 28 January 1874 ). The disputes at the Linnean Society concerned …
  • … to the bylaws (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 January 1874  and n.  2). Bentham’s …
  • … by a single vote at a meeting on 15 January 1874 had been opposed by the Scottish botanist …
  • … suggesting at a special meeting of 5 March 1874 (see n.  5, below) that the society obtain …
  • … Society had requested a meeting on 5 March 1874 to see whether the disagreements regarding …
  • … first commissioner of public works in 1874. The Royal Agricultural Society’s initiatives …
  • … widely criticised (see Nature , 1 January 1874, pp.  161–2). Miles Joseph Berkeley, when …

To H. B. Tristram   3 March [1874]

Summary

Thanks HBT for all the trouble he has taken for Robert Swinhoe and himself. Will try to get six signatures on a new certificate and deliver it to the Royal Society in time.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Baker Tristram
Date:  3 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  New York Academy of Medicine (MS 14)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9330

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To H.  B.  Tristram   3 March [1874] …
  • … Academy of Medicine (MS 14) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Mar [1874] Henry Baker Tristram …
  • … secretary, Royal Society of London, 2 March [1874]); evidently CD obtained six signatures …
  • … was announced at the meeting of 5 March 1874 ( Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … 228). Swinhoe was not elected a fellow in 1874, but was successful when proposed again in …

To T. L. Brunton   4 March 1874

Summary

On digestive powers of Drosera and those of higher animals.

Comments on expression on two halves of human face.

Responds to TLB’s views of serpent- and fire-worship.

Poison of venomous snakes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Date:  4 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 143: 159
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9334

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To T.  L.  Brunton   4 March 1874
  • … DAR 143: 159 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Mar 1874 Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet …
  • … See letter from T.  L.  Brunton, 28 February 1874 . CD described the ability of Drosera ( …
  • … Down. Beckenham— Kent Mar.  4. 1874 Dear Sir I thank you for your long letter which has …
  • … 1873, pp.  36–7. See letter from T.  L.  Brunton, 28 February 1874  and n.  7. See letter …
  • … from T.  L.  Brunton, 28 February 1874 . Brunton had first suggested that expression could …
  • … letter from T.  L.  Brunton, 28 February  1874 , to keep in his collection of letters for …
  • … of the letter from Brunton, 28 February 1874, indicate that he discussed this topic, but …

To Eugène Desmarest   4 March 1874

Summary

Thanks for letter announcing election to honorary member of the Entomological Society of France. Has always felt entomology admirable for throwing light on general problems in biology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Eugène Desmarest
Date:  4 Mar 1874
Classmark:  Annales de la Société entomologique de France 5th ser. 4 (1874): xlvi
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9334F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Eugène Desmarest   4 March 1874
  • … Annales de la Société entomologique de France 5th ser.  4 (1874): xlvi Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin [Down] 4 Mar 1874 Eugène Desmarest …
  • … January (see Journal géneral de l’imprimerie et de la librarie , 31 January 1874, p.  51). …
  • … from Eugène Desmarest, 27 February 1874 . Possibly a mistranscription of or misprint for ‘ …

To J. D. Hooker   4 March [1874]

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Summary

CD guessed Carruthers was stirred up by Owen. Disgraceful treatment of Bentham.

Work on Descent and Coral reefs stops his doing anything of real interest.

Asa Gray’s letter. CD has acknowledged the honour [honorary membership in the Boston Soc. Nat. Hist.].

"What a demon on earth Owen is. I do hate him."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 313–16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9333

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   4 March [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 313–16 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Mar [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker ‘/74’ …
  • … of the Linnean Society, see the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 March 1874  and n.  2. …
  • … general meeting to be held on 5 March 1874 to see whether the disagreements regarding the …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 March 1874  and n.  4). George Russell had been caught …
  • … club (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 March 1874  and n.  6). CD had begun preparing the …
  • … work on it for the first three months of 1874 ( Correspondence vol.  21, Appendix II; this …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 March 1874 ), evidently giving news of CD’s election to …
  • … Academy of Arts and Sciences, 28 January 1874 . CD’s relationship with Richard Owen had …

From J. W. Robertson to George Cupples   4 March 1874

Summary

His general rule has been to preserve male deerhound puppies in preference to females.

Author:  J. W Robertson
Addressee:  George Cupples
Date:  4 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 90: 114–16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9335

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From J.  W.  Robertson to George Cupples   4 March 1874
  • … DAR 90: 114–16 J. W Robertson Alloa 4 Mar 1874 George Cupples …

From T. H. Huxley   6 March 1874

Summary

Has heard from Dohrn about his financial problems. Asks CD’s advice on what to do.

THH’s article in Contemporary Review ["Universities: actual and ideal" (1874), Collected essays, vol. 3 (1894)].

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 193–4; Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine (Huxley: 13.256, 13.258)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9336

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   6 March 1874
  • … value me less for this reason. In true friendship | yours | Anton Dohrn 26 February 1874
  • … 13.256, 13.258) Thomas Henry Huxley Kensington Museum 6 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Review ["Universities: actual and ideal" (1874), Collected essays , vol. 3 (1894)]. …
  • … mich darum nicht geringer. In treuer Freundschaft | Ihr | Anton Dohrn 26. Februar.  1874. …
  • … Pal. Torlonia 26. Febr.  1874. Dear Professor! My father, who has been here for 8 days, …
  • … South Kensington March 6 th 1874 My dear Darwin On my return from Aberdeen on Wednesday …
  • … well baring colds Pal. Torlonia 26. Febr.  1874. Lieber Professor! Mein Vater, der seit 8  …
  • … zoological station, arriving there in February 1874. Balfour had previously informed CD of …
  • … published in the Contemporary Review 23 (1873–4): 657–79, in March 1874. Huxley’s death …
  • … in Revue scientifique , 21 February 1874, p.  812. For a translation of the enclosures, …
  • … which took place in Warsaw on 3 June 1874 (Kawecki 1978, p.  310). Karl Ernst von Baer. …

To Anton Dohrn   7 March 1874

Summary

CD is grieved to hear that AD is overworked and troubled about the Zoological Station. Glad he is now writing to seek assistance from English naturalists. Sends a subscription of £100 and £10 each from George and Francis Darwin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  7 Mar 1874
Classmark:  Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München (Ana 525 Ba 712)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9338

Matches: 5 hits

  • … recently changed his mind (see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 6  March 1874  and enclosures). …
  • … To Anton Dohrn   7 March 1874
  • … München (Ana 525 Ba 712) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Mar 1874 Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. March 7 th . 1874 My dear D r Dohrn I have just heard from Huxley …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 6 March 1874 . CD’s letter has not been found. Thomas …

From J. T. Moggridge   7 March 1874

Summary

Sends abstract of Martin Ziegler’s paper on sensitive movements in Drosera ["Sur un fait physiologique observé sur des feuilles de Drosera", C. R. Hebd. Acad. Sci. 74 (1872): 1227–9].

JTM’s experiments with formic acid and ants have failed to reveal the secret of the ants, but have taught him a great deal about germination.

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 224
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9339

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  T.  Moggridge   7 March 1874
  • … DAR 171: 224 John Traherne Moggridge Mentone 7 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … writing Insectivorous plants on 1 April 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). He criticised …
  • … Maison Gastaldy | Mentone 7 March | 1874 My dear Sir I have to thank you for your most …
  • … ants and trap-door spiders (Moggridge 1874, pp.  172–4). In Insectivorous plants , p.   …

To J. V. Carus   8 March [1874]

Summary

Looks forward to a visit from JVC and family in August.

Sheets of vol. 1 of Descent [2d ed.] are going to printer;

new edition of Coral reefs is half printed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  8 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859 Darwin, Charles, Bl 114–115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9340

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   8 March [1874] …
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl 114–115 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Mar [1874] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … Darwin received a copy of Coral reefs 2d ed.  in late May 1874 (see letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 30 May 1874 ); the publication of the work was …
  • … recorded in Publishers’ circular , 1 July 1874. …
  • … see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 21 January 1874 ); evidently Carus suggested early August in …
  • … see letter from J.  V.  Carus, 19 January 1874 ). Sophie Catherine Carus was Carus’s wife, …

To George Bentham   9 March [1874]

Summary

Asks GB to support the election of CD’s nephew, Henry Parker, to the Athenaeum Club.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  9 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Miscellaneous Correspondence Series)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9347

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To George Bentham   9 March [1874] …
  • … Correspondence Series) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Mar [1874] George Bentham …
  • … the Athenaeum Club, which took place in March 1874 (see Waugh [1888]). The ballots at the …
  • … when Parker’s ballot was scheduled for 16 March 1874. Elections at the Athenaeum Club took …

To William Bowman   9 March [1874]

Summary

Urges WB to give his vote "and exert any influence which you properly can" in favour of CD’s nephew, Henry Parker, a fellow of Oriel, at the next balloting at the Athenaeum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  9 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer): Cat 29 (1970s)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9346

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To William Bowman   9 March [1874] …
  • … dealer): Cat 29 (1970s) Charles Robert Darwin 9 Mar [1874] William Bowman, 1st baronet …
  • … Club; Parker was elected a member in March 1874 (Waugh [1888]). Parker, a fellow of Oriel …
  • … see letter to George Bentham, 9 March [1874] , and Waugh [1888]). The original letter is …

From T. L. Brunton   9 March 1874

Summary

Writes on the possible origin of serpent-worship.

Is glad CD does not think his view regarding the two sides of the face is erroneous.

Author:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 160: 338
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9345

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From T.  L.  Brunton   9 March 1874
  • … Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet London, Somerset St, 23 9 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to T.  L.  Brunton, 4 March 1874 . See letter to T.   …
  • … L.  Brunton, 4 March 1874  and n.  5. CD was interested in the relative nutritional values …
  • … hydrolysed forms of collagen); see letter to T.  L.  Brunton, 4 March 1874  and n.  4. …
  • … S t . Portman Sq | London W. March 9 th . 1874 Dear Sir Many thanks for your kind letter & …

To Edward Frankland   9 March [1874]

Summary

Requests EF’s vote and support in favour of Henry Parker for membership in the Athenaeum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  9 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, The University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9347A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Edward Frankland   9 March [1874] …
  • … The University of Manchester Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Mar [1874] Edward Frankland …
  • … s election to the Athenaeum Club, which took place in March 1874 (see Waugh [1888]). …
  • … See letter to George Bentham, 9 March [1874] , nn.  2–4. …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’ Darwin confessed in January1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months. January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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