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To Francis Galton   [November 1874 – April 1882]

Summary

Invites FG to visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Galton
Date:  [Nov 1874 – Apr 1882]
Classmark:  British Library (IOL Mss Eur F 127)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13811

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Francis Galton   [November 1874 – April 1882] …
  • … IOL Mss Eur F 127) Charles Robert Darwin Down [Nov 1874 – Apr 1882] Francis Galton …

From T. L. Brunton   2 November [1874]

Summary

CD may keep the photograph of "the holy Mary of Egypt". TLB may have been led away by his imagination in thinking that one side of the face expressed repentance and the other devout joy.

Comments on David Ferrier’s observations on electrical stimulation of the brain. Extent of response relates to intensity of stimulus.

Crichton-Browne’s observations on the asymmetry of convolutions on the two sides of the brains of maniacs.

Author:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Nov [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 342
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9705

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From T.  L.  Brunton   2 November [1874] …
  • … Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet London, Somerset St, 23 2 Nov [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from T.  L.  Brunton, [29] October [1874] . Brunton had sent CD a postcard showing …
  • … letter from T.  L.  Brunton, [29] October [1874] and n.  2); this postcard is in DAR 53.1: …

To John Fiske   3 November [1874]

Summary

Thanks JF for copy of Cosmic philosophy [1874].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Fiske
Date:  3 Nov [1874]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (FK 1110-1112)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9706

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To John Fiske   3 November [1874] …
  • … Thanks JF for copy of Cosmic philosophy [1874]. …
  • … The Huntington Library (FK 1110-1112) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Nov [1874] John Fiske …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Fiske, John. 1874. Outlines of cosmic philosophy: based on the …
  • … based on the doctrine of evolution ( Fiske 1874 ) is in the Darwin Library–Down. CD and …

From John Murray   3 November 1874

Summary

Statement of stock on hand of CD’s works.

Expression, curiously, at a dead stand-still.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 441
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9707

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From John Murray   3 November 1874
  • … DAR 171: 441 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 3 Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the anticipated sales did not occur (see letter from John Murray Jr, 15 September 1874 ). …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Expression : The expression of the emotions …

From G. H. Darwin   [4 November 1874]

Summary

GHD has been using E. Norman [CD’s copyist], and he apologises if this has caused delays to CD’s work.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [4 Nov 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 44
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9708

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [4 November 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.2: 44 George Howard Darwin unstated [4 Nov 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 5 November [1874] . …
  • … In 1874, the Wednesday before 5 November was 4 November. Ebenezer Norman, schoolmaster in …
  • … see letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 5 November [1874] and n.  6). Emma Darwin’s letter to George …

To D. Appleton & Co.   5 November 1874

Summary

Has just had printed a new edition of Descent [1874] and is anxious that this improved version be circulated in America.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  D. Appleton & Co
Date:  5 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 97: C63–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9713

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To D.  Appleton & Co.    5 November 1874
  • … DAR 97: C63–4 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Nov 1874 D. Appleton & Co …
  • … just had printed a new edition of Descent [1874] and is anxious that this improved version …
  • … proof-sheets of Descent 2d ed. (see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 30 October 1874  and n.  1). …
  • … The second edition was published in one volume in November 1874 (see letter from R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 12 November 1874  and n.  4). John Murray was the publisher of …
  • … see letter to John Murray, 4 April 1874  and n.   4). D.  Appleton & Co.  published the …
  • … a carnivorous plant’ in Hardwicke’s Science Gossip (1874): 230–3 and 235, and in America, …
  • … the notice in Scientific American , 4 April 1874, in which, under the heading ‘Carnivorous …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Descent 2d US ed. : The descent of man, and …
  • … November 5 1874 Messrs Appleton | New York | Messrs Appleton | New York Dear Sir I have …

To G. H. Darwin   5 November [1874]

Summary

Mainly family news.

Eager to read GHD’s political economy MS "though Heaven knows whether I shall understand it".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  5 Nov [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9712

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   5 November [1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 37 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Nov [1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [4 November 1874] and n.  2). CD refers to the …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [4 November 1874] ; the card from George has not been found. …
  • … letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 19 October [1874] ). After discussion with CD, George decided to …
  • … the invitation (see letters from Emma Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 15 November [1874] and …
  • … 25 November [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.24 and 25)). The account was probably in the card sent …
  • … Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 25 November [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.25)). Emma recorded in her …
  • … and confined her to bed on 3, 4, and 5 November 1874 (DAR 242). Emma recorded in her …
  • … DAR 242) that ‘Jossi & Harrison’ arrived on Saturday 7 November 1874, and in a letter …
  • … to Leonard Darwin, 15 November [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.24), she mentioned that Lucy Caroline …

To John Murray   5 November [1874]

Summary

Thanks JM for granting his request. Will write to D. Appleton.

CD is sorry about heavy loss from Expression; still thinks the book will sell in the course of years.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  5 Nov [1874]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 f. 344)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9710

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To John Murray   5 November [1874] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 f. 344) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Nov [1874] John Murray …
  • … and the letter from John Murray, 3 November 1874 . Murray’s note has not been found. …
  • … See letter to D.  Appleton & Co. , 5 November 1874 . See …
  • … letter from John Murray, 3 November 1874  and n.  5. …

From G. H. Darwin   [8 November 1874]

Summary

Spottiswoode is pressing for an answer to invitation to GHD to lecture at the Royal Institution. GHD is having MS of the paper he has written sent to CD, so that CD can advise whether he should accept the invitation.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [8 Nov 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 43
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9688

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [8 November 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.2: 43 George Howard Darwin unstated [8 Nov 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 5 November [1874] . …
  • … In 1874, the Saturday after 5 November was 8 November. William Spottiswoode had invited …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874 ). Ebenezer Norman was employed as a copyist …
  • … s arriving at Down on Wednesday 11 November 1874, but Emma Darwin’s diary records that ‘G’ …

To W. J. Beal   9 November 1874

Summary

Thanks WJB for his reference [see 9691]. Is curious fact that the humble bees did not use the pollen, but the hive bees did.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William James Beal
Date:  9 Nov 1874
Classmark:  Sarah Baker Topper (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9713F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To W.  J.  Beal   9 November 1874
  • … Baker Topper (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Nov 1874 William James Beal …
  • … See letter from W.  J.  Beal, 22 October 1874 , in which Beal mentioned his note ‘The …
  • … Darwin Library–CUL, is dated March 1871. See letter from W.  J.  Beal, 22 October 1874 . …

To J. F. McLennan   10 November [1874]

Summary

Will send Alexis Giraud-Teulon’s book [Origines de la famille (1874)], which he has received but not read, if JFM cares to read it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Ferguson McLennan
Date:  10 Nov [1874]
Classmark:  R. F. Batchelder (dealer), Catalogue 44 (n.d.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9715

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  F.  McLennan   10 November [1874] …
  • … Catalogue 44 (n.d. ) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Nov [1874] John Ferguson McLennan …
  • … Teulon’s book [ Origines de la famille (1874)], which he has received but not read, if JFM …
  • … the origins of the family ( Giraud-Teulon 1874 ), inscribed to CD from the author, is in …
  • … work Primitive marriage ( McLennan 1865 ); see letter from J.  F.  McLennan, 13 May 1874 . …
  • … Bibliography Giraud-Teulon, Alexis. 1874. Les origines de la famille: questions sur les …

From F. E. Nipher   10 November 1874

Summary

Cites examples of the inheritance of maternal impressions.

Author:  Francis Eugene Nipher
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 172: 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9714

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From F.  E.  Nipher   10 November 1874
  • … 69 Francis Eugene Nipher Washington University, St Louis 10 Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Descent : The descent of man, and selection …
  • … the letter from F.  E.  Nipher, 11 December 1874 ). Roxalana Powell Tilden Nipher. Several …

From Herbert Spencer   11 November 1874

Summary

Wishes to know where, in his works, CD refers to some particular behaviour in dogs.

Mentions the sensitivity of cirripedes to passing shadows.

Author:  Herbert Spencer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 177: 233
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9716

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Herbert Spencer   11 November 1874
  • … DAR 177: 233 Herbert Spencer Bayswater 11 Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …

From R. F. Cooke   12 November 1874

Summary

New edition of Descent just off the press. Murray feels price must be 9s instead of 12s, if it is to sell. This will reduce profit to almost nil.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 442
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9717

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   12 November 1874
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 12 Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Descent : The descent of man, and selection …
  • … The student’s elements of geology ( C.  Lyell 1874 ). Stereotyped plates could be kept and …
  • … London: John Murray. 1871. Lyell, Charles. 1874. The student’s elements of geology. 2d …

From Auguste Forel   12 November 1874

Summary

Thanks for the present of the book [Thomas Belt, The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)].

Author:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9718

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Auguste Forel    12 November 1874
  • … DAR 164: 155 Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel Munich 12 Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Thanks for the present of the book [Thomas Belt, The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]. …
  • … jaws of the defending ants without harming the ants themselves. See Belt 1874, pp.  20–22. …
  • … Forel had sent CD a copy of his book on ants ( Forel 1874 ); see letter from …
  • … Auguste Forel, 23 September 1874 . …
  • … Bibliography Forel, Auguste. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Zurich: Zurcher & Furrer. [ …
  • … Münich 12 XI 1874 Monsieur, Je vous remercie beaucoup du beau cadeau que vous m’avez fait …
  • … Münich 12 XI 1874 Sir, I am most grateful to you for the fine present you have made me, …
  • … a copy of Thomas Belt’s book The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874) to Forel (see letter …
  • … to Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874  and n.  9). The head nurse of the Oberbayerischern …
  • … morning from eight to nine, using Belt 1874 as the basis for the lessons. ‘By the time we …

To ?   12 November 1874

Summary

Is obliged for addressee’s courteous note and is indifferent to how his name is used.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  12 Nov 1874
Classmark:  Smith College, Mortimer Rare Book Collection (MiscMS 253)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9717F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To ?    12 November 1874
  • … Rare Book Collection (MiscMS 253) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Nov 1874 Unidentified …

From F. T. Köppen   13 November 1874

Summary

Calls CD’s attention to a book that deals with subjects related to both Descent and Expression: Ferdinand Jahn, Die abnormen Zustände des menschlichen Lebens als Nachbildungen und Wiederholungen normaler Zustände des Thierlebens [1842].

Author:  Friedrich Theodor Köppen (Fedor Petrovich Keppen)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 91: 84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9719

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From F.  T.  Köppen    13 November 1874
  • … Theodor Köppen (Fedor Petrovich Keppen) St Petersburg 13 Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … St Petersburg, d.  13/1 Nov br . 1874. Hochgeehrter Herr, Ich halte es, der Wissenschaft …
  • … St Petersburg, 13/1 Nov br . 1874 Most honoured Sir, I consider it my duty towards science …

To Down School Board   16 November 1874

Summary

Must resign because of his health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Down School Board
Date:  16 Nov 1874
Classmark:  Bromley Central Library, Local Studies Library and Archives (P/123/25/10/1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9720

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Down School Board   16 November 1874
  • … and Archives (P/123/25/10/1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Nov 1874 Down School Board …
  • … this important duty Gentlemen | Your obedient servant | Ch. R.  Darwin Nov.  16 th 1874. — …

From R. F. Cooke   17 November 1874

Summary

Booksellers approve of [9s] price for 2d edition of Descent. 1350 copies were sold at annual sale.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 443
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9721

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   17 November 1874
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 17 Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Journal of researches 2d ed. : Journal of …
  • … letter from R.  F.  Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). This is a list of the numbers of CD’s books …
  • … letter from R.  F.  Cooke, 12 November 1874  and n.  4). Naturalist: Journal of researches …

To J. D. Hooker   [17 November 1874]

thumbnail

Summary

Extremely glad to have JDH come to Down. It is wise of JDH to exert himself and face the inevitable as well as he can. [Death of JDH’s wife, 13 Nov.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [17 Nov 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 342
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9728

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [17 November 1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 342 Charles Robert Darwin Down [17 Nov 1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … us’ (letter from Emma Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 25 November [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.25)). …
  • … Wednesday 18 November 1874 was the date of Frances Hooker’s funeral at St Anne’s church, …
  • … sort that CD started to use in November 1874. According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … Harriet Hooker visited from 19 to 23 November 1874. Hooker’s wife, Frances Harriet Hooker, …
Document type
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1874
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05 (3)
08 (1)
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12 (3)
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18 (4)
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23 (1)
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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