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To G. H. Darwin   1 August [1874]

Summary

GHD’s article will not do. It is too long and the denial seems weak and confused; also, it ought to be in the form of a letter to the editor. Encloses draft of the sort of letter of denial he thinks GHD should write.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  1 Aug [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 27, 29, 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9580

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   1 August [1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 27, 29, 32 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 1 Aug [1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 29 July 1874 . George had drafted an article responding to …
  • … H.  Darwin 1873a; see also letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). The attack was in …
  • … review in the Quarterly Review ([Mivart] 1874, p.  70). John Murray was the publisher of …
  • … continued to refine the wording of this letter; it appeared, dated 7 August 1874, in the …
  • … Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 587–9 (October issue). On the controversy, see Gruber 1960, …

From H. H. Bancroft   3 August 1874

Summary

Sends a volume and will send next volumes of a work intended to contribute to the study of mankind.

Author:  Hubert Howe Bancroft
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 160: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9581

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From H.  H.  Bancroft   3 August 1874
  • … DAR 160: 38 Hubert Howe Bancroft San Francisco 3 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … indeed most gratifying very Respy | Hubert Bancroft San Francisco Cal. | 3 rd . Aug.  1874
  • … states of North America (Bancroft  et al. 1874–6). CD’s copy has not been found in the …

From J. T. Knowles   4 August 1874

Summary

Regrets he is unable to republish Whitney’s article in the Contemporary Review. Would much appreciate an article from CD on the subject and suggests that CD might quote from Whitney to any extent he likes.

Author:  James Thomas Knowles
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 169: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9582

Matches: 6 hits

  • … T.  Knowles, 31 July 1874 ). …
  • … From J.  T.  Knowles   4 August 1874
  • … DAR 169: 41 James Thomas Knowles Clapham Common 4 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter to J.  T.  Knowles, 31 July 1874 ). St George Jackson Mivart, in an anonymous …
  • … distinctions in the study of language ([Mivart] 1874, p.  45; see letter to J.   …
  • … The Hollies | Clapham Common | S.W Augt 4 th . 1874 Dear Sir/ I so very much regret being …

To G. H. Darwin   [5 or 6 August 1874]

Summary

Has no objection to sending GHD’s letter as it is. The only accusation it seems necessary to rebut is about licentiousness. Regrets this is not made more prominent.

Gives some suggestions for GHD’s reply to Mivart’s attack.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [5 or 6] Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 28, 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9588

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [5 or 6 August 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 28, 30 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 5 Aug 1874 6 …
  • … Aug 1874 George Howard Darwin …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letters from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874 and …
  • … 6 [August] 1874. George had drafted a letter responding to an attack on him by St George …
  • … Review (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). The draft has not been found. See …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874  and n.  3. Mivart had written, ‘There is no …
  • … at Southampton. See letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 1 August [1874] and n.  4. See letter …
  • … from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874  and n.  4. John Murray was the publisher of the …
  • … to which this writer belongs’ ([Mivart] 1874, p.  70). In his essay on marriage in the …

From G. H. Darwin   5 August 1874

Summary

Regrets he cannot follow the line of denial CD suggests. Explains why he must defend himself against charge that he approves of oppressive laws.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9585

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   5 August 1874
  • … 210.2: 38 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 5 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … theoretically justified’ ([Mivart] 1874, p.  70). The enclosure has not been found. …
  • … in the Contemporary Review (G.  H.  Darwin 1873a, [Mivart] 1874; see letter to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). In order to forestall the criticism that people would not …
  • … approved of these past customs ([Mivart] 1874, p.  70). Mivart had written, ‘Elsewhere he …
  • … in order to check population’ ([Mivart] 1874, p.  70). George had written, ‘Prostitution …

To J. T. Knowles   5 August 1874

Summary

CD understands JTK’s reasons [for not republishing W. D. Whitney’s article]. Cannot undertake to write anything himself; he needs rest and is unwilling to enter into controversy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Thomas Knowles; editor of Contemporary Review
Date:  5 Aug 1874
Classmark:  Wellcome Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9584

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  T.  Knowles   5 August 1874
  • … Darwin Bassett Down letterhead 5 Aug 1874 James Thomas Knowles editor of Contemporary …
  • … letter from J.  T.  Knowles, 4 August 1874 ). Knowles had asked CD to consider writing for …
  • … the Contemporary Review ( letter from J.  T.  Knowles, 4 August 1874 ). …
  • … Bassett Southampton Aug—5 1874 Dear Sir I thank you for your extremely kind note. I had …

From John Tyndall   5 August 1874

Summary

Asks CD to look over those parts of the proofs of his Belfast address [Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): lxvi–xcvii] that mention CD.

Author:  John Tyndall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 106: C16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9587

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From John Tyndall   5 August 1874
  • … DAR 106: C16 John Tyndall Belalp 5 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of the proofs of his Belfast address [ Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): lxvi–xcvii] that mention CD. …
  • … to you yours ever | John Tyndall 5 th Aug 1874 | Bel Alp I hope to be in London on M y or …
  • … for the Advancement of Science, which was held in Belfast from 19 to 26 August 1874 ( …
  • … Tyndall 1874). Tyndall discussed CD’s theory of natural selection on pages lxxxiii– …

To W. D. Whitney   5 August 1874

Summary

Praises WDW’s essay on language [North Am. Rev. 119 (1874): 61–88] which argues against Max Müller’s views and is a good defence against an attack made in Quarterly Review on CD’s short discussion of language.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Dwight Whitney
Date:  5 Aug 1874
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (W. D. Whitney Family Papers (MS 555) Box 21, folder 556 1874 Aug 1–12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9583

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To W.  D.  Whitney   5 August 1874
  • … W. D. Whitney Family Papers (MS 555) Box 21, folder 556 1874 Aug 1–12) Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin Bassett Down letterhead 5 Aug 1874 William Dwight Whitney …
  • … in the study of language ([Mivart] 1874, p.  45). The editor of the Contemporary Review …
  • … James Thomas Knowles; see letter to J.  T.  Knowles, 31 July 1874 , and letter from J.   …
  • … T.  Knowles, 4 August 1874 . …
  • … s essay on language [ North Am. Rev. 119 (1874): 61–88] which argues against Max Müller’s …
  • … of language’ (Max Müller 1873, Whitney 1874) in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …
  • … Descent 2d ed.  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). CD cited Whitney in Descent 2d ed. , pp.  86 n.  53, 88  …
  • … Beckenham, Kent. [Bassett, Southampton. ] Aug 5 1874 Dear Sir I am particularly obliged to …
  • … possible to think without language (Whitney 1874, p.  77). St George Jackson Mivart, in an …

From H. M. Wilkinson   5 August 1874

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Summary

Reports his observations of Utricularia [in their natural state] as CD requested.

Author:  Henry Marlow Wilkinson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 84–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9586

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From H.  M.  Wilkinson   5 August 1874
  • … DAR 58.1: 84–5 Henry Marlow Wilkinson Ringwood 5 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in Insectivorous plants , p.  395 n. See letter from John Price, [27 July 1874] . …
  • … s very truly | H.  M.  Wilkinson Aug t . 5. 1874. Top of letter : ‘(Utricularia) | (Keep)’ …

From Leyson Lewis   [before 6 August 1874]

Summary

Encloses specimen of a male hop with female flowers. It is the only peculiarity in the ground.

Author:  Leyson Lewis
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 6 Aug 1874]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle, 8 August 1874, p. 174
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9589F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Leyson Lewis   [before 6 August 1874] …
  • … Gardeners’ Chronicle , 8 August 1874, p.  174 …
  • … Leyson Lewis East Farleigh [before 6 Aug 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the letter to M.  T.  Masters, 6 August 1874. Maxwell Tylden Masters’s letter is a reply …

From G. H. Darwin   [6 or 7 August 1874]

Summary

Urges CD not to break with Murray even if he does not force the editor [of Q. Rev.] to insert GHD’s letter [in response to Mivart’s attack]. Murray may have a rule not to meddle with editor.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 or 7] Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9592

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [6 or 7 August 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.2: 40 George Howard Darwin unstated 6 Aug 1874 7 …
  • … Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 ). Murray was the publisher of the Quarterly Review ; the …
  • … this letter, the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 , and the letter to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [8 August 1874] . F: father, i.e. CD.  George refers to the letter CD was …
  • … to his article on marriage (see G.  H.  Darwin 1873a, [Mivart] 1874, and letter from G.   …

From G. H. Darwin   6 [August] 1874

Summary

Sends a draft of his letter to the editor of the Quarterly Review [137 (1874): 587–9], answering Mivart’s charges. Encloses draft of CD’s letter to John Murray, urging publication of GHD’s defence, with George’s amendments.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 [Aug] 1874
Classmark:  DAR 97: C56–8; DAR 210.2: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9590

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   6 [August] 1874
  • … 39 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 6 [Aug] 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … editor of the Quarterly Review [137 (1874): 587–9], answering Mivart’s charges. Encloses …
  • … this letter that was sent to John Murray, see the letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 . …
  • … this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874 . George probably wrote …
  • … 6.9.74 in error. In 1874, 6 August was a Thursday (6 September was a Sunday). See letter …
  • … to G.  H.  Darwin, [5 or 6 August 1874] . George was responding to …
  • … an attack on him in the Quarterly Review ([Mivart] 1874, p.  70). His …
  • … Emma Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 15 September 1874 (DAR 239.23: 1.22)). They were the family …
  • … published version appeared in the October 1874 issue of the Quarterly Review (137: 587–9), …
  • … in the form of a letter dated 7 August 1874. In his anonymous attack, St George Jackson …
  • … See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874 . See enclosure: George’s amendments have …

From M. T. Masters   6 August 1874

Summary

Thanks for the monoecious hop. It was the first monstrosity he ever observed.

Contemplates an article in Gardeners’ Chronicle on the horticultural bearing of CD’s fertilisation work.

Will publish note forwarded by CD on a male hop with apparently female flowers (Gardeners’ Chronicle, 8 August 1874, p. 174). 

Author:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9591

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From M.  T.  Masters   6 August 1874
  • … DAR 171: 85 Maxwell Tylden Masters Gardeners’ Chronicle 6 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … male hop with apparently female flowers ( Gardeners’ Chronicle , 8 August 1874, p. 174).   …
  • … letter from Leyson Lewis, [before 6 August 1874] and nn.  1 and 2. William Masters’s note …
  • … in the Gardeners’ Chronicle , 8 August 1874, p.  174. John Forbes Royle had introduced the …
  • … letter from Leyson Lewis, [before 6 August 1874] . See n.  1, above. Masters’s article, …

To M. T. Masters   7 August [1874]

Summary

Discusses flower structures of the hop.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Date:  7 Aug [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (447)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9593

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To M.  T.  Masters   7 August [1874] …
  • … Society (447) Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 7 Aug [1874] Maxwell Tylden Masters …
  • … Darwin, at Southampton, from 30 July to 24 August 1874 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … and the letter from M.  T.  Masters, 6 August 1874 . Leyson Lewis had sent CD a specimen …
  • … hop (see letter from Leyson Lewis, [before 6 August 1874] and n.  2). See letter …
  • … from M.  T.  Masters, 6 August 1874 ; the portrait appeared with an article by Masters in …

To Quarterly Review   7 August 1874

Summary

[Drafts by CD of the letter sent by George Darwin]. Responds to charges made in a review article [by St G. J. Mivart]. [See 9598. The final letter was printed in Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 587–9.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Quarterly Review
Date:  7 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 96: 118–119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9594

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Quarterly Review    7 August 1874
  • … DAR 96: 118–119 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 7 Aug 1874 Quarterly Review …
  • … St G. J. Mivart]. [See 9598 . The final letter was printed in Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 587–9. ] …

From Francis and Amy Darwin   8 August [1874]

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Summary

Describe the Pinguicula species found at Mürren. Have found seeds on some. Their large roots seem to indicate that they do not get much animal food.

Author:  Francis Darwin; Amy Richenda (Amy) Ruck; Amy Richenda (Amy) Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Aug [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 139–40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9595

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Francis and Amy Darwin   8 August [1874] …
  • … Richenda (Amy) Ruck/Amy Richenda (Amy) Darwin Mürren 8 Aug [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … their honeymoon, having married on 23 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Mürren is …
  • … letter to Francis Darwin, [ c. 27 July 1874]). Grass of Parnassus: Parnassia palustris . …
  • … from W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 26 June 1874 . Diligence : French or continental stagecoach ( …

To G. H. Darwin   [8 August 1874]

Summary

Approves of GHD’s letter [to Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 587–9] and his present plan, which removes all CD’s objections. Will make his own letter to Murray less imperious. "It will be a dreadful evil to me, if … we come to a quarrel."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [8 Aug 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9596

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [8 August 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 31 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett [8 Aug 1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). CD and his wife, Emma, were staying with …
  • … Approves of GHD’s letter [to Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 587–9] and his present plan, which …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 . …
  • … In 1874, the Saturday after 6 August was 8 August. See letter …
  • … from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 . George had enclosed a letter to be forwarded to …
  • … made against him in an anonymous article ([Mivart] 1874; George’s defence appeared …
  • … in the Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 587–9). CD probably refers to a letter sent to him via …
  • … from G.  H.  Darwin, [6 or 7 August 1874] . George had suggested that CD avoid risking a …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [6 or 7 August 1874] . For CD’s original letter, with George’s …
  • … enclosure to the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 ; for the letter as sent, see …
  • … the letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 . CD probably refers to the proof-sheets of …

To John Murray   11 August 1874

Summary

Asks JM, as a favour, to use his influence with the Editor of Quarterly Review to print George Darwin’s answer to the charge made by the author of "Primitive man" [St George Mivart] that GD approved "of the encouragement of vice to check population".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  11 Aug 1874
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42153 ff. 48–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9598

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To John Murray   11 August 1874
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms. 42153 ff. 48–9) Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 11 Aug 1874 John Murray …
  • … was published in the Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 587–9, in the October issue. CD may have …
  • … appeared in the Quarterly Review ([Mivart] 1874). On George’s initial riposte, see the …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 29 July 1874 , and the letter to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin 1 August [1874]); the text has not been found. …
  • … See [Mivart] 1874, p.  70. The ‘odious insinuation’ was the claim that there was ‘no …
  • … Bassett Southampton. Aug 11— 1874 My dear Sir From our long & friendly intercourse, I hope …

To John Tyndall   11 August [1874]

Summary

CD has not received the proofs [of JT’s Belfast address to BAAS].

Wishes JT were through with Belfast [meeting of BAAS, 1874]. CD cannot imagine surviving such a week of excitement.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  11 Aug [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 20 (EH 88205958)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9597

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Tyndall   11 August [1874] …
  • … DAR 261.8: 20 (EH 88205958) Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 11 Aug [1874] John Tyndall …
  • … were through with Belfast [meeting of BAAS, 1874]. CD cannot imagine surviving such a week …
  • … and the letter from John Tyndall, 5 August 1874 . Tyndall had arranged for proof-sheets of …
  • … for the Advancement of Science (Tyndall 1874) to be sent to CD.  CD was staying with his …
  • … annual meeting of the British Association was held in Belfast from 19 to 26 August 1874. …

From John Murray   12 August 1874

Summary

Acknowledges CD’s complaint against a paper [by St George Mivart] in the last Quarterly Review [see 9568]. Agrees to print George Darwin’s answer [see 9596].

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Aug 1874
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 41914 p. 203)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9599A

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From John Murray   12 August 1874
  • … John Murray Archive) (Ms. 41914 p. 203) John Murray 12 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 . CD had complained of remarks made about …
  • … Howard Darwin in an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review ([Mivart] 1874). George’s …
  • … was printed in the Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 587–8 (the October issue). The editor was …
  • … 50 Albemarle Street August.  12. (1874 My dear Sir, I regret to hear of your complaint …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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