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Darwin Correspondence Project

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To Charles Lyell   [9 November 1873 or 26 April or 6 December 1874]

Summary

Arranges a visit to CL.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [9 Nov] 1873 or [26 Apr or 6 Dec] 1874
Classmark:  Wellcome Library (MS.7781/30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8715

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   [9 November 1873 or 26 April or 6 December 1874] …
  • … MS.7781/30) Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 9 Nov 1873 26 Apr 1874 6 …
  • … Dec 1874 Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … 10 November 1873 and Friday 4 December 1874. CD was under the treatment of Andrew Clark ( …
  • … Street, London, from 8 to 18 November 1873, and then from 21 to 29 April 1874 and 3  …
  • … to 12 December 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II) and Correspondence vol.  22, Appendix …
  • … 9 November 1873 or 26 April or 6 December 1874, all Sundays followed by a Wednesday when …

To ?   6 January [1873 or 1874]

Summary

"If you will apply to any bookseller whatever you will procure a copy.–– Publisher Murray."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  6 Jan [1873-4]
Classmark:  John Wilson (n.d.) (dealer)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7429A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To ?    6 January [1873 or 1874] …
  • … John Wilson (n.d. ) (dealer) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Jan 1873 6 Jan 1874 Unidentified …
  • … of notepaper from mid-January 1872 until November 1874. CD’s publisher was John Murray. …

To ?    2 January [1873 or 1874]

Summary

CD appreciates the correspondent’s suggestion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  2 Jan [1873-4]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Nachl. 141 (Slg. Adam) 33, Darwin, Charles
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8139F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To ?    2 January [1873 or 1874] …
  • … Adam) 33, Darwin, Charles Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Jan 1873 2 Jan 1874 Unidentified …
  • … type of notepaper from mid-January 1872 until November 1874. The note has not been found. …

From Thomas Belt   2 August 1873

Summary

Sends extracts, from his forthcoming book [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)], about the secretion by plants of honey to attract the protection of ants. Invites CD’s comments.

Author:  Thomas Belt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8995

Matches: 5 hits

  • … book [ The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)], about the secretion by plants of honey to …
  • … and the plants and insects that secrete honey-like substances, see Belt 1874, pp.  222– …
  • … 9. Belt 1874 was published by John Murray in December 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , 18  …
  • … Belt described hairless dogs in Belt 1874, pp.  205–9, and concluded that hairlessness …
  • … the incidence of parasites. See Belt 1874, pp.  23–4. CD had earlier forwarded letters …

To Smith, Elder & Co   17 December [1873]

Summary

Suggests that his Coral reefs be republished.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  17 Dec [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 159–60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9181

Matches: 4 hits

  • … reefs , published by Smith, Elder & Co, appeared in June 1874 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 July 1874, p.  420). John Murray. …
  • … the letter to Smith, Elder & Co, 8 January 1874 ( Correspondence vol.  22). Coral reefs . …
  • … 22, letter to Horace Darwin, 9 January [1874] ). The Macmillan bookshop was at 1 Trinity …

From S. J. Pozzi   11 May 1873

Summary

French translation of Expression [1874].

Author:  Samuel Jean Pozzi
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 174: 60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8908

Matches: 2 hits

  • … French translation of Expression [1874]. …
  • … Expression (Pozzi and Benoît trans.   1874). CD had cited Hensleigh Wedgwood’s Dictionary …

From G. G. Bianconi   28 November 1873

Summary

Thanks CD for promised observations on his book against evolution [La théorie Darwinienne et la création dite indépendante (1874)].

Author:  Giovanni Giuseppe Bianconi
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 180
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9164

Matches: 3 hits

  • … produced a second edition of Bianconi 1874 in Italian, La Teoria darwiniana e la creazione …
  • … book against evolution [ La théorie Darwinienne et la création dite indépendante (1874)]. …
  • … creation. Letter to Mr Charles Darwin; Bianconi 1874), Bianconi argued that the structural …

From H. H. Howorth   31 December 1873

Summary

Thanks CD for subsidence references in response to HHH’s Nature paper ["The distribution of volcanoes", 9 (1874): 141–2].

Hopes to refer to CD’s having previously suggested the corresponding elevation of continents and sinking of the larger oceans in his next letter to Nature [9 (1874): 201–2]. Occurrence of volcanoes at boundary between rising and sinking lands reconciles his views with CD’s.

Author:  Henry Hoyle Howorth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Dec 1873
Classmark:  DAR 166: 278
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9194

Matches: 5 hits

  • … paper ["The distribution of volcanoes", 9 (1874): 141–2]. Hopes to refer to CD’s having …
  • … oceans in his next letter to Nature [9 (1874): 201–2]. Occurrence of volcanoes at boundary …
  • … and terrestrial magnetism’ ( Nature , 15 January 1874, pp.  201–2), Howorth referred to …
  • … southern circumpolar region’, appeared in 1874 in the Journal of the Royal Geographical …
  • … of the coast of parts of South America (Howorth 1874, pp.  255–6). Howorth may refer to an …

To M. D. Conway   12 September [1873]

Summary

Thanks for strange debate, which CD returns. Principle of evolution has first-rate supporters in [Edward Sylvester?] Morse and Theodore Nicholas Gill.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Moncure Daniel Conway
Date:  12 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9051

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and n.  2. Conway’s book was published under the title Sacred anthology (Conway 1874). …

To Thomas Belt   [7 August 1873]

Summary

Discusses utility of plant secretions to ants.

Will read TB’s book when published [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Belt
Date:  [7 Aug 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8998

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to ants. Will read TB’s book when published [ The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]. …
  • … II)). See letter from Thomas Belt, 2 August 1873  and n.  2. CD refers to Belt 1874. …

From H. W. Bates   15 November 1873

Summary

Encloses A. R. Wallace’s reply [in which he says he will undertake revision of Descent if CD wishes]. HWB says this shows that Wallace is unaware of the scope of revision; suggests need for well-defined terms.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 89, 90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9144

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Wallace’s review of Thomas Belt’s The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874) appeared in …
  • … Nature , 22 January 1874, pp.  218–21. …

From J. S. Burdon Sanderson   13 August [1873]

thumbnail

Summary

Answers CD’s questions of 25 July [8987] about temperatures at which cold-blooded animals are killed.

Doubts heat rigor was induced in Drosera. Gives his view of the relation of excitability to increase in temperature.

Suggests experiment to show that electrical changes in plant are the same as in animal muscle and nerve [see Insectivorous plants, p. 318].

Author:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 34–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9008

Matches: 3 hits

  • … in a lecture at the Royal Institution of Great Britain, 5 June 1874, and published in …
  • … Nature , 11 June 1874, pp.   …
  • … 105–7, and 18 June 1874, pp.  127–8. CD cited the lecture in Insectivorous plants , p.   …

From John Fiske   31 October 1873

Summary

Would like much to visit CD before returning to America;

is completing his work on evolution [Outlines of cosmic philosophy (1874)] for publication. Hopes to do away with the anthropomorphic distinction made between "divine action" and the "action of natural forces".

Author:  John Fiske
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 164: 125
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9120

Matches: 3 hits

  • … evolution [ Outlines of cosmic philosophy (1874)] for publication. Hopes to do away with …
  • … States in 1871. For a revised version of Fiske’s lectures, see Fiske 1874. There is a …
  • … s Outlines of cosmic philosophy (Fiske 1874) in the Darwin Library–Down. Herbert Spencer. …

From S. V. Wood Jr to Charles Lyell   27 September 1873

Summary

Returns CD’s books and discusses apples and Crags at Sudbury.

Author:  Searles Valentine Wood
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  27 Sept 1873
Classmark:  Edinburgh University Library, Centre for Research Collections (Gen.117/6330-1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9075F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … William Whitaker published his discovery of the crag at Sudbury, Suffolk, in 1874 (see …
  • … Whitaker 1874). …

From W. W. Keen   26 September 1873

Summary

Sends corrections of Descent and Expression.

Author:  William Williams Keen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 89: 24–5, DAR 169: 2, and Expression 2d ed., p. 169 n. 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9072

Matches: 2 hits

  • … von Brandt (see Correspondence vol.  22, letter to C.  S.  Tomes, 16 February [1874] ). …
  • … parasitical insects easier (see Belt 1874, p. 209). CD himself accounted for hairlessness …

From J. V. Carus   29 January 1873

Summary

A new [German] edition of Expression is to be done. Has CD anything to add or alter?

JVC cites an article on cessation of breathing during mental concentration that supports Gratiolet as quoted in Expression, p. 179.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 91
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8751

Matches: 2 hits

  • … German (Carus trans.  1872); a second German edition was published in 1874 (Carus trans.   …
  • 1874). CD cited Louis Pierre Gratiolet and Gratiolet [1865], p.  232. In Expression 2d …

From M. T. Masters   27 September 1873

Summary

Seeks an interview with CD to discuss reorganisation of Gardeners’ Chronicle.

Author:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9075

Matches: 1 hit

  • … was editor of the Gardeners’ Chronicle . In 1874, a new series of the Gardeners’ Chronicle …

To T. H. Farrer   14 August 1873

Summary

Thinks THF has solved the mystery of Coronilla.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  14 Aug 1873
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/21)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9010

Matches: 3 hits

  • … s observations were published in Nature (Farrer 1874). The generalisation CD mentioned was …
  • … considered to be diadelphous but lacked intrastaminal nectar (see Farrer 1874, p.  169). …
  • … In Farrer 1874, p.  169, Farrer included a general paragraph referring to the correlation …

From M. D. Conway   10 September [1873]

Summary

Comparative study of "ethnical scriptures" shows that natural selection has operated in the evolution of religion.

Author:  Moncure Daniel Conway
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 161: 220
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9049

Matches: 3 hits

  • … is established by the references to Conway 1874 (see n.  2, below) and Max Müller 1873a ( …
  • … a Persian Zoroastrian source, of Conway’s Sacred anthology , which was published in 1874 ( …
  • … Conway 1874, pp.  277–81). In this section, seven sages were questioned by seven animals …

To Francis Galton   28 May 1873

Summary

Comments about questionnaire CD completed for FG [for Galton’s English men of science (1874)].

Describes his early interest in collecting and his education.

Asks about determining the mean heights of two groups of men.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Galton
Date:  28 May 1873
Classmark:  UCL Library Services, Special Collections (GALTON/1/1/9/5/7/15); Pearson 1914–30, 2: 178
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8924

Matches: 2 hits

  • … for Galton’s English men of science (1874)]. Describes his early interest in collecting …
  • … with other family members (see Galton 1874, pp.  263, 265). Susannah Darwin died in July  …
Document type
letter (71)
Date
1873
01 (7)
02 (4)
03 (4)
05 (8)
06 (1)
07 (4)
08 (9)
09 (10)
10 (7)
11 (11)
12 (6)
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

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  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

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  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

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  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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