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To ?   24 October [1876]


Asks his correspondent to thank Prof. Reichenbach for his kindness. A plant was discovered in flower at Kew, and he was able to examine the doubtful point.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  24 Oct [1876]
Classmark:  RR Auction (dealers) (June 2006)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10221F

From G. H. Darwin   [after 28 March 1876]


Personal news – is unwell.

Mentions "Twin-papers" ["Short notes on heredity, etc., in twins", J. Anthropol. Inst. 5 (1876): 324–9] sent by Galton.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 28 Mar 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10242

From J. D. Hooker   [18 April 1876]



JDH has heard from Asa Gray, who approves of the botany primer [Botany (1876)].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [18 Apr 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 49–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10282

To Eduard Strasburger   9 December [1876]


Thanks for a copy of the second edition of Strasburger’s Über Zellbildung und Zelltheilung (On cell formation and cell division; Strasburger 1876b).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Eduard Adolf (Eduard) Strasburger
Date:  9 Dec [1876]
Classmark:  Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Bonn, Handschriftenabteilung (NL Strasburger I)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10291F

From Nemo   [1876?]


A believer in evolution seeks to convince CD that a spiritual creative force, rather than natural selection, explains its operation.

Author:  Nemo
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1876?]
Classmark:  DAR 172: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10333

To P. P. C. Hoek   [after May 1876]


Thanks for PPCH’s ["Entwicklungsgeschichte der Entomostraken, pt 1: Embryologie von Balanus", Niederl. Arch. Zool. 3 (1876–7): 47–82].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Paulus Peronius Cato Hoek
Date:  [after May 1876]
Classmark:  Artis Library (P.P.C. Hoek Archive: Darwin correspondence)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10334

To August Weismann   [17 June 1876 or later]


Comments on Weismann’s remarks on the possibility of sexual selection in the genus Daphnia.

A. R. Wallace has published paper giving up sexual selection [Review of St George Jackson Mivart’s Lessons from nature, as manifested in mind and matter.] in Academy, 10 and 17 June 1876, pp. 587–8.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leopold Friedrich August (August) Weismann
Date:  [17 June 1876 or later]
Classmark:  DAR 148: 346
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10335

To G. H. Darwin   [after 4 September 1876]


Has received a baffling article on God, immortality, and socialism under a Darwinian point of view.

Clerk Maxwell has disagreed with CD on molecular calculations in relation to Pangenesis in Encyclopaedia Britannica article ["Atom", Encyclopaedia Britannica, 9th ed. (1875) 3: 36–49].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [after 4 Sept 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10338

To [?]   [1876 or later?]


Complies with correspondent’s request; encloses photographs of himself.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1876 or later?]
Classmark:  DAR 202: 90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10339

From W. T. Thiselton Dyer   [1876]


Cancelled: part of 11847

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 259
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10340

To William Robinson   4 January 1876


Thanks for the copies of the Garden, which contain a drawing of CD and notice of his work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Robinson
Date:  4 Jan 1876
Classmark:  Nate D. Sanders (dealer) (28 September 2017, lot 37)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10346

From J. H. Gilbert   6 January 1876


Thanks for a copy of Insectivorous Plants.

Author:  Joseph Henry Gilbert
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan 1876
Classmark:  Rothamsted Research (GIL13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10346F

From John Murray   6 January [1876]


At last, Expression is beginning to sell again.

Cooke has not yet decided on number of Variation [2d ed.] to print.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 481
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10347

To G. H. Darwin   8 January [1876]


Asks GHD to calculate average or mean heights of crossed and self-fertilised plant species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  8 Jan [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10348

From G. H. Darwin   [after 8 January 1876]



Provides CD with a method of obtaining a numerical ratio that expresses the superiority in heights of crossed plants to self-fertilised plants.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 8 Jan 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 77: 144–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10349

To William Robinson   10 January [1876?]


Accepts WR’s offer of copies of the Garden for the next half-year.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Robinson
Date:  10 Jan [1876?]
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer) (5 May 2008)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10350

From Charles O’Shaughnessy   10 January 1876


He has confuted Descent.

Enclosures announce his cures of potato blight, epilepsy, etc.

Author:  Charles O’Shaughnessy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 173: 40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10351

From W. H. Dallinger   10 January 1876


Has confirmed CD’s observations on Drosera.

Asks whether CD agrees that it is "no longer a fact" that the bladders of Utricularia vulgaris enable the plant to become lighter for fecundation and heavier when that act is accomplished. Plans to undertake further observations, under very high-powered microscopes, of mechanism of digestion.

Author:  William Henry Dallinger
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 162: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10352

From Hermann Hoffmann   10 January 1876


Bug on Tilia, cited in Variation, was Cimex apterus.

Author:  Karl Heinrich Hermann (Hermann) Hoffmann
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 166: 230
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10353

To W. H. Dallinger   [after 10 January 1876]


CD has read all of WHD’s and J. J. Drysdale’s papers [on spontaneous generation, monads, and the origin of life] and finds them the best work on the subject.

The function of bladders in Utricularia is not to float the plant.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Dallinger
Date:  [after 10 Jan 1876]
Classmark:  Royal Institution of Great Britain (RI MS CG/u/3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10354
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Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life


1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 30 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1876 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … I cannot bear to think of the future The year 1876 started out sedately enough with …
  • … has won only 2490 games’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 28 January 1876 ). Francis Darwin, happily …
  • … life. But the calm was not to last, and the second half of 1876 was marked by anxiety and deep grief …
  • … in him for ‘new matter’ (letter to Asa Gray, 28 January 1876). The preparation of the second edition …
  • … Climbing plants ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 23 February 1876 ). When Smith, Elder and Company …
  • … observed to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused instead on the …
  • … ‘advantages of crossing’ (letter to Asa Gray, 28 January 1876). Revising Orchids was less a …
  • … with his new research in mind: ‘During this autumn of 1876 I shall publish on the “Effects of Cross …
  • … pamphlet, Darwin confounded (C. O’Shaughnessy 1876), which, he informed Darwin, ‘completely …
  • … and it is the correct one’ ( letter from Nemo, [1876?] ). Combatting enemies... …
  • … disguised his views as to the bestiality of man’ (Mivart 1876, p. 144). Not only was the comment …
  • … in giving him pain ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 17 June 1876 ). Although Mivart had long been a …
  • … a zoologist ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 29 January 1876 ). Both aims were achieved, and in Darwin’s …
  • … in London’ ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [4 February 1876] ). 'The heat of battle& …
  • … issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission report was published …
  • … The Physiological Society, which had been founded in March 1876 by the London physiologist John …
  • … The 'insect eating theory' Throughout 1876, Darwin continued to receive responses …
  • … published later that year and a German translation in 1876. ‘What is more to be wondered at—Nature …
  • … an answer’ ( letter from S. B. Herrick, 12 February 1876 ). Others questioned whether insects …
  • … eating theory’ ( letter from Peter Henderson, 15 November 1876 ). William Dallinger from Liverpool …
  • … to his results ( letter from Moritz Schiff, 8 May 1876 ). Pangenesis v. perigenesis …
  • … second edition of Variation was published in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date …
  • … ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [ c . 19 March 1876] ). A less welcome reaction came from an ardent …
  • … previous year ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [after 4 September 1876] ). ...all sorts of …
  • … later told Muller ( letter to Fritz Müller, [9 February 1876] ). Likewise, when Johann von Fischer …
  • … ( letter from Johann von Fischer, [before 15 September 1876] ). Hubert Airy’s latest paper on leaf …
  • … of very young buds’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 21 June [1876] ). Darwin recognised scientific skill …
  • … Thomas Edward ( letter from F. M. Balfour, 11 December 1876 ; letter to Samuel Smiles, 16 …
  • … it to the death’ ( letter from James Torbitt, 19 April 1876 ). Darwin beat an angry retreat. He …

Volume 24 (1876) now available


Birth, tragic death . . . and cardigan jackets.  Volume 24 of The Correspondence of Charles Darwin is now available.  Read more about Darwin's life in 1876 here.

Matches: 5 hits

  • … was devoted to the means of crossing. The year 1876 started energetically, with Darwin …
  • … of Variation under domestication appeared early in 1876. Reprints of Origin, Climbing plants …
  • … in January 1877; Darwin had been working on it since May 1876. Work was probably a welcome …
  • … letters written or conjectured to have been written before 1876, which have been discovered or …
  • … to a span of years, but that were probably written before 1876. Many of these are from a recently …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)


George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma to a Sunday afternoon at the Leweses’ on 30 April 1876 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) and …

Have you read the one about....


... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Jane Gray


Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … hurrah, 2795 games. (letter to Asa Gray, 28 January 1876 ) And an entry in Jane …

Women as a scientific audience


Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 10390 - Herrick, S. M. B. to Darwin, [12 February 1876] Sophia Herrick responds …
  • … Letter 10415 - Darwin to Herrick, S. M. B., [6 March 1876] Darwin responds to a …
  • … Letter 10508 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [15 May 1876] Mary Treat thanks Darwin for …

Women’s scientific participation


Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 10439 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [3 April 1876] Mary Treat describes a field trip …
  • … 10390 - Herrick, S. M. B . to Darwin, [12 February 1876] Sophia Herrick asks …
  • … Letter 10517  - Darwin to Francis, F., [29 May 1876] Darwin gives his son, Francis, …
  • … Letter 10517  - Darwin t o Francis, F., [29 May 1876] Darwin gives his son, Francis …

Power of movement in plants


Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10517 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 29 May 1876 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Darwin as mentor


Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10523 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 June 1876] Darwin praises Treat’s work and …

Dramatisation script


Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 6 hits

  • … THE OLDER ONE GETS THE MORE THERE IS TO DO: 1868-1876 In which the friends consider the …
  • … TO A GRAY, 22 MAY 1860 91 A GRAY, DARWINIANA, 1876 92 A GRAY, REVIEW OF  …
  • … GRAY, 19 JANUARY 1863 193  TO A GRAY 9 AUGUST 1876 194  FROM A GRAY 25 …
  • … JUNE 1874 203  C DARWIN TO A GRAY 28 JANUARY 1876 204  FROM A GRAY 11 …

Darwin in public and private


Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 10546 – Darwin to Editor of The Times , [23 June 1876] Darwin forwards to The …

Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online


To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … under domestication , although it was not published until 1876 owing to floods at the printers. …
  • … writing Cross and self fertilisation , also published in 1876. In April, he was busy in London, …

Essays & reviews by Asa Gray


Asa Gray wrote a series of reviews of Darwin’s works for American magazines such as Atlantic Monthly and The Nation. These gave publicity to Darwin’s theories, and they also contained extended reflections on the possible implications of these theories…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … collection of Gray’s reviews was published in book form in 1876 under the title Darwiniana . This …
  • … to obtain. Seven of these reviews, written between 1860 and 1876, which bear especially on the topic …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep


In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Correspondence vol. 24, letter to T. C. Eyton, 22 April 1876 ). ‘When I first read your note’, …
  • … business to raise different varieties on a large scale. In 1876, he had gone so far as to send …

Suggested reading


  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ’,  Harper’s New Monthly Magazine  52:309 (February, 1876), pp. 382 - 387. ‘ Carnivorous …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?


Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  (1876). Darwin’s son Francis became …

Hermann Müller


Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … abroad, his teaching became the subject of controversy in 1876. Perhaps because of his high standing …
  • … plan had been praised in the pages of Nature , 27 April 1876, p. 531), he became a focus of the …

Darwin and ecological science


The word ‘ecology’ did not exist until 1867, and was not used in an English publication until 1876; Darwin himself never used it, yet it was his work on the complex interactions of organisms and habitats that inspired the word’s creation and he is often…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … until 1867, and was not used in an English publication until 1876; Darwin himself never used it, yet …

Amy Darwin dies


Darwin's daughter-in-law, Amy, dies four days after the birth of her son, Bernard.  He was the Darwins' first grandchild.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin's daughter-in-law, Amy, dies four days after the birth of her son, Bernard.  He was the …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty


The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still available in 1876, when the RSPCA made a further …
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