PhysicianMilitary surgeon MD, Edinburgh, 1853; LRCS, 1853; FRCS, 1864. Assistant surgeon with Army Medical Department, 1854; surgeon, 1865, surgeon-major, 1874. Served with the Rifle Brigade in the Crimea in 1855. Assistant professor of military hygiene, Army Medical School, Netley hospital, 1863; professor, 1876.
Sources: Edinburgh Academy register 1914 Medical directory 1862–88
(See the bibliography for full references to sources)