American clergyman and philosopher. BA, Harvard, 1859; PhD, 1881. Studied at Harvard Divinity School, 1859–60; at Meadville (Unitarian) Theological School, 1860–3. Minister of the first Unitarian Society of Dover, New Hampshire, 1864–8; of the Unitarian Society of Toledo, Ohio, 1869–73. Helped found the Free Religious Association in 1867. Editor of the Index from 1870. President, National Liberal League, 1876–8. Helped found the National Liberal League of America after breaking with the NLL in 1878. Wrote on scientific theism.
Sources: ANB (See the bibliography for full references to sources)