German-born journalist in the US. Emigrated to Illinois in 1849, later moving to St Louis, where he took part in the running of the Anzeiger des Westens. Supporter of Abraham Lincoln, and briefly US consul in Zurich, Switzerland, and Helsingr, Denmark. Editorial writer for the Republican. Wrote on art and music for the Journal of Speculative Philosophy; translated parts of Schopenhauer and Comte, and studied Hegel.
Sources: Bernays 1912Missouri death records, 1834–1910, Passenger and immigration lists, 1500s to 1900s, and US Passport applications, 1795–1925, www.ancestry.com (accessed 16 December 2009). (See the bibliography for full references to sources)