Scottish geologist and educationalist. Founded the Edinburgh School of Arts in 1821. Warden of University College, London, 1827–31. Inspector of factories, 1833–59. A promoter of science-based education at all social levels. President of the Geological Society of London, 1845–7 and 1860–2. Father-in-law of Charles Lyell. FRS 1813.
Sources: DSB ODNB. (See the bibliography for full references to sources)