Dutch physiologist and ophthalmologist. MD, Leiden, 1840. Professor of anatomy at Utrecht military school; professor of physiology at the University of Utrecht, 1862. President of the science section of the Royal Amsterdam Academy of Sciences, 1865–83. Founder and director of a physiology laboratory at the University of Utrecht, 1866–88. Founder and director of the Netherlands Hospital for Eye Patients, 1858–83. FRS 1866.
Sources: NNBW Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 49 (1890–1): vii–xxivTort 1996 (See the bibliography for full references to sources)